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"r®'ge á 0dyóem á t&SifZ#dv á 12-17
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q&mawmf Z#dv \w&m; (12-17)


12/ a,m*Dolawmfpif&Sdtyfonhft&nftcsif;ig;rsdK; w&m;awmf

q&mawmf 'DuaeYa[mMum;rnhf w&m;awmfuawmh y"med,*Fw&m; odkYr[kwf w&m;tm; xkwfolwdkY &Sdtyfonhf t&nftcsif;ig;rsdK;jzpfygw,f? t&nftcsif; ig;rsdK;qdkwm-

(1) cdkifNrJaomo'¨gw&m;&Sdjcif;? (2) usef;rma&;ESifhjynhfpHkjcif;? (3) ½dk;om;ajzmifhrwfaompdwfxm;&Sdjcif;? (4) BudK;pm;tm;xkwfrIvHkYv0D&d,&Sdjcif;ESifh (5) ½kyfemrfoabmw&m;wdkY\ tjzpftysufudk odjrifEdkifaom todóPf&Sdjcif;wdkYjzpfygonf/

(1) o'¨gw&m;/ (bk&m;w&m;oHCmwdkYudk ,HkMunf&r,f)

a,m*Dyk*¾dKvf[m rdrdtm;xkwfaewJh 0dyóemtvkyfrSm ,HkMunfrI o'¨g w&m;&SdbdkY tvGefta&; BuD;ygw,f? rwkefrvIyf cdkifNrJwJh o'¨gw&m; r&Sd&if oHo,awG vTrf;rdk;vmwwfygw,f? r[mowd y|mefokwf&JU tpOD;ed'gef;ydkif;rSm 0dyóemowdy|mef yGm;rsm;tm;xkwf&jcif;&JU tusdK;awGudk tckvdk &Sif;vif;a[m Mum;awmfrlcJhygw,f/

(u) pdwftnpftaMu;awGpifMu,fjcif;? (c) pdk;&drfrIrSvGefajrmufjcif;? (*) ylaqG;rIrSvGefajrmufjcif;? (C) udk,fqif;&Juif;jcif;/ (i) pdwfqif;&Juif;jcif;? (p) r*fóPfzdkvfóPf&&Sdjcif;? (q) edAÁmefudkrsufarSmufjyK&jcif;?

okwåef&JUtv,fydkif;rSm jrwfpGmbk&m;u ½IrSwfyGm;rsm;enf;udk tao;pdwf ½Sif; vif; a[mMum; awmfrlxm;ygw,f? jrwfpGmbk&m;u ]]owdy|mefw&m; ½IrSwfyGm;rsm;vdkol[m vIyf&Sm;rIjyKpOf vIyf&Sm;rI ESifhywfoufonhf trlt&m tm;vHk;udk ½IrSwf&ygrnf/ b,fvSrf;w,f? nmvSrf;w,f? odkYr[kwf MuGw,f vSrf;w,f? csw,f? ponfjzihf vIyf&Sm;rI trlt&mtm;vHk;udk ½IrSwf&ygonf/ &yfvQif&yfw,fvdkY ½IrSwf &ygonf/

a,m*Dyk*¾dKvf[m xdkifwJhtcg? vJavsmif;wJhtcgawGrSm xdkifrI avsmif; rIeJY ywfoufwJh trlt&m tm;vHk;udk ½IrSwf&ygrnf? 0rf;Adkuf&JU azmif;rI ydefrI vufajcwdkY&JU auG;qefYrIrsm;[m ½kyfoabmw&m; rsm;jzpfonf/ tJ'Doabm w&m;tm;vHk;udk udk,fwdkifawGU&Sd cHpm;&wJhtwdkif; tao;pdyf½IrSwfoifhygonf/ okwåefrSm tm;vHk;udkrvGwfwrf; ½IrSwfzdkYnTefMum;xm;ygw,f/

okwåef&JUed*Hk;ydkif;rSm jrwfpGmbk&m;u tmrcHcsufay;xm;ygw,f? vlawG [m tmrcHcsuf&SdrS ,Hk MunfpdwfcsrI &SdwwfMuygw,f? jrwfpGmbk&m;u a,m*D yk*¾dKvf[m r[mowdy|mefokwåefrSm vmwJh ñTefMum;csuftwdkif; twdtus vdkufemusifhBuHyGm;rsm;&if (7)ESpftwGif; &[EÅmjzpfEdkifw,f? tu,fí pJGvef;rI Oyg'gefusefaeao;&if tem*grftjzpfudk&&SdEdkifw,f}} vdkY wdusjywfom;pGm rdef YMum;awmfrlcJhyg w,f/

Oyg'gefav;rsdK;&Sdygw,f?-

(1) umr*kPfwdkYÜ jyif;pGmpJGvef;rI(umrkyg'gef) (2) t,l0g'wdkYÜ jyif;pGmpJGvef;rI ('d|Kyg'gef) (3) tusifhoDvwdkUü jyif;pGmpJGvef;rI (oDvAÁwkyg'gef) (4) twå0g'wdkYÜ jyif;pGmpJGvef;rI (twå0g'kyg'gef)

bkef;BuD;wdkY&JU a,m*Drsm;u (7)ESpfqdkwm Mum&SnfvGef;vSygw,fbk&m;? wynhfawmfwdkY b,fvdk tm;xkwfEdkifrSmvJbk&m; vdkYqdkcsifMuayvdrhfr,f? jrwfpGm bk&m;u r[mowdy|mefokwfrSmvmwJh ñTefMum; csuftwdkif; wdusrSefuef ZJGvHkUv0D&d,eJY BudK;pm;tm;xkwfr,fqdk&if (6)ESpf? (5)ESpf? (4)ESpf? (3)ESpf? (2)ESpf? (1)ESpf 'grSr[kwf vydkif;?&ufydkif; yg&rDjynhfpHkNyD;olrsm;qdkvQif (7)&uf twGif; rSmyif &[EÅm odkYr[kwf tem*grfjzpfEdkifaMumif; tmrcHrdefYMum;awmfrlcJhygw,f? omreftm;jzihf xl;jcm;wJhtodóPf tawGUtBuHKrsm;jzpfay:bdkY (2)v (3)vcef YMumjrifhwwfygw,f? jrwfpGmbk&m;[m rdrdudk,fwdkif usihfBuH yGm;rsm;tm;xkwfNyD; awGUvmwJhw&m;rsm;udkom a[mMum;awmfrlwmjzpfvdkY w&m;awmfrsm;[m {uef ppf rSefaom tusdK;udk &&Sdr,fqdkwm pdwfcs,HkMunfxdkufygayw,f? 'gaMumifh a,m*Drsm;[m 'DusihfBuHyGm; rsm; tm;xkwfenf;awGudk rrSdwfrokef ,HkMunf tm;xm;oifhygw,f?

'kwd,tcsufu ur®|mef;q&mawG[m oabmw&m;od&HkrQr[kwf rdrdwdkY udk,fwdkif vufawGU usihfBuH yGm;rsm;tm;xkwfNyD;Muolrsm;jzpfygonf/

wwd,tcsuftaeESifh rdrd&JUpGrf;tm;udk rdrdpdwfcs ,HkMunfrI&Sd&ygr,f? tcsdKUu yg&rDjzpfavmuf bJayghayghwefwef oabmxm;ao;odrfwwfMuw,f? 'Db0rSmawmh w&m;xl;&rSmr[kwfygbl;vdkY pdwf tm;avQmhwwfMuw,f/

Ak'¨omoemawmfwGif;rSm vlvmjzpfNyD; 0dyóemtvkyfudk pdwf0ifpm;vdkY jrwfpGmbk&m;&JU ppfrSefwJh tpOftvmw&m;awmftwdkif; wdusrSefuefpGm oifMum; jyoEdkifwJh þr[mpnf omoemh&dyfom rSmvma&mufw&m;½IrSwf yGm;rsm; aeMuwm[m tvGef&cJwJh tcGifhaumif;udk &aeMuwmrdkY yg&rD&SdolawG jzpf ygw,f? ur®|mef;q&mrsm;&JU t&nftcsif;eJU ywfoufvdkYvJ bmrSoHo,r&SdygeJY oHo,[mbm aumif;usdK;rSray;ygbl;? 'Dr[mpnf omoemh&dyfomu ur®|mef; q&mawmfrsm;[m pmawGU udk,fawGU oabmw&m;a&;&mawGrSm uRrf;usif wwf ajrmufNyD;olrsm;jzpfMuonf/

r[mpnf0dyóem½Ienf; q&mpOfqufudk avhvmMunfhr,fqdk&if c&pfouú&mZf 1850 ckESpf avmufu rif;wkef;rif;vufxufwGif ]]oD;vHk;}} q&mawmf[lí t&d,molawmfpiftjzpf xifay: ausmfMum;awmfrlcJhygw,f? xdkYaemuf vuf&if;wynhfjzpfol OD;rÍÆLom oxHkrif;uGef; aZw0efq&mawmf u qufvufí þenf;twdkif; oifMum;jyoawmfrlcJhygw,f? 'Dr[mpnf omoemh&dyfomudk pwifwnf axmifcJhonhf t*¾r[[email protected] r[mpnfq&m awmfbk&m;[m oxHkrif;uGef;aZw0efq&mawmfbk&m; BuD; \wynhf&if;jzpf onf/ tck'D&dyfomrSm wm0efxrf;aqmifaeMuwJh ur®|mef;q&mrsm;[m 'D&mpkESpf twGif; tvGefxifay:ausmfMum;wJh r[mpnfq&mawmfbk&m;BuD;\ teD;uyf vuf&if;wynhfBuD;rsm; jzpfMuonf/

'gaMumifh 'Dubkef;BuD;wdkU&JU a,m*Drsm;[m ur®|mef;q&mawmfwdkY\ t&nftcsif;ESifhywfouf í rnfonhfoHo,rS rjzpfoifhbl;? 'grS w&m;tm; xkwf&mrSm wdk;wufzdkY taxmuftuljzpfEdkifr,f? w&m;wdk;wufa&; t"du tcsufrsm;rSm jrwfpGmbk&m;a[mMum;awmfrlaom w&m;awmfwdkYÜ ,HkMunf jcif;? rdrdwdkY\ ur®|mef;q&mwdkYudk ,HkMunfjcif;ESifh rdrd&JUpGrf;tm;udk pdwfcs,HkMunf jcif;wdkYjzpfygonf/

(2) usef;rma&;ESifhjynhfpHkjcif;?

tcsdKU w&m;pcef;0ifa,m*Drsm;[m rdrdwkdU&JUusef;rma&;udk *½krpdkuf wwfMubl;? tcsdKUu txdkifvGef uJaewwfMuw,f? w&m;½IrSwf vdkUtqif ajyr,fxifNyD; tcsdKUutpmudkavQmhí pm;wwfMu w,f? tJ'DvdktjyKtrlawG[m usef;rma&;udk xdcdkufapNyD; w&m;a&;rSm tm;ray;ygbl;? 'gaMumifh tm[m& jynhf0 onhf tpmudkrSD0Jjcif;? rQwwJh udk,fvufvIyf&Sm;rIU½Sdjcif; pojzihf a,m*D rsm;[m rdrdwdkY&JU usef;rma&;udk oifhwifhavQmufywfatmif jyKjyifapmifh a&Smuf &m\/

(3) ½dk;om;ajzmifhrwfaompdwfxm;&Sdjcif;?

yGifhvif;ajzmifhrwfjcif;[m w&m;tm;xkwfwJha,m*Dyk*¾dKvf&JU t&nf tcsif;aumif;wpfckjzpfonf/ tcsdKUa,m*Drsm;[m ½IrSwfvdkY aumif;rGefwJh taMumif;udk avQmufwifwwfNyD; raumif;wJh ½IrSwfrI tawGUtBuHKudk avQmuf wif&rSmwGefUqkwfaewwfMuw,f? tjzpfrSefudk rwifavQmufwJhtwGuf ur®|mef; q&mtaeeJY a,m*Dwynhf&JU w&m;wdk;wuf qkwf,kwfrIudk cefYrSef;oHk;oyfzdkY cufaewwfyg w,f? w&m;tm;xkwfwJha,m*Drsm;[m wcsdefcsdefrSm 0rf;enf;jcif;? aMumuf½GHUjcif;? NiD;aiGUjcif; tp&SdwJh raumif;wJh tawGUtBuHKawGjzpfay: wwfyg w,f? tJ'DtcgrSm a,m*D[m ur®|mef;q&mudk trSef twdkif; ½dk;om;yGifhvif;pGm avQmufwifoifhygw,f? 'grSom ur®|mef;q&mu a,m*Da&mufaewJh w&m; tqifhudk odjrifNyD; vdktyfcsufrsm;udk jyKjyifñTefMum;ay;EdkifrSmjzpfygw,f? tawGU aumif; awGudkvJ csJUxGif jcif;rjyKyJ? raumif;wJh tawGUawGudkvJ rxdefcsefyJ trSeftwdkif; &dk;om;ajzmifhrwfpGm wifjyavQmufxm; oifhygw,f/ (4) BudK;pm;tm;xkwfrI0D&d,&Sdjcif;?

edAÁmefudk rsufarSmufjyKEdkifbdkYqdkwm vG,fulwJh udpöawmhr[kwfygbl;vdkY jrwfpGmbk&m;rdefYMum; awmfrlcJhygw,f? xufoefwJUvHkYv0D&d,eJY tm;xkwf& ygw,f? b0oHo&mrS vHk;0vGwfajrmufa&;udk &nfrSef;NyD; eHeuftdyf&mEdk; onfrSpí ntdyfaysmfoGm;csdeftxd &kyfemrfw&m;awGudk rem;wef;owdESifh ½IrSwf yGm;rsm;&ygw,f? xdkuJhodkY ½IrSwfjcif;tm;jzihf a,m*Dyk*¾dKvf[m ½kyfemrfw&m;wdkY&JU tjzpftysuf oabmtrSefudk twdutusod&Sd&rSmjzpfygw,f? pBuøavQmuf ½IrSwfwJhtcg b,fvSrf;w,f nmvSrf; w,fvdkY ½IrSwfwmu emrfw&m;? ajcvSrf; wmu½kyfw&m; Mum;w,f Mum;w,fvdkY rSwfwJhtcg em;ESifh toHu½kyfw&m;? Mum;odwmuemrfw&m;? xdkifNyD;0rf;Adkuf azmif;rI ydefrIudk ½IrSwfwJhtcg 0rf;Adkuf azmif; rI ydefrIu ½kyfw&m;? ½IrSwfwJhpdwfu emrfw&m;? jzpfay:qJ csKyfaysmufqJ tcdkuftwefYrSm xif&Sm;pGm od&SdoGm;atmif ½IrSwf&ygw,f/

(5) a,m*Dyk*¾dKvf[m ypöKyÜef tcdkuftwefYudk ½IrSwfjcif;tm;jzihf jzpfysuf vu©Pm rsm;udk trSeftwdkif; odjrifEdkifayonf/ csKyfaysmufrIudkjrifí rNrJaom tedpö oabmw&m;ü ouf0ifvm\? rdrdqE´twdkif; wpfpHk wpfckudkrS xdef; odrf;uGyfuJ Edkifjcif;r&Sd? yk*¾dKvfowå0g twå[lír&Sd rdrdtvdktwdkif;bmrSrjzpf olwdkY oabm obm0twdkif; jzpfysuf aeMuonhf oabmw&m;rsm;om/ tJ'Dvdk ½IrSwfjcif;tm;jzihf csKyfysuf uG,faysmufaeaom tm&HkrSwfpdwfwdkYudkodí or®oe óPfü ouf0ifvm\/

xdkYaemuf 0dyóemóPf&ihfusufvmaomtcg O',AÁ, óPfjzpf ay:ívmonf? xdktcgwGif a,m*Dyk*¾dKvf[m rvdkvm;tyfonhf raumif;aom a0'emrsm;r&SdbJ oufawmihfoufom vG,fulpGm ½IrSwfí aumif;aeNyD; wudk,fvHk; ayghyg;um yDwdrsm; wzGm;zGm;jzpfay:aewwf\? ta&miftvif; rsm;udkvnf;jrif&wwf\? tm;vHk;udk t&Sdtwdkif;MuGw,f?MuGw,f? jrifw,f jrifw,f? ,drf;w,f ,drf; w,f? ESpfoufw,f 0rf;omw,f pojzihf ay:&mudk rvGwfwrf; ½IrSwf&ygw,f? ay:vmwJh yDwdudk ESpf oufpJGvef;ae&if 0dyó emóPfrsm; rwdk;wufyJ aESmifhaES;aewwfygw,f?

tcsdKUa,m*Drsm; wudk,fvHk; ausmuf½kyfuJhodkY Nidrf;at; csrf;omrI jyefYESHUí aewwf\? yó'¨djzpf\? 'gudkvJ om,mí raetyf ½IrSwfíry,fvQif MuefYMumaewwf\? tJ'D aemufw&m;xl; w&m;jrwf &&SdaeNyD[kyif ,lqí xufoefaom t"darmu©o'¨gw&m;rsm;jzpfay:vm wwf\? BuD;us,faom r[m'gersm;jyKvkdjcif;? eD;pyf&mrdwfaqGrsm;udk w&m;"r®a[mMum;vddkjcif;? omo emjyefUyGm;a&; tm;ay;aqmif½Gufvdkjcif; ponhftvdkqE´rsm; vTrf;rdk;aewwf\? xdktcg a,m*Dyk*¾dKvf[m ]]'DtcsdefrSm tdk em aoab; vGwfajrmufa&;udk tav;ay;tm;xkwf&rnhf tcsdefjzpf\? tjcm;ukodkvf a&;udk tcdkuftwefY qdkif;iHhxm;&rnf}} [kom qifjcifí ½IrSwfyGm;rsm; BudK;pm;tm;xkwf&m\/

wpfcgwpf&H pdwftm;xufoefrIu vGTrf;rdk;vmNyD; w&m;xl; w&m;jrwf rsm;&NyD[k xifrSwfrSm; avmufatmif vlcE¨mudk,f ayghyg;jcif;? pdwfNidrfouf wnfMunfjcif; pwJh Nidrf;at;csrf;omrI ]]okc}} cHpm; arGUavQmfaysmfydkufí ae& wwfonf/wcgw&Hxufoefaom owd xifvif;aomtodóPfwdkY jzpfay: wwfonf/ 'g[mowdorm"d&ifhusufrIaMumifhomjzpfonf/ pdwfwufMuGrI rjzpf oifhay? tjcm;xl; jcm;csufu rdrd&JUw&m;"r®ESifh El;nHhaomwPSmpJGrsm; jzpfwwf onf?]]eduEÅd}} jzpfonf/ ½IrSwfrI owdtm; aumif;vmonfhtcg a&SUjzpfrnhf t&mrsm;udk BudKodae ouJhodkYjzpfwwfonf/

txufazmfjyouJhodkY xl;jcm;wJhtawGUtBuHKrsm;aMumifh a,m*D[m w&m;xl;&NyDtxifESifh tm;xkwfrI&yfqdkif;oGm;wwfonf? tJ'g0dyó emvrf; rSm;vJGacsmfoGm;jcif;jzpfonf/

xdkxl;jcm;aumif;rGefwJh tawGUtBuHKrsm;udk om,mcHpm;aewm[mvJ vrf;rSm;yJ? a,m*D[m ur®|mef;q&m&JUjyKjyif oGefoifrIudk emcHNyD; &kyfemrfw&m; wdkY\ om,mzG,fudk BudK;pm;½IrSwfvQif om,m wyfrufzG,frsm; csKyfaysmufí O',AÁ,óPf txufydkif;udk a&muf&SdoGm;rnfjzpfygonf/ 'Dtqifhudk vGefoGm; vQif a,m*Dyk*¾dKvf[m wajz;ajz;óPfpOfwufNyD; vrf;rSm;ra&mufawmhyJ vGwfajrmufoGm; awmhonf? 'gaMumifh a,m*D[m vrf;rSm;udk ra&mufoGm;atmif ur®|mef;q&mu teD;uyf jyKjyif ñTef Mum;ay;oifhw,f? 'grS a,m*D[m ½kyfemrf tjzpftysufrSpí 0dyóemóPfpOfrsm;udk &Sif;vif;jywf om;pGm em;vnf oabmaygufoGm;rSmjzpfygw,f/

'DrSm bkef;BuD;wdkY&JU ]]a,m*Dolawmfpif &Sdtyfonhf t&nftcsif;ig;rsdK;}} w&m;awmfNyD;qHk;ygw,f?

ed*Hk;csKyftaeeJY bkef;BuD;wdkY&JU a,m*Drsm;[m 'Dw&m;awmfrSm vm&SdwJh twdkif; t&nftcsif; (5)rsdK;eJY jynfhpHkatmif usihfBuHyGm;rsm;tm;xkwfEdkifMuojzihf r*fvrf;rSm;udk a&SmifvTJEdkifMuNyD; r*fvrf;rSefudk avQmufEdkifí rdrdwdkY vdkvm; awmifhwtyfaom wPSmtm;vHk; csKyfjywfqHk;í qif;&Jcyfodrf;wdkY\Nidrf;&m edAÁmefcsrf;omudk vG,fulvQifjrefpGm rsufarSmufjyKEdkifMuygapukefownf;/

om"k ..... om"k ..... om"k .....

13/ tcsdefusrStusdK;tjypf&

'DaeYa[mr,hfw&m;uawmh ]]tcsdefusrStusdK;tjypf&}} wJh? owå0gawG[m aumif;usdK; qdk;jypfawGudk tcsdefuswJhtcgrSm cHpm;Mu& pHpm; Mu&w,fqdkwJh? taMumif;ygyJ? Ak'¨0g'u ur®0g'? uHqdkwm rdrdjyKwJhtvkyfygyJ? tJ'D uHtm; avsmfpGm owå0gawG[m trsdK;rsdK; tzHkzHkjzpfMuw,f? jrwfpGmbk&m;udk,fwdkifu tm;vHk;aom owå0gawG[m uHomvQif udk,fydkifOpöm&Sdw,f? ,ckb0rSm jzpfyHk ysufyHkawG[m uHomvQif taMumif;&if;&Sdw,f? uH aMumifh trsdK;rsdK; tzHkzHk jzpfMuwm? uHomvQif aqGrsdK;&Sdw,f? uHomvQif udk;uG,ftm;xm;&m&Sdw,f? uHu owå0gawGudk wpfa,mufeJYwpfa,muf rwlatmif cJGjcm; a0zefxm; w,fvdkY a[mxm;wm&Sdyg w,f? 'gaMumifhrdkYvdkY uHtm;avQmfpGm owå0gawG[m jzpfMu& ysufMu&w,f? tJ'Dvdk jzpf&ysuf&wm[mvJyJ tcsdefusrS tJ'DuH&JU aumif; usdK;qdk;jypfawGudk &&SdMuw,f? tJ'DrSm uHu ukodkvfuHvJ&Sdygw,f? tuk odkvfuHvJ&Sdygw,f? aemuftJ'D ukodkvf tukodkvfuHawGudk jzpfatmifjyK vkyfwmuawmh tajccHu pdwfygyJ? 'gaMumifh jrwfpGm bk&m;uawmh pdwf[m a&SUoGm;jzpfaew,f? a&SUuOD;aqmifacgif;½Gufvkyf aew,f? pdwf[mtBuD;tuJyJ? bmrqdk pdwfeJYNyD;aewmyJ? wpfpHkwpfa,mufaom yk*¾dKvf[m aumif;wJh pdwf t&if;cHxm;NyD; jyKvkyf ajymqdk,if tJ'Dyk*¾dKvfrSm aumif;usdK;awG&r,f? bmeJY wlovJqdkawmh oGm; wJhvl&JUaemufudk t&dyfBuD; ygaeovdk tJ'Dyk*¾dKvfvJ oHo&mrSm ukodkvftusdK;awGuvdkufNyD; tusdK;ay; r,f? raumif;wJhpdwf tajc cHxm;NyD; jyKvkyfajymqdk,if raumif;wJhtukodkvfuH xdkyk*¾dKvfaemufudk vdkufNyD; awmh qdk;jypf awGudk ay;r,f?

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tJ'D yx0D"mwf&JU oabmuawmh rmwJhoabm? Murf;wJhoabm? EkwJh oabm? aysmhwJhoabm?? av;wJhoabm? ayghwJh oabmawG&Sdygw,f? [kwf w,f? t&dk;udkudkifMunhf&if rmrmawGUw,f? qHyifudk udkifMunhf&if cyfMurf; Murf;awGUw,f? tom;udkifMunhf&if aysmhaysmhEkEkav;awGUw,f? tJ'Dvdkoabm w&m;awG? aemufajcaxmufvSrf;wJhtcgrSm ajcaxmufvSrf;Munhf? wcgwav av;av;BuD;awGUw,f? wcgwav ayghayghBuD;awGUw,f? tJ'Dvdk[mawGudk a,m*Du olYemrnftwdkif; ½IrSwf&r,fwJh?

av;&ifav;w,fvdkY ½IrSwf&HkygyJ? wcgwav xdkifaewJhtcgrSm acgif; ay:u ausmufcJBuD;rsm; ½Gufxm;ovdk av;NyD;aewm&Sdw,f? tJ'Dvdk av;wmudk av;w,f av;w,f rSwf&if 'gyx0D"mwfudk rSwf&ma&mufwmygyJ? wcgwav xdkifwJhatmufu Murf;Murf;BuD;jzpfaeovdk awGU&w,f? tJ'DvdkMurf; aewmudkvJ Murf;w,fMurf;w,feJY rSwf&if 'gyx0D"mwfudk rSwfNyD;om;jzpfwmygyJ? wcg wcg usawmhvJ vrf;avQmufwJhtcgrSm atmufuajcaxmufeif;&wm EkEkaysmh aysmhav;? tdtdav;eif;&wm&Sdygw,f? tJ'gvJ yx0D"mwfoabmudk cHpm;&wJh oabmygyJ? wcgwav ajcaxmufvSrf;&wmav;w,f? wcg wavusawmhvJ ayghw,f? wcgwavvJ wpfudk,fvHk;ayghNyD;awmhaew,f? tJ'Doabm w&m; awGudk olUemrnftwdkif; ayhg&ifahygw,f? av;&ifav;w,f? rSwf&w,f? tJ'Dvdk rmwJhoabm? Murf;wJhoabm EkwJhoabm? av;wJhoabm? ayghwJhoabm awGrSwfwm[m yx0D"mwfudkrSwf&ma&mufw,f? yx0D qdkwmajr"mwfygyJ? tJ'D ajrajr rqdkayr,hf ajr"mwfudkrSwfNyD;om;yJ? ajryx0D"mwfu ckeajymovdk (20) awmif&Sdygw,f/

'Dae&mrSm wpfckowdjyK&rSmuawmh rmwmeJY aysmhwm? Murf;wmeJY Ekwm av;wmeJY ayghwm? awG[m Oyed"mynwfvdkYac:ygw,f? axmufqNyD;awmh ,l&wmrdkYvdkY tJ'g rmwmeJY aysmhwm[m twlwlygyJ? Murf;wmeJY EkwmvJ twlwl ygyJ av;wmeJU ayghwm[mvJ twlwlygyJ? rmwmeJY aysmhwm [m twl wlygyJ vdkYajym&if wcsdKUu vufcHrSmr[kwfygbl;? wu,fawmh axmufq ,l&wmrdkYvdkY wu,f avhvmMunhf&if rmwmeJYaysmhwm[m twlwlygyJ? Oyrm wpfck oHcJwpfcJqdkygawmh tJ'DoHcJwpfcJ&JU ab;em;rSm tkwfcJwpfcJcsxm;vdkuf? tJ'DoHcJeJYtkwfcJ[m b,folurmovJ b,folu aysmhovJvdkY ar;&if oHcJu rmyg w,f? tkwfcJu aysmhygw,fvdkY 'Dvdkajym&rSmygyJ? tJ'DtkyfcJab;em;rSm ajrBuD;cJ wpfcJudk csxm;vdkufyg ajrBuD;cJeJY tkyfcJ b,f[murmovJ b,f[m u aysmhovJvdkYar;&if tkwfcJu rmygw,f? ajrBuD;cJu aysmhygw,fvdkY ajym& rSmygyJ/

ckewHk;u oHcJeJYpmawmh tkwfcJuaysmhygw,f? ckajrBuD;cJeJY pmvdkufwJh tcgusawmh tkwfcJ[m trmjzpfoGm;jyefygw,f? 'DtkwfcJwpfcJxJyJ oHcJaxmuf awmh aysmhw,f? ajrBuD;cJaxmufawmhrmw,f? 'gaMumifhrdkYvdkY rmwmeJU aysmhwm [m twlwlygyJvdkY qdkwmygyJ? tJ'gudk pmvdkawmh Oyed"mynwfwJh/ axmufq NyD;awmh ajym&qdk&wJh[mrsdK;ygyJwJh? aemufNyD;awmh ajrBuD;cJ&JU ab;em;rSm ½THcJwpfvHk;csxm; b,f[murmovJ b,f[muaysmhovJqdk&if ajrBuD;cJu rmw,f? ½THcJuaysmhw,f? 'Dvdkajym&rSmygyJ? e*dkuwHk;u ajrBuD;cJ[m tkwfcJeJY pm&if olaysmhw,f? 'gayr,fh ½THcJJeJYpm&if olutrmjzpfoGm;jyefw,f? 'gaMumifhrdkY vdkY rmwmeJY aysmhwm twlwlyJ? Oyed"mynwfvdkY qdk&ygw,f? aemufNyD;awmh Murff;wmeJY Ekwm 'gvJ twlwlygyJ/

Oyrm t0wftxnfqdkygawmh? t0wftxnfqdk&if 0gcsnfeJY&ufwJh t0wftxnfawG[m Murf; w,fwJh? csnfMurf;BuD;awGeJY&ufwJhtwGufaMumifh Murf;w,f? tJ'geJYpm&if csnfEkEkeJY&ufwJh ydwfuEkw,f vdkY 'Dvdkajym&ygw,f? tJ'DydwfpudkvJyJ ydk;pawGeJY ,SOfvdkufwJhtcgusawmh ydwfp[m Murf;w,f? ydk;pu Ekw,f? tJ'Dydk;pudkvJyJ tJ'DxufEl;nHhwJh[mawGeJY ,SOfvdkufwJh tcgus awmh tJ'Dydk;p[m Murf;w,fvdkY ajym&jyefw,f? 'gaMumifhrdkYvdkY Murf;w,f? Ekw,fqdkwm[mvJyJ wpfckeJUwpfck axmufqNyD;awmh,l& wmyJ? 'gaMumifh Murf;wmeJY EkwmeJY twlwlwJh? aemufNyD;awmh av;wmeJY ayghwm[mvJ twl wlygyJ wJh? av;wm ayghwm b,fvdkwlovJvdkYqdkawmh- Oyrm- 10 ydómav;wJh tav;BuD;udk&Sm? ab;em; u ig;ydómav;wJh tav;wpfckudk csxm;vdkuf? ig;ydómeJY q,fydóm[m b,f[mu av;ovJvdkY ar;&if 10-ydómu av;ygw,fvdkY ajz&rSmygyJ? ig;ydómu ayghw,fvdkY ajz&rSmygyJ? tJ'D ig;ydóm tav;ab;em;rSm 1-ydómtav;csxm;vdkuf? 1-ydómtav;eJY ig;ydómtav; b,f[muav;ovJ b,f [muayghovJar;&if ig;ydóm uav;NyD;awmh 1-ydómu ayghygw,fvdkY ajym&rSmygyJ/

[dk 10-ydómudk axmufvdkuf&ifawmh 5-ydómtv;[m ayghygw,f? 1-ydómtav;udk axmuf&ifawmh 5-ydómtav;[m ydkav;w,fvdkY ajym&rSm ygyJ? 'gaMumifh av;wmeJY ayghwm twlwlyJwJh? 1-ydóm[dkbufu ig;q,fom; tav;csvdkuf&ifvJyJ 50-om;tav;uayhgw,f? 1-ydómtav;uav;w,f? ajym&rSmygyJ? 50-om;tav;[dk bufu tpdyfom;tav;udk csvdkuf vdkY&Sd&ifvJ tpdyfom;av;uayghw,f? ig;q,fom;av;u av;w,f vdkY 'Dvdkajym&rSmygyJ? 'gawG[m wpfckeJYwpfck axmufq,l&wJhtwGufaMumifh Oyed"mynwfawGwJh 'gaMumifh av;wmeJY ayghwmeJY twlwl? a,m*Dyk*¾dKvf[m rdrdcE¨mrSm&SdwJh rmwJh oabmudk awGU&if rmw,f rmw,f? Murf;wJh oabm udkawGU&if Murf;w,f Murf;w,frSwf? EkwJhoabmudkawGU&if Ekw,f? Ekw,f? av; wJhoabmudkawGU&if av;w,f av;w,f? ayghwJhoabmudkawGU&if ayghw,f? ayghw,fvdkYrSwf&if 'g yx0D"mwfudk rSwfNyD; om;jzpfoGm;w,fwJh/

tJ'D yx0D"mwfu cE¨udk,fxJrSm qHyifuae OaESmuftxd tpk(20) &Sdw,f? aemufwpfcg? tmayg"mwf? tmayg"mwfqdkwmuawmh ,dkpD;wJhoabm &Sdw,f? zJGUpnf;wJhoabm? yGpD;wJhoabm&Sd w,f? tmaygqdkwm ta&"mwfygyJ? tJ'D ta&"mwfawG[m ta&vGefuJwJhtwGufaMumifh olYudk tm ayg"mwfvdkY ac:&ygw,f? tJ'D tmayg"mwfu 'DcE¨mudk,fxJrSm (12)ck&Sdygw,f? bmawGvJ qdkawmh ]]onf;ajctp usifi,fus 'Gg& a&"mwfvGef}}wJh? onf;ajcuaeNyD;awmh usifi,ftxd (12)ck[m ta& "mwfvGefuJwJhtwGufaMumifh tmayg"mwf (12)yg;vdkY ac:Muw,fwJh? a&wGufMunhfr,fqdk&if bmawG vJqdkawmh onf;ajc? ovdyf? jynf? aoG;? acR;? tqDcJ? rsuf&nf? qDMunf? wHawG;? ESyf? tap;? usifi,f? tJ'D (12)rsdK;ygyJ? tJ'D(12)rsdK;[m ,dkpD;wJhoabm yGpD;wJhoabm &Sdygw,f? Oyrm- rsufpdxJu rsuf&nf ,dkvmw,f ,dkvmw,f? ,dkvmw,f rSwf? 'g tmayg"mwfudkrSwfNyD;om;ygyJ? ESmacgif;xJu ESm&nf awG,dkvm wwfw,f? ,dkw,f? ,dkw,frSwf? yg;pyfxJu oGm;a&awG,dkvmw,f? ,dkw,f ,dkw,f rSwf yg? wcgwav? cE¨mkudk,fxJu acR;awG,dkxGufvmw,f? ,dkw,f? ,dkw,frSwfyg/

usifi,fpGefUwJhtcg rSm pGefUw,f pGefUw,frSwf? 'gvJyJ tmayg"mwfudk rSwfwmygyJ? tmayg&JU oabmu ,dkpD;wwfwJh oabm&Sdygw,fwJh? aemufNyD; awmh tmaygaMumifh yGwJhoabmvJ&Sdw,f? Oyrm aygifrkefYwpfvHk;udk a&xJ csvdkufprf;ygvm;? ydkNyD;awmh yGwufvmw,f? 'gtmayg"mwf&JU tpGrf;owdåyJ yGwufvmwJh oabm&Sdw,f? aemufNyD;awmh tmayg"mwfu zJGUwwfwJh oabm &Sdw,f? twlwlwJGuyfvdkY r&wJh wpf ckpDjzpfaewJh[mu tmayg"mwfeJY a&eJY wJGvdkY&w,f? 'dkY csmygwDwdkY bmwdkYzkwfwJhyk*¾dKvf awG[mav yxr qHk; *sHKrIefY udke,f&w,f? *sHKrIefYawG[m wpfckeJYwpfckrwJGbl;? wjcm;pDaew,f? tJ'gudk wJGcsifawmh bmeJUvkyf&ovJ qdkawmh a&Muufat;av;eJUe,f&w,f? a&Muuf at;eJYxnhfNyD;awmh e,fvdkufwJhtcg tJ'D*sHKrIefYawG[m pD;wJG vHk;oGm;awmh wmygyJ? b,folu tJ'Dvdk pD;wJGatmif zJGUovJqdkawmh a&uzJGUwm? 'gaMumifh ,dkpD; wJhoabm? zJGUpnf;wJhoabm? yGpD;wJhoabmudk ½I&if tmayg"mwf ½IrSwfwmygyJwJh? tJ'Dtmayg"mwf u 'DcE¨mudk,frSmvJ &Sdygw,f? cE¨mudk,f rSmjzpfwJh tmaygoabmw&m;awGudkvJyJ rsuf&nf,dk&if rsuf&nf,dkw,f? ESm&nf ,dk&if? ESm&nf,dkw,f? usifi,fpGefY&if? usifi,fpGefYw,fvdkY ½IrSwf &ygw,f/

tmayga&"mwfu(12)rsdK;? ESifh yx0D"mwf(20)aygif;vdkuf&if pkpkaygif; (32)rsdK;jzpfw,f? (32)aum|mo? tao;pdwfrSm-

(1) qHyif? (2)tarT; (3)vnfonf; ajconf;? (4)oGm;? (5)ta&? (6) tom;? (7)taMum? (8)t½dk;? (9)jcifqD? (10)tñSdKU? (11)ESvHk;? (12)tonf;? (13)ta`rS;? (14)tjzif;? (15)tqkwf? (16)tlr? (17)tlodrf? (18)tpmopf? (19)tpma[mif;? (20)OD;aESmuf? (21)onf;ajc? (22)ovdyf? (23)jynf? (24)aoG;? (25)acR;? (26)tqDcJ? (27)rsuf&nf? (28)qDMunf? (29)wHawG;? (30)ESyf? (31)tap;? (32)usifi,f/

yk*¾dKvfwpfOD;&JU cE¨mudk,f[m r[mbkwf"mwfBuD;(4)yg; &SdwJhtwGuf usef"mwfBuD;ESpfyg;xnhf aygif;vdkufvQif (42)aum|mo jzpfygw,f/

awaZmtyl"mwf(4)rsdK;&Sdygw,f/

(1) oEÅyÜeawaZm = tzsm;&SdeftylaiGU? (2) Zd&PawaZm = tom;ta&udktdkrif;&ihfa&mfaponhftyl"mwf? (3) 'g[awaZm = wudk,fvHk;tjyif;ylavmifaomtylaiGU? (4) ygpuawaZm = tpmudkaMuusufaponhf 0rf;rD;?

a,m*Dyk*¾dKvf[m cE¨mudk,frSmay:vmonhf twdkif;ylw,f? ylw,f? at; w,f-at;w,f ponf jzihf ½IrSwfcsifw,f? awaZm"mwfudk ½IrSwfaejcif;yif jzpfw,f? aemufqHk;wGef;uefvIyf&Sm;rI 0ga,m"mwf (6)rsdK;&Sdygw,f/

(1) O'¨*Fr0ga,m = txufodkYqefwufaomav? (oef;a0jcif;?BudKUxdk;jcif;?avcsOfwufjcif;ponf)

(2) ta"g*r0ga,m = atmufodkYpkefaomav? (usifBuD;usifi,fpGefYjcif;?avvnfjcif;ponfudkaxmufulonhfav)

(3) ukpäd|0ga,m = 0rf;AdkufxJwGif(tl\tjyifü)wnfaomav?

(4) aum|mo,0ga,m= tlxJÜwnfaomav?

(5) t*Fr*FgEkom&D0ga,m= t*FgBuD;i,fudk avQmufvsufauG; qefYvIyf&Sm;rI ponfudkNyD;apaomav?

(6) tómo yómo0ga,m = 0ifoufç xGufoufav?

[laom þajcmufrsdK;onf awmifhwif;vIyf&Sm;rI vGefuJaomaMumifh 0ga,m"mwf rnf\/

0ga,m"mwfudk rnfuJhodkY½IrSwfod&oenf;[lrlum;-

&yfw,fvdkYrSwfwJhtcg? pBuøoGm;pOf MuGw,f vSrf;w,f? ajcvuf vIyf&Sm;rI jyK&mwGif auG;jcif; qefYjcif;ponfh awmifhwif;wGef;uef vIyf&Sm;rItm;vHk;onf 0ga,m"mwfudk ½IrSwfaejcif;yifjzpfonf/ xdkifonhftcg 0rf;AdkufrS azmif;rI ydefrIudk ½IrSwf&mwGifvnf; 0ga,m"mwfyifjzpf\? tao;pdyfa&wGuf vQif yx0D"mwf(20)? tmayg"mwf(12) awaZm"mwf(4) ESifh 0ga,m"mwf (6)rsdK;? pkpkaygif; (42)aum |mojzpf\/

jrwfpGmbk&m;u xyfqihf &Sif;vif; a[mMum;&mwGif om;owform;onf vrf;qHkvrf;cGwGif EGm;udk owfNyD;csxm;vQif jrifawGUolrsm;u EGm;aoaumif[k ac:Muvdrhfrnf? EGm;aoaumifudk t½dk; tom; uvDZm ponfjzihf vSD;jzwf cJGjcm;pkyHkxm;vQif? trJom;? trJ½dk;? trJuvDZm [klí ac:Muay vdrfhrnf? xdkenf;wlpGm þcE¨mudk,ftpkta0;udk ighudk,f? igh[m ponfjzihf pJG,laeMu aomfvnf; ajrç a&ç avç rD; ponhf "mwfBuD;av;yg;udk ydkif;jcm;pdwfjzmí ½IMunhfonhftcg xdk(42)aum|moudk igyJ? yk*¾dKvf owå0g? twåvdyfjym[lí pJG,lp&mr&Sdawmhay? xdkuJhodkY xdk;xGif;í odjrifEdkifolonf yk*¾dKvfowå0g[lí rpJG,lEdkifawmhyJ? ouúm,'d|dudk vHk;0y,f&Sm;NyD;vQif r*fóPfzdkvfóPfjzihf edAÁmef udk rsufarSmufjyK&ef a&SU½Itm;xkwfayawmhrnf/

xdkYaMumifh a,m*Dolawmfpifrsm;onf yx0D trmcH"mwf tmaygt&nf"mwf? awaZmtcdk;taiGU"mwfESifh 0ga,mav"mwf r[mbkwf"mwfBuD;(4)yg; tpkta0; cE¨mudk,fBuD;udk "mwfoabmrsm;om &SdMuonf[k pl;pdkufí½Iqifjcifoifh\? xdkuJhodkY ½IrSwfyGm;rsm;jcif;jzihf þudk,fonf yk*¾dKvfowå0gaumif? toufaumif r[kwfaom "mwfoabmtaetm;jzifh obm0trSeftwdkif;odjrifMuí qif;&J cyfodrf; wdkYcsKyfNidrf;&m edAÁmefudk tcsdefwdkwdkESifh rsufarSmufjyKEdkif Muygapukef ownf;/

om"k.... om"k ... om"k ...

16/ aMumif;usdK;odrSef?plVaomwmyef w&m;awmf

'DaeYq&mawmfa[mMum;rJh w&m;awmfuawmh ]]aMumif;usdK;odrSef? plVaom wmyef}} w&m;awmf jzpfygw,f? plVqdkwmu i,faom vdkYt"dyÜg,f&ygw,f? 'gaMumifh ti,fpm;aomwmyefvdkY jyefEdkifyg w,f? qdkvdkwmu tjynhft0 aomwmyefr[kwfbl;vdkY qdkvdkygw,f? a,m*D[m twefMum w&m;½I rSwfvdkuf onhftcg yk*¾dKvfowå0g? a,musfm;? rdef;r &,fvdkYr&Sd emrf½kyfawGom&Sdw,fvdkY oabmusvm ygw,f? tJ'Daemuf taMumif;eJYtusdK;udk ydkif;jcm;odwJh ypö, y&d*¾[ óPfjzpfay:vmygw,f/

taMumif;tusdK; oabmw&m;udk aMunuf&Sif;vif;wJhtjrifr&SdvQif b0oH o&musifvnfyHk udk trSeftwdkif; rodjrifEdkifygbl;? tcsdKUu b,fawmhrS rysuf pD; tNrJwnfaewJh touf0dóPf&Sdw,f vdkY ,lqw,f? cE¨mudk,f wpfckuae wpfckudk ajymif;NyD; wnfaew,fvdkY ,HkMunfMuw,f? 'g[m yk*¾dKvf owå0g touf 0dóPftNrJwnfw,fvdkY,lwJh ]]oów'd|d}} t,lygyJ? aoNyD;aemuf qufvuf&Sifoef aew,fqdkwJh xm0&cdkifNrJw,fvdkY ,lwJh t,lrSm;jzpfygw,f/

tcsdKUaomolrsm;u yk*¾dKvfowå0g[m aoNyD;wJhaemuf topfwzef rjzpf awmh bJ vkH;0csKyfjywf Nidrf;oGm;w,fvdkY ,lwJh ]]Oapä''d|d}} t,l&SdMuw,f? wcsdKUuawmh owå0gawGudk bk&m;ocifu zefqif; w,fvdkY ,HkMunfMuw,f/ 'Dae&mrSm b,f,HkMunfcsuf t,l0g'urSefw,f rSm;w,f&,fvdkY bkef;BuD; wdkYtaeeJY a0zeftuJjzwfaebdkYr[kwfygbl;? jrwfpGmbk&m;&JUw&m;awmfrsm;udkom &Sif;vif;a[mMum; vdkygw,f? y#dpöorkyÜg'fw&m;awmfBuD;rSm owå0gawG taMumif;tusdK;qufEG,fNyD; oHo&musifvnf aeMuyHkudk 'Dvdk a[mMum; awmfrl cJhygw,f?

rodrI t0dZÆmaMumifh jyKvkyftm;xkwfrI ocFg&wdkUjzpfonf/ twdwfb0uH ocFg&aMumifh ,ck b0 0dóPfjzpfonf/

0dóPfaMumifh emrfESifh ½kyfwdkYjzpfMuonf/ emrf½kyfaMumifh tm,we (6)yg; jzpfay:onf/tm, weaMumifh tm½HkudkawGUrI zójzpfonf/ zóaMumifh cHpm;rIa0'emjzpfay:onf/ a0'emaMumifh wyfruf qmavmifrI wPSmjzpfonf/ wPSmaMumifhpJGvef;rI Oyg'gefjzpfay:onf/ Oyg'gefaMumifh b0opfwzef jzpf aMumif; uHtusdK;w&m;wdkYjzpfay:onf/

tJ'DjzpfaMumif;uHaMumifh b0opfjzpfrI ZmwdtusdK;w&m;jzpfay:vmw,f/ ZmwdaMumifh tdkjcif; aojcif;? pdk;&drfylaqG;jcif;? idkaMuG;jcif; udk,fqif;&Jjcif;? pdwfqif;&Jjcif; jyif;pGm ylyefjcif;qdkwJh tusdK; w&m;awG jzpfay:vmMuw,f? tukefvHk;NcHKMunfhvdkuf,if taMumif;eJYtusdK; qif;&JtpkoufoufrQ omjzpfae wmbJ? csrf;om[lír&Sd yk*¾dKvfowå0g[lí toD;tjcm;r&Sd? wavmuvHk;rSm qif;&Jtpkouf oufrQomtaMumif;tusdK;qufNyD; jzpfaeMuw,f/ y#dpöorkyÜg'f w&m;awmfudk þuJhodkY em;vnf&ygrnf/ taMumif;tusdK;ESifhywfoufí 'kwd, zGifh qdkcsufrSmuH\ tusdK;w&m;ESifhywfoufíjzpfonf? avmuvlawGudk Munhf r,fqdk&if ycHk;ESpfzufMum; acgif;aygufwmuvJGvdkY wpfOD;ESifhwpfOD; rwl xl;jcm;aeay\? þxl;jcm;csufESifhywfoufí wpfcsdefu okbvkvifu jrwfpGm bk&m;udk ar;avQmufbl;cJhygw,f/

jrwfpGmbk&m; avmurSm vltcsdKUu touf&SnfpGmae&NyD; tcsdKUu touf wdkwdkeJYao&w,f? tcsdKUua,m*gxlajymcsLcsmNyD; tcsdKUu usef;rma&; aumif;Mu w,f/ tcsdKUu ½kyf&nfacsmarmvSyNyD; tcsdKUu t½kyfqdk;Muw,f? tcsdKUu rdwfaqG ta`cGt&HaygNyD; tcsdKUu txD;usefjzpfw,f? tcsdKUu ypönf;Opöm MuG,f0NyD; tcsdKUqif;&Jw,f/ tcsdKU jrihfjrwf txufwef;usNyD; tcsdKU,kwfedrfh atmufwef;us w,f? tcsdKUynmwwfNyD; tcsdKUynmrJhw,f/

tJ'Dvdk jcm;em;&wmawG&JUtaMumif;udk &Sif;vif;a[mMum;awmfrlygbk&m;vdkY avQmufxm;wJhtcg jrwfpGmbk&m;u okbvkvifudk pHkprf;vdkí ]] tJ'Djcm;em; csufawG[m uH\tusdK;w&m;awGaMumifh}} yJvdkY twdkcsKyf ajzMum;awmf rlcJhyg w,f?

okbvkvifu twdkcsKyfudk óPfrouf0ifEdkifí tus,fzGifhqdk a[mMum;yg &ef jrwfpGmbk&m; tm; awmif;yefavQmufxm;vdkY atmufygtwdkif; &Sif;vif;a[m Mum;awmf rlcJhygw,f/

okbvkvif- olwpfyg;toufudk owfaomolonf toufwdk\? olU toufudk owfjcif;rS a&SmifMuOfolonf touf&SnfpGmae&\? olYtoufowf jcif;onftaMumif;? toufwdkjcif;onftusdK; olUtoufowfjcif;rS a&SmifMuOf jcif;onf taMumif;? touf&SnfpGmae&jcif;onf tusdK;jzpf\? tjcm; aomol wdkYtm; vufeuftrsdK;rsdK; enf;tzHkzHk ESifh &ufpufMurf;MuKwfESdyfpuf aomol onf usef;rma&;csdKU wJhNyD; oem;Muifem ñSmwmwwfaomolonf usef;rma&; aumif;ay\?

tcsdKUaomolwdkYonf trsufa'goxGufvG,f\? a'gotrsufxGuf onhftcg t½kyfqdk;\? &ufpuf,kwfrm\? Murf;wrf;pGm qJa&;wwf\? xdkodkY aom raumif;rI tukodkvfuHrsm;aMumifh tyg,f bHkrsm;odkY usa&muf&\? vljzpfvQifvnf; t½kyfqdk; tusnf;wef\? pdwf&SnfMuifemwwfaomolwdkY onf ½kyf&nftqif; vSyjcif;ESifhjynhfpHk\? pdwf&SnfMuifemwwfjcif;onftaMumif;? ½kyf&nfvSyjcif; onftusdK;/

tcsdKUaomolwdkYonf olwpfyg;wdkY\ atmifjrifrI MuG,f0rIudk remvdk0ef wdkwwf\? xdkolwdkUonf ta`cGt&Henf;\? tcsdKUaomolwdkYonf olwpfyg;wdkY \ MuG,f0rI atmifjrifrIrsm;udk 0rf;ajrmuf 0rf;om rk'dwmjzpfMu\? xdkolwdkY onf taqGcifyGef; ta`cGt&HwdkY aygrsm;\? rk'dwmonftaMumif;? taqG cifyGef;ta`cGt&Haygrsm;jcif;onf tusdK;jzpf\? remvdk 0efwdkjcif;onftaMumif;? taqGcifyGef; ta`cG t&HcsdKUwJh&Sm;yg;jcif;onf tusdK;jzpf\/ &ufa&mpGm ay;urf;vSL'gef;Muolrsm;onf atmifjrifMuG,f0 csrf;omMuNyD; ESajrmwGefUwdkí tvSL'gerjyKMuolrsm;onf qif;&JrJGawMu&\/

jrwfpGmbk&m;u qufvufí okbvkvif- tcsdKUaomyk*¾dKvfwdkYonf rdrdvnf; ynmrqnf;yl; olwpfyg;udkvnf; roifMum; rydkYcs? xdkolwdkYonf ynmrJhjzpfwwf\? tcsdKUolrsm;uawmh rdrdudk,fwdkif vnf;ynmudk BudK;pm; qnf;yl;NyD; rdrdwwfpGrf;orQudkvnf; oifMum;rQa0\? xdkolwdkYonf óPfxuf xl;cRefonfh ynm&Sdrsm;jzpfMuukef\? tJ'gawG[m ur®ork',ç uH\ taMumif; tusdK;w&m;rsm;jzpf\/ a,m*Drsm;[m cPduork',ac:wJh pOfqufrjywf ajymif;vJaewJh taMumif;tusdK;w&m;rsm;udk od oifh\/

a,m*Drsm;[m rdrdwdkYvuf&Sd ½IrSwf yGm;rsm;aewJh w&m;tm;xkwfrIudk tao;pdyfavhvmMunfh&if t&m&mwdkif;rSm taMumif;tusdK;w&m;rsm;udk awGUjrif Edkifygw,f? pBuøavQmufNyD; ½IrSwfwJhtcg vSrf; vdkwJhpdwfutaMumif;? ajcvSrf; wmutusdK;? ajcvSrf;wmutaMumif;? vSrf;w,fvdkY rSwfod&wmu tusdK;? xdkenf;twdkif; MuGcsifwJhpdwfu taMumif;? MuGwJh½kyfutusdK;? MuGwJh½kyfu taMumif;? MuGwmudk rSwfodwmutusdK;/

0rf;Adkuf&JU azmif;rIydefrIudk ½IrSwf&mrSm touf½SLoGif;jcif;utaMumif;? 0rf;Adkuf\azmif;rIu tusdK;? 0rf;Adkuf\azmif;rIutaMumif;? azmif;wmudk rSwfodrIu tusdK;? avudk½SLxkwfwmutaMumif; 0rf;AdkufydefusoGm;wmu tusdK;? ydefusoGm;wmutaMumif;? ydefwmudk rSwfodwmutusdK;/ tqif;tm½Hkudk jrifonhftcg a,m*Du igjrifw,f vdkYxifcsifxifr,f? r[kwfygbl;? taMumif; tusdK;oabmw&m;awGomjzpfygw,f/

tqif;udk ½IrSwf&mrSm-

  1. rsufpdaumif;jcif;?
  2. tvif;a&mif½Sdjcif;?
  3. tqif;tm½Hk½Sdjcif;?
  4. pdwfu ESvHk;oGif;jcif; wdkY&Sd&ygr,f? 'Dt*Fgav;&yfutaMumif;? jrifawGU wmutusdK;? jrifawGUwmutaMumif;? jrifw,fvdkY ½IrSwf wmutusdK;/

toHMum;wmudk ½IrSwf&mrSm-

  1. em;tMunfaumif;jcif;?
  2. toH½Sdjcif;?
  3. em;ESifhtoHMum;wGif twm; tqD;tydwftyif r&Sdjcif;?
  4. pdwfuESvHk;oGif;jcif;? tJ'Dt*Fg av;&yfu taMumif;? Mum;odwmutusdK;? Mum;wmu taMumif;? Mum;wmudk½IrSwf wmutusdK;?

pm;wmudk½IrSwf&mrSm-

  1. vQmtMunf"mwfaumif;jcif;?
  2. t&om½Sdjcif;?
  3. t&nf"mwf½Sdjcif; (tpdk"mwf)
  4. pdwfu ESvHk;oGif;jcif;? þt*Fgav;csufutaMumif;? t&omudk odwmutusdK;? t&omutaMumif;? ½IrSwf wmu tusdK;?

tawGUtxdudk ½IrSwf&mrSm-

  1. udk,ftMunf"mwf½Sdjcif;?(um,yom')
  2. xdp&m½Sdjcif;?
  3. xdvJxd jcif;?
  4. pdwfuESvHk;oGif;? 'Dt*Fgav;&yfutaMumif;? xdawGUrIutusdK;?
  5. xdawGUrIutaMumif;? ½IrSwfwmu tusdK;?

teHUudk ½IrSwf&mrSm-

  1. ESacgif;tMunfaumif;jcif;?
  2. teHY½Sdjcif;?
  3. avoifhjcif;?
  4. pdwfu ESvHk; oGif;jcif;? 'Dt*Fgav;&yfu taMumif;? teHUcHwmutusdK;?? teHUeHwmu taMumif;? ½IrSwfwmutusdK;? 'gaMumihf jrifwm Mum;wm eHwm pm;wm? awGUxdwmu tm;vHk;taMumif;awGjzpfNyD; ½IrSwfwmu tusdK;awGjzpfw,f? a,m*Drsm;[m ]]taMumif;&SdrS tusdK;jzpfay:w,f taMumif;r&SdvQif tusdK;rjzpf ay:Edkifbl;?}} qdkwm udk,fawGU todóPfjzihf odjrifoGm;ygw,f/

ouf&Sdowå0gawG tm;vHk;[mvJ taMumif;aMumifhjzpfaeMuw,f? wPSm Oyg'gef ESifhjyKvkyforQ awG[m uHtaMumif;w&m;tjzpf oHo&mudkvnfapw,f? tJ'DvdktaMumif;tusdK; qufpyfvnfywfrIu t&[wår*f&rSyJ &yfwefYoGm; ygw,f? uHtaMumif;w&m;awG&Sdaeoí 0dnmPfemrf½kyf tusdK;w&m;awG jzpfae ayrnf? 'gawG[m b0topfjzpfaMumif; w&m;awGjzpfonf/ usrf;*efxJrSm tckvdkzGifhqdkazmfjy xm;ygw,f/

yJhwifç t&dyf? rD;ç wHqdyf? cwfESdyf oaE¨wlayonf/

ocFg&aMumifh y#doaE¨pdwf 0dóPfjzpfw,fqdkwm b0a[mif;u ½kyfemrf wpHkwckrQ vdkufygrvmbJ b0 opfrSm y#doaE¨0dnmPftopfjzpfyHkudk rSef;q odbdkY&mt|uxmrSm Oyrm 4-ckeJYjyxm;wmjzpfygw,f/

(1) awmeufxJodkYjzpfap? vdkPfacgif;xJodkYjzpfap atmfoH[pfvdkufvQif wzuf rS yJhwifoH jyefvm\/ atmf[pfoHutaMumif;? yJhwifoHjyefvm wmu tusdK;/

(2) rSefMunhfwJhtcg rSefxJrSm rsufESm&dyfay:vmw,f? vlutaMumif;? rsufESm &dyfutusdK;/

(3) pm½Gufay:rSm wHqdyfESdyfvdkuf&if tJ'DwHqdyfwHk;eJY yHkwlwHqdyf&m xifvm w,f? wHqdyfwHk;u taMumif;? wHqdyft&mutusdK;/

(4) aemufOyrmu za,mif;wdkifOyrm za,mif;wdkifwpfxdkif rD;xGef;xm;&mrS aemufwpfwdkifjzihf rD;ul;,l&if ESpfwdkifvHk;rSm rD;awmufaew,f? yxr za,mif;wdkif;utaMumif; 'kwd,za,mif; wdkifutusdK;?

txufuazmfjycJhwJhtwdkif; b0uHutaMumif;- b0opfrSm ½kyfemrfjzpf ocFg&aMumifh b0opfpdwf 0dnmPfjzpf wmu tusdK;w&m;? 'DvdkeufeJwJh y#dpöo rkyÜg'f w&m;awmfudk rodEdkifMuvdkY owå0gawG[m oHo&mxJ rS w0Jv,fv,feJY twd'ku©a&mufaeMu&ygw,f/

tcktcgrSm taMumif;tusdK;w&m;udk oifhwifhavsmufywf rSefuefpGm em;vnfMu&ayNyD? vl(odkY) wd&pämefponfhb0qdkwm ½kyfemrfaygif;pk aMumif;usdK; w&m;rsm; uvJGí oD;jcm;yk*¾dKvf owå0g touf aumif0dóPfaumif&,fvdkYr&Sd? zefqif;&Sifr&Sd uHocFg&wdkYudk taMumif;jyKNyD; ur®b0? emrf½kyfponf awG jzpfaeMujcif;om twdwfu aumif;rIuHaMumifh ,ckb0 aumif;usdK;awG cHpm; ae&NyD; twdwf b0 raumif;rIuHawGaMumifh ,ckb0 qdk;usdK;awG cHpm;aeMu& onf/

'gaMumifh owdy|mef 0dyóemw&m; ½IrSwfyGm;rsm;jcif;jzihf rdrd\ udk,f awGUóPfjrif taMumif; tusdK;w&m;rsm;udk em;vnfodjrifvmoludk plVaom wmyef ti,fpm;aomwmyef [lí ac:qdkEdkifay onf/ þodkY &Sif;vif; rSefuefpGm odjrifolonf 'kwd,b0Ü tyg,fav;bHkodkY rusa&mufEdkifawmhay? 'gaMumifh w&m;awmfudk ed*Hk;csKyfaomtm;jzihf a,m*Dolawmfpiftaygif;wdkYonf taMumif;ESifhtusdK;udk ydkif;jcm; odjrifaom ypö,y&d*¾[óPfrSpí 0dyóem óPftpOf wqihfxufwqifh wdk;wuf&&SdMuí qif;&J cyfodrf; wdkY csKyfNidrf;&m edAÁmefcsrf;omudktcsdefwdkwdkESifh vG,fulpGmqdkufa&muf rsufarSmufjyKEdkifMuygapvdkY q&m awmfuqE´jyKvdkuf&ygownf;/

om"k .... om"k .... om"k....

17/ a&m*gaysmufa&;w&m;aq; w&m;awmf

'DaeYa[mr,hfw&m;awmf uawmh ]]a&m*gaysmufa&; w&m;aq;}} wJh w&m;tm;xkwfvQif tcsdKU a,m*gawG aysmufoGm;wmawG&Sdw,f? 'gaMumifh w&m;aq;eJYvJ a&m*gukwwfatmif 'Dw&m;udk a[m &w,f? urÇmay:rSm a&m*g awGtvGefrsm;ygw,f? a&S;u uxJu 96 jzm a&m*gvdkY ajymqdk½dk;&Sdygw,f? tJ'D 96 jzmqdkwm tusOf;tm;jzihfawmh avaMumifhjzpfwJh a&m*gu 32ç ovdyf aMumifhjzpfwJh a&m*gu 32ç onf;ajcaMumifhjzpfwJh a&m*gu 32ç aygif; 96 jzma&m*gjzpfygw,f? odkYaomf ,cktcg rSmawmh a&m*g 96 jzmruawmhygbl;? ,cifu rMum;bl;wJh erdk;eD;,m;? wdkufzGdKuf? aoG;wdk;? qD;csdK? ESvHk; wdkY uifqm? attdkif'Dtufpf a&m*gawGyg aygif;vdkuf&if &mausmfoGm;ygNyD/

a&m*gawGu rsm;vmawmh aq;awGuvJ aygvmygw,f? wdkif;&if;jzpf aq;? EdkifiHjcm;aq;awG rsdK;pHk trsm;BuD;&Sdygw,f? 'gaMumifh Ak'¨u ]]&[ef;wdkY avmuBuD;rSm aq;awGrsm;vS\? 'gayr,hf w&m;aq; avmuf tpGrff;xufwJh aq; avmu rSmr&Sdajc}} wJh ig\ wynhf om;orD;rsm;wdkYonf w&m;qdkwJh aq; awmfBuD;udk usihfaomtm; jzihf aomufMu oHk;MuvdkY a[mcJhygw,f? w&m;aq; [m aoG;om;eJY ywfoufwJh a&m*gomru udav oma&m*gudkyg aysmufapEdkif ygw,f? rSefygw,f? owdy|mefw&m;awGudk usihfMu&if udk,fqif;&J pdwfqif;&J awGaysmufEdkifygw,f/

qif;&JawGqdkwmvJ aygif;vdkufawmh udk,fqif;&JwmeJY pdwfqif;&Jwm ESpfrsdK; &SdwmygyJ? tJ'gawGaysmufatmif w&m;aq; awGaomuf&r,f? aomufyHk u awmh ]]oGm;&if oGm;wmudk odatmif b,fvSrf; nmvSrf; rSwfbdkY? MuGw,f csw,f rSwf? MuGw,f vSrf;w,f csw,frSwf? NyD;awmh &yfw,f? vSnfhw,f rSwfwmawG[m aq;aomuf wmeJYwlygw,f? xdkifwJhtcgrSm azmif;wm ydefwm xdkifwm xdwm jrifwm Mum;wm eHwm pm;wm emwm Muifwm pdwful;MuHpnf wmawG rSwfwm[mvJ aq;aomufwmygyJ/

Ak'¨[m wynhfom;awGudkvJ w&m;aq;eJY ukay;wm&Sdygw,f? wcgwHk;u t&Sifr[muóy ESifh t&Sifarm*¾vef udk,fawmfESpfyg; rusef;rrmjzpfaewJh tcgrSm Ak'¨u aAmZÑifw&m;awG ½Gwfzwfay;yg w,f? xdk&[ef;awmfESpfyg; wdkY[mvJ rdrdwdkYoEÅmefrSm aAmZÑif (opömav;yg;odaMumif;) w&m;awGjzpf atmif½IrSwfNyD;awmh a&m*gawGaysmufcJhygw,f? wcgrSmawmh Ak'¨udk,fwdkif rusef;rmjzpfcJhygw,f? tJ'D tcgrSm t&SifpkE´rax&fudkac:awmfrlNyD;awmh aAmZÑif w&m;awGudk ½Gwfzwfapawmfrlygw,f? rdrdoEÅmef rSmvJ aAmZÑifw&m;awmf jzpfatmif rSwf½Iaeawmh a&m*grS uif;vGwfawmfrlygw,f/

'Dae&mrSm a&m*gaysmufw,fqdkwm bmaMumifhaysmufwmvJ¿ w&m;em& vdkYvm;¿ w&m;awmf &JU *kPfawmfaMumifhvm; ¿ aAmZÑifw&m;awGjzpfvmvdkYvm; ¿ vdkYar;&if tJ'DoHk;rsdK;vHk;aMumifh aysmuf w,fvdkY ajz&ygr,f/

1/ a&m*gawGqdkwm raumif;wJh tukodkvfuHawGaMumifhjzpfwm? tJ'D tcgrSm w&m;emwJh ukodkvftm;jznhf vdkufawmh ukodkvfjcif; qufrdNyD; a&m*gaysmufEdkifw,f? a&pkwfpufeJY a&udk pkwfwJhtcgrSm Mum;rSm avcdkae&if avawGxGufoGm;atmif a&xnhfay;vdkufawmh a&jcif;qufrdNyD; a&vdkufvmovdkygyJ/

2/ NyD;awmh Ak'¨&JUw&m;awmfawGxJrSm tp tv,f tqHk; oHk;yg;vHk; aumif;jrwfwJh*kPfudk udk,fwdkiftusdK;w&m;awG &EdkifwJh*kPf a&m*g jzpfol[m aq;awGaomufxm;&ovdk w&m;udk aqmifxm;NyD;awmh ½IrSwfae&if a&m*gawG aysmufEdkifwJh*kPfawGaMumifhvJ a&m*g aysmufEdkifygw,f? wcgwHk;u tarma&m*gaMumifh wpfvavmuf touf&Snfr,fvdkY aq; q&mawGuajymxm;wJh OD;odef;armif trnf&SdwJh a,m*Dwpfa,muf[m w&m;awmfudk aq; vdk aqmif xm;½IrSwfNyD;awmh wpfvru touf&Snf csrf;omoGm;cJh bl;yg w,f/

3/ NyD;awmh w&m;½IrSwf&if a,m*DoEÅmefrSm aAmZÑifw&m;awGqdkwm jzpfvmygw,f? owd oarÁmZÑif (owd)? "r®0dp,oarÁmZÑif(ynm)? 0d&d,oarÁmZÑif (0D&d,)? yDwdoarÁmZÑif (ESpfoufrI) yDwd qdkwJh w&m;awGjzpfvmvQif MuufoD;xwm? vdIif;pD;&ovdk jzpfwm? udk,f pdwfayghyg; at;Nidrf;wmawG jzpfNyD; aoG;[m oefY&Sif;vmygw,f? tJ'DtcgrSmaoG;vSnhfywfEHI;awGaumif;NyD; a&m*gaysmufEdkifyg w,f/

*syefu ½dk½SDudkac:wJh a,m*DtrsdK;orD;[m *syefrSm b,fawmhrS raysmuf Edkifbl;vdkY owfrSwf xm;wJh um;wdkufcH&vdkY cg;emwJha&m*g vHk;0aysmuf oGm;cJh ygw,f/

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