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"r®'ge á 0dyóem á t&SifZ#dv á 1-6
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q&mawmf Z#dv \w&m; (1-6)


1/ r[mpnf 0dyóem ½IrSwfyGm;rsm; enf;rsm;

'DuaeU a[mMum;r,hf w&m;awmfuawmh t*¾r[[email protected] aus;Zl;awmf&Sif r[mpnfq&mawmfbk&m;BuD; (b'´EÅaombe)\ 0dyóem½IrSwf yGm;rsm;enf; jzpfygw,f? q&mawmfbk&m;BuD;[m jrwfpGmbk&m;a[mMum;awmfrlcJhaom ygVd yd#uwfawmfrsm;rS aumufEIwfí vG,ful½dk;pif;aom ½IrSwfenf;udk pDpOfñTef Mum;cJhjcif;jzpfygonf/

omrefvlrsm;yif tvG,fwuloabmayguf em;vnfEdkifap&ef 0dyóem w&m;awmfudk tar;tajzyHkpH pD&ifí oifMum;jyocJh&m?a&S;OD;pGm ar;cGef;rSm ]]0dyóemóPfqdkwm b,f[m½Iíjzpfoenf;¿}} wJh ]]0dyóemqdkwJhpum;[m vlwdkif;yg;pyfzsm;rSm acwfpm;aeygw,f? t"dyÜg,fuawmh txl;xl; tjym;jym; tedpö paom tcsif;t&mtm;jzifh ½IwwfaomaMumifh 0dyóemvdkY ac:w,fwJh? 0dyóemt& (1)or®oeóPf? (2)O',AÁ, óPf? (3)b*FóPf? (4)b,óPf? (5)tm'De0óPf? (6)edAÁdd'góPf? (7)rkÍödwk urswmóPf? (8)y#docFgóPf? (9)ocFg½kayu©móPf ESifh (10)tEkavmróPf tm;jzihf pkpkaygif; 0dyóem óPf(10)yg; ,l&ygw,f

'Dvdkqdk&if a,m*Drsm; a&S;OD;pGm awGU&onhf emr½ly y&dapä'óPfESifh ypö, y&d*¾[óPf ESpfyg;udk rnfuJhodkY ,l&rnf[k ar;p&m&Sdaeygonf/ tusdK;jzpf aom 0dyóemóPf (10)yg;\ 0dyóemqdkwJh trnfudk taMumif;ay:rSmwifí þ óPfESpfyg;udkvnf;yJ 0dyóemóPfrsm;tjzpf oG,f0dkufí xnhfoGif;&yg w,f?tjcm;wenf;jyefqdk&vQif ]]0d}} udkwdkuf½dkuft"dyÜg,frqdkbJ ]]yóem}} onf om vdk&if;jzpf\? ]]½IrSwfrI}} onf0dyóemrnf\/

emr½ly y&dapä'óPfonf emrfESifh½kyfudk ½IrSwfaomóPfjzpfNyD; ypö,y&d*¾ [óPfonf taMumif;w&m;ESifh tusdK;w&m;wdkYudk ½IrSwf&aom óPfjzpfonf/ or®oeóPfonf tedpö? 'ku©? tewå tm;jzihf ½IrSwfqifjcifí odjrifaom óPf jzpfNyD;? O',AÁ, óPfonf emrf½kyfwdkY\ jzpfay:vmjcif;ESifh ysufpD;oGm;jcif;udk ½IrSwfxifxif odjrifaom óPfjzpfonf/ þenf;qdkvQif ½IwmrSeforQ emr½ly y&dapä'óPfrSpí tEkavmr óPftxd 0dyóemóPfrsm;tjzpf wdkuf½dkuf a&wGufEdkifonf/ trnfa&wGuf jcif;onf ta&;rBuD;yg? 0dyóem½IrSwf enf;udkom ydkifEdkifuRrf;usifzdkY ta&;BuD; ygonf/

'gaMumifh yxrqHk;ar;cGef;jzpfwJh ]]0dyóemóPfqdkwm b,f[m½Iíjzpfo enf; ?}} &JUtajzrSm .... ]]pJGvrf;Edkif&m ig;cE¨m rSefpGm½Iíjzpfownf;}} jzpfygonf/ xdkar;cGef;twGuf ½dk;pif;aom tajzrSm jzpfay:pOf r½IrrSwfvQifwyfruf om,m pJGvef;rI jzpfEdkifaom cE¨mig;yg; ½kyfemrfw&m;wdkYudk ½IrSwf&efjzpfygonf/ pJGvrf; Edkifaom Oyg'geu©E¨mig;yg;rSm-

(1) ½lyu©E¨m - ½kyfw&m;tpk? (2) a0'eu©E¨m - cHpm;rIw&m;tpk? (3) onmu©E¨m - rSwfom;rIw&m;tpk? (4) ocFg&u©E¨m - aphaqmfrIw&m;tpk? (5) 0dnmPu©E¨m - odrIw&m;tpk wdkYjzpfygonf/

a,m*Dyk*¾dKvf[m]]vl}} qdkonfrSm þcE¨mig;yg;tpkom&Sdonf[k trSeftwdkif; rodvQif ½kyfemrfw&m;rsm;udk twåç igç a,musfm;ç rdef;r ponfjzihf ouúm, 'd|djzihf cdkifrmpGm,HkrSwf pJGvrf;wwfonf? 'gaMumifh Oyg'eu©E¨mig;yg;udk rSefuef pGmodjrifoabmaygufatmif 0dyóem ½IrSwf&onf/

rnfuJhodkY trSeftwdkif; ½IrSwf&oenf; [lrlum; tck 'Du a,m*Drsm; rdrd cE¨mudk,frSm ½IrSwfaeonhftwdkif; pBuFefavQmufonhftcg ]]b,fvSrf;w,f}} ]]nmvSrf;w,f}} ]]MuGw,f}}]]csw,f}} }}MuGw,f vSrf;w,f csw,f}} ponfjzihf ½IrSwf wm[m }}*päaEÅm 0g *pämrDwd yZmemwd}} [laom r[mowd y|mef okwfawmfESifh nDñGwfay\? a,m*Dyk*¾dKvfu ]]b,fvSrf;w,f}} vdkY½IrSwf wJhtcg rSm vSrf;wJhvIyf&Sm;rIu ½kyf-Oyg'geu©E¨m? aumif;qdk;cHpm;csufu a0'em Oyg'g eu©E¨m? ½IrSwfaewmu onmOyg'geu©E¨m? ajcvSrf;&ef tm;xkwfrIu ocFg& Oyg'geu©E¨m? odaewJhpdwfu 0dnmPOyg'geu©E¨m/

'g[mpJGvef;EdkifwJh cE¨mig;yg;udk ½IrSwfaewmygbJ? tJ'Dvdk trSeftwdkif; r½I rSwf&if a,m*D[m iguvSrf;w,f? ighajcaxmufawGu vSrf;w,f ponfjzihf ig qdkwJhtxifrSm;rIjzpfw,f? tJ'gOyg'geu©mig;yg;udkpJGvrf;awmhwmyJ? xdkifw,f xdw,fvdkY rSwfwJhtcgrSm xdkifaewJhudk,fu ½kyu©E¨m? aumif;qdk;cHpm;wmu a0'emu©E¨m? ½IrSwfaewmuonmu©E¨m? ½IrSwfzdkY tm;xkwfwmu ocFg&u©E¨m odaewJhpdwfu 0dnmPu©E¨m? 0rf;Adkufu azmif;wmydefwmudk rSwfwJhtcg azmif;wm ydefwmu ½lyu©E¨m? aumif;qdk;cHpm;wmu a0'u©E¨m? ½IrSwfaewmu onmu©E¨m? tm;xkwfrIuocFg&u©E¨m? odwJhpdwfu 0dnmPu©E¨m? 'gawG[m pJGvef;EdkifwJh cE¨mig;yg;udk ½IrSwfaewmygyJ? 'gaMumifhrdkY b,fvSrf; w,f? nmvSrf;w,f? MuGw,f? vSrf;w,f? csw,f? azmif;w,f? ydefw,f? xdkif w,f xdw,f? jrifw,f Mum;w,f ponfjzihf ½IrSwfwm[mvJ pJGvrf;EdkifwJh cE¨m ig;yg;udk trSeftwdkif; odatmif ½IrSwfaew,fvdkY qdk&ygw,f? jzpfay:qJtcdkuf rSm udk,fvufvIyf&Sm;rI cHpm;rI ponfrsm;udk t½Sdtwdkif; rSwfodaerS rSefygw,f? ½kyfyJ? emrfyJ? tedpöbJ? 'ku©bJ ponfjzihf qifjcifaezdkY rvdkygbl;? tjzpftysuf vdkYvJ ½IbdkYrvdkbl;? jzpfay:qJcPrSm oabmw&m;rsm;udk trSeftwdkif;odatmif ½IrSwf½HkygyJ/

aemufar;cGef;u ]]b,ftusdK;iSg xdkcE¨m b,fcg½I&ygoenf;}} ar;cGef;&JU yxrydkif;u a,m*D[m cE¨mig;yg;udk b,ftusdK;twGuf ½IrSwf&ygovJwJh? ar; cGef;&JU 'kwd,ydkif;u a,m*D[m b,ftcsdefcgrSm ½IrSwf&rvJwJh/

tajzuawmh ]]rpJGzdkY&mjzpfqJrSm rSefpGm½I&ygownf;}}wJh? a,m*D[m azmif;cdkuf ydefcdkuf vIyf½Sm;cdkuf? jrifcdkuf Mum;cdkuf? pm;cdkuf ponfrSmomvQif om,m wyfrufpJGvef;rIrjzpfatmif ½IrSwfEdkifygrnf/ r[mowdy|meokwfrSm ]]uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd? tmwmyD orÜZmaem owdrm 0dae,s? avmau tbdZÑm a'greó}} ponfjzihf azmfjyxm;ygw,f? t"dyÜg,fuawmh a,m*Dyk*¾dKvf[m ½kyfw&m; emrfw&m;awG ay:qJtcdkuftwefYrSm r½IrSwf&if avmb a'goESifh pJGvef; rIjzpfwwfvdkY oabmw&m;tm;vHk;udk jzpfay:qJ ypöKyÜefcPrSm ½IrSwf&ygw,f/ tvm;wlpGm a0'emponfwdkYÜvnf; jzpfay:qJ tcdkuftwefYrSm ½IrSwf&ygw,f? 'gaMumifh ]]b,ftusdK;iSg xdkcE¨m b,fcg½I&ygoenf;}} qdkwJh tar;udk ]]rpJGzdkY &mjzpfqJrSm rSefpGm½I&ygownf;}} vdkY ajzMum;&ygw,f/

jzpfay:qJcPrSm r½IrSwfEdkif&if pJGvef;rI 0ifa&mufwwfygw,f? om"utm; jzihf toHudkMum;qJrSm r½IrSwf&if om,mwJhtoHudk wyfrufpJGvef;wwfygw,f/ jrifqJcPrSm r½IrSwf&if vSyacsmarmwJh tqif;udk om,mpJGvef;wwfygw,f/ aemufawmhtJ'D cE¨mtpkudk aumif;w,f? vSw,f? NrJw,fvdkY ,lqawmhwmyJ? Mum;&wJhtoH jrif&wJhtqif; ponfwdkYudk igbJç ighOpömbJ ponfjzihf rSwf,l awmhw,f? tJ'Dvdk wvJGxifrIudk a&Smif½Sm;Edkif&eftwGuf a,m*D[m jzpfay:vm orQaom emrf½kyfw&m;wdkUudk jzpfay:NyD; uG,faysmufoGm;wmyJvdkY jrifawGU od&Sd vmatmif ½IrSwfyGm;rsm;&w,f? tJ'Dvdk yGm;rsm;jcif;jzihf wyfrufom,mpJGvef;rI rjzpfvmawmhbJ igç yk*¾dKvfç owå0g [k t,lrSm;rIudkvnf;y,fpGefYEdkifrnfjzpf ygw,f/

qufvuf ½IrSwf yGm;rsm;tm;xkwfjcif;jzihf a,m*D[m tedpöç 'ku© ponfjzihf udk,fawGU óPfjrif ouf0ifawGU&SdvmNyD;? awmihfwm wif;wm emwm usifwm ponfjzihf obm0vu©Pmrsm;udk em;vnfoabmaygufvmygrnf/ a0'emudk ½IrSwfvQif a0'em&JU oabmvu©PmawGudkodr,f? r½IrSwf&if rodEdkifbl;? obm0vu©Pmudk odNyD;aemuf jzpfçwnfçysuf [kqdktyfaom ½IrSwf&mtm½Hk\ tp tv,f tqHk; oHk;ydkif;vHk;udk ½IjrifEdkifonf/ ocFwvu©Pmudk xif&Sm;od vmygw,f? tJ'Daemuf tedpöç'ku©çtewå omrnvu©Pmudk od&Sdvmrnfjzpfyg onf/

a,m*D[m yk½Gufqdwfeufrsm; pDwef;oGm;aeonfudk ta0;rSMunhfvQif teufwef;av;omjrifNyD;? reD;ra0;rSMunhfvQif wpfaumifcsif;jrif\/ teD;uyfMunhfu acgif;ydkif; cg;vnf zifydkif; ponfjzihf oHk;ydkif; uJGjym;jcm;em;pGm awGUjrif&ouJhodkY w&m;½IrSwfcgp rSmawmh tMurf;zsif;yHkyef;omjrif&ayrJh? ½IrSwf rIrsm;vmonhftcg ½IrSwfcH tm½Hkrsm; ajymif;vJoGm;onf udkawGU& w,f? aemuf owdtm; aumif;vmawmh wpfcPcsif; jzpfysufaewmudk aumif;pGm awGUjrifvm Edkifygw,f/

qufvuf½IrSwfyGm;rsm;tm;xkwfvQif jzpfay:NyD; aysmufuG,foGm;wJh oabm w&m;udk awGUjrifvmygr,f? tJ'g oabmw&m;rsm;\ tjzpftysufudk xif&Sm; pGmodjrifonfh rNrJaom tedpövu©Pmjzpfygw,f/ wcsdefwnf;rSmyif jzpfay:NyD; aysmufuG,foGm;wJh t&mrSeforQ wckrSraumif;? ESpfoufom,mbG, r&SdwJh qif;&J awGyJvdkY oabmusvmw,f tJ'g 'ku©vu©PmygyJ/

aemufwpfckuawmh bmwpfckrQ a,m*D&JUtvdkrvdkufbl;? olwdkY oabm twdkif; jzpfaeMuwmyJvdkY oabmouf0ifvmw,f? tJ'gu tewåvu©PmyJ tckt"duuswJh tedpöç 'ku©ç tewå vu©Pma&;oHk;yg;vHk;udk udk,fawGU óPfjrif ouf0if,HkMunfvmjcif;jzpfygw,f/

tajz&JU aemufqHk;ydkif;u ]]pJGrIuif;aysmuf? r*fvrf;ayguf qdkufa&mufedAÁmef jynf}} wJh? a,m*Drsm;[m tedpö? 'ku©? tewå? vu©Pmrsm;udk xif&Sm;odjrifNyD; aemuf yk*¾dKvfowå0g&,fvdkY r&Sdbl;? tm;vHk;ajymif;vJaewJh emrf½kyfw&m;awG rQombJqdkwJh tcsufudk vufcHvmMuygw,f? tJ'Dvdk qufvuf½IrSwf yGm;rsm; Mu&ef udk,fvufvIyf&Sm;rIrjyKrD a½SUOD;pGm aphaqmfrIpdwf jzpfay:onf? ajcvSrf; vdkwJhpdwfrvSrf;rDjzpfay:onf/ xdkifcsifwJhpdwfaMumifh xdkifw,f ponfjzihf xif&Sm; odjrifvmygw,f? 'g[m taMumif;eJUtusdK;udk ydkif;jcm;odjrifjcif;jzpfygw,f/

tJ'Daemuf ysufpD;jcif;udkom ½IrSwfxifxif odjrifaom b*FóPf? aMumuf vefYbG,fab;BuD;tjzpfjzihf xifjrifaom b,óPf? tjypfjrifaom tm'de0 óPf? xdkYaemuf tvGeftrif; vGwfuif;xGufajrmufvdkaomóPfjzihf qufvuf í tav;teuf yGm;rsm; tm;xkwf&ef emrf½kyfwdkYÜ tnDtrQ ½Iaom ocFg½kayu©móPfonf tqifhqifh wufí a&muf&Sdygonf/

'DtqihfrSm a,m*D[m xdcsufawGudk jyefNyD;½IrSwf&ygr,f? wajz;ajz; ]]xd}} csufawG avsmhenf;aysmufuG,fNyD; ½kyfw&m;awG csKyfaysmufoGm;wwfygw,f? a,m*D[m csKyfaysmufoGm;aom ]]xd}} csufrsm;udk vdkuf&Sm&efrvdkyg? trSwfcH tm½HkcHaysmufvQif todpdwfudk ]]odw,f}} ]]odw,f}} vdkY ½IrSwfyg? t½Sdef&vm onhftcg todpdwfuav;[m vQifjrefvmNyD; a&Smifwcif ½kyfemrftm;vHk;udk csKyfNidrf;&mudk usa&mufoGm;Edkifygw,f/

jrwfpGmbk&m;u ]]jzpfay:vmorQt&mwdkif;[m tm;vHk; csKyfaysmufukef MuNrJ jzpfw,fvdkY}} rdefYMum;awmfrlcJhygw,f? a,m*Dolawmfpifrsm;[mvnf; ½kyf emrf oabmw&m;wdkY\ tjzpftysufoabmw&m;rsm;udk ½SnfjrifhpGmBudK;pm; ½IrSwf yGm;rsm;tm;xkwf&mrS ½kyfemrfoabmwdkY\ csKyfNidrf;uG,faysmuf&modkY rsuf arSmufjyKvQif r*fóPfjzpfay:vmjcif;jzpfygonf/ tJ'Dvdk Oyg'geu©E¨mw&m;pk rSm om,mwyfrufpJGvef;rI csKyfNidrf;vQif a,m*Drsm;[m aemufqHk;rSm r*fóPf jzihf edAÁmefudk rsufarSmufjyK&rnfjzpfygonf/

þuJhodkY 0dyóem½Ijcif;onfomvQif qif;&Jcyfodrf;Nidrf;&m edAÁmefcsrf;omudk &&efwpfaMumif;wnf; wpfvrf;wnf;jzpfí toufxufqHk; avhvmrSwfom; usihfBuHyGm;rsm;&mownf;? aus;Zl;&Sif r[mpnfq&mawmfbk&m;BuD;uvnf; 0dyóemw&m;udk tcgtcGifhoifhwdkif; ½IrSwf yGm;rsm;tm;xkwfoifhaMumif; a[m azmfñTefjy qdkqHk;rcJhygonf/

a,m*Dolawmfpiftm;vHk;wdkYonf r[mpnfq&mawmfbk&m;BuD; vrf;ñTef csufudk vdkufemí 0dyóemtvkyf usihfBuHyGm;rsm;tm;xkwfMuojzihf ocFg& tm;vHk;wdkY ukefqHk;í qif;&Jcyfodrf;Nidrf;&m edAÁmefcsrf;omudk rsufarSmufjyKygap aMumif; arwåmydkYoí 'Dw&m;yJGudk ed*Hk;csKyfvdkufygownf;/

om"k .... om"k .... om"k....

2/ a,m*Daqmif&efeSifh a½Smif&ef

'DuaeY bkef;BuD;a[mMum;rnhf w&m;awmfuawmh ]]a,m*Daqmif&ef a½Smif &ef}} odkYr[kwf a,m*Drsm; vdkufemusihfoHk;&rnhf tcsuftvufrsm;ESifh a½Smif usOf&rnhftcsufrsm;jzpfw,f? 0dyóemw&m;tm;xkwfjcif;\ &nf½G,fcsufrSm edAÁmefa&muf&efjzpfonf/ 0dyóemóPfjzihf aomwmyefjzpfwJh yk*¾dKvfonf atmufyg oHa,mZOfw&m; oHk;yg;udk ausmfvTm;Edkifay\/

(1) ouúm,'d|d? (2) 0dpdudpäm? (3) oDvAÁwy&mrmo aomwmyefjzpf&eftwGuf atmufazmfjyyg vdktyfcsufrsm;ESifh jynhfpHk&ygrnf/

(1) a½S;OD;pGm uRrf;usifvdr®mNyD; tawGUtBuHK&SdwJh ur®|mef;q&m vdktyfyg w,f/ 0dyóemtvkyf tm;xkwf&jcif;&JU &nf½G,fcsufu wpfb0 ESpfb0 avmufrQ csrf;ombdkYr[kwfyJ oHo&mwpfavQmuf b0wdkif;rSm qif;&Juif; aysmufNyD; aemufqHk;rSm oHo&mu vGwfajrmufbdkY jzpfygw,f/ 'gaMumifh aomwmyefjzpfbdkY&m y&d,wf? y#dywf pG,fpHkwwfuRrf;vdr®maom ur®|mef; enf;jyq&maumif; &½SdbdkY tvGefw&mta&;BuD;ygw,f/

(2) 'kwd,tcsuftaeeJY a,m*Dyk*¾dKvf[m 0dyóemóPfxl;rsm; wdk;wuf&ef &nfoefí ay;tyfaomñTefMum;csufrsm; ? a[majymcsufrsm;udk av;pm; xufoefpGmjzihf emcHrSwfom; vdkufem&ygrnf/ tJ'Dvdk q&morm;\ a[m ajymoifMum;csufrsm;udk ½dkaoav;pm;pGm emcH rSwfom;vQif a,m*DrSm ppf rSefxufoefwJh o'¨gw&m;rsm; jzpfyGm;vmNyD; enf;rSm;vrf;acsmf ra&mufEdkif awmhygbl;? rnfonhfoifMum;rIrsdK;wGifrqdk oabmw&m;ydkif;ESifh vufawGU ydkif;[lí ESpfrsdK;&Sdygonf/

vufawGUydkif;wGifa,m*D[m xdkifí pBuFefavQmufí ponfjzihf tm;vHk; aom½kyfemrfoabmw&m;wdkYudk½IrSwfyGm;rsm; tm;xkwf&ygw,f/ a,m*D[m oabmw&m;ydkif;qdkif&mudkvnf; aumifpGm oabmaygufxm;&ygrnf/ Oyrmtm;jzihf jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mMum;awmfrlaom ½kyfemrfrQom &Sdonf/ taMumif;tusdK;rQom½Sdonf wdkYjzpfygonf/ pmayzwf½IavhvmrIjzihf ½Sif; vif;pGmem;vnfEdkifrnfr[kwfyg? pmawGU vufawGU ESpf&yfaygif;pyfrSom ½Sif;vif;jywfom;pGm em;vnfEdkifygrnf/ tJ'Dvdk odrfarGU eufeJwJh jrwfpGm bk&m; w&m;awmfrsm;udk a,m*Dyk*¾dKvfu ½dkaoav;pm;pGm emcH rSwfom; usihfBuH tm;xkwfrSomvQif 0dyóemtodóPfrsm; wdk;wufjzpfyGm;Edkifyg rnf/

(3) wwd,tcsuftaeeJY ur®|mef;q&mu w&m;ppfí avQmufxm;&mwGif a,m*D[m ½dk;om;ajzmifhrwfrI ½Sd&ygrnf/ w&m;tm;xkwf&mrSm ½IrSwfvdkY aumif;wJhtcgawG&Sdovdk raumif;wJh tcsdefawGvJ ½Sdwwfygw,f/ w&m; ppfwJhtcsdefrSm a,m*D[m trSeftwdkif; avQmufxm;bdkYvdkygw,f/ tcsdKU a,m*DawG[m rSwfvdkUaumif;wmudk avQmufwwfMuayr,hf raumif;wJh tcsufrsm;Mu&if yGifhyGifhvif;vif;ravQmufMubl;? a,m*DtaeeJU ½IrSwfvdkU raumif;bl;xifwmawG[m ur®|mef;q&mtjrifeJU óPfpOfwufwJh taumif;awG jzpfaewwfygw,f/

0dyóemtvkyf tm;xkwfw,fqdkwm tNrJwef;acsmarGU tqifajyaewm awmhr[kwfygbl;? rnfonhfavhusihfcef;rqdk tpydkif;wGif tcuftcJtcsdKU &Sdwwfygw,f/ twefMumtm;xkwfNyD;í orm"d&ihfvmrS w&m;trSwf aumif;vmwwfygw,f/ tJ'Daemufwzef ½IrSwfraumif;jyefí a,m*Dtae eJUpdwftm;yifi,fwwfygw,f? trSefawmh aemufydkif;usrS ½IrSwfvdkY aumif; oGm;wwfygw,f/ a,m*DtzdkY tckvdk tcuftcJ BuHKawGU&wJhtcg ur®|mef; q&mudk avQmufxm;wifjyí tm;ay;oGefoifrI cH,loifhygonf/ 'grSom vQifur®|mef;q&mu w&m;wdk;wufa&; wdusrSefuefwJh tm;ay;oGefoif ñTefMum;rI ay;EdkifrSmjzpfygw,f/ 'gaMumifh a,m*DtaeeJY rdrd&JU w&m; tawGUtBuHK aumif;qdk; ESpfrsdK;vHk;udk trSeftwdkif; ½dk;om;yGifhvif;pGm wifjy avQmufxm;bdkY tvGefta&;BuD;ygw,f/

(4) pwkwtcsufuawmh a,m*DtaeeJU ZJGvHkUv 0D&d, jynhf0pGmESifh tm;xkwf& ygr,f/ eHeuf tdyf,mrS Edk;onhftcsdefrSpí pOfqufrjywf ½IrSwfbdkY wufMuGpGm tqifoifhjzpfae&ygr,f? xdkifaepOf? oGm;aepOfESifh tjcm;vIyf ½Sm;rI tm;vHk;wdkYÜ ½kyfemrfoabmw&m;rsm;udk ½IrSwfzdkY[m a,m*Dyk*¾dKvf&JU wm0efygbJ? tao;trTm; udk,fvufvIyf½Sm;rIrsm;utp trSwfowdESifh rvGwfwrf; ½IrSwfae&ygr,f? trIrJh trSwfrJh rjyKoifhyg? rnfonhftcgrS tao;pdyf trSwfrvGwfap&yg? tpmpm;&mrSmvnf; trSwfrvGwf&yg? owdy|mefenf;jzihf oGm;vmvIyf½Sm;rI tm;vHk;wGif rvGwfwrf; trSwfowd ½Sdae&ygrnf/ tdrfom-uk#D0ifí tcif;BuD;tcif;i,fpGefUjcif;? udk,fvuf okwfoifjcif;wdkYudkyif trSwfpdwfESifh jyKvkyf&ygrnf/ rnfonhft&mrS r½I oifhwm[lír&Sd? ½kyfemrfoabmw&m;tm;vHk;wGif trSwfowd rjywf&Sdae& ygrnf/

þtcsufav;csufudk tav;teufxm;í BudK;pm;tm;xkwfvQif aom wmyefjzpf&ef rcufcJawmhyg? þt"du tcsufrsm;ESifh jynhfpHkap&ef aus;Zl; awmf&Sif r[mpnfq&mawmfbk&m;BuD;u atmufygtjyKtrlrsm;udk a½Smif ½Sm;Mu&ef pnf;urf;csxm; ñTefMum;cJhygonf/

(1) y|rqHk;w&m;tm;xkwfaewJhyk*¾dKvf[m ttdyftpm; pum;ajym enf;yg; ap&ygw,f? a,m*DtzdkY rnfonhftcgrS pum;rajymMum;bJ aeEdkif vQif taumif;qHk;ygyJ? rvTJra&SmifomvdkY ajym&vQifvnf; trSwfowd ESifh tenf;i,frQom ajymoifhygw,f? ajymvdkwJhpdwf? ajymaewJhpum; rsm;udk ½IrSwfrIESifh ajymMum;yg/

aemuf a,m*Dyk*¾dKvf[m tpm;udk 0rf;Adkufjynhfatmif tvGef tMuL;rpm;oifhyg? jrwfpGmbk&m;u 0rf;AdkufjynhfumeD;awmh av;-ig; vkyfcefYavQmhípm;NyD;? a&? aumfzD? [if;&nf ponfjzihf jznhfoifh aMumif; ñTefMum;cJhygonf/ tpm;udkavQmhípm;jcif;onf w&m;tm; xkwf&mwGif rsm;pGm taxmuftuljyKswwfí a,m*Drsm; tpm;pm;&m wGif owdjyKoifhygonf/

xdkYaemuf w&m;tm;xkwf&mwGif tcsdefydk&atmif a,m*Drsm; tdyf csdefudk enf;EdkiforQ enf;ap&ygonf/ a½S;olawmfaumif;rsm;onf nwGif (4)em&Domtdyfí useftcsdefrsm;udk w&m;½IrSwfíaeMuygonf/ tcsdKUu tdyfcsdefenf;í usef;rma&;xdcdkufzG,f&Sdw,fvdkY apm'uwuf zG,f&Sdygonf/ 'gayrJha,m*D[m xdkifí w&m;tm;xkwfaepOfyif touf½SLrSefpGm oufawmifhoufom ½Sdaeojzihf wpfenf;tm;jzihf tem;,laeouJhodkYyif &Sdaeygonf/ tcsdKUa,m*Drsm;rSm wpfxdkif twGif; trSwfaumif;aevQif tdyfa&;0aeouJhodkY vef;qef;ayghyg;í yifaewwfygonf/ 'gaMumihf w&m;tm;xkwfpOf n(4)em&DrQomtdyf &í usef;rma&;xdcdkufrSmudk a,m*Drsm; pdk;&drfylyef&efrvdkyg? bkef;BuD; w&m;tm;xkwfpOfu (15)&ufwdwd tdyfpufrIr&SdbJ w&m;tm;xkwf cJhbl;wJh tawGUtBuHK&Sdojzihf orm"dtjynhft0ESifh (10)&ufcefY rtdyf rae w&m;tm;xkwfjcif;jzihf usef;rma&;rxdcdkufEdkifaMumif; auseyf rdygonf/ r[mpnfomoemh&dyfomrSm vef;qef;Edk;Mum;pGm rtdyfrae tm;xkwfaom a,m*Drsm;awGU&SdEdkifygonf/

(2) 'kwd,taejzihf vHkUv0D&d,&Sd&ygrnf/ w&m;tm;xkwf&mrSm ]]igh&JU tom; taoG; ajcmufcef;NyD; ta&?t½dk;? taMumrQomusefygap rae rem; rwGefYqkwfbJ tm;xkwfr,f}}vdkY cdkifrmwJh oH"d|mef qHk;jzwfcsuf xm;½Sd&ygr,f/

0dyóemtvkyfudk atmifjrifapvdkwJh a,m*D[m rdrdcE¨mudk,f ay:rSm wG,fwmwyfrufrI pGefYvTwfxm;&ygr,f? rdrdcE¨mudk,fudk wG,f wmiJhñSmvGef;vQif txufóPfrsm;udk wdk;wufzdkY cufcJMuefYMumae wwfygw,f/

jrwfpGmbk&m;onf bk&m;rjzpfrD a½SUtzdkYÜ okZmwmola|;orD; \ EdkY*CemqGrf;udk bkOf;ay;awmfrlNyD; ae&ÍÆ&mjrpfteD; aAm"dyif atmufü ]]'DcE¨mudk,f b,fvdkyifjzpfap? tom;taoG; cef;ajcmufí ta&t½dk;? taMumrQomusefap? bk&m;tjzpfodkY ra&muforQrx}} [k cdkifrmaom qHk;jzwfcsufcsí tm;xkwfcJh&m nOfhOD;,mrfwGif vGefNyD; aomb0wdkYudk jrifpGrf;Edkifaom ykaAÁed0goóPfawmf? rZÑr,mrfwGif ewfrsufpdxufomvGefaom 'dAÁpu©KóPfawmf? rdk;aomuf,mrfwGif udavom&efoif;wdkY tMuGif;rJhcsKyfapaom tmo0u©,óPf&í avmuoHk;yg;ü oAÁnK bk&m;tjzpfodkY a&mufawmfrlcJhayonf/

'gaMumifh jrwfpGmbk&m;\ tqHk;trwdkif; usihfBuHtm;xkwfvdk aom þr[mpnfomoemh&dyfom&Sd a,m*D tm;vHk;wdkYonf jrwfpGm bk&m;avQmufvSrf;cJhaom vrf;pOftwdkif;vdkufí vdktyfcsuf(4)rsdK;udk jynhfpHkatmif jznhfusihf&m\/

(3) wwd,tcsuftaejzihf a,m*Dolawmfpifrsm;onf 0dyóemw&m;udk tcsdefjynhf tm;xkwf&ef&nfoefí cdkifrmaomt"d|mef? xufoefaom 0D&d, ½Sdonhftm;avsmfpGm udavomtenf;i,frQ r0ifpdrfhaomiSg owdy|mefw&m;udk BudK;pm;tm;xkwf yGm;rsm;&m\? Oyrmtm;jzihf toHudk Mum;&mü r½IrSwfEdkifvQif om,mzG,ftoHudk pJGvef;wyfruf Edkif&m\? xdkYaMumifh ur®|mef;q&m\ ñTefMum;csuftwdkif; a,m*D yk*¾dKvfonf toHudk Mum;NyD;vQif om,mwyfrufrIrjzpfatmif pdwfqdk; pdwfysufrjzpfatmif ½IrSwfí toHtaejzihfom aysmufuG,foGm;ap oifhonf/

'Dtwdkif;yJ cHpm;rIa0'emrsm; 'Gg&ajcmufyg;rSm jzpfay:vmaom oabmw&m;rsm;udk ½IrSwfEdkifvQif udk,fwGif; pdwfwGif;odkY udavom rsm;r0ifa&mufEdkif? þuJhodkYaom a,m*Drsm;onf bk&m;&[EÅmrsm;uJh odkY jrifhjrwfaomESvHk;om;? oefY½Sif;jzLpifaom pdwfxm;½Sdaom olawmfpifrsm;[k ,lqEdkif\? trsm;uvSL'gef;aom ypönf;av;yg;udk cH,loHk;aqmifxdkufay\/ þtqihftwef;udk xdef;odrf;xm;Edkif&ef twGuf? a,m*Dtm;vHk;wdkYonftm;vHk;aom ½kyfemrfw&m;wdkYudk pOf qufrjywf tcsdefjynhf ½IrSwfEdkif&ef av;av;eufeuf BudK;pm;tm; xkwf&m\/

a,m*Drsm;[m wpfcgw&Htm;xkwfvdkuf? wpfcgwpf&H em;ae vdkufqdk&if orm"dvnf;wpfcgwpf&Hwufí wpfcgwpf&Husayrnf/ w&m;ppfonhftcg ur®|mef;q&monf a,m*DtajctaerSefudk tuJ cyfrdayvdrhfrnf/

q&m0ef\ ñTefMum;csufudk rav;pm; rvdkufemaom emwm ½Snfvlemtm; aq;0g;qufvufukoay;&ef q&m0efrsm;u wGefUqkwf ouJhodkY xdka,m*Drsm;tay: ur®|mef;q&mrsm;uvnf; w&m;jy&ef pdwftm;rxufoefMuawmhay? 'gaMumifh a,m*Drsm;[m eHeuf tdyf,m Edk;csdefrSpí ntdyfaysmfoGm;onhftcsdeftxd ½kyfemrfw&m;tm;vHk;udk rvGwfwef; ½IrSwfEdkif&ef xufoefpGm BudK;pm;tm;xkwfMubdkY arwåm &yfcHvdkygw,f/

(4) pwkwtcsufuawmh a,m*Dyk*¾dKvf[m rusef;rmaom vlemuJhodkY pm; &m aomuf&m oGm;&m vm&m vIyf½Sm;rI tm;vHk;wdkYudk jznf;ñSif;pGm jyKrl ajymqdk&ygw,f/ 'grSomvQif ay:vmorQ ½kyfemrfoabmw&m; rsm;udk rvGwfwrf; ½IrSwfEdkifrSmjzpfygw,f/ tpydkif;rSmawmh vIyf½Sm; rIawGu jrefaevdkY tm;vHk;rSDatmif rrSwfEdkifwwfygbl;? ½IrSwfrIowd tavhtusihf&SdvmwJhtcg b,f[mrqdk ½IrSwfEdkifbdkY tcuftcJr&Sd tqifoifh jzpfvmwwfygw,f? NrdKUxJ ½GmxJrSmawmh tcsdKUtEÅ&m,f rsm;wJh ae&mawGrSm jrefjrefoGm;vmbdkYvdkayrJh? 'D&dyfomw&m;pcef;rSm awmh trSwfowd&SdbdkY[m t"dujzpfwJhtwGuf ay:vmorQtm½HkawG udk tao;pdwftwdtus ½IrSwfEdkif&ef rusef;rrm vlemuJhodkY jznf; jznf;nifompGm trSwfowdESifh jyKrlajymqdkoGm;vm vIyf½Sm;r,fqdk&if 0dyóemóPftpOfawG wdk;wufjzpfyGm;vmEdkifygw,f/

(5) yÍör tcsufuawmh a,m*Dyk*¾dKvf[m w&m;½IrSwfrIudk pOfqufrjywf &atmif rqkwfrepf tm;xkwf&ygrnf/ eHeuftdyf,mEdk;xcsdefrSpí n tdyfaysmfoGm;csdeftxd pOfqufrjywf rvGwfwrf; ½IrSwf&ygrnf? xdkifí pBuøavQmufí ½IrSwf½HkrQru aeYpOf oGm;vmvIyf½Sm;rItm;vHk;udk ½IrSwf rIowdESifh toduyfí ½IrSwf&ygrnf/ tJ'Dvdk ½IrSwfjcif;jzihf cPdu? orm"dtm;aumif;vmonfESifhtrQ rMumrSD tcsdeftwGif;rSm 0dyóem óPftpOf wdk;wufjzpfyGm;vmrSmjzpfygw,f/

'DaeY w&m;yJGudk ed*Hk;csKyftaejzihf a,m*Dtaygif; olawmfaumif;wdkYudk aus;Zl;awmf&Sif r[mpnfq&mawmfbk&m;BuD;\ oGefoifñTefMum;csufrsm;udk vdkufemusihfBuHí aomwmyefjzpfaMumif; w&m;(4)yg;wdkYudk BudK;pm;tm;xkwfMu bdkY bkef;BuD;u arwåm&yfcHygw,f? þuJhodkY oGefoifñTefMum;csufrsm;udk usihf BuHyGm;rsm; BudK;pm;tm;xkwfEdkifMuojzihf a,m*D olawmfpiftm;vHk; qif;&Jcyf odrf;wdkY\ csKyfNidrf;&m edAÁmefcsrf;omudk vG,fulvQifjrefpGm &½SdEdkifMuygapukef ownf;/

om"k .... om"k .... om"k....

3/ b0wpfoufwm ta&;tBuD;qHk;tvkyf w&m;awmf

'DaeU bkef;BuD;a[mMum;rnhfw&m;awmfu ]]b0wpfoufwm ta&;BuD;qHk; vkyfaqmifzG,f&m}} w&m;awmfjzpfygw,f/

omreftm;jzihf vlwdkif;vlwdkif;rSm vkyfaqmifp&m tvkyfwm0ef udk,fpD &SdMuygw,f? wpfcsdKUtvkyfu ta&;BuD;w,f? wpfcsdKUtvkyfu omíta&;BuD; w,f? wpfcsdKUuawmh ta&;tBuD;qHk; tvkyfjzpfygw,f? 'DaeY a[mrnhfw&m;u awmh ta&;tBuD;qHk;tvkyf (odkYr[kwf) ta&;tBuD;qHk;wm0efvdkY ajymEdkifyg w,f? tm;vHk;aom ouf&Sdowå0gwdkif;rSm vkyfudkifaqmif½Gufp&m wm0efudk,fpD ½SdaeMuygw,f? udk,hftwdkif;twmESifhudk,f tm;vHk;ta&;BuD;MurSmygbJ/

urÇmESifht0Srf; vTrf;NcHK oHk;oyfMunhfr,fqdk&if ppfNyD;umvupNyD; tuJGuJG tjym;jym;jzpfaewJh wdkif;jynfudk jyefvnfaygif;pnf; nDñGwfa&;twGuf aqmif ½GufaewJh wpfcsdKUwdkif;jynfrsm;udk awGU&w,f? wpfcsdKUuawmh rdrdwdkY&JY EdkifiHa&; vrf;pOfudk jyifqifajymif;vJaeMuw,f? wpfcsdKUMujyefawmhvJ tu,fíppfjzpf vmjyefvQif rdrdu tom&Edkifatmif wdkif;jynf&JUppfpGrf;&nfudk wdk;csJU`rSifhwifae Muw,f? wpfcsdKUuvJ wpfEdkifiHESifh wpfEdkifiH rusL;ausmfa&; ñSdEIdif; aqG;aEG;ae MuNyD; wpfcsdKUEdkifiHrsm;u wdkif;jynfpD;yGm;a&;wdk;wuf BuD;rm;atmif BudK;pm;tm; xkwfaeMuw,f? 'g[m udk,fpDudk,fiS ta&;tBuD;qHk;tvkyfvdkY ,lqNyD; vkyf udkifaqmif½GufaeMuwmygyJ/

avmuD vlUabmifrSmqdk&if tdrfaxmifOD;pD; tBuD;tuJ[m rdrd&JU rdom;wpf pk ynma&;? usef;rma&;? pD;yGm;a&;rSpNyD; pm;0wfaea&;ajyvnfatmif jyKpkysdK; axmif&r,hf wm0ef&Sdygw,f? 'golwdkYtwGuf ta&;BuD;ygw,f/

tckw&m;tm;xkwfaeMuwJh a,m*DawGvJyJ rdrdwdkYtdrfrSm XmerSm ta&;BuD; wJhtvkyfawG ½SdaerSmygyJ? udk,fhb0tajctaet&? ta&;BuD;w,fvdkY ,lqMu& ygw,f? 'gayrJh w&m;oabmtaeeJYuawmh ta&;BuD;qHk;vdkYawmh rac:qdkEdkif ygbl;/

Ak'¨jrwfpGmbk&m;u vlom;tm;vHk;twGuf bmta&;tBuD;qHk;tvkyfvJqdk wmudk tckvdk rdefUqdka[mMum;awmfrlcJhygw,f/

]]&[ef;wdkU .... &if0rSm vSHpl;0ifcHae&wJhol[m vSHudkEIwfNyD; aq;0g;ukorI cH,lbdkY ta&;tBuD;qHk;jzpfovdk OD;acgif;qHyif rD;avmifcHae&wJhol[mvnf; rD;udkNidrf;owfNyD; aq;0g;ukorIcH,lbdkY ta&;BuD;qHk;jzpfygw,f? 'Dwpfb0wm rSm aoa&;½Sifa&;udpörddkY ta&;tBuD;qHk;tvkyfyJvdkY ajymqdkEdkifygw,f/

'gayr,hf owå0gawG qufvufusifvnf&rJh oHo&ma½SUa&;udk arQmfawG; pOf;pm;Munhfr,fqdk&if ouúm,'d|dy,fEIwfa&;tvkyf[m ta&;BuD;qHk; tvkyf jzpfygw,f? ouúm,'d|dqdkwm ]]yk*¾dKvfowå0g}} vdkY,HkMunfpJGvrf;wJh t,lrSm;yg yJ/

tdrfaxmifOD;pD;wpfa,muftwGuf rdrdtdrfaxmifpm&JU pm;0wfaea&;? usef; rma&;jyóemrsm; ajyvnfatmifvkyfaqmifbdkY&m OD;pm;ay;aqmif½Guf&rSm rSef ayrJh OD;acgif;rD;avmif? &if0vSHpl;pwJh aoa&;½Sifa&; tEÅ&m,fESifh BuHKvm&wJh tcgrSm rdom;pkta&; vwfwavm ab;z,fxm;NyD; rD;Nidrf;vSHEIwf aq;0g;uko bdkYtvkyf[m xdkoltwGuf ta&;tBuD;qHk;jzpfygvdrhfr,f? 'g[m tck'Db0 wpf oufwmtwGuf jzpfay:wwfwJh ta&;tcif;ygyJ/

Ak'¨jrwfpGmuawmh ]]b0pOfquf oHo&m0J*,ufrSm usifvnfajy;oGm; arG; zGm;aoysufaeMu&wJh owå0gtzdkY ouúm,'d|dt,lrSm;udk y,fEIwfzdkYtvkyf[m ta&;tBuD;qHk;yJvdkY}} rdefYqdk a[mMum;awmfrlcJhygw,f/

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jrwfAk'¨&JU a'oemawmft&qdk&if ]]vl}} qdkwmr&Sdygbl;? ½kyfemrfoabm w&m;omvQif txift½Sm;½Sdygw,f? qHyif[m ½kyf0wKvm;vdkY ar;r,fqdk&if [kwfrSefygw,f? t½dk;? tom;? ausmufuyf? ESvHk;pwJh udk,ft*FgawG[m ½kyf 0wKvm;vdkYar;&ifvJ [kwfrSefygw,f? tm;vHk;½kyfw&m;awGygyJ? tm½Hkudk odwwf wJhoabm[memrfw&m;? trsm;ac:a0:oHk;pJGaewJh ]]pdwf}} qdkwmygbJ? ]]vl}} qdkwmudk w&m;oabmeJY ydkif;jcm; oHk;oyfMunhfr,fqdk&if ½kyfudk,fESifh todpdwf emrf½kyfESifh emrfom½Sdygw,f? a,musfm; rdef;r&,fvdkY r½Sdygbl;/

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jrwfpGmbk&m; oufawmfxif½Sm;½SdpOfu jA[®mwpfa,muf vma&mufavQmuf xm;bl;w,f? ]]jrwfpGmbk&m;? &if0vSHpl;whJvl[m vSHudkEIwfbdkY? OD;acgif;qHyif rD;pJGavmifjcif; cHae&ol[m rD;`idSrf;owfNyD; aq;0g;ukorI cH,lbdkY ta&;BuD; ovdk? owå0gawG[mvJ umr&m*udk y,fEkwfEdkifatmif? wynhfawmfwdkY jA[®m rsm;vdk psmeftvkyf tm;xkwfoifhygw,fbk&m;}} wJh/

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todw&m; (3) rsdK;&Sdygw,f/

(1)pmayod? (2) trsm;ac:Mum;bl;em;0tod? (3)vufawGUusihfBuHyGm;rsm;tm;xkwfvdkY odwJhtodjzpfygw,f/

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'gaMumifh 'Dua,m*D olawmfpifrsm;[m jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mMum;awmfrlwJh ]]b0rSmta&;tBuD;qHk;tvkyf}} w&m;awmftwdkif; usihfBuHyGm;rsm;tm;xkwfEdkif Muí qif;&Jcyfodrf;wdkY csKyfNidrf;&m edAÁmefcsrf;omjrwfudk vQifjrefapmpGm rsuf arSmufjyKEdkifMuygapukefownf;/

om"k .... om"k .... om"k....

4/ 'Gg& (6) yg;pHkatmif yGm;w&m;awmf

'DaeYbkef;BuD;a[mMum;r,hfw&m;awmfu ]]'Gg& (6)yg; pHkatmifyGm;}} w&m;awmf jzpfygw,f/ 0dyóemw&m;tm;xkwfol[m 'Gg&(6)yg;rSm ay:&mtm&Hkrsm;udk pl;pdkufNyD; ½IrSwf&ygw,f/ 'Gg& (6)yg;qdkwm rsufpdç em;ç ESmacgif;ç vQmç udk,f ESifh pdwfwdkYjzpfMuygw,f/

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wynfhawmfonf rrsdKodyfEdkifonfh pdwful;qE´aMumifh pm;aomufcsdef tcif;BuD;i,fpGefYcsdefudk csefvSyfí vQifjrefaom wefcdk;t[kefjzifh avmu&JUtqHk;odkY raerem;ajy;oGm;cJh&m? &nfrSef;&modkY ra&mufyJ tESpfwpf&m tMumwGif pMum0Vmwpfck\ tem;pGef;ü aovGefcJh&NyD; jA[®mhjynfwGif a&m[dwó trnf&SdaomjA[®mjzpf&ygonf jrwfpGmbk&m;? tckwynfhawmf\ tawGUtMuHKu &Sifawmfjrwfbk&m; a[mMu;awmfrlaom ]]rtdk? rem? rao&m ocFg& avmu\ tqHk;edAÁmefudk ajcusifavQmufí ra&mufEdkif}}[konfh tcsufudk tvGefrSefuefaMumif; axmufcHaeygonfbk&m;/

jrwfpGmbk&m;u ]]a&m[dwójA[®m avmutqHk;ukd ra&mufvQifvJ 'ku©rNidrf;ao; Nidrf;atmif 'ku©opöm? ork',opöm? eda&m"opöm? r*¾opöm? opömav;yg;w&m;udk cE¨mudk,frSmom awGU&SdEdkifonfhw&m;udk cE¨mrSm &SmrSomvQif vrf;rSefayonf/}}[k a&m[dwójA[®mudk a[mMum;awmfrlygonf/

'ku©opömqdkwm tusOf;tm;jzifh cE¨mig;yg;omjzpfygonf/ tck'Du a,m*DawG ½IrSwfaewJh b,fvSrf;wmnmvSrf;wm? azmif;rIç ydefrIç jrifrIç Mum;rI rsm;[m 'ku©opömawGygbJ w&m;tm;rxkwfrDu a,m*Drsm;[m 'gawGudk 'ku©opöm&,fvdkY rodMubl;? wPSm&JUvSnfhpm;rIaMumifh om,mESpfoufzG,f[kyif xifrSwfMuonf/ jrifrI Mum;rIomru tm;vHk;aom tm½HkcHpm;rIrsm;udk aumif;w,f? ESpfoufom ,mzG,f[lí ,lqNyD; xyfrufpGJvef;aeMuygonf/

om,mwyfrufwJhwPSm[m ork',opömygyJ? 'ku©opömESifh ork',opömudk y,fowfzdkY a,m*D[m r*¾opömudk yGm;rsm;&ygw,f? 0dyóemtvkyf tm;xkwfNyD; ½kyfemrf oabmw&m;awGudk ½IrSwfaewm[m rSwfcsufwdkif;rSm r*¾opömyGm;aewmygyJ? tJ'Dvdk raerem; BudK;pm;yGm;rsm;jcif;jzifh a,m*D[m wajz;ajz; 0dyóemóPftqifhqifh wdk;wufvmNyD; aemufqHk; ½kyfemrfoabmw&m;rsm; csKyfNidrf;&m edAÁmefudk rsufarSmufjyKoGm;ygawmhw,f? 'gaMumifh jrwfpGmbk&m;u ]]w&m;&Sm udk,frSmawGU}}vdkY a[mMum;awmfrlcJhygw,f/

'Dae&mrSm tcsdKU a0zefa&;orm;rsm;&JU wvGJ aumufcsufcsrIudk owdjyKMu&rnf/ olwdkYu opömav;yg; w&m;[m cE¨mudk,fxJrSm &Sdw,fvdkY jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mMum;cJhwmrdkY bmrS xl;xl;axGaxG usifhMuH tm;xkwfp&m rvdkbl;vdkY vGJrSm;pGm ajymqdkaeMuygw,f? 'Dvdk,lq ajymqdkaeMuwm rrSefygbl;? jrwfpGmbk&m; w&m;awmfawG[m odrfarGUeufeJygw,f? wcsdKUw&m;awmfrsm;[m rSefuefpGm zGifhqdk&ef vdkygw,f/

Oyrmtm;jzifh uRef;yifawG rsm;pGm &SdwJhawmudk ]]uRef;awm}}vdkY ac:Muw,f? 'gayr,fh 'DawmxJrSm uRef;yifawGom&Sdw,f? tjcm;tyifr&Sdbl;vdkY rqdkvdkygbl;? uRef;awmxJrSm tjcm;tyifawGvJ &Sdygw,f? 'ga,bl,sbJ aemufwpfrsdK;u or®wBuD; wdkif;cef; vSnfhvnfvmNyDvdkYqdk&mrSm or®wBuD; wpfa,mufxJ r[kwfygbl;? olY&JUudk,f&Hawmf vufaxmuftwGif;0ef ponfwdkY todkif;t0dkif;ESifh jzpfygonf/ odkYaomfvnf; ta&;BuD;onfh orwBuD; &nfñTef; azmfjyjcif; jzpfygonf/ tJ'g y"meenf;ac:ygonf/

]]zvmEkrme enf;}} vnf;&Sdygao;onf? tusdK;w&m;udk Munfhí taMumif; w&m;udk rSef;q odyHk enf;jzpfygonf/ jrpfacsmif;rsm; a&Smifwcif a&vQHvmvQif jrpfzsm;a'owGif rdk;onf;xefpGm &GmoGef;ae aMumif; cefYrSef;odEdkifouJhodkY jzpfygonf/ rdk;&GmoGef;jcif;onf taMumif;&if;? a&vQHrIonf tusdK;quf jzpfygonf/

wwd,Oyrmuawmh ]]twmyEéenf;}} jzpfygonf/ a'0'wåonf aeYtcgü tpmrpm;yJ 0aeonf aeYtcg tpmrpm;0aeonf[k qdk&mü aeYtcg tpmrpm;yJ 0aeonfrSm nOfhtcgu t0pm;xm;jcif;aMumifh[k aumuf csufcsEdkifygonf/

jrwfpGmbk&m;u opömav;yg;w&m; rdrdudk,fwGif;rSm &Sdonf rdefYMum;awmfrl&mü opömav;yg;[m twHk;vdkuf twpfvdkuf &Sdaeonf[k rqdkvdkyg? þcE¨mudk t&if;wnfí r*¾opömudk yGm;rsm;rSomvQif 'ku©opömrSef; odí ork',opömudk y,fEdkifygrnf/ taMumif;jzpfwJh cE¨m\ emrfESifh ½kyfw&m;rsm;udk ½IrSwfrSomvQif tusdK;w&m;jzpfwJh edAÁmefudk rsufarSmufjyKEdkifonfudk qdkvdkjcif;jzpfygonf/

'gaMumifh bkef;BuD;wdkY a,m*Dolawmfpifrsm;onf jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mMum;onfh ]]w&m;&Sm udk,frSmawGU}}qdkonfhtwdkif; rdrdwdkY cE¨mudk,frSm 0dyóem wifí opömav;yg;w&m;awmfrsm;udk odjrifMuvQuf qif;&Jcyfodrf; Nidrf;&modkY tcsdef wdkwdkESifh rsufarSmufjyKEdkifMuygapukefownf;/

om"k... om"k... om"k...

6/ yk*¾dKvfav;rsdK; w&m;awmf

'DaeYbkef;BuD;a[mMum;r,hfw&m;awmfu tdE´d,EdkifiH om0wdjynhf&Sif yaoe'Daumov bk&ifudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mMum;awmfrlcJhwJh ]]yk*¾dKvfav;rsdK;}} w&m;awmfjzpfygw,f/ 'DokwfrSm jrwfpGm bk&m;u -

(1) tarSmifu tarSmifudkoGm;ol? (2) tarSmifu tvif;udkoGm;ol? (3) tvif;u tarSmifudkoGm;ol? (4) tvif;u tvif;udkoGm;ol?

&,fvdkU yk*¾dKvfav;rsdK;&SdaMumif; a[mMum;awmfrlcJhygw,f? jrwfpGmbk&m;u qufvufí tus,f&Sif;vif; a[mMum;&mü-

1/ a&S;OD;pGmyxr yk*¾dKvfwpfa,muf[m tvGefatmufwef; aemufwef;uswJh todkif;t0dkif;xJrSm arG;zGm;vljzpfvmw,f? Oy"d½kyfuvnf;qdk;? usef;rma&; uvJcsdKUwJh? rsufpduG,f? em;xdkif;? qGHUt? udk,fvuft*FgroefpGrf; ponhf vlpOfrrDjzpfaew,f? pm;0wfaea&; aq;0g;ukoa&;yif rjynhfpHk 'Dvdk qif;&J rJGawaeaomfvnf; owdoHa0* aemifwr&bl; olYtoufowfjcif;? olUOpöm cdk;,ljcif;? umrwdkY ÜrSm;,Gif;pGmusihfjcif;? vdrfnmíajymqdkjcif;? ao&nf t&uf aomufpm;jcif;? ponhftukodkvf 'kp ½dkufwdkYESifhom aysmfydkuf tusihfysuf rdkufrJvsuf&Sdaew,f? xdkolonf 'Db0rSaovQif i&J? wd&pämef Nydwåm? tol&u,f ponhf tyg,fav;bHkodkY a&mufoGm;w,f? xdkuJhodkYaom yk*¾dKvf rsdK;udk tarSmifu tarSmifudk oGm;onhfyk*¾dKvf [lí ac:qdktyfay\/

2/ 'kwd,trsdK;tpm;jzpfwJh yk*¾dKvfuawmh txufuazmfjyygtwdkif; qif;&J rJGaw vlpOfrrDatmif udk,fvuft*FgcsdKUwJhjcif; ponhf'ku©awG yifv,f a0ae aomfvnf; twdwfujyKcJhwJh raumif;rI tukodkvfuHawGaMumifhyJvdkY owdoHa0* aemifw&NyD; rdrd&JUpdwfudk toifhtwihfESvHk;oGif;í aumif;rI ukodkvfrSeforQ BudK;pm;jznhfusihfygonf/ olYtoufowfjcif;? olYOpömcdk; ,ljcif;? umrwdkYÜ vJGrSm;pGmusihfjcif;? vdrfnmíajymqdkjcif;? awGa0rdkufrJ aMumif;jzpfaom t&ufaopm ponfaomuf pm;jcif;rsm;udk vHk;0a&Smif MuOfí um,?0pD?raem okp½dkuf ukodkvfaumif;rI wdkYudk pGrf;tm;&SdorQ jyKvkyfusihfBuHay\? xdkolonf,ckb0Üyif wpfqifhxufwpfqifh jrihfo xuf jrihfNyD; aoonf\ tjcm;rJhÜ ewfcsrf;om vlcsrf;omwdkYudk txuf wef; usus &½SdcHpm;&ayonf/

þuJhodkYaomyk*¾dKvfrsdK;udk tarSmifu tvif;udkoGm;onfU yk*¾dKvf [lí ac:qdktyfay\/

3/ wwd,trsdK;tpm;uawmh csrf;omMuG,f0wJh txufwef;vTm rdbrsm;rS arG;zGm;vmonf? pm;0wfaea&; usef;rma&; ponfwdkYtwGuf rylyif&onhf tjyif avmuDpnf;pdrfcsrf;om tjynhft0cHpm;&if; BuD; jyif; vm&\ odkYaomfvnf; taMumif;tusdK; taumif;tqdk;rod? udk,fusihf w&m;r&Sd olwpfyg;tay: ñSmwmaxmufxm; pmempdwf u½kPmw&m;r&Sd olYtouf owfjcif;? olYOpömcdk;,ljcif;? umrwdkYÜ rSm;,Gif;pGmusihfjcif;? vdrf nmajym qkdjcif;? rl;,pf apwwfaom t&ufaopm ponfwdkY pm;oHk;jcif;? jzihf'kp½dkuf raumif;rIrsm;ESifhom aysmfydkufíae\? xdkol\ b0tqihf twef; onf wpfqihfxufwpfqifh edrfhus oGm;NyD; aoonf\ tjcm;rJhÜ tyg,fav;bHkodkY usa&mufrnfom wnf;? xdkuJhodkU yk*¾dKvfrsdK;udk tvif;u vmNyD; tarSmifudk oGm;ol[lí ac:qdktyfay\/

4/ pwkwtrsdK;tpm;uawmh txufazmfjyygtwdkif; ypönf;OpömMuG,f0wJh txufwef;vTmrdbrsm;rS arG;zGm;BuD;jyif;vm\ b0rSm vdkavao;r&Sd atmif jynhfpHkcsrf;omrI½Sd\/ tjrifus,f ynm&Sdol jzpfí ]]igtckvdk csrf;om MuG,f0 txufwef;ususaeEdkifwm[m twdwfu aumif;rI ukodkvfuH awGaMumifhjzpfw,f}} vdkY toifhtwihfESvHk;oGif;NyD; wwftm; orQ udk,f EIwf pdwf oHk;yg;wdkYjzihf ukodkvf aumif;rIrsm;udk BudK;pm;qnf;yl; w,f? olUtoufowfjcif;?olUOpömcdk;,ljcif;? umrwdkYÜrSm; ,Gif;pGmusihfjcif;? vdrfnmíajymqdkjcif;? arhavsmhaMumif;jzpfaom t&ufaopmrsm; pm;oHk; jcif; pwJh raumif;rIrsm;udk a&SmifMuOfNyD; trsm;tay:rSm arwåmu½kPm xm;í iJhñSmw,f? tJ'Dvdk oefU&Sif; pifMu,fwJh udk,fusihfoDveJY jynhfpHk ol&JUb0[m wpfqihfxufwpfqifh jrifhoxufjrihfNyD; aovGef wJhaemuf jrihfjrwfwJh ewfb0 vlUb0awGudk a&mufoGm;onf/ xdkuJhodkU aom yk*¾dKvf rsdK;udk tvif;rS tvif;odkYoGm;aomol [lí ac:qdktyf ay\/

tck'Du a,m*Drsm;&JU tqihftwef;udk avhvmoHk;oyfMunhf&atmif a,m*Drsm;[m ,cifb0 ujyKpkcJhwJh ukodkvfaumif;rIawGaMumifh ypönf;Opöm MuG,f0jcif;? usef;rma&;aumif;rGefjcif;? todóPf xufjrufjcif;pwJh aumif; usdK;csrf;omrsm;ESifh jynhfpHkNyD; 'Dr[mpnf omoemh&dyfomudk vma&mufí uRrf; usifaom q&morm;rsm;\ oGefoif ñTefMum; jyorIjzihf 0dyóemw&m; tvkyf udk pepfwus yGm;rsm; tm;xkwfEdkifonhf tcGifhaumif;BuD;udk &aeMuay onf/ xdkUaMumifh oifa,m*Drsm;udk tvif;rSvmí tvif;odkY oGm;rnhfolrsm; [lí ac:qdkxdkufMuayonf/ 'Dtqihftwef;udk xdef;odrf;xm;Edkif&eftwGuf oif a,m*D taygif; olawmfaumif;wdkYonf toufxufqHk; ukodkvfaumif;rI rsm;udk qufvufBudK;pm; yGm;rsm; tm;xkwfoifhMuonf/

ukodkvfa&m tukodkvfa&m jyKvkyfaer,fqdk&if oifwdkU&JUtem*wf c&D;yefwdkif[m tvif; a&mufr,f? tarSmifa&mufr,f raocsmyg?? pm½Gufydkif; wpfckudk tjrifhrS vTwfcsvQif ajray: a&ay: ql;csHKay: odkYr[kwf ½THEGHay: usvdk&m usEdkifouJhodkU r*fóPfjzihf t&d,mrjzpfao;ol\ a&SUa&;b0 awG twGuf pdwfrcs&yg? r*fóPfjzihf t&d,mjzpfNyD;olomvQif tvif;udk a&muf &ef aocsmEdkifwmyg/

jrwfpGmbk&m;u r[mowdy|mefokwfed'gef;rSm -

(1) udk,ftrlt&m½kyfoabmw&m;awGudk ½I&onhfum,mEkyóem? (2) cHpm;csuftm½Hkrsm;udk ½I&onhfa0'emEkyóem? (3) pdwful;pOf;pm;? BuHpnfrI ponfudk ½IrSwf&onhf pdwåmEkyóem/ (4) jrif?Mum;?eH?vsuf xdodcsuf ponhfoabmw&m;rsm;udk ½IrSwf&onhf "r®mEkyóem/

owdy|mefav;yg; 0dyóembm0em w&m;rsm;udk tjynhft0xuf oefaom vHkUvjzihf yGm;rsm; tm;xkwfaom a,m*Drsm;omvQif ,ckb0rSm r*fóPfudk &&SdEdkifayrnf[k rdefUMum;awmfrlcJhygonf/ 'gaMumifh a,m*Dolawmf pif taygif;[m r*fóPfudk&atmif tjynhft0 ZJGvHkUvjzihf tpGrf;ukefBudK;pm; tm;xkwfoifhMuonf/

a,m*Drsm;[m tckvdk Ak'¨omoemawmfESifh awGUBuHKí 0dyóemw&m; tm;xkwfEdkifonhf tcGifhta&;BuD; &aecdkuf r*fóPfa&mufatmif BudK;pm;tm; xkwfoifhMuonf/ r*fóPfudk &&SdrSomvQif raumif;rI tukodkvfrSeforQ ausmfvTm;EdkifNyD; vlUjynfewfjynf tvif;odkU aocsma&mufí b0pOfquf ukodkvfw&m;rsm; BudK;pm;yGm;rsm;jcif;jzihf &nfrSef;csufyef;wdkifjzpfonhf qif;&J cyfodrf;wdkYNidrf;&m edAÁmef udk&Muayrnf/

þuJhodkUcdkifrmaom o'¨gw&m;jzihf raumif;aomum,uH 0pDuH raemuH wdkUudk vGefajrmufNyD; 0dyóemóPftpOfwufí r*fóPfzdkvfóPfjzihf edAÁmefudk rsufarSmufjyKEdkif&ef tjyif;txefBudK;pm; tm;xkwf&m\/

a,m*Dolawmfpiftaygif;wdkYonf 0dyóemowdy|mef bm0emudk pJGpJGNrJNrJ ZJGvHkUvjzihf raerem; BudK;pm;yGm;rsm;tm;xkwfMuí edAÁmefcsrf;omjrwfudk tcsdef wdkwdkESifh vQifjrefpGm rsufarSmufjyKEdkifMuygap ukefownf;/

om"k ... om"k ... om"k...

rmwdum odkY


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