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"r®'ge á 0dyóem á t&SifZ#dv
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b'´EÅZ#dv\ twKyÜdtusOf;

q&mawmf t&SifZ#dv tavmif;tvsmudk 1297-ckESpf? eawåmfvqef; (2)&uf (1935-ck? Edk0if bmv 16 &uf) t*FgaeYwGif txufjrefrmjynf? jrif;NcHc½dkif uawm½GmwGif tbOD;jrBuD;ESifh trd a':zGm;opfwdkYrS rD;½SL;oefYpif zGm;jrif awmfrlcJhygonf/

touf (7)ESpft&G,fwGif 'u©dPm&mrausmif;q&mawmf OD;Owå&txHü tajccHynmrsm;udk pwif Mum;cJhNyD; oufawmf (10)ESpft½G,fwGif &SifZ#dv [laombGJUawmfjzifh &SifomraPtjzpfodkY a&muf&SdcJhygonf/

1953-ckESpf? (1315-ckESpf)wGif Ak'¨pmayoifMum;rl ausmfMum; xif&Sm;aom ppfudkif; awmif½dk;odkY MuGawmfrlí q&mawmf b'´EÅ0dpm&dE´ ESifhtjcm; q&mawmf tausmftarmfwdkY xHü ygVdpmayusrf; *efrsm;udk oiftHavh usufcJh&m xdkESpfwGifyif tpdk;& tbd"r®mpmar;yGJ? ti,fwef;wdkYudk atmifjrifcJhNyD; aemufESpfrsm;wGif tv,fwef;? tBuD;wef;ESifh tpdk;& 0de,pmar;yGJrsm;udk ajzqdk atmifjrifawmf rlcJhygonf/

&SifZ#dvonf 1317 ckESpf? 'kwd,0gqdkvqef; (5)&uf (24-7-1955) wGif OyorÜ'uH aqmif jrifhjrwfaom &[ef;abmifodkY a&muf&SdawmfrlcJhNyD;aemuf ygVdpmayusrf;*ef;rsm;udk qufvufí avhvmoif,lqnf;yl;cJh&m EdkifiHawmf tpdk;& omoema&;0efBuD; |merS BuD;rSL;usif;yaom yd#u pmayusrf;*ef rsm;qdkif&m i,fç vwfç BuD; pmcswef; pmar;yGJrsm;udk xl;jcm;pGm atmifjrifawmfrlcJhí omoemh"Z oD&dy0&"r®mp&d, (0de,ygVdyg&*l) bGJUawmfudk 1959rS 1961 ckESpftwGif; qGwfcl; yefqifawmfrl EdkifcJhygonf/

1966-ckESpfwGif &efukefNrdKU r[mpnfomoemh&dyfomodkY MuGawmfrlí xdktcsdefu aus;Zl;awmf&Sif r[mpnfq&mawmfbk&m;BuD;\ vufaxmufwynfhBuD; ur®|memp&d,q&mawmf OD;[email protected] bd0Ho\ oGefoifqHk;r ñTefMum;jyorIjzifh 0dyóemur®|mef;tkyfudk tjynfht0 ½IrSwfyGm;rsm; tm;xkwfcJhygonf/

ppfudkif;awmif½dk;? ygVdwuúodkvfü ygVduxdutjzpf (3)ESpfwm0efxrf; aqmifcJhygonf/

1969-ckESpfwGif aus;Zl;&Sif r[mpnfq&mawmfbk&m;BuD;\ wm0efay; csuft& ysOf;rem;NrdKU jyefYuajy;&Gmr[mpnf omoemh&dyfomcGJwGif y"meem,u tjzpfpDrHtkyfcsKyfí a,m*Dolawmfpifrsm;tm; w&m;a[mw&m;jy ur®|memp&d,tjzpf aqmif&Gufawmf rlcJhygonf/

xdktawmtwGif; jrefrmEdkifiHvHk;qdkif&m r[mpnf"r®uxdutzGJU\ Ouú|tjzpf (15)ESpf? jrefrmEdkifiHvHk;qdkif&m r[mpnfoHCtzGJUtpnf;\ taxGaxG twGif;a&;rSL;tjzpf 1988-ckESpfrSpí wm0ef,laqmif&GufcJhygonf/ q&mawmfonf r[mpnfe,fvSnfh "r®uxdu? ur®|memp&d, ponfhtzGJUtpnf; rsm;wGif tkyfcsKyfrI0efaqmiftzGJU\ t"duwm0efrsm;udkvnf; xrf;aqmifawmf rl&ygonf/ oHCmhtzGJUtpnf;tqifhü EdkifiHawmfA[dk 0efaqmifjzpfygonf/

xdkYtjyif r[mpnfEdkifiHjcm; omoemjyKa&; &mwm0efrsm;udkvnf; t"dutcef; [email protected] wufMuGpGm yg0ifaqmif&GuffawmfrlcJh&m urÇmht&yf&yf EdkifiHjcm; wdkif;jynfrsm;odkY MuGa&mufí vnf;aumif;? jrefrmEdkifiHodkY vma&muftm;xkwf Muaom EdkifiHjcm;om;a,m*Drsm;tm; vnf;aumif;? w&m;a[mw&m;jy y"mexm;í aqmif&Gufawmfrl ae&ygonf/


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pwdkif a&G;jcif;

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þpmrsufESm; taMumif;

jyKpkol/ t&SifZ#dv

aESmufqHk; jyif;jcif;/ 2005ckESpf (6)v (30)&uf