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"r®'ge á oHC á "kwif á yHokul
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yHokul"kwif taMumif;


tcef; (2)

ouFef;ESifhoufqkdifaom usifh0wf"kwifrsm;

2; 1/ / yHokul"kwif t"dyÜg,f

yHokul"kwif[lonf &xm;? vrf;r? trIdufykHpaomt&yfwkdUü ihJuGufwG,fwm jcif;r½SdbJpGefUypfxm;aom t0wfouFef;ukd yHokulv = yHokulouFef; [kac:ygonf/ xkdouFef;onf ajrrIefUwkdU\ txufü pGefUypfxm;onfjzpfí trdIufykHpaom ajrrIefU rsm;ukd zkH;vTrf;xm;ouJhokdU jzpfaeygonf/ 4if;ukdyif yHokulv = yHokulouFef;[kac: a0:xm;jcif;jzpfonf/ yHok-ajrrIefUzkHrIefU+ ukv- jrpfurf;ozG,f jrifhwufonf? yHokulv= ajrrIefUay:ü jrifhwufaeaomt0wfouFef;[kqkdvkdonf/

wpfenf;tm;jzifh okomeftp½Sdaomt&yfü ½SdaomajrrIefUrsm;uJhokdUpufqkwfzG,f tjzpfokdUa&mufaom t0wfouFef;ukd yHokulv= yHokulouFef;[kac:qkdygonf/ yHok- ajrrIefUuJhokdU? uk- pufqkwfzG,ftjzpfokdU? Ov- a&mufonf/

xdkyHokulouFef;ukd aqmifjcif; 0wf½kHjcif;tavh&dSaom&[ef;onfyHokulvdu [ktrnf&ygonf/ xkdyHokulouFef;ukd aqmifjcif; 0wf½kHjcif;tavh½Sdaom &[ef;\ oDvpaomtusifhy#dywfjynfhpkHjcif;\ taMumif;jzpfaom yHokul"kwifukd aqmufwnf aMumif;jzpfaom orm'geapwemonf yHokulvdu*F = yHokul"kwifrnf\/ ,cktcg tcsdKUaom yk*¾dKvfrsm;u yHhoul[k ygVdysufa0g[m&jzihf ac:a0:okH;pGJaeMuonfukd Mum;odae&ygonf/

xkdyHokul"kwifaqmif&[ef;onf 'g,um 'g,dumrwdkU vSL'gef;aom ouFef; ü wyfrufNidwG,fwwfaom wPSmudavomukd y,fxmNyD; jzpfaomaMumifh xdk&[ef; \ oDvpaom tusifhy#dywfw&m;onf ykdí jynfhpkHpifMu,frnfjzpfygonf/ pifppf yHokul"kwifukdaqmufwnf usifhokH;jcif;onf ouFef;üwyfrufwwfaom wPSmudav omukd y,fowfEdkif&eftwGuf aqmufwnfusifhokH;jcif;jzpfygonf/

2; 2/ / yHokul"kwif aqmufwnfykH

xdkyHokul"kwifukd ]]*[ywd'gepD0&H y#du©dygrd? yHokulvdu*ø orm"d,mrd}} [lí ygVdbmom oufoufjzifhvnf;aumif;/

]]tdrfh½Sif[kqkdtyfaom 'g,umwkdUvSL'gef;aom t0wfouFef;ukdy,fyg\? yHokulouFef;ukd 0wf½kHavh½Sdaom&[ef;\ taMumif;t*Fgapwemukd aqmufwnf yg\}}[lí jrefrmbmompum;oufoufjzifhvnf;aumif; þokdU y,fpum;? aqmuf wnfpum; ESpfcGef;wkdUwGif wpfcGef;cGef;aompum;jzifh rdrdESpfoufovdk aqmufwnf usifhokH;Edkifygonf/

þokdUaqmufwnf&mü aeUtcgürpm;[kqkdvQif nOfhtcgüpm;\[laom t"dyÜg,foufa&mufouJhokdU 'g,umwkdUvSL'gef;aomouFef;ukd y,fyg\[kqkdvQif yHokul"kwifukdaqmufwnfyg\[laom oabmt"dyÜg,f oufa&mufaomaMumifh twmyEéenf;tm;jzifh y,fpum;oufoufjzifhaqmufwnfvQifvnf; oifhavsmfaMumif; 0dok'¨dr*f r[m#Dumü zGifhqkdxm;onfukdawGU&ygonf/

2; 3/ / yHokulouFef; 23 rsdK;

txufygtwkdif; yHokul"kwifaqmufwnfNyD;aom a,m*D&[ef;awmfonf atmufüaz:jyrnhf yHokulouFef; 23 rsdK;wGif wpfrsdK;rsdK;aom t0wfouFef;ukd aumuf,lí taqG;ukdy,fum cdkifcefUaomtykdif;wkdUukd zGyfavsmfcsKyfqkd;í ouFef; jyKvkyfNyD; 0wf½kHokH;aqmifEkdifygonf/ xdkyHokulouFef; 23 rdsK;wkdUum;

1/ aomomedu = okomefüpGefYypfxm;aomt0wf/ 2/ ygyPdu = aps;wHcg;ü pGefUypfxm;aom t0wf/ 3/ &xd,apmV = &xm;vrf;rÜ pGefUypfxm;aom t0wf/ 4/ ouFm&apmV = trdIufykHükpGefUypfxm;aomt0wf/ 5/ aomwd, = ukd,f0eftnpftaMu;okwfí pGefUypfxm;aomt0wf/ 6/ ESmapmV = arSmfq&mwkdUu a&csdK;apNyD;vQif pGefUypfxm;aomt0wf/ 7/ wdwapmV = a&csdK;qdyfü pGefUypfxm;aom t0wf/ 8/ *wypöm*w = okomefokdU toGm;tjyef0wfNyD;ípGefYypfxm;aomt0wf/ 9/ t*¾d!¹k = rD;avmifí pGefUypfxm;aom t0wf/ 10/ a*gcg,dw = EGm;ukduf0g;í pGefUypfxm;aom t0wf/ 11/ OE´L&cg,dw = MuGufukdufí pGefUypfxm;aom t0wf/ 12/ Oypdumcg,dw = jcpm;í pGefUypfxm;aomt0wf/ 13/ tEÅpädEé = tem;jywfí pGefYypfxm;aom t0wf/ 14/ 'ompädEé = tjrdwftqmjywfí pGefUypfxm;aomt0wf/ 15/ "Zm[# = wHcGeftvHxlaomt0wf/ 16/ xlypD0& = awmifykdUukd &pfywfí ewfylaZmfxm;aomt0wf/ 17/ orPpD0& = &[ef;u vSLaom ouFef;/ 18/ tmbdaoudu = rif;\ tbdoduf cH&mt&yfü pGefUypfxm;aomt0wf/ 19/ £'¨dr, = {[dbdu©K ac:jcif;jzifh jzpfay:vmaomouFef;/ 20/ yE¦du = vrf;c&D;ü usaeaom t0wf/ 21/ 0gwm[# = avwkdufcwfí aqmifaomt0wf/ 22/ a'0'wåd, = ewfvSLaomt0wf/ 23/ omrk'´d, = ork'´&mvIdif;ykwfwifaomt0wfwkdUjzpfygonf/

þyHokul ouFef; (23)rdsK;ukd usufrSwfí vG,fulap&ef? anmifav;yifawm& q&mawmf OD;t&d,rax&fjrwfu 0dok'¨dr*ft&omusrf;wGif atmufygtwdkif; vuFm pDukH;í a&;om;xm;onfukdawGU&ygonf/

okomef aps;wef; vSnf;BuD;vrf; vlvrf; rIdufykHyg/ ukd,f0efnpfay bkwfcsdK;a& pGefYavcsdKk;qdyfrSm/ rD;avmifEGm;0g; MuGufukdufxm; jcpm; jywfpGef;qm/ awmifykdU av,l &[ef;vSL ewfvSL wHcGefvTm/ okomefjyefxkwf bdoduftkyf ork'f wefckd;om/ ESpfq,fhokH;[l yHokul aumuf,lokH;aqmif&m/

2; 3; 1/ / yHokulouFef;\ 0daoorsm;

þyHokulouFef; (23)rsdK;wkdUwGif ESmeapmVt0wfouFef;ESifhywfoufí rSwf om;p&mtcsufrSm bkwftwwf? rEÅ&m;twwfukd wwfajrmuf MuGrf;Muifaom arSmfq&m ya,m*q&mwkdUonf vlemtm; a&csdK;apNyD;vQif raumif;aom a&m*gab;'Pf&efpG,f tEÅ&m,ftaygif;rS uif;a0;ap&efESifh aumif;usdK;csrf;om r*FvmMuufoa&rsm; jzpfyGg; ap&ef &nf½G,fí a&0wfcsdK;NyD;aomt0wfykqkd;ukd toa&r½Sdaomykqkd;[k ,lqvQuf pGefUypfckdif;\/ xkdt0wfykqkd;rsdK;ukd ESmeapmV[kac:ygonf/

okomefokdUtoGm;tjyef0wfoGm;aomt0wf? rD;avmifí pGefYypfaomt0wf? EGm; ukduf0g;í pGefUypfaomt0wf? MuGufukdufí pGefYypfaomt0wf? jcpm;ípGefUypfaom t0wf? tem;jywfípGefYypfaomt0wf? tjrdwftqmjywfí pGefUypfaom t0wfwkdUukd vlwkdUonf Muufoa&r*Fvmr½Sdaom t0wfykqkd;wkdU[lí ,lqMuNyD; NiduyfwG,fwm jcif;r½SdbJ pGefUypfxm;wwfMuav\/ xdkt0wfykqkd;wkdUudk yHokul"kwifaqmif &[ef; wkdUonf aumuf,lokH;aqmifEdkifygonf/

wHcGeftvHxlaom t0wfESifhywfoufí avSjzifhc&D;oGm;olwkdU pkdufaxmifxm; aom tvHwHcGefukd aumuf,lvkdygvQif avSpD;olwkdU rjrifuG,f&mt&yfa&mufrSom aumuf,l&rnfjzpfygonf/ ppfyGJü pkdufaxmifaom tvHwHcGefukd aumuf,l&mü ESpf bufppfonfwkdU jyefoGm;rSom aumuf,l&rnfjzpfygonf/

vrf;c&D;ü ususefaeaom t0wfykqdk;ukd aumuf,l&mü xdkt0wfykqkd;wkdUonf ykdif½SifwkdUonf arhusefí usaeaom t0wfykqkd;rsm; jzpfaomaMumifh ESpf&ufokH;&uf apmifhNyD;rS aumuf,l&rnfjzpfygonf/

ukd,f0eftnpftaMu;okwfí pGefYypfxm;aomt0wfykqkdk;ESifhywfoufí0dok'¨dr*f t|uxmü 0wKom"uESifhwuG jyqkdxm;onfukd awGU&ygonf/

wdótrnf&aomtrwf\rdcifonf wpf&mwefaom t0wfjzifhukd,f0eftnpf taMu;ukd okwfoifNyD;vQif yHokul"kwifaqmif &[ef;wkdU aumuf,l&efftvdkUiSg wmV a0Vd vrf;rÜ pGefUypfcdkif;\/ xkdt0wfukd yHokul"kwifaqmif &[ef;awmfwkdUonf rdrd ouFef;taqG;ae&m zmavmuf½kHom jzwf,lMuukef\/

xkdYjyif t*Fkwå&edum,f pwkuúedygwfyXryPÖmou O½ka0V0*f t|rokwfü 0dwuúoaEÅmo0wKwpfckwGif rpifvl;aomt0wfykqdk;udk yHokul"kwifaqmif rax&f wpfyg;aumuf,lokH;aqmifonfudkawGY&\/ xkdYaMumifh ukd,f0eftnpftaMu;okwf oifaomt0wfrS wpfyg;wpfjcm;aomtnpftaMu;rsm;udkokwfoifí pGefYypfxm;aom t0wfrsm;udkvnf; aomwd,t& ,loifhonf[krSwf&ygrnf/ xkdodkY ,loifhaMumif;udk atmufyg0wKjzifhod½SdEkdifygonf/

2; 3; 1; 1/ / yHokulvdurax&f0wK

tcgwpfyg;ü ygpdec@&mZd t&yfüaeaomyHokul"kwifaqmifyHokulvduax&f onf apwd,awmifodkYoGm;í bk&m;zl;NyD;aomtcg ]]ig\ouFef;onf aqG;ajrUjcif;odkY a&mufaeavNyD? qufvufí0wf½kHEkdif&eftcGifhoifhEkdifawmhrnfr[kwfacs/ ae&mXmersm; pGmwkdYü ouFef;&Ekdifvdrfhrnf}} [kBuHqí r[m0d[m&ausmif;odkYMuGoGm;awmfrl\/ aemufwpfaeYü rax&fBuD;ESifhtwl ½GmwHcg;odkYoGm;pOf r[maAm"dwHcg;rkcf odkYa&muf aomtcg ]]þt&yfü ESpfoufzG,fouFef;udk &Ekdifaumif;avpGwum;}}[kBuHpnfrdí ]]ig\tBuHonf pifMu,frnfr[kwfacs}} [k rSwfxifaomaMumifh xkdae&mrS jyefMuGcJh \/ aemufwpfaeYü trÁ*FP(o&ufawmtkyf)teD;odkYa&mufí tBuHtpnfrpifMu,f jyefaomaMumifhjyefMuGcJh&jyef\/ aemufwpfaeYwGifvnf; r[maAm"dajrmufwHcg;rS jyefcJh&jyef\/ av;&ufajrmufaom aeYüum; ]]þ&[ef;tm; rpifMu,faomtBuHjzpf vdrfhOD;rnf}}[krax&fBuD;od½Sdí jyóemar;um ½GmwGif;odkY0if\/

xkdnOfhüyif vlwpfa,mufonf ykqkd;xJü 0rf;oGm;ojzifh xkdykqkd;udk trdIufykHü pGefYypfxm;\/ yHokul"kwifaqmifrax&fonf xkdt0wfykqkd;ü ,ifaumifw½kef;½kef; tkH aeonfudk jrifaomtcg vuftkyfcsDav\/ ]]tb,fhaMumifh trdIufykHtm;vuftkyfcsD oenf;}} [k rax&fBuD;ar;aomtcg ]]trdIufykHtm;vuftkyfrcsD? tzbk&m;½Siftm; vuftkyfcsDygonf? bk&m;½Sifonf uRefrtaoaumifudkywfí pGefYypfxm;aom t0wf udk yHokulaumuf,lí ydk;avmufwpfpdwfom;udk cgwGufum okomefü jyKEkdifcJaom trIudk jyKawmfrlygonf}} [k avQmufxm;\/ rax&fBuD;onf ]],cktcgü þyHokul rax&ftm; pifMu,faomtBuHjzpfNyD}}[k od\/ yHokul"kwifaqmifrax&fonf xkd ae&mü &yfvQuf 0dyóemyGg;vwfaomf tem*grfwnf\/ xkdYaemuf t0wfukd,lí ouFef;jyKvkyfNyD; 0wf½kHokH;aqmifum ygpdec@&mZdt&yfodkYjyefMuGav\/ xkdt&yf odkYjyefa&mufaomtcg &[EÅmtjzpfodkY a&mufawmfrlavonf/ þum; aomwd, ouFef;\ toGifESifhqifwl,dk;rSm;jzpfaom rpifvl;yHokulouFef;[k rSwfom;Ekdif&ef ½Sdygonf/

þuJhodkY yHokulouFef;udk½SmrSD;&mESifhywfoufí t*Fkwå&t|uxmü jyqkdxm; onfrSm yHokul"kwifaqmif&[ef;onf yHokuluFef;udk vSnhfvnf½SmazG&mü ]]tb,f t&yfü yHokulouFef;&EkdiftHhenf;}} [k rBuHpnfbJ ur®|mef;w&m;udk ESvkH;oGif;vQuf omvQif oGm;vm&rnf/ xkdokdYoGm;vm&mü wpfyg;wnf;roGm;bJ tazmf&[ef; wpfyg; yg;udkac:íoGm;vkdvQif tvZÆD'kóDv&[ef;udkrac:bJ oDvukdcspfjrwfEkd;aom vZÆD &[ef;wpfyg;yg;udkom ac:íoGm;&rnf/ yHokulouFef;udk ta0;rSaeí awGUjrif&mü ]]þouef;onf ESpfoufzG,fjzpfvdrfhrnf? þouFef;onfESpfoufzG,fjzpfvdrfhrnf r[kwf}} [k tqkd;taumif;udk ESvkH;roGif;rdapbJ &orQouFef;ESifhom a&mifh&Jwif; wdrf&rnf/ xkdyHokult0wfudk,l&müvnf; rdrdvkdoavmufomjzwf,l&rnf/ avmvkyÜ wPSmvGefuJum tydktvGefjzpfatmif raumuf,l&ay/ yHokulouFef; vSnfhvnf½Sm rSD;&mü ]]þrnfaom tdrf\wHcg;aygufü ESpfoufzG,fouFef;&Ekdifvdrfhrnf}} [laom arQmfvifhcsuftBuHtpnfjzifh tdrfpOfausmfí roGm;&ay/ tdrftpOftwkdif;om oGm;&rnf jzpfygonf/ þum; yHokul ouFef;½SmykHESifhywfoufí odxm;&rnfh tcsuf rsm;yifjzpf ygonf/

2; 4/ / yHokul trnfr&EkdifaomouFef;rsm;

1/ ]]oHCmtm; vSLygukef\}} [k qkdívSLaomouFef;/ 2/ t0wfouFef;tvSLcH&eftvkdYiSg vSnfhvnfaom&[ef;wdkY &vmaom t0wfouFef;/ 3/ &[ef;wpfyg;yg;u ouFef;vSLaomtcgü yHokul"kwifaqmif&[ef;wkdY\ 0gpOfjzifh ,lapí vSLaomouFef;/ 4/ ausmif;üaeaom &[ef;wkdYtm;&nfí vSLaomouFef; þav;rsdK;ukefaom ouFef;wkdYonf yHokul[laomtrnfemrudk r&EkdifMuukef/

xkdwGif oHCduouFef;ESifh &[ef;wkdYtvSLcHí &vmaom trsm;qkdifouFef;wkdYrS a0ykHus&aom ouFef;onf yHokulouFef; (23) rsdK;wGif (17) ckajrmufjzpfaom orP pD0&vnf;r[kwf? tjcm; (22) rsdK;vnf;r[kwfaomaMumifh yHokultrnf r&jcif;jzpfyg onf/

oHCóa'r[kqkdívnf;aumif;? bdu©KoHCóa'r[kqkdívnf;aumif; vSL'gef; aomouFef;wkdYonf oHCmudk &nfrSef;í vSL'gef;aom ouFef;rsm;jzpfaom aMumifh yHokul "kwifaqmif&[ef;wkdYtm;rtyfay/ tb,fhaMumifhqkdaomf *[ywd'ge pD0&H y#du©dygrd? yHokulvdu*ø orm"dd,mrd-[kqkdí "kwifaqmufwnfxm;aomaMumifh jzpfygonf/ tuyÜd ,jzpfaomaMumifh rtyfonfum;r[kwfay/ oHCmudk yefMum;í vSLaomfvnf; xkdouFef; udk yHokul"kwifaqmif&[ef;wdkU tvSLrcHxkdufay/

&[ef;vSLaomouFeff;ESifhywfoufí rSwfom;zG,f/ / &[ef; wpfyg;yg;u ouFef;

ouFef;ay;vSL&mü yHokul "kwifaqmif&[ef;wkdY\ 0gpOftm;jzifh r,lckdif;oifhay/ ,lapaomf xkdouFef;onf yHokulrjzpfEkdifyg/ xkdodkY 0gpOftm;jzifh r,lapaomaMumifh yHokul"kwifaqmif&[ef; tm; ouFef;½Sm;yg;rIjzpfcJhaomf ½kd;½kd;0gpOfjzifhom oHCdurSjzpfap *PdurSjzpfap rdrd twGuf a0ykHus &aomouFef;ESifh oD;oefYyk*¾vdutjzpfjzifh&aomouFef;udk yHokul "kwifaqmif&[ef;\ ajc&if;ü csxm;í jzpfap vufxJü xnfhíjzpfap vSL'gef;vQif orPpD0&ac: (17) ckajrmuf yHokulouFef; jzpfEkdifaomaMumifh yHokul"kwifaqmif &[ef;wkdYokH;aqmifEkdifygonf/ þt&mü tpDtpOf av;rsdK;uGJjym;onfudkawGU&yg onf/

1/ vl'g,um 'g,dumrwkdYonf &[ef;wpfyg;yg;\ teD;ücsxm;í vSL'gef; aom ouFef;udk &vmaom&[ef;rSwqifh yHokul"kwifaqmif&[ef;\ vuf xJüxnfhí ay;vSLaomouFef;/ þouFef;onf vSL'gef;ol 'g,um'g,dumrwkdYbufüom pifMu,fí wqifhjyefvSL'gef;ol &[ef;\bufürpifMu,faomaMumifh {uawmok'¨du= wpf bufwnf;üom pifMu,fjcif;½SdaomouFef;rnf\/

2/ vl'g,um 'g,dumrwkdUonf &[ef;wpfyg;yg;\vufxJüxnfhí ay;vSL tyfaomouFef;ukd tvSLcHxm;aom&[ef;awmfonf xkdouFef;ukd yHokul "kwifaqmif &[ef;\ ajc&if;ü csxm;í wqifhjyefí ay;vSLaomouFef;/ þouFef;onfvnf; vSL'gef;ol 'g,um 'g,dumrwdkUbufürpifMu,f? wqifhjyefí vSL'gef;ol&[ef;awmf\bufüompifMu,faomaMumifh {uawmok'¨du = wpfbufwnf;om pifMu,fjcif;½SdaomouFef;rnf\/

3/ vl'g,um 'g,dumrwdkUonf &[ef;wpfyg;yg;\ ajc&if;ücsxm;ívSL'gef; tyfaomouFef;ukd tvSLcH&½Sdxm;aom &[ef;awmfonf xkdouFef;ukdyHokul "kwifaqmif&[ef;\ajc&if;ücsxm;í vSL'gef;aomouFef;/ þouFef;onf vSL'gef;ol 'g,um 'g,dumrESifhwqifhjyefí vSL'gef;ol &[ef;awmfwkdUESpfbufvkH;rS pifMu,faomaMumihf Obawmok'¨du = ESpfbufvkH; pif Mu,fjcif;½SdaomouFef;rnf\/

4/ vl'g,um 'g,dumrwkdUonf &[ef;wpfyg;yg;\ vufxJüxnfhí ay;vSL tyfaomouFef;ukd tvSLcH&½Sdxm;aom &[ef;awmfonf xkdouFef;ukd yHokul "kwifaqmif&[ef;\ vufxJüyifxnfhí wqifhjyefvnf vSL'gef;tyfaom ouFef;/

þouFef;onf tjrwfr[kwfaom tEkuú|ouFef; (0g) Ouú|r[kwfaom tnHhpm;yHokulouFef;rnf\/ þav;rsdK;ukefaomouFef;wkdUukd yHokul"kwifaqmif &[ef;awmfwkdUonf 0wf½kHokH;aqmifEdkifygonf/ yHokul "kwifaqmif&[ef;tm; ouFef; vSL'gef;&mü vSL'gef;olESifhtvSLcHol yk*¾dKvfESpfOD;wkdUonf þtcsufav;csufukdod xm;&efvdktyfygonf/ okdUrSom vSL'gef;tyfaom ouFef;ESifhaqmufwnftyfaom yHokul"kwifonf Ouú|fjzpfEdkifygonf/

þouFef;av;rsdK;wkdUwGif ]]'g,um 'g,dumrwkdYu &[ef;wpfyg;yg;\ ajc&if; ücsí vSL'gef;aomouFef;ukd &½Sdxm;aom&[ef;awmfu yHokul"kwifaqmif&[ef;\ vufxJüxnfhí vSL'gef;aomouFef;ESifhaemufqkH;jzpfaomtEkuú|ouFef;onf yHokul "kwifaqmif&[ef;\ vufxJüxnfhívSL'gef;aomaMumifh xkdouFef;ukdokH;aqmifvQif yHokul"kwifrysufEkdkifbl;vm;}}[kapm'emrnfqkduapm'emEdkifzG,f½Sdygonf/ ]],H 'g, aum [d bdu©Kó yg'rlav edu©dwåH awe ye ,H [aw XaywGm v'¨H? [awa,0 XydwH wH tEkuú|pD0&Hemr? £wd £rH yHokulvab'H ÚwGm yHokulvdaue pD0&H y&d bkÍÆdwAÁEÅd £' arw 0d"meH}} [kzGifhjyaom 0dok'¨dr*ft|uxmtzGifht& tEkuú|ouFef; udkvnf; yHokul "kwifaqmif&[ef;wkdY okH;aqmifEkdifonf[k rSwf,lEkdifrnfjzpfygonf/

xkdYjyif 0denf;r[m0gt|uxmü &[ef;uay;aomouFef;ESifhywfoufí ]],H ye bdu©K twåaem oEÅuH a'wd? wH bdu©K 'wåd,Hemr 0wåwd? yHokulvH ye e a[mwd {0H oaEÅyd "kw*ø ebdZÆwd}} [kzGifhjyxm;\/ þtzGifht& &[ef;u ay;vSL aomouFef;jzpfaomaMumifh txufygouFef;wkdYudkvnf; yHokul"kwifaqmif&[ef;wkdY okH;aqmifaumif;onf[k rSwf&rnfjzpfygonf/

]]bdu©LeH a'r? ax&meHa'r }}[k avQmufxm;í vSL'gef;aomouFef;ESifh ]]þt0wfudk oHCmawmftm;vSL'gef;ygukef\/ þt0wfjzifh zdeyftdyf? oydwftdyf? ykckH;vG,f ponfjyKvkyfMuygbk&m;}}[kavQmufxm;í vSL'gef;aom t0wfouFef; udkvnf; yHokul "kwifaqmif &[ef;wkdY 0wf½kHokH;aqmifaumif;ygonf/

þae&mü om&w#DumwGif ]]wk,SH a'r}}[krqkdbJ ]]bdu©LeH a'r? ax&meH a'r} [kqkdívSL'gef;aomaMumifh yHokul"kwifaqmif&[ef;wkdY okH;aqmifaumif;onf[k zGifhjyxm;onfudkawGY&ygonf/ xkdtaMumif;udk 0drwd#Dumq&mu ]]oHCó a'r}} [kqkdaomfvnf;tyf\/ tb,fhaMumifhqkdaomf ]]bdu©LeH a'r? ax&meH a'r? oHCó a'r}}[laompum;wkdYonf a0g[m&y&d,m,ftm;jzifhom uGJjym;jcm;em; aeMuaomf vnf;t"dyÜg,wtm;jzifhrl wlnDaeaomaMumifhjzpfygonf/ xkdYaMumifh þae&mü pl;prf;qifjcifxkdufonf[k 0drwd#Dumq&mu qkdxm;ygonf/ þonfwkdYum; yHokul "kwifaqmifrax&fwkdY owdjyKzG,frsm;yifjzpfygonf/

2; 5/ / t0wfouFef;rsm;rSwpfyg; tjcm;t&m0wKrsm;vnf; yHokulrnfjcif;taMumif;

yHokul[laom tokH;tEIH;ESifhywfoufí &xm;vrf;r trdIufykH okomefponf wkdYü pGefYypfxm;aom t0wfykqkd;rsm;udkom yHokul[kac:onfr[kwf? tjcm;aom tpm;tpm tokH;aqmifypönf;rsm;udkvnf; yHokul[kac:qkdEkdif\/ yHokul"kwifaqmif &[ef;onf xkdtokH;taqmifrsm;udkvnf; aumuf,l okH;aqmifEkdifygonf/ xkdokdY aumuf,lokH;aqmifEkdifaMumif;udk bk&m;½Siftm; OyÜv0Pfax&Dru yHokultrJ[if; vsmudk vSL'gef;zl;onfh om"ujzifhod½SdEkdifav\/

tcgwpfyg;ü jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sifonf &mZN*dK[fjynf a0VK0efausmif;ü oDwif; okH;aeawmfrlpOf OyÜv0Pfax&Dronf om0wdjynfüae\/ xkdax&Dronf om0wd jynfü qGrf;cHvSnfhvnfí qGrf;pm;NyD;aomtcg tE¨0eac: trdkufwkdufawmodkYMuGí wpfckaomopfyif&if;0,f ormywf0ifpm;aepOf ckd;om;wkdYonf EGm;rwpfaumifudk owfí tom;udk,lum xkdawmtkyfokdYyif 0ifMuav\/ xkdcdk;om;wkdYwGif ckd;olBuD; onf OyÜv0Pfax&Drudkjrifaomtcg csufNyD;aomtrJ[if;vsmrsm;rS taumif;qkH; trJom;wkdYudk zufjzifhxkwfí OyÜv 0Pfax&Dr\ teD;½Sd opfyifwpfyif0,f csdwfqGJí ]]&[ef;jzpfap ykPÖm;jzpfap þtxkyfudkjrifygu ,lapownf;? igonf þtxkyfudk vSL'gef;\}} [k qkdíxGufcGgoGm;\/

ckd;olBuD;\ toHHudkMum;aomtcg OyÜv0Pfax&DronformywfrSxí tom; xkwfudk,lNyD; aemufwpfaeYeHeufwGif jrwfpGmbk&m;½Siftm; xkdyHokul tom;[if;vsm ukdqufuyfvSL'gef;avonf/

þtaMumif;t&mrsm;udkaxmufqí t0wfouFef;rSwpfyg;wpfjcm;aom tpm; tpmtokH;taqmifrsm;onfvnf; yHokulrnfaMumif; odomEkdifygonf/ ,ckacwfwGif wefaqmifrkef;vjynfhaeYü ouFef;? zdeyf? xD;? oydwf (qGrf;? qGrf;[if;tjynfhtpkH xnfhí) rsufESmokwfyk0g pmtkyfcJwHponfh tokH;taqmifypönf;rsm;udk yHokulypf MuonfudkawGY&ygonf/ xkdypönf;rsm;udkvnf; yHokul"kwifaqmif&[ef;wkdY aumuf ,lokH;aqmifEkdifygonf/

2; 6/ / okomefü½SdaomyHokuludk aumuf,l&mü owdjyKzG,f

,ckacwfü yHokul"kwifaqmif&[ef;rsm; tvGefyif½Sm;yg;vmonf/ tenf;i,f rQom½Sdonf/ xkd&[ef;wdkYtwGuf yHokulaumuf&ef ae&mrsm;onfvnf; rsm;aomtm; jzifh okomefESifhtrdIufykHwkdYüom&½SdEkdif\/ xkdodkYaumuf,l&mwGif vlaotavmif; aumif\t0wftxnf a[mif;rsm;udk NcHKykwfay:wGifvnf;aumif;? *lMum;wGifvnf; aumif;awGU½SdEkdif\/ xkdt0wfwkdYudk aumuf,lokH;aqmifEkdifygonf/ okomefodkY ol aojr§Kyf&efvmaomtcg o&P*kHwifcgeD;ü vlaotacgif;udkzGifhí oHCmawmfrsm;\ a½SUü csxm;wwfMu\/ xkdtcgrsdK;ü ]]tavmif;aumifü ½Sdaom t0wfwkdYudk yHokul aumuf,lcGifhray;Ekdifbl;vm;}} [kaoaomol\ aqGrsdK;vlBuD;wkdYudkar;í cGifhay;vQif aumuf,lokH;aqmifEkdif\/ olaotavmif;ü t0wfjzLrsm; t0wfydkrsm;ygvmwwf ojzifh xkdt0wfwkdYudk aumuf,llcGifhay;vQif ajz;ñSif;pGmqGJ,loifh\/ avmvkyÜwPSm jzifh orPygom'du*kPfysufatmif rjyKrloifhay/ "kwifaqmif&[ef;onf avmvkyÜ wPSmudk zsufqD;&efESifh orPygom'du*kPf udkaqmifEkdif&ef tpOftNrJowdxm;& rnfjzpfygonf/ vlaoaumif\ udk,fcE¨mü 0wfqifxm;aom vkHcsnf tusÐrsm;udk tukefcRwfí r,loifhay/ tukefcRwfí,lcJhaomf tjrifrawmfonfhtwGuf olwpfyg; wkdYuJh&JUEkdif\/ tavmif;aumifwpfckü t0wfwpfxnfrQ&vQif wif;wdrfa&mifh&Joifh\/

tcsdKUaom tavmif;aumifrsm;ü acgif;tkH;pGyfESifh acgif;tkH;rsm;ygvmwwfojzifh 4if;ypönf;rsm;udkyHokulaumufí ouFef;pyfumcsKyf0wfEkdif\/ rD;oN*ØK[frnfh tavmif; aumifjzpfvQif t0wfydkESifhacgif;tkH;rsm;udk rD;oN*ØK[f&efjyKvkyfaomtcg ]]'g,umwkdY xkdypönf;rsm;udk rD;xJrxnfhbJ yHokul"kwifaqmif&[ef;rsm;awGUvQif aumuf,lEkdifap &ef NcHKykwfponf wpfae&m&mü ypfwifxm;aomf tvGefaumif;jrwfyg\}} [k ajymqkd oifh\/ 'g,umwkdYu ypfxm;cJhaomf aumuf,lokH;aqmifEkdifygonf/ yHokul&vkdí ajrjr§KyfNyD;aom olaoaumifudkazmfum yHokul aumuf,lvQifum; raumif;ay/ xkdodkY ,lvQif jrifaomolwkdYu ]]þ&[ef;onf bkwfwkduftwwf? arSmftwwfudkjyKvkyf wwfonfh &[ef;jzpfonf}} [k xifrSm;um tMunfñkdyifysufEkdifygonf/

þae&mü txl;owdjyK&efrSm tavmif;aumifrysufao;aomolaoaumifü yHokulraumuf&acs/ aumuf,lvQif'kuú#ftmywfoifhEkdifygonf/ tcgwpfyg;ü&[ef; wpfyg;onf okomefodkYoGm;í rysufpD;ao;aom tavmif;aumifü½Sdaom t0wfudk yHokulaumufav\/ xkdtcg tavmif;aumifü bD;vl;zkwfNydwåm yl;0ifaeonfjzpfí xkd&[ef;\aemufodkY xkdbDvl;zkwfNydwåmyl;0ifaeaom tavmif;aumifu xívkduf av\/ yHokulaumuf,lrdaom&[ef;onf xkdtcgrS tvGefxdwfvefY aMumuf½GHUwkef vIyfvQuf ausmif;twGif;okdYvQifjrefpGmajy;0ifí wHcg;ydwfvkduf\/ xkdtcgtavmif; aumifonfausmif;wGif;odkYr0ifEkdifawmhbJ wHcg;0wGifvJusoGm;av\/ þtaMumif; t&mudk jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sifodjrifaomtcg ]]e p bdu©a0 tbdaEé o&Da& yHokulvH *a[wAÁH? a,m *aPS,s tmywåd 'kuú#ó}} ]]&[ef;wkdY rysufpD;ao;aom tavmif; aumifü yHokulraumuf,ltyf? aumuf,laom&[ef;tm; 'kuú#f tmywfoifhap}}[k odu©myk'fynwf&av\/

yHokulaumuf,l&mü t0wfrsdK;pkH&vmaomtcg ouFef;csKyfí ouFef;a&mifjzpf onftxd aq;qkd;&onf/ yifukd,fta&mif½Sdonftwdkif; r0wf½kHaumif;ay/ ouFef; csKyfNyD;om; aq;qkd;NyD;om;yHokulukd&½SdvQif aq;xyfqkd;p&mrvdkbJ 0wf½kHokH;aqmifEdkif ygonf/ qGrf;cH oGm;pOf 'g,umwdkUu vrf;wnfhwnfhü yHokultjzpf ouFef;rsm;cs xm;vQif aumuf,lEdkif\/ ausmif;okdUvmí vSL'gef;aomtcg? tdrfokdUyifhí vSL'gef; aomtcgwkdUü tuyfrcHbJ a½SUü csvSLvQif aumuf,lEdkif\/ xkdokdUaumuf,lrSom yHokulrnfav\/

yHokul"kwifaqmif&[ef;jzpfaMumif; vSLaomyk*¾dKvfwkdU rodao;vQif em;vnf atmiftjypfuif;pGmajymjyEkdif\/ okdYaomftwåKuúHoe taetm;jzihf rajymrdatmif txl; owdxm;&rnf/ þum; ,ckacwfyHokul"kwifaqmif&[ef;wkdU odxm;oifhaom tcsufrsm;yifjzpfygonf/

2; 7/ / 0gqkdouFef;ESifh oufqkdifaomudpörsm;

yHokul"kwifaqmif&[ef;tm; ]]t½Sifjrwftm; 0gqkdouFef;vSLygrnf}}[kqkdí vl'g,umwkdUu 0gqkdouFef;vSLcJhaomf yHokul"kwifaqmif &[ef;onf tvSLrcH aumif;ay/ ausmif;wkduf½SdoHCmtm;vSLzdkU&efomajymMum;&rnf/ tu,fí 'g,umu ]]oHCmukd rvSLvdkygbk&m;? t½Sifbk&m;tm;om vSL'gef;vdkygonfbkk&m;}}[kqkdí yk*¾v"d|meftaejzifhvSLaomf rdrdESifhoyÜg,jzpfaomobm*&[ef;wpfyg;yg;tm; ]]oif onf þausmif;ü jyKoifhjyKxkdufaom aoemoe0wfrsm;ukdjyKí tvSLcHyg}} [kqkdí tvSLcH&rnf/ tu,fívlwkdUvSLaomouFef;udk vufcHrdyguyHokul"kwifysufpD;yg onf/ þonfrSm 0gqkdouFef;ESifh ywfoufí yHokul"kwifaqmif&[ef;wkdYowdjyKzG,f rsm;yifjzpfygonf/

2; 8/ / ausmif;xkdifyHokul rax&fwkdYowdjyKzG,frsm;

yHokul"kwifaqmif&[ef;onf ausmif;xkdifyk*¾dKvfwpfyg;yg;jzpfvQif xkdausmif; ü jzpfay:vmaom ouFef;rsm;udk jyefvSLvkdygu tjcm;ausmif;wkdufü aeaom&[ef;wkdY tm; rvSL'gef;oifhacs/ rdrdaexkdif&mausmif;wkdufüaeaom cef;ae&[ef;wpfyg;yg;tm; vSL'gef;&rnf/ xkdodkYvSL'gef;vQif ausmifxkdifyHokul"kwifaqmif&[eff;onf ]]igum; ausmif;xkdifyk*¾dKvfjzpfayonf}}[kBuHí ausmif;udkapmifha½SmufrnfjzpfouJhodkY cef;ae &[ef;uvnf; ]]igum; ypönf;udk tvSLcH,loljzpfayonf}} [k BuHí ausmif;udkapmifh a½Smufrnfjzpfygonf/

r[mypö&dt|uxmü yHokul"kwifaqmif&[ef;onf aejcif;iSgomausmif;udk tvSLcH,loljzpfvQif aoemoe*¾g[myu&[ef;u ]]t½Sifbk&m; þausmif;wkdufü jzpfay:vm aomouFef;rsm;½Sdygonf/ tb,fokdYjyK&ygrnfenf;}} [k ajymqkdavQmuf xm;oifh\/ yHokul"kwifaqmifrax&fu ]]cef;aeyk*¾dKvfwpfyg;yg;udk ay;vkdufyg}} [k ajymqkdoifh[k jyqkdxm;\/ wpfpkHwpfckrS rajymqkdbJ qdwfqdwfomaecJhaomf 0guRwf aomtcg aoemoe*¾g[myu&[ef;u xkdyHokul"kwifaqmif&[ef;\ajc&if;ü csxm; í t0wfouFef;udkvSL'gef;vQif yHokul"kwifaqmif&[ef;tm; okH;aqmifaumif;\/ ]]0ó0goduH a'r }} [kqkdí vSL'gef;vQif yHokul"kwifaqmif&[ef;onf rokH;aqmif aumif;acs/ xkdausmif;wkdufü 0gqkdaom &[ef;wkdYtm;onfom okH;aqmifaumif;ygonf/ þum;ausmif;xkdifí yHokul"kwifaqmufwnfaom&[ef;wkdY owdjyKzG,f rsm;yifjzpfygonf/

2; 9/ / yHokulouFef;oufouf 0wf½kHaomtcsdefumv

jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sifonf bk&m;tjzpfodkYa&mufawmfrlaomtcsdefumrSpí 0gawmf (20) a&mufonfhwkdifatmif &[ef;awmfwkdYtm; vl'g,umwkYdvSL'gef;aomouFef;udk 0wf½kHokH;pGJ cGifhrjyKcJhacs/yHokulouFef;udkom 0wf½kHokH;pGJcGifhjyKcJhavonf/ xkdYaMumifh bk&m;½Sif 0gawmf (20) twGif; &[ef;jyKMuaom &[ef;awmfrSeforQwkdYonf yHokul "kwifaqmif &[ef;csnf;omjzpfMuavonf/ 0gawmf(20)ausmfrSomvQif aq;q&m ZD0uonf pE´yaZÆmwrif;\ a&m*ga0'emudk aysmufuif;atmifukoay;ojzifh aq; ukoctjzpf&½Sdvmaom oda0,suwkdif;jzpfykqdk;tpkHudk jrwfpGmbk&m;½Siftm; vSL'gef; NyD; &[ef;oHCmwkdYtm; ouFef;vSLcGifhjyKawmfrlyg&ef awmif;yefavQmufxm;aom aMumifh &[ef;awmfwkdYtm; vlwkdYvSLaomouFef;udk 0wf½kHokH;aqmifcGifh jyKawmfrlcJhjcif; jzpfygonf/

2; 10/ / yHokul"kwif aqmif &[ef;\ &nf½G,fcsuf (5) rsdK;

tvkyfwpfckudkvkyffaqmif&mü &nf½G,fcsufonf rsm;pGmta&;BuD;\/ &nf ½G,fcsuf aumif;aumif;ESifhvkyfaqmifvQif vlewfOD;ckdufcsD;rGrf;xkdufouJhodkY raumif; aom&nf½G,fcsufrsm;ESifhvkyfaqmifvQif a0bef½IwfcsuJh&JUtyf\/ yHokul"kwifudk aqmufwnf&müvnf; &nf½G,fcsuftrsdK;rsdK;½Sd\/ ynmóPftjrifuef;onfh tcsdKU aom tE¨ykxkZOf&[ef;rsm;onf rdrdwkdU\ wpf0rf;wpfcg;vSa&;twGuf t&d,m olawmfpif bkk&m;&[EÅmwkdU ESpfoufjrwfEkd;awmfrlaom yHokulouFef;udk 0wf½kHqif jref;í vltrsm;txifBuD;av;pm;Muap&efusifhaqmifMu\/ xkdUaMumifh jrwfpGmbk&m; ½SifuyHokul"kwifaqmifonf[kqkdwkdif; MunfndKzG,fr[kwfaMumif;tcsdKUrSm atmufazmf jyyg &nf½G,fcsufrsm;wGif wpfrsdK;rsdK;aom &nf½G,fcsufjzifh yHokul"kwifukd aqmuf wnfusifhokH;MuaMumif; a[mMum;awmfrlcJhygonf/ ,if; &nf½G,fcsufrsm;rSm -

1/ yHokul"kwif\ tusdK;tmedoif½SdykHukdrodygbJvsuf óPfynmEIHUaES;awGa0 onf\tjzpfaMumifh yHokul"kwifukd aqmufwnfjcif;/

2/ ypönf;vmbfvmbESifhxifay:ausmfusm;rIukd &vdkaomaMumifh yHokul"kwif ukd aqmufwnfjcif;/

3/ ½l;oGyfjcif; pdwfysHUvGifhjcif;wdkYaMumifh yHokul"kwifukdaqmufwnfjcif;/

4/ yHokul"kwiftusifhonf bkk&m;½SifESifh wynfhom0uwkdUcsDrGrf;onfhtusifh jrwfwnf;[k ESvkH;oGif;í yHokul"kwifukd aqmufwnfjcif;/

5/ tvdkenf;jcif; acgif;yg;jcif; a&mifh&Jwif;wdrfjcif;ponfwkdUukd jzpfapvkd aomaMumifh yHokul"kwifukdaqmufwnfjcif;wkdUjzpfygonf/

þ&nf½G,fcsufig;rsdK;wkdYwGif a½SUokH;rsdK;ukd jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sif txl;yifuJh&JUawmf rlygonf/ aemufESpfrdsK;udkomvQif jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sif csD;rGrf;awmfrlygonf/ yHokul"kwif aqmufwnfusifhokH;jcif;onf t0wfouFef;ü vkdcsifwyfrufrI avmbudavomukd y,f½Sm;um &orQESifha&mifh&Jwif;wdrfíae&aom tusifhjzpfaomaMumifh oEÅK|doav'c w&m;ESifhjynfhpkH&rnfukdum; txl;yifqkdzG,f&mvkdrnf[k yifrxifygay/

2; 11/ / yHokul"kwif aqmifyk*¾dKvfokH;rsdK;

yHokul"kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvfonf

1/ Ouú|yHokulvdu = tjrwfpm;yHokul"kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvf 2/ rZÑdr yHokulvdu = tvwfpm;yHokul"kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvf 3/ rk'k yHokulvdu = tnHhpm;yHokul"kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvf[líokH;rsdK;uGJjym;\/

xdkokH;rsdK;wdkUwGif

1/ okomeft&yfüpGefUypfxm;aomt0wfouFef;ukdomaumuf,lokH;aqmifaom &[ef; onf tjrwfpm;yHoku"kwif aqmif&[ef;rnf\/ þü aomomeduHa,0 [laomyk'fukd a½TapwDq&mawmfbk&m;BuD; a&; om;aom 0dok'¨dr*fedó,opfü ]]aomomeduHa,0? okomefüypfcsxm;aomouFef; ukdomvQif? wenf;um;? aomomedum'duHa,0? okomefüypfcsxm;aom ouFef;p onfukdomvQif}}[kteufay;jyNyD;aemuf ]]yHokulXmeESpfq,fhokH;Xme&Sd&mwGif okomef wpfXmewnf;u ouFef;udk okH;aqmifrSom Ouú|fjzpfonf/ usefaomESpfq,fhESpfXmerS ouFef;ukdokH;aqmifvQif Ouú|frjzpf[k rvkdtyfaomteufusa&muf\/ xkdYaMumifh aomomeduHa,0 t&mü aomomedum'duHa,0 [krl&if;ygXfjzpfoifhonf[k ,lq NyD;vQif (0g)wenf; teufxyfjyefvkdufonf}}[k a&;om;xm;onfudkawGU&onf/ r[mpnfq&mawmf bk&m;a&;om;aom 0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyefüvnf; tvm;wlyif awGU &ygonf/ xkdYaMumifh okomeftp&Sdaomt&yfwkdYü ypfcsxm;tyfaomt0wfouFef;ukd aumuf,l okH;aqmifaom&[ef;onf Ouú| = tjrwfpm;yHokul"kwifaqmif&[ef; rnf\[krSwf,lEkdifyg onf/

2/ &[ef;wkdUaumuf,loHk;aqmifMuvdrfhrnf[k ESvkH;oGif;í pGefUypfxm;aom ouFef;ukd aumuf,lokH;aqmifaom&[ef;onftvwfpm; yHokul"kwifaqmif&[ef; rnf\/

3/ ajc&if;ü csxm;í vSL'gef;tyfaom ouFef;ukdaumuf,lokH;aqmifaom&[ef;onf tnHhpm;yHokul"kwifaqmif &[ef;rnf\/

2; 12/ / yHokul"kwif aqmif&jcif;\ tusdK;tmedoifrsm;

yHokul"kwifukdaqmufwnfjcif;jzifh yHokul"kwifaqmif&[ef;wkdUtm; atmufyg tusdK;tmedoifrsm;ukd&½SdcHpm;Edkifygonf/

1/ ]]yHokulouFef;ukd trSDjyKí &[ef;jyKtyf\ }} [kjrwfpGmbk&m;½Sif a[mMum; awmfrlaomaMumifh &[ef;jzpfp odrfrSrxGufrD qkH;raom rSD&mav;yg;wGif 'kwd,edó,ESifhavQmfaom tusifh½Sdjcif;/ 2/ t&d,0How&m;av;yg;wkdUwGif ouFef;acgif;yg;jcif;[laom yxrt&d, 0How&m;üwnfjcif;/ 3/ yHokulouFef;onf wpfjcm;aomouFef;rsm;uJhokdU wefbkd;r½SdaomaMumifh xdkyHokulouFef;ukd apmifha½Smuf&aom 'ku©qif;&JrS uif;a0;jcif;/ 4/ olwpfyg;ESifh rqufpyfaom toufarG;rI½Sdjcif;/ 5/ ckd;olab;rSuif;a0;jcif;/ 6/ 0wf½kHokH;aqmif&mü wyfrufwwfaom wPSmukd y,fcGgEdkifjcif;/ 7/ &[ef;wkdUtm; avsmufywfaom y&du©&m½Sdjcif; 8/ ]]wefbkd;enf;í &vG,fonf tjypfuif;ayonf }}[lí jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sif csD;rGrf;awmfrltyfaom ypönf;jzpfjcif;/ 9/ MunfndKbG,fukd aqmifEdkifjcif;/ 10/ tvkdenf;jcif;paom tusdK;rsm; NyD;pD;jcif;/ 11/ or®my#dywf tusifhjrwfukd wdk;yGg;apjcif;/ 12/ aemifvmaemufom; &[ef;rsm;wkdU awGUjrifí usifhpOfokdU twkvdkufum usifhEdkifjcif;wkdUjzpfMuygonf/

2; 13/ / yHokul"kwif ysufjcif;

yHokul"kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvfonf rdrd\ tvkdqE´ oufoufjzifhaomfvnf;aumif;? 'g,um 'g,dumrwdkUuouFef;tvSLcH&ef awmif;yefaomaMumifhaomfvnf;aumif; vl'g,umwkdUvSL'gef;aomouFef;ukd tuyfcHí om,maomcPü yHokul"kwifysuf ygonf/

rdrdokH;aqmif&efr&nf½G,fbJ vSLol\o'¨gw&m;ukd iJhuGufí olwpfyg;tm; ay;tHh[kBuHum tvSLcHvQif yHokul"kwifrysuf[k pkV#Dumü qkdaMumif; 0dok'¨dr*f t&omusrf;üa&;om;xm;onfukdawGU&ygonf/ þum;yHokul"kwifysufjcif;ESifh ywf oufí txl;owdjyKrSwfom; zG,frsm;yifjzpfygonf/ okdUjzpfíyHokul"kwiftusifhjrwfudk usifhaqmifaomyk*¾dKvfrsm;onf rdrdwdkY\tusihfjrwfukdrysufpD;&avatmifowdESifh,SOf wGJumusifhaqmifrSomvQifyHokul"kwifukdjynfhpkHpifMu,fpGmjznfhusifhEdkifrnfjzpfygonf/

2; 14/ / yHokulouFef;ukd ½Sdckd;ylaZmfjcif;jzifh tusdK;cHpm;&aomom"ursm;

yHokulouFef;onfxl;jcm;aomouFef;jzpf\/ &xm;vrf;rtrdIufykHpaom t&yf wdkUü pGefYypfxm;aom ouFef;jzpfaomaMumifh ydkíxl;jcm;\/ xl;jcm;onfhtavsmuf xl;jcm;onfhtusdK;tmedoifukd ay;pGrf;Ekdif\/ yHokulouFef;onf 0wf½kHolukdyifrqdk xm;bd yHokulouFef;ukd½Sdcdk;ylaZmfolukdyif xl;jcm;aomtusdK;ukd ay;pGrf;EdkifaMumif; ax&mty'gefygVdawmfvm yHokulvonuax&fESifh yHokulvylZuaw&fwdkU\ taMumif;rsm;u oufaocHvQuf½Sdygonf/ ,if;rax&fwdkU\ taMumif;ukd tusOf; csKyftm;jzifhazmfjyoGm;ygOD;rnf/

yHokulvonuax&f/ / vGefcJhaom 92 urÇmxufwGif wdójrwfpGmbk&m;½Sif yGifhawmfrl\/ xdkwdójrwfpGmbk&m;½Sifonf rdrd0wf ½kHokH;aqmifawmfrlaom yHokulouFef;ukd opfukdif;zsm;ü csdwfqGJí ausmif;twGif;okdU 0ifawmfrlonf½Sdaomf awmvdkufrkqkd;wpfa,mufonf xdkopfukdif;zsm;ü NidwG,fae aom yHokulouFef;ukd awGUjrifojzifh av;jrm;ukdcsNyD;vQif MunfndK0rf;ajrmufaom pdwfxm;jzifh ESpfoufjcif;yDwdudkjzpfapvQuf bk&m;½Sif\ *kPfawmfjrwfukd atmufarh um yHokulouFef;ukd½Sdckd;av\/

yHokulouFef;ukd ½Sdckd;cJhaom tcgrSpí 92urÇmwkdifwkdiftyg,frvm;bJvlUjynf ewfjynfwkddUü usifvnfusufpm;vsuf a*gwrjrwfpGmbk&m;½Sif yGifhawmfrlaomtcg trsdK;aumif;om;wpfOD;jzpfcJh\/ xdktrsdK;aumif;om;onf bk&m;½Sif\ w&m;a'oem awmfukd emMum;&ojzifh o'¨gw&m;jzpfum &[ef;tjzpfukd &,lcJh\/ yHokulvonu ax&f[k xif½Sm;\/y#dorÇD'gav;yg; ormywf½Spfyg; tbdnmOf ajcmufyg;wkdUESifhwuG t&[wåzdkvfokdUa&mufawmfrlav\/

þonfrSm yHokulouFef;ukd ½Sdckd;ylaZmf½kHrQjzifh t&[[wåzdkvfwdkifatmifaom tusdK;ukd &jcif;\ oufaoom"uwpfckyif jzpfygonf/ xkdUjyif yHokulouFef;ukd yef;wkdUjzifh ylaZmfcJhbl;aomaMumifh tusdK;aus;Zl;rsm;pGm cHpm;cJh&olvnf;½SdcJhzl;av\/ xdkrax&f\taMumif;um; atmufygtwdkif;jzpfygonf/

yHokulvylZuaw&f0wK/ / vGefcJhaomf 91 urÇmxufwGif 0dyóDjrwfpGmbk&m; xif½Sm;yGifhawmfrlpOfumvü [dr0EÅmawmif\teD; 0,f O'*FPrnfaomawmif½Sd\/ xkdawmifü wpfckaom opfyifzsm;0,f NidwG,fae aomyHokulouFef;ukd trsdK;aumif;om;wpfOD;awGUjrifavvQif 0rf;ajrmuf MunfEl;yDwd xl;jzifha½TjcL;yef;oHk;yGifhukd qGwfcl;í yHokulouFef;ukdylaZmfav\/ xkduJhokdU yHokul ouFef;ukd ylaZmfcJh&aomaumif;rI uHapwemaMumifh aovGefaomtcg wm0wðomewf jynfokdUa&mufcJhav\/ 91 urÇmwkdifwkdif tyg,frvm;bJ vljynf ewfjynf0,f pkefqefí usifvnfcJh&\/ a*gwrjrwfpGmbk&m;½Sif yGifhawmfrlaomtcgü trsdK; aumif;om;wpfOD;jzpfí bk&m;½Sif\w&m;awmfukd emMum;&ojzifho'¨gw&m;jzpfay: um &[ef;jyKcJhavonf/ yHokulvylZuaw&f[k xif½Sm;\/ y#dorÇD'gav;yg; ormywf ½Spfyg; tbdnmPfajcmufyg;ESifhwuG t&[wåzdkvfokdU a&mufawmfrlav\/ þonfrSm yHokulouFef;ukd yef;okH;yGifhwkdUjzifhylaZmf½kHrQjzifh BuD;rm;aomtusdK; ukdcHpm;&aMumif; taxmuftxm; oufaoom"ursm;yifjzpfygonf/ xkdUaMumifh Oygvdaw&*gxmt|uxmü

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todóPf½Sdonfh vlwkdUukdyif rqdkxm;bd t[dwfwd&pämefjzpfonfh wd&pämefjzpf onfh qifwkdUonfyif ouFef;ukd jrif½kHrQjzifh t½dktaojyKMuzl;avonf/ xkdtaMumif; ukd atmufyg0wKjzifh od½SdEdkifygonf/

2; 14; 1/ / ouFef;ukdjrif½kHrQjzifh qifrsm;t½kdtaojyKykH

vGefavNyD;aomtcg Am&mPoDjynfü jA[®'wfrif; wkdif;jynftkyfcsKyf rif;jyK vkyfpOf bk&m;tavmif;awmfonf qifrsdK;üjzpf\ / xkdtcgü a'0'wftavmif;onf qifowfrkqkd;jzpfcJh\/

xdktcgü yapöuAk'¨gt½SifjrwfwkdUonf bk&m;tavmif;qifrif;½Sdonfh awmtkyf twGif;0,f oDwif;okH;aexkdifMu\/ qiftaygif;wkdUonf yapöuAk'¨gt½SifwkdUtay: vGefpGm½kdaoMu\/ ykqpf'l;0ef;wkyfí ½Sdckd;NyD;rS rdrdoGm;vkd&mt&yfukd oGm;Muav\/ xdktjcif;t&mukd qifowfrkqkd;awGUjrifavvQif ]]yapöuAk'¨gt½Sifjrwf\ ouFef;ukd 0wf½kHí Oyg,fwrsOfjzifh qifwkdUukd owftHh}}[kBuHí yapöuAk'¨gt½Sifjrwf wpfyg; a&ueftwGif;a&csdK;aepOf xdkyapöuAk'¨gt½Sifjrwf\ ouFef;ukdckd;,l0wf½kHí vufeuf tjynfhtpkH,laqmifum qifoGm;vrf;üxkdifae\/ qifwkddUonf rkqkd;ukdawGUjrifaom tcg yapöuAk'¨g[laomtrSwfjzifh ½kdaopGm ½Sdckd;NyD;oGm;Muukef\/

rkqdk;onf qiftm;vkH;wkdU\aemufqkH;rSoGm;aomqifukdvSHjzifhxkd;owfí tpG,f ukdjzwf,lum toufarG;\/ bk&m;tavmif;qifrif;onf rdrdqifwkdU wpfaeUwpfjcm; avsmhenf;vmonfukdawGUjrifaomtcgtaMumif;pkHukdpkHprf;aomtcg rkqdk;\aumuf uspfpOf;vJaomtrIukdawGU jrifav\/ xkdtcgrdrdukd,fwkdif qiftm;vkH;\aemufrS vdkufav\/ rkqkd;onfbk&m;tavmif; qifrif;ukdvSHjzifhxkd;owfonfhtcgwGif ratmif jrifaomaMumifh aoab;rSaMumufvefUojzifhopfyifaemufwGif ykef;uG,fí ouFef;ukd xkwfíjyav\/ bk&m;tavmif;qifrif;onf ouFef;ukdawGUjrifaomtcg ]]tu,fí igonf þouFef;ukd zsufqD;vQifaxmifaygif;rsm;pGmaombk&m;yapöuAk'¨g&[EÅmwdkUukd t½SufcGJouJhokdUjzpfayvdrfhrnf}} [kBuHqí oD;cHcGifhvGwfumrkqkd;tm;toufcsrf;om cGifhay;av\/

þ0wKom"uwGif t[dwfwd&pämefjzpfonfh qifwkdUonfouFef;[laom taMumif;aMumifh rkqkd;tm; ½dkaowkyf0yfí ½dkckd;Muonfukd awGU&av\/ wd&pämefwkdU aomfrS zef0gwwfpGrf;jrwfouFef;ukd t½kdtaojyKMuao;\/ todóPfrsm; ynmyGg; onfh vlom;wkdUonf tb,faMumifh zef0gwwfpGrf;onfh jrwfouFef;udk r½kdaobJ ½Sdxkdufavoenf;/ ½SdaoOD;ckduf½Sdckd;xkdufonfomjzpfygonf/ bk&m;&[EÅmt&d,mwdkU ESpfoufjrwfEdk;pGm 0wf½kHokH;aqmifaomjrwfouFef;ukd ½kdaoav;pm;pGm ½Sdckd;ylaZmf jcif;onf ukodkvfw&m;wkd;yGg;½kHom rutyg,fpaom qif;&Jtaygif;rSvnf;uif;a0; apEdkifygonf/ xkdaMumifhaumif;usdK;csrf;omukdvkdvm;aom trsdK;aumif;om;wkdUonf zef0gwwfpGrf; jrwfouFef;ukd ½kdaoav;pm;oifhvSygonf/

2; 15/ / bk&m;½Sifukd,fawmfwkdif yHokul"kwifaqmifjcif;taMumif;

tcgwpfyg;ü jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sifonf O½ka0vyóypaom &aohnDaemif wpf axmifwkdUukdcRwfawmfrlvdkí O½ka0vawmtkyf0,f oDwif;okH;aeawmfrlpOf aoeed*kH;ol jzpfaom ykPÖmtrnf½SdaomuRefruG,fvGef&mwGif 4if;\½kyfuvmyfukd ykdufqHavsmf rsifjzifh &ufvkyfonfht0wftxnfESifhxkyfvsuf okomefwpjyifü pGefUypfxm;av\/ xkdtcgjrwfpGmbk&m;½Sifonf xdkae&mokdUMuGvmawmfrlNyD; wpfjynfom;cefU½Sdaom ykd; avmufwkdUESifhjynfhESufaeonfh,if;ykdufqHavsmfrsift0wfukdcgí ykd;avmufwdkUukd z,f ½Sm;NyD; yHokultjzpfaumufawmfrlav\/

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avmuü rif;tyg;0,f cpm;Muukefaom rif;y&dowftaygif;wkdUonf us&m wm0efESifh0wå&m;rsm;ukd aumif;rGefausyGefpGm vkyfaqmifjcif;jzifh rif;\pdwfukdauseyf ESpfodrfhapí rif;tm;aus;Zl;qyfouJhokdU omoemawmfü aexkdifMuukefaom &[ef; awmfwkdUonfvnf; yHokul"kwiftusifhukdaqmufwnfusifhokH;jcif;jzihf jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sif \ pdwfawmfukd auseyfESpfodrfhapí jrwfpGmbk&m;½Siftm; aus;Zl;qyf&m\/

2; 16/ / bk&m;½Sifukd,fawmfwkdif OD;aqmifawmfrlaom yHokulouFef;csKyfyGJ

jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sifonf tavmif;aumifrS &pfywfxm;aom t0wfukd aumuf,l í ukd,fawmfwdkif avsmfzGyfcsKyfqkd;um ouFef;tjzpf okH;aqmifawmfrlouJhokdU olwpf yg;wkdU\ yHokulouFef;csKyfonfhtcgüvnf; ukd,fawmfwkdifOD;aqmifí ulnDDaqmif ½Gufawmfrlzl;\/ þokdUukd,fawmfwkdif ulnDaqmif½Gwfawmfrljcif;onf ]]yHokul"kwif tusifhonf bk&m;½SifwkdUESpfouf jrwfEkd;aomtusifhjzpfaMumif; axmufcHtwnfjyKjcif; vnf;jzpfygonf/

jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sif &mZN*dK[fjynf a0VK0efausmif;üoDwif;okH;aeawmfrlpOf wpfaeU aomtcgü t½SiftEk½k'¨grax&fjrwfonf a[mif;EGrf;aomouFef; ½Sdaeonfjzpf&um; wHjrufacs;ykH(trdIufykH)ponfwkdUü yHokulouFef;ukd vSnfhvnf½SmrSD;awmfrlav\/ xkd tcg rax&f\ vGefcJhaomokH;b0u ZeD;a[mif;onf wm0wðomewfjynf0,f ZmvdeD rnfaomewforD;jzpfíae\/ xdkZmvdeDewforD;onf rax&fjrwf yHokulouFef;½Smae onfukdjrif&í rax&fjrwftvdkUiSg tvsm;(13)awmif teH(4)awmif½Sdaomewfykqkd;okH; xnfukd ,laqmifí ]]tu,fí igonf þewfykqkd;wkdUukd yuwdtwkdif;vSL'gef;vQif rax&fonf cH,lvdrfUrnfr[kwf}}[k tBuH&ojzifh yHokulouFef;½Smaeaomrax&f\ c&D;vrf;ü½Sdaom trdIufyHkwpfck0,f xdkewfykqkd;okH;xnfukd tjrdwftqmtpGef;rQom azmfíjrifomatmifxm;½Sdav\/

rax&fvnf; xkdvrf;twdkif; yHokul½SmMuGvmonf½Sdaomf xkdewffykqkd;wkdU\ tjrdwftqmtpGef;ukd jrifawmfrlojzifh yHokultjzpf aumuf,lawmfrl\/ rax&fonf xkdewfykqkd;wkdUukd aumuf,laomtcgü ]]þt0wfum; Ouú|fyHokulaywum;}}[k pOf;pm; qifjcifawmfrlí ausmif;okdUjyefMuGawmfrlav\/

xdkUaemufrax&f\yHokulouFef;csKyfonfhaeUü jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sifonf &[ef;ig; &mjcH&Hvsuf t½SiftEk½k'¨g\ausmif;okdUMuGawmfrl\/ toDwdom0urax&fBuD;wkdY onfvnf; xkdouFef;csKyf&mausmif;üyif oDwif;okH;Muav\/ ouFef;csKyfonfhtcgü t½Sifr[muóyrax&fu t&if;ykdif;(tpykdif;)üxkdifí t½Sifom&dykwå&mrax&fu tv,fydkif;? t½SiftmeE´mrax&fu tzsm;ykdif;ü xkdifum ouFef;csKyfawmfrlMu\/ usef &[ef;oHCmawmfrsm;u csnfukduspfí ay;Muav\/ jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sifonf tyfESmzm; wGif csnfukdwyfí ay;awmfrl\/ t½Sifr[marm*¾vmefrax&fonf xkdouFef;csKyfyGJ 0,f vdktyfaomypönf;rsm;ukd&atmif aqmif½Gufay;awmfrlav\/

tvSL½Sifjzpfaom ZmvdeDewforD;onf NrdKUwGif;odkU0ifí ouFef;csKyfyGJü MuG a&mufawmfrlMuaom jrwfpGmbk&m;½SifESifh toDwdom0u &[EÅmrax&fBuD;rsm; tp½Sd aom oHCmawmfig;&mwkdUtwGuf ,m*kESifhqGrf;tm[m&wkdUukd,laqmifí vSL'gef; Mu&efEdk;aqmf wkdufwGef;av\/ t½Sifr[marm*¾vmefrax&fonf qGrf;rpm;rDumvü bkOf;ay;okH;aqmifEdkif&ef ZrÁLoajyoD;cdkifBuD;rsm;ukd ,laqmifí ay;awmfrl\/ odMum; rif;onfvnf; ouFef;csKyfonfhae&mü½Sdaom ajrtjyifukdjyefUjzL;atmif jyKvkyfzefqif; ay;avonf/ xkdUaMumifh ouFef;csKyf&majrtjyifonf csdwf&nfjzifhoGef;avmif;xm;bd ouJhokdU ½Sdavonf[k "r®y't|uxmü jyqdkxm;onfukd awGU&ygonf/

þjyqkdtyfcJhNyD;aomtaMumif;t&mwkdUudk axmuf½Ijcif;tm;jzifh yHokulouFef; ukdbk&m;½SifESifhwuG&[EÅmrax&fBuD;rsm; or®ma'0ewfjA[®mrsm;rnfrQ ESpfoufjrwfEkd; awmfrlaMumif;udk avhvmtuJcwfEkdifygonf/ ewfjA[®mwkdYonf yHokul"kwifaqmif &[ef;tm; tvGeftrif;Munfñkdav;pm;í½Sdckd;ylaZmfMuaMumif;udk eDwrax&frax&f\ 0wKaMumif;jzifhvnf;od½SdEkdifygonf/

eDwrax&fonf OD;acgif;ay: oif"kef;"m;oGm;wifumrQumvwGif &[EÅmjzpf awmfrlonf/ xkdrax&fonf yHokulouFef;udkomvQif ½SmrDS;0wf½kHavh½Sd\/ r[mt&d, 0How&m;üwnfí yHokulouFef;udkaumuf,lpOf r[mjA[®mckepf&mwkdYonf wpfNydKif euf ½Sdckd;ylaZmfMuonf/ xkdYaMumifhyHokulouFef;onf vlewfjA[®mowå0gwkdY\ pdwf ESvkH;udk MunfEl;ESpf oufapEkdifonfh ouFef;jzpfonfudkod½SdEkdifygonf/

2; 17/ / yHokul"kwif {w'*fbGJU&aomyk*¾dKvfrsm;

jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sifonf tcgtm;avQmfpGm csD;ajr§mufoifholwkdYtm; csD;ajr§mufawmf rl&mwGif yHokul"kwifaqmif&[ef;wkdYtm;vnf; {w'*fbGJUxl;jzifhcsD;ajr§mufawmfrlcJh\/ xkdodkY{w'*fbGJUxl;jzifh csD;ajr§mufjcif;cH&aom yk*¾dKvfrsm;wGif yHokul"kwifESifhywfoufí csD;usL;cH&aom yk*¾dKvfrsm;rSm armC&mZrax&fESifh udoma*gwrDax&DwdkYjzpfMuonf/ xkdyk*¾dKvfrsm;rSm vlcpD0&ac: acgif;yg;aomyHokulouFef;udk aqmifjcif;ü {w'*fbGJU &aom yk*¾dKvfrsm;yifjzpfMuavonf/ 4if;yk*¾dKvfwkdY\ taMumif;udktusOf;csKyff azmfjyyg OD;rnf/

2; 17; 1/ / armC&mZ rax&ftaMumif;

a½S;qkawmif;/ / armC&mrax&fonf y'krkwå&bk&m;½SifvufxufwGif [Hom 0wDjynfü trsdK;aumif;om;wpfOD;jzpfcJh\/ jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sif \w&m;a'oemudk em;Mum;pOf bk&m;½Sifonf &[ef;awmfwpfyg;tm; acgif;yg;nHh zsif;onfh yHokulouFef;udk aqmifjcif;ü tomqkH;tjrwfqkH; {w'*f&mxl;ü xm;awmf rlonfudk jrifhawGU&ojzifh t"dum&aumif;rIudkjyKNyD;vQif aemiftcg þ&[ef;uJhodkY aom {w'*f&mxl;udk&&ygvkd\[k y'krkwå&jrwfpGmbk&m;½SifxH qkyefíAsm'dwfcHcJh\/

aemufqkH;b0/ / a*gwrjrwfpGmbk&m;½Sifvufxuf a&mufaomtcg r[maum ovrif;ESifh om;awmf yaoe'Daumovrif;wkdYxH0,f trI xrf;aom Am0&DrnfaomykPÖm;q&mBuD;\wynfhjzpfvmavonf/xkdAm0&Dq&mBuD;ü-1/ tZdwvkvif? 2/ wdóarawå,svkvif? 3/ ykPÖuvkvif? 4/ arwå*lvkvif? 5/ aZmwuvkvif? 6/ OyoDv0vkvif? 7/ eE´vkvif 8/ a[ruvkvif? 9/ awma',s vkvif? 10/ uyÜvkvif? 11/ ZwkuPÖDvkvif? 12/ bj'm0k"vkvif? 13/ O',vkvif? 14/ aygomvvkvif? 15/ armC&mZvkvif? 16/ yd*Ð,vkvif[líxif½Sm;aomwynhf BuD; (16)a,muf½Sdav\/ xkdwynfhBuD;wpfa,mufwpfa,mufxHwGif wynfhi,f wpf axmifpD½SdMuojzifh xkdAm0&Dq&mBuD;ESifhwynfhhpkpkaygif;rSm (16017) jzpfMuavonf/

wpfaeYaomf Am0&Dq&mBuD;onftouft½G,fBuD;&ifhí rif;xHcGifhyefum &aoh &[ef;jyKNyD; om0wdjynfrSa0;uGmaom a*g"m0&Djrpfurf; oD;yifawmt&yfüaeav\/ xkdodkYaepOf ½SpfESpfMumaomtcg a*gwrjrwfpGmbk&m;½SifyGifhxGef;onfh owif;udkMum; od&ojzifh wynfhBuD; (16) a,mufwkYdukd jrwfpGmbk&m;½SifxHapvTwfNyD; bk&m; [kwfr[kwfpkHprf;&ef bk&m;½SifxHü tar;ykpäm (7) csufygaom jyóemudkar;jref;&ef ñTefMum;ívTwfvkdufav\/

wynfhBuD;(16)a,mufwkYdonfh jrwfpGmbk&m;½SifoDwifokH;&m ygomPuapwD odkYa&mufvmMuNyD; tBuD;tuJjzpfol tZdwvkvif&aohu Am0&Dq&mBuD;rSmMum;vkduf onfhtwkdif; yxrOD;pGm ar;cGef;ig;&yfudk pdwfjzifhar;jref;av\/ jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sifonf 4if;ar;onfh ar;cGef;\tajzukd EIwfjzifhajzMum;awmfrl\/

þokdUjzifjzifh wynfhBuD;(16)a,mufwkdUonf pdwfjzifh jyóemtoD;oD;ar;jref; MujyD;vQifjrwfpGmbk&m;½SifuEIwfjzifh jyefvnf ajzMum;awmfrlonf\ tqkH;üacgif;aqmif ESifhwuG wynfhwpfaxmifpD wpfaxmifpDwkdUonf t&[wåxkdvfokdU qkdufa&mufMuNyD; {[dbdu©L&[ef;tjzpfukd &½SdMuavonf/

xkdwynfhBuD;(16)a,mufteuf armC&mZonf tZdwvkvifjyóemar;NyD; onfhaemuf 'kwd,jyóem½Siftaejzifh jrwfpGmbk&m;½Siftm; ar;jref;vdkoljzpfonf/ okdUaomf rmefrmecufxefí óPfynmr&ifhusufao;onfhtwGuf jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sifu cGifhjyKawmfrrlcJhacs/ (14)a,mufar;jref;NyD;í (15)a,mufajrmufokdYa&mufaomtcgrS om ar;jref;cGifhjyK avonf/

armC&mZonf ]]aojcif;w&m;rS vGwfajrmufatmif ocFg&avmuukd tb,f okdU ½I&rnfenf;}}[kokH;*gxmjzifhar;jref;av\/ jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sifu ]]ouúm,'d|dukdcGg í ocFg&w&m;tpkukd tewåokn[k½Izefrsm;vQif aojcif;w&m;ukd vGefajrmuf\}} [ktusOf;csKyftm;jzifh ajzMum;awmfrl&m a'oemed*kH;qkH;aomumvü wynhfwpfaxmif ESifhtwl t&[wåzdkvfaygufvsuf {[dbdu©L&[ef;awmfrsm;jzpfMuavonf/

armC&mZonf &[ef;jzpfonfhaeUrSpí

1/ 0wåvlc = t0wftxnftrsdK;tpm;tm;jzifh Murf;wrf;nHhzsif;jcif;/ 2/ okwåvlc = ouFef;csKyfonfhcsnftrsdK;tpm;tm;jzifhMurf;wrf;nHhzsif;jcif;/ 3/ &Zevlc = ouFef;qkd;aom csnftrsdK;tpm;tm;jzifh Murf;wrf;nHhzsif;jcif;

[laomt*FgokH;yg;ESifhjynfhpkHaom yHokulouFef;ukd0wf½kHokH;aqmifavh½Sd\/ xkdaMumifh jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sifonf t½SifarmC&mZrax&ftm; ]]okH;rsdK;aom tjcif;t&mtm;jzifh acgif;yg;nHhzsif;aomyHokulouFef;ukd qifjref;0wf½kHokH;aqmifavh½Sdaomwynfhom0u taygif;wdkYwGif armC&mZrax&fonf tomqkH;tjrwfqkH;jzpfay\}}[lí {w'*ft&m ü xm;awmfrlavonf/

þum;&[ef;awmfwkdYwGif yHokul"kwifESifhywfoufí{w'*fbGJU&½Sdaom rax&f taMumif;yifjzpfygonf/ bdu©KeDrwkdUwGif vlcpD0&{w'*fbGJU&½Sdolum; udoma*gwrD ax&Dyifjzpfygonf/ xkdax&Dr\ taMumif;ukd qufvufí azmfjyoGm;ygOD;rnf/

2; 17; 2/ / udoma*gwrD ax&DtaMumif;

a½S;qkawmif;/ / udoma*gwrDax&Dronf y'krkwå&bk&m;½Sif vufxufwGif rxif½Sm;aom trsdK;orD;wpfOD;jzpfNyD; jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sif\ w&m;pum;ukdemMum;pOf bdu©LeDrwpfOD;tm;vlcpD0&{w'*fbGJYay;onfukdjrifawGU tm;usvSojzifh rdrdwwfpGrf;orQ tvSL'gejyKNyD;vQif y'krkwå&bk&m;½SifxHü {w'*f qkukdyefqifí y'krkwå&bk&m;½SifxHAsm'dwfcHcJhavonf/

aemufqkH;b0/ / a*gwrjrwfpGmbk&m;½Sif yGifhawmfrlaomtcg om0wdjynfwGif olaX;rsdK;ü jzpfcJhav\/ trnftm;jzifha*gwrD[kwGif\/ aemifwGif BuKHvDSao;i,faomcE¨mukd,f½SdaomaMumifh udoma*gwrD[ktrnfwGifav onf/ a*gwrDonf rdbrsm; pD;yGg;ysufaomaMumifh qif;&JaepOf om0wdjynfü uka# av;q,f MuG,f0aom olaX;wpfOD;onf ukokdvfuHukefaomaMumifh yuwdaoma½TaiG wkdUonf rD;aoG;cJrsm;jzpfoGm;Muav\/ rdwfaqGwpfOD;\ tBuHay;csuft& rD;aoG;cJrsm;udk tdrfa½SUwGif jzefUcif;í a&mif;csum ukokdvf½Sifukd arQmfvifhaeav\/

wpfaeUaomtcgwGif udoma*gwrDonf olaX;\ tdrfwHcg;okdU a&mufaom tcg ]]tb,faMumifh a½TaiGrsm;ukda&mif;csae&ygoenf;}}[k ar;jref;NyD;vQif rD;aoGcJrsm; ukd vufjzifhusHK;í olaX;\ vufwGif;okdU xnfhay;av\/ xdktcg rD;aoG;cJrsm;onf rlvyuwdtwdkif; a½TwkH; aiGwkH;rsm;jzpfMuav\/ xkdtcgolaX;BuD;onf udoma*gw rDtm; bkef;uH½Sdoljzpf&rnf[k,kHMunfí rdrd\om;ESifhvufxyfay;NyD; uka#av;q,f aomOpömwdkUukd tyfESif;av\/ udoma*gwrD\ vufESifhxdumrQüxkdOpömtm;vkH;onf rlvyuwdtwkdif; a½T aiGcsnf;om jzpfMuav\/

udoma*gwrDonf tdrfaxmifusNyD;aemuf om;a,mufsm;av;wpfa,muf zGm; jrifcJh\/ xkdom;uav;onf ajy;vTm;aqmhupm;Ekdifonfht½G,fokdUa&mufaomtcg wGif ½kwfw&ufaoqkH;oGm;av\/ xkdtcgudoma*gwrDonf aomuylaqG;idkaMuG; vQuf om;aoukd&if0,fykdufum tdrfwumvSnfhvnfí rdrdom;uav;toufjyef½Sif vmatmifvkyfay;yg&efidkaMuG;&if; awmif;yefajymMum\/ xkdtcg Oygoumwpf a,muf\ vrf;ñTefcsuft& jrwfpGmbk&m;½SifxHodkU a&mufvmav\/ jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sif u om;i,ftoufjyef½SifvmEdkifa&;twGuf vlwpfOD;wpfa,mufrQraobl;ao;aom tdrfrS rkefn§if;aphudk ,lvm&ef ajymMum;awmfrl\/ udoma*gwrDonf wpfNrdKUvkH;vSnfh vnfí tdrfaygufaph rkefñSif;aphawmif;ygaomfvnf; om0wdjynfwpfjynfvkH;ü vlr aobl;onfh tdrf[lír½SdaMumif; oabmaygufum oHa0*BuD;pGmjzpfvsuf okomefü om;i,ftavmif;ukd pGefUcJhNyD;rS jrwfpGmbk&m;½SifxHjyefcJhavonf/ xkdtcg jrwfpGm bk&m;½Sifonf ½kyfemrf"r®ocFg&wdkU\ rNrJykH ukdw&m;ESpf*gxmjzifh a[mMum;awmfrl onf\tqkH;ü aomwmywådzdkvfüwnfav\/ xkdUaemufbk&m;½SifxHü bdu©KeDrjyKay; &ef cGifhyefavQmufxm;NyD; omoemhabmifokdY0ifa&mufcJhavonf/ bdu©KeDjzpfNyD;rMumrD rSmyif qDrD;awmufrSqDrD;vsH\jzpfjcif;ysufjcif;oabmukdtm½kHedrdwf,lum 0dyóem w&m;tmxkwfojzifh &[EÅmax&DtjzpfokdUa&muf½SdcJhav\/

&[EÅmax&DrtjzpfokdUa&mufNyD;aemuf udoma*gwrDax&Donf -

1/ 0wåvlc = t0wftxnftrsdK;tpm;tm;jzifh Murf;wrf;nHhzsif;jcif;/ 2/ okwåvlc = ouFef;csKyfaomcsnftrsdK;tpm;tm;jzifh Murf;wrf;nHhzsif;jcif;/ 3/ &Zevlc = ouFef;qdk;aom qkd;&nftrsdK;tpm;tm;jzifh Murf;wrf;nhHzsif;jcif;

[laomt*FgokH;yg;ESifhjynfhpkHaom yHokulouFef;ukdom 0wf½kHokH;aqmifavh½Sd\/ xkdUaMumifh jrwfpGmbk&m;onf ]]okH;rsdK;aomtjcif;t&mtm;jzifh acgif;yg;nHhzsif;aom yHokulouFef;ukdaqmifjcif;ü tomqkH;tjrwfqkH;jzpfayonf}}[kcsD;usK;awmfrlum {w '*fbGJUxl;tyfESif;av\/

2; 18/ / usifhaqmifapcsif yHokul"kwiff

csyf0wfwefqm0wfqifxm;aomrif;onf ppfajrjyifü wifhw,fouJhokdU udav omrm&fppfonfukd zsufqD;jcif;iSg yHokulouFef;ukd qifjref;0wf½kHaom &[ef;onf vnf; vGefpGmwifhw,fvSay\/

vlewfjA[®mowå0gwkdU\ ñTwf½kH;OD;cdkufylaZmfxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf umodwkdif;jzpftp½Sdaomjrwfaom t0wftxnfwkdUukd y,fpGefUawmfrlí ykPÖmrnf aomuRefr tavmif;aumifukdxkwffíxm;aomt0wfukd yHokulaumuf,lí 0wf½kH okH;aqmifawmfrl\/ yHokulouFef;udk r*fzkdvfedAÁmefudkvkdvm;aom trsdK;aumif;om; &[ef;awmfrsm;onf tb,frSmvQif yHokulouFef;udk r0wf½kHrokH;aqmifbJ½SdygtHhenf;? 0wf½kHokH;aqmifoifhonfomjzpfygonf/

xkdYaMumifh omoemwGif;om; &[ef;trsm;wkdYonf &[ef;jzpfptcgumvu odrftwGif;ü yHokulouFef;udk 0wf½kHokH;aqmifygrnf[k oHCmawmfwkdY\a½SYarSmufü tmr baEÅ [k 0efcHcJhonfh rdrd\ y#dnmOf0efcHcsufudk ESvkH;oGif;í o'¨gw&m;ckdifpGm xm;um &[ef;wkdYESifh oifhjrwfavQmfuefvSaom yHokul"kwifudk aqmufwnfusifhoHk; oifhvSayonf/

yHokul"kwifNyD;\/


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