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"r®'ge á oHC á "kwif á tm&nuif
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tm&nuif"kwif taMumif;


tcef; (4)

aexkdifrIESifhoufqkdifaom usifh0wf"kwifrsm;

4; 1/ tm&nuif"kwif t"dyÜg,f

½GmESifha0;aom awm&ausmif;ü aeavh&Sdaom &[ef;udk tm&ndu = awmae &[ef;[kac:\/ xkdawmausmif;ü aeaom&[ef;\ "kwiftusifhodu©mü aqmufwnf aMumif;jzpfaom taMumif;t*Fgapwemonf tm&ndu*F=tm&nuif"kwifrnf\/

4; 1; 1/ / tm&nuif"kwif aqmufwnfykH

þtm&nuif"kwifudk aqmufwnfvkdvQif -

]]*grEÅaoemoeH y#du©dygrd? tm&ndu*ø orm'd,mrd}} [k ygVdbmompum; oufoufjzifhvnf;aumif;? ]]½Gmausmif;? ½GmeD;ausmif;udky,fyg\/ awmüaeavh½Sdaom &[ef;\taMumif; t*Fgapwemudkaqmufwnfyg\}} [kjrefrmpum;oufoufjzifh vnf;aumif; rdrdESpfouf&m bmompum;wpfrsdK;rddsK;jzifhusifhokH;aqmufwnfEkdifygonf/

4; 1; 2/ / awmt&yf ydkif;jcm;owfrSwfykH

þ"kwifudk aqmufwnfvkdvQif awmt&yfydkif;jcm;owfrSwfykHudk avhvmrSwf om;xm;oifh\/ odkYrSom þ"kwifudk jynfhpkHpGm jznfhusifhEkdifrnfjzpfygonf/ yd#uwf awmfwkdYwGif awmt&yfydkif;jcm;owfrSwfykHESifhywfoufí tzGifhtrsdK;rsdK; t,ltqtrsdK; rsdK;jzifh zGifhqkd,lqxm;Muonfudk awGU&\/

yg&mZduPfygVdawmf 'kwd,yg&mZduodu©myk'fü ]]t&nHemr XaywGm *grÍö *grlypm&Íö t0aooH t&nHemr}} ]]awmt&yf[lonf ½Gmudkvnf;aumif;? ½Gm\ Oypmudkvnf;aumif; csefxm;í MuGif;usefaom t&yftm;vkH;onf awmt&yfrnf\}} [k awmt&yfudk ydkif;jcm;íydkqkdxm;\/

tbd"r®ma'oemawmfüum; ]]t&nEÅd edu©rdwGm A[d £E´cDvm oAÁarwH t&nH}} ]]awmt&yf[konf ½Gm\ tqkH;pGefaomtdrf\ wHcg;ckHrS jyifyjzpfaom t&yf tm;vkH;onf awmt&yfrnf\}} [kydkif;jcm;jyqkdxm;\/

0de,yd#u yg&mZduPfygVdawmf omouFodu©myk'füum; ]]tm&nuHemr aoemoeH yÍö"EkowduH ypädrH}} ]]awmausmif;[lonf ½Gm\ tqkH;pGefaomtdrf\ wHcg;ckHrS píwkdif;wmvQif ñIdYwifxm;aom twwfoifq&m\av;jzifh tjyefig;&m ½Sdaom t&yfudkac:jcif;jzpf\}} [kawmt&yfudk owfrSwfjyqkdxm;\/

0dok'¨dr*ft|uxmüum; ]]tm&nduHemr aoemoeH yÍö"EkowduH ypädrEÅd £'H vu©PH? wH tma&mydawe tmp&d,"Ekem y&du©dwåó *gró £E´cDvawm ty&du©dwåó yXrav×Kygwawm y|m, ,m00d[m&y&dau©yg rdedwGm 0wåaywAÁH}} ]]½GmrS ukvav;wm tjyefig;&m½Sdaomausmif;onf awmausmif;rnf\? xkdawm ausmif;udk ñIdYwifxm;aomtwwfoifq&m\av;jzifh t&Htwm;½Sdaom½GmjzpfvQif wHcg;ckHrSpíwkdif;wm&\/ t&Htwm;r½Sdaom½GmjzpfvQif yxrcJwpfust&yfrSpí ausmif;\t&Hwkdifatmif wkdif;wmí rSwfom;&rnf}} [k jyqkdxm;onfukd awGY&\/

txufyg awmt&yfydkif;jcm;ykHwdkYwGif 0denf;ygVdawmf omouFodu©myk'fü jyqkd xm;aompum;&yfESifh 0dok'¨dr*ft|uxmü jyqkdxm;aompum;&yfwkdYonf wlnDae onfudkawGY&\/ xkdYaMumifhukvav;wmtjyefig;&m½Sdaomausmif;onf awmausmif; rnf\[k awmt&yfydkif;jcm;owfrSwfykHudk wxpfcsrSwfom;&rnfjzpfygonf/

4; 1; 2; 1/ / awmt&yfwkdif; wmykHpepf

awmt&yfwkdif;wmykHpepfrsm;udk yd#uwfawmfwkdYü trsdK;rsdK; azmfjyxm;onfudk awGY&\/ 0de,yd#ut|uxmü ukvav;wmtjyefig;&m½Sdaomausmif;udk wkdif;wm vkdvQif ñIdYwifxm;aomtwwfoifq&m\av;jzifh tumt&H½dSaom½GmjzpfvQif ½Gm tpGefqkH;ü½Sdaomtdrf\ wHcg;ckHrSpíwkdif;wm&\/ tumt&Hr½Sdaom ½GmjzpfvQif tm;tv,ftvwf½Sdaoma,mufsm;ypfvTwftyfaom yxrcJwpfust&yfrSpíausmif; t&mrfwkdifatmifwkdif;wm&\/

okdYr[kwf awmausmif;onf tumt&Hr½SdvQif ½GmrSvmyguawmausmif;wkduf wGifa½S;OD;pGmawGU&aomausmif;aqmif? qGrf;pm;ausmif;? tNrJpnf;a0;&mt&yf? aAm"d yif? apwDwkdYonfausmif;rBuD;rSa0;uGmaomt&yfü½Sdaeapumrl xkda½S;OD;pGmawGY&aom ausmif;aqmifqGrf;pm;ausmif;paomt&yfudkomtydkif;tjcm;jyKíwkdif;wm&\/

okdYr[kwf awmausmif;onf tumt&Hr½SdvQif ½GmrSvmyguawmausmif;wkduf wGifa½S;OD;pGmawGU&aomausmif;aqmif? qGrf;pm;ausmif;? tNrJpnf;a0;&mt&yf? aAm"d yif? apwDwkdYonfausmif;rBuD;rSa0;uGmaomt&yfü½Sdaeapumrl xkda½S;OD;pGmawGY&aom ausmif;aqmifqGrf;pm;ausmif;paomt&yfudkomtydkif;tjcm;jyKíwkdif;wm&\/

rZÑdredum,ft|uxmü ausmif;\Oypmudkvnf; ½Gm\Oypm wkdif;wmouJhodkY ½Gme,f ausmif;e,f[laom ESpfXmewkdYrS ypfaom cJus&mt&yfESpfckwkdY\ tMum;ü wkdif;wm&rnf[kqkd\/

½Gm\Oypmwkdif;wmykHum; tEk&m"NrdKUuJhodkY t&Htwm;½Sdaom½GmjzpfvQif wHcg;ckH ESpfck½Sdygu twGif;wHcg;cHkrS&yfvQuf tm;tv,ftvwf½Sdaom a,mufsm;ypfvTwftyf aom cJwpfust&yfonf ½Gm\Oypmrnf\ [k 0denf;"kd&fq&mwkYdu,lqMuukef\/

okwåefaqmifq&mwkdYurl usD;ajcmufenf;jzifh ypfvkdufaom cJ\us&mtwGif; buft&yfonf ½Gm\Oypmrnf\/ tu,fí t&Htwm;r&Sdaom&Gmjzpfrl ½GmtpGefqkH;ü &Sdaom tdrf\ wHcg;cHkü&yfvsuf a&oGefypfonf&Sdaomf xkda&us&mt&yfonf tdrf\ Oypmrnf\/ xkdOypmrS&yfvsuf cJypfvkdufvQif cJwpfust&yfonf ½Gme,ftqkH; rnf\/ xkd½Gme,ftqkH;rS&yfvsufcJjzifhxyfcgypfonf&Sdaomf 'kwd,cJwpfust&yfonf ½Gm\Oypmrnf\/ [kqkH;jzwfMuukef\/ awmausmif;\ Oypmukdvnf; þ½GmOypm wkdif;wmouJhokdYyif wkdif;wm&rnfjzpfygonf/

xkdokdYwkdif;wm&mü ½Gmol½Gmom;wkdY\ toHukd awmausmif;ü aeaom&[ef; Mum;Ekdifavmufonftxd ½GmESifhausmif;eD;uyfaeaomfvnf; ½GmESifhausmif;tMum; awmif? jrpfponfwkdY&SdaeaomaMumifh vrf;ajzmifhtwkdif;oGm;ír&bJ aumufauGUí oGm;&aomvrf;jzpfygrl xdkvrftaumuftwkdif;omvQif ukvav;wmjyefig;&mukd wkdif;wm&rnfjzpfygonf/

awmausmif;ae&[ef;onf ½GmESifhausmif;eD;uyfvkdí awm&t*Fg wmig;&mjynfh pkHapjcif;iSg ½Gmvrf;wkdYukd xkdrSþrSydwfqkdYíwkdif;wmvQif awm&t*Fgrajrmufay/ xkdodkY wkdif;wmaom&[ef;udk "kw*Fapm& = "kwifolckd;[kac:aMumif; 0dok'¨dr*ft|uxmü jy qdkxm;onfukdawGU&ygonf/ xkdaMumifh awmausmif;t&yfudk wkdif;wmonfhtcgü oGm;½kd;oGm;pOfvrf;jzifhom wkdif;wm&rnfjzpfygonf/ þum;awmausmif;t&yfudk wkdif;wmykHenf;pepfrsm;yifjzpfygonf/

4; 1; 3/ / awm&aqmuf wnfxkdufaom t*Fgav;yg;

tm&nuif"kwifukdaqmufwnfí awmausmif;üaexkdifvkdaom &[ef;awmf onf "kwifraqmufwnfrDa&S;OD;pGm rdrdü awm&aqmufwnfxkdufaom t*Fgav; yg;jynfhpkHatmifusifh&rnfjzpfygonf/ xkdt*Fgav;yg;um; -

1/ t&dd,oDv = t&d,mwkdY\ Opömjzpfaom oDvESifhjynfhpkH&jcif;/ 2/ t&d,£`E´d,oH0&= t&d,mwkdY\ Opömjzpfaom £a`E´apmifhpnf;rIESifhjynfh pkHjcif;/ 3/ t&d,owdorÜZn= t&d,mwdkY\ OpömjzpfaomowdorÜZOfESifhjynfhpkHjcif;/ 4/ t&d,oEÅK|d = t&d,mwkdY\Opömjzpfaoma&mifh&JrIESifhjynfhpkHjcif;wkdYjzpf ygonf/

þt*Fgav;yg;ESifhjynfhpkHrSom awm&aqmufwnf&mü taESmuft,Sufuif;Ekdif rnfjzpfygonf/ xkdokdYr[kwfygu awmxJü vSnfhvnfusufpm;ajy;oGm;íaeMuaom wd&pämefwkdYESifhvnf;aumif;? awmvkdufrkqkd;wkdYESifhvnf;aumif; twlwlomvQifjzpf awmh\/ rdrdüawm&t*Fgav;yg; rjynfhpkHao;bJawm&aqmufwnfygu awmapmifh ewfwkdYuvnf; ]]þuJhokdY,kwfrmaomtusifh &Sdaom&[ef;tm;awmüaejcif;jzifh tb,f tusdK;&Sdrnfenf;}}[kajymqkdMuukefí xkd&[ef;tm; awmxJü raeapvkdaomaMumifh aMumufrufzG,faom tqif;çtoHçteHYwkdYukdvnf;jyMuavukef\/ xkdxufru xkd &[ef;\OD;acgif;udkvnf;½dkufykwfí awmt&yfrS xGufcGgoGm;apvkdaom tjcif;t&mukd jyMuavukef\/ þrnfaom&[ef;onf awmokdY0ifí þrnfaomraumif;rIukd jyKavNyDponfjzifhvnf; raumif;aom ausmfaZmowif;udkvnf; ysHUESYHapMuukef\/ þuJhokdYaomtaESmuft,Suf tzsuftqD;rsm;awGU&rnfjzpfaomaMumifh awm&"kwif raqmufwnfrDa&S;OD;pGm txufazmfjyygt*Fgav;yg;ukd jynhfpkHatmif usifhokH;&rnf jzpfygonf/

txufazmfjyygt*Fgav;yg;ESifhjynfpkHonfhtcg tm&nuif"kwifaqmufwnfí w&m;xl;rsm;&&Sdonfhumvwkdifatmif awmausmif;ü aexkdifoDwif;okH;&m\/ oDvESifh jynfhpkHaomawmausmif;ae&[ef;awmfonf rdrd\oDvudkqifjcifonf&Sdaomf rdrdoDvü wpfpkHwpfckaom npfEGrf;rItpGef;txif;udkvnf;aumif;? BudK;ysufrItajymuftMum;udk vnf;aumif; rawGUjrif&aomaMumifh xkdpifMu,faomoDvukd trSDjyKírdrdukd,fukd tvGef ESpfoufjcif; yDwdw&m;jzpfay:vmrnfjzpfygonf/ xkdyDwdw&m;udk jzpfwwf? ysufwwf aom oabmtm;jzifhoHk;oyfqifjcifjyefvQif t&d,mwkdU\e,fy,fokdY wpfxkdiftwGif; rSmyif a&mufEkdifjyefav\/ awmapmifhewfwkdYuvnf; tvGefESpfouf0rf;ajrmufMuukef onfjzpfí xkd&[ef;awmf\ *kPfukd xkwfazmfcsD;rGrf;Muavukef\/ xkdYaMumifh oDv ESifhjynfhpkHaom awmae&[ef;awmf\ ausmfapmowif;onf t&yfav;rsufESmwkdYokdY ysHUESHYíwnfaeavawmh\/ xkdYaMumifh rsufarSmufb0üyif rdrdukd,fwkdifawGYjrifcHpm; tyfaom 'd|"r®okc0d[m&csrf;omESifhaemifvmaemufom;wkdYukd tpOfapmifha&Smuf&m a&mufjcif;[laomtusdK;udk awmausmif;ae&[ef;wkdYomvQif&&SdcHpm;Ekdifav\/ ½GmeD; ausmif;üaeaom&[ef;wkdYr&&SdrcHpm;EkdifMuay/ rSefygonf/ ½GmeD;ausmif;ü aejcif; onf oli,fwdkY\toHudkvnf;Mum;&\/ ravsmufywfaom tqif;rsdK;pkH½lyg½kHwkdYukd vnf;jrifawGYEkdifav\/ ravsmufywfaomtoHudkvnf; Mum;Ekdif\/ xkdokdYjrifawGU Mum;od&aomaMumifhomoemhabmifü rarTUavQmfjcif;jzpfay:vmEkdif\/ awmausmif;ae &[ef;tzkdYum; awmawmifxJüaexkdifonfjzpfaomaMumifh jcaoFh? opf? usm;paom owå0gwkdY\toH? aus;iSufwd&pämefwkdY\toHudkom aeYpOfMum;odae&\/ xkdokdY Mum;&aomtcg awm[laomtrSwfonmomjzpfay:\/ roifhawmf ravQmufywf aomESvkH;oGif;qifjcifrI ta,medaomreodum&rsm;rjzpfay:ay/ t,kwfqkH;tm;jzifh rsufarSmufb0üawGUjrif&aom usifBuD;usifi,fpGefYjcif;udpöudk taMumif;jyKí £&d,m ykxfav;yg;vkH; csrf;ompGmaexkdifoDwif;okH;Ekdifav\/

twdwf tem*wf ypöKyÜef[laomumvokH;yg;wGif ypöKyÜefumvukdom ½Iíae aomaMumifh ylyefaMumifhusrIrsm;uif;um csrf;ompGmaexkdif&av\/ &orQaom ypönf;jzifha&mifh&JpGm aeEkdifjcif;aMumifhvnf; ½kyftqif;oP²mefMunfvif\/ xkdYaMumifh o'¨gw&m;ESifhjynfhpkHaomtrdsK;aumif;om;wkdYonf jrwfpGmb&m;&SifwdkYonf awmt&yf ukd rnfhonfhtcgrS rpGefYvGwfonfomjzpf\ [kBuHqí awmt&yfüaexkdifjcif;[laom tm&nuif"kwiftusifhukd usifhokH;aqmufwnfMuukef&m\/

4; 1; 3; 1/ / awm&aqmufwnfjcif;\ &nf½G,fcsufrsm;

awm&aqmufwnfjcif;ü &nf½G,fcsuftrsdK;rsdK;½Sd\/ tm&nuif"kwifaqmuf wnfíawmt&yfüaeygonf[kqkdwkdif; txifBuD;av;pm;írjzpf? txl;ojzifh ,ck acwfuJhokdYtwkta,mif[efyefaqmifí tusifhodu©mukdusihfBuHum wpf0rf;wpfcg;vS a&;twGuftoufarG;aeMuaom yk*¾dKvfrsm;ukdykdíowdxm;oifh\/ xkdolwdkY\&nf½G,f csufrSmr*fzkdvf&&efr[kwf? 0rf;0½kH? cg;vS½kHrQomjzpfonf/ tvkdqkd;jzifhawm&aqmuf wnfjcif;onf ,ckacwfrSmom&SdcJhonfr[kwf? bk&m;&Sifvufxufuyif &SdaecJhNyD; jzpfygonf/

pwkwyg&mZdu 0deDw0wKü &[ef;wpfyg;onf vlwkdY\ylaZmfrI t½kdtaojyKrI vmbfvmb&vkdrIwkdYudk awmif;w&nfrSef;í awm&aqmufwnfzl;\/ xkd&[ef; taMumif;udk jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sifodawmfrlaomtcg -

]]e p bdu©a0 yPd"m, t&an 0wAÁH? a,m 0ao,s tmywåd 'kuú#ó}} ]]awmif;w&nfrSwfíawmüraetyf? aevQif 'kuú#ftmywfoifh\}} [k ynwfcJh&av \/ xkduJhodkY tvkdqkd;jzifh awmodkY0ifum awmxJü uk#Daqmufjcif;? pBuøoGm;jcif;? xkdifjcif;aomudpötm;vkH;wkdYü ya,m*wkdif; ya,m*wkdif;ü 'kuú#ftmywfoifh\[k vnf;aumif;? ,kwfrmaomtvkdqkdk;jzifhawmüaeaom &[ef;tm; vlwkdY\csD;rGrf;ylaZmfrI vSL'gef;rIudk&onfjzpfap? r&onfjzpfap'kuú#ftmywfoifh\[kvnf;aumif; toD;oD; ynwfcJhonfudk awGU&ygonf/

awm&aqmufwnfjcif;wkdYonf -

1/ rodrdkufrSm; arm[rsm;í awmüaejcif;/ 2/ tvkdqkd;½Sdí xkdtvkdqkd;jzifhawmüaejcif;/ 3/ pdwf"mwfrrSef azmufjyef½l;oGyfí awmüaejcif;/ 4/ bk&m;½SifcsD;rGrf;tyfonf[k ESvkH;ydkufí awmüaejcif;/ 5/ tvkdenf;NyD; 0#frSxGufajrmufvkdí awmüaejcif;[kig;rsdK;½Sd\/

xkdig;rsdK; wkdYwGif eHygwf(4) (5) &nf½G,fcsufudkomvQif tjrwfqkH;jzpfaMumif; jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sif rdefYqkdawmfrlcJhygonf/

4; 1; 3; 2/ / awmae&[ef;wkdY xm;½Sd&rnfh&nf½G,fcsufrsm;

awmausmif;ae&[ef;awmfonf txufyg &nf½G,fcsufig;rsdK;wkdYwGif eHygwf (1) (2) (3)&nf½G,fcsufrsm;udkrxm;½SdbJ]]"kwiftusifhudk jznfhqnf;apmifha½SmufygtHh}} [lívnf;aumif;? ]]½GmeD;ausmif;üaevQif ig\pdwfonfysHYvGifhaewwf\? awmt&yf onfom olawmfaumif;w&m;usifh&ef oifhawmfavsmufywf\}}[lívnf;aumif; ]]awmü aevQif um,0da0u? pdwå0da0u? Oy"d0da0u[laom 0da0uw&m;okH;yg;wkYd wGif wpfyg;yg;aom0da0uudk {uefrkcs&½SdEkdif\}} [lívnf;aumif; ]]awmt&yfodkY 0ifí t&[wåzkdvfodkY ra&mufao;orQumvywfvkH; awmt&yfrS rxGufcGgawmh tHHh}}[lívnf;aumif;? ]]awmt&yfü aejcif;udk jrwfpGmbk&m;½SifcsD;rGrf;;awmfrl\}} [lí vnf;aumif;? ]]igonf awmausmif;ü aeonf½Sdaomf ig\oDwif;okH;azmfwkdYonf vnf; ½GmeD;ausmif;udky,fpGefYí awm&aqmufwnfMuvdrfhrnf}} [lívnf;aumif;? BuHpnfí aumif;jrwfaom&nf½G,fcsufrsm;jzifhom awmüaeoifh\/ þum;awmae &[ef;awmfrsm;xm;&rnfh &nf½G,fcsufrsm;yifjzpfygonf/

]]tm&nuif"kwifaqmufwnfí awmt&yfodkY0ifum olawmfaumif;w&m; tm;xkwftHh}}[k BuHpnfrdvQif rdrdüawm&aqmufwnfxkdufaom t*Fgav;yg; ½Sdr½Sdudk pDppfí xkdt*Fgav;yg;jynfhpkHu awmt&yfodkY0ifum ur®|mef;w&m;tm;xkwfEkdif\/ jynfhpkHrIr½Sdyguawmt&yfodkY r0ifao;bJ awm&aqmufwnfxkdufaomt*Fgav;jynfhpkH atmif tm;xkwf&rnfjzpf\/ xkdt*Fgav;yg;ESifhrjynfhpkHbJ awmodkY0ifum ur®|mef; w&m;yGg;rsm;tm;xkwfaomfvnf; rnfonfhw&m;xl;rQjzpfay:&½Sdvdrfhrnfr[kwfay/ &m* a'go arm[paomudavomw&m; qkd;rsm;omjzpfay:vmEkdif\/ xkdkodkYudavom w&m;qkd;rsm; jzpfay:vmygu awmt&yfrS tjrefqkH;xGufcGgoifh\/ xkdpum;ESifhpyfí t&Sifokblwd rax&fjrwfonf -

]]tMuiftcgü &m* a'go arm[ESifhpyfaom pdwfonf ightm;jzpfay:vm\/ xkdtcg ukd,fwkdifyif qifjcifí xkd&m* a'go arm[pdwfrsm;ukd wnfwnfMunfMunf jzifh qkH;rygrnf/ tb,fuJhokdYqkH;rygrnfenf;[lrl tcsif;okblwd...oifonf wyfruf zG,f&m tm½kHüvnf; wyfrufbd\/ jypfrSm;zG,f&m tm½kHüvnf; jypfrSm;bd\/ awGa0 zG,f&mtm½kHüvnf; awGa0bd\/ þrQ ½kdif;pkdif;aomoifonf olawmfaumif;wkdU\ ae&mawmt&yfrSxGufcGgoGm;ygavm? þawmt&yfonfpifMu,fukefaom? tnpf taMu;uif;ukefaom tusifh&Sdukefaom olawmfaumif;wkdY\ aexkdif&momjzpfonf/ oifokblwdonf pifMu,faomawmt&yfudk rzsufpD;ygvifh? awmt&yfrSxGufcGg oGm;ygavm}} [k rdrdukd,fukd qkH;rygrnf[krdefYawmfrlcJhavonf/

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4; 1; 4/ / ½Gmausmif; ae&[ef;xuf awmausmif;ae&[ef;ujrwfykH

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4; 1; 5/ / pdwfudkEkdifvkd awm&yfckd

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4; 1; 6/ / awmausmif; bkef;BuD; opfacsmif;enf;

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4; 1; 7/ / awmausmif; ae&[ef;jyKusifh&rnfh usifh0wfrsm;

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4; 1; 8/ / awmausmif; ae&[ef;rsm;ESifh arwåokwf

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4; 1; 9/ / awmausmif;ü aeaomyk*¾dKvftm; jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sif csDrGrf;awmfrljcif;taMumif;

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awmausmif;ae&[ef;awmfonf um;qGrf;ouFef;ausmif;aq;ypönf;av; yg;udk&aomfvnf;xkdypönf;wkdYukd y,f&Sm;íawm&ausmif;ü omaysmfarGY\/ xkdYaMumifh awm ausmif;ae&[ef;tm; igbk&m;ESpfouf0rf;ajrmufawmfrl\ [krdefYMum;awmfrlcsuf&Sd&um; NrdKUausmif;½Gmausmif;üaeaom&[ef;xuf awmausmif;üaeaom&[ef;awmfukd jrwfpGm bk&m;&Sif ydkíESpfoufjrwfEkd;um csD;usL;awmfrlaMumif; avhvmtuJcwfEkdifygonf/

4; 1; 10/ / tm&nuif"kwif aqmifyk*¾dKvfokH;rsdK;

tm&nuif"kwifaqmif yk*¾dKvfonf -

1/ Ouú| tm&ndu = tjrwfpm;tm&nuif"kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvf? 2/ rZÑdr tm&ndu = tvwfpm;tm&nuif"kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvf? 3/ rk'k tm&ndu = tnHhpm;tm&nuif"kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvf

[lí okH;rsdK;uGJ jym;\/ xkdwGif

1/ tjrwfpm;tm&nuif"kwifaqmifOuú|fyk*¾dKvfonf aEG? rkd;? aqmif; [laom &moD OwkokH;yg;vkH;ü tNrJwrf;awmt&yfüom t½kPfwufap&rnf/

2/ tvwfpm; tm&nuif"kwifaqmifrZÑdryk*¾dKvfonf rkd;av;vywfvkH; ½GmeD; ausmif;aeEdkif\/ aqmif;Owk aEGOwkwkdYüum; awmt&yfüom t½kPfwufap&rnf/

3/ tnHhpm; tm&nuif"kwifaqmifrk'kyk*¾dKvfonf rdk;av;v? aqmif;av;v wkdYü½GmeD;ausmif;üaeEkdif\/ aEGav;vüomawmt&yfü t½kPfwufap&rnfjzpfyg onf/

4; 1; 11/ / tm&nuif"kwif ysufpD;ykH

txufazmfjyyg tm&nuif"kwifaqmif yk*¾KdvfoHk;rdsK;wkdYwGif tjrwfpm;tm&n uif"kwifaqmifOuú|fyk*¾dKvftm; aqmif;çaEGçrkd;tm;jzifh OwkokH;yg;? tvwfpm; tm&n uif"kwifaqmifrZÑdryk*¾dKvftm; aqmif;Owk? aEGOwktm;jzifhOwkESpfyg;? tnHhpm;tm&n uif"kwifaqmifrk'kyk*¾dKvftm; aEGOwk[ktoD;oD;owfrSwfcsufrsm;yg&Sdk\/ tm&nuif "kwif aqmifyk*¾dKvftm;vkH;wkdYonf xkdowfrSwfcsufrsm;twkdif;vkdufemusifhBuH&\/

tu,fí ½GmOD;ausmif;ü usif;yaomw&m;yGJokdY awmausmif;rSvma&mufí w&m;empOf t½kPfwufcJhaomfvnf;aumif;? w&m;emítNyD; awm&ausmif;okdYjyefpOf vrf;ckvyfüt½kPfwufcJhaomfvnf;aumif;"kwifrysufEkdifay/ w&m;a[myk*¾dKvfxoGm; NyD;aemuf]]cPtdyfNyD;rS awm&ausmif;okdYjyeftHh}}[kBuHí tdyfaysmfaepOf t½kPfwufcJh aomfvnf;aumif;? xkdodkYtdyfNyD;rStjyefwGifvrf;ckvyfü t½kPfwufcJhaomfvnf; aumif;? ½GmeD;ausmif;üaevdkaomrdrd\ tvkdqE´tm;jzifhxkdifaepOf t½kPfwufcJhaomf vnf;aumif; tm&nuif"kwifysufpD;onf[krSwf&ygrnf/

4; 1; 12/ / tm&nuif"kwif aqmif&jcif;\ tusdK;tmedoifrsm;

tm&nuif"kwifaqmifjcif;jzifh atmufüazmfjyrnfh tusdK;tmedoifrsm;ukd &&Sd Ekdifygonf/ 4if;wkdYum; -

1/ awm[laomtrSwfonmukdESvkH;oGif;vsuf r&ao;aomorm"dudk&Ekdifjcif;/ 2/ &NyD;aom orm"dukdvnf; apmifha&SmufEkdifjcif;/ 3/ awm&ausmif;ae&[ef;ukd jrwfpm;bk&m;&SifESpfouftm;&awmfrljcif;/ 4/ ravsmufywfaom ½lyg½kHponfwkdYaMumifh pdwfysHUvGifhrIr&Sdjcif;/ 5/ xdwfvefYrIuif;jcif;/ 6/ toufü cifrifwG,fwmrIukd y,fpGefYEkdifjcif;/ 7/ umr*kPftm½kHwkdYrSuif;qdwfjcif;[laom 0da0uokccsrf;omukdcHpm;&jcif;/ 8/ MuGif;aom"kwifwpfq,fhESpfyg;ukdvnf; vG,fulpGmaqmufwnfusifhokH;Ekdif jcif;iSgoifhawmfavsmufywfjcif;wkdYjzpfygonf/

4; 1; 13/ / tm&nuif"kwif {w'*fbGJUwHqdyfawmf& t&Sifa&0w

jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifonf rdrd\wynfhom0uwdkYtm;tcgtm;avsmfpGm {w'*fbGJU xl;jzifh *kPfjyKcsD;usL;awmfrlcJh\/ xkduJhokdY csD;usL;*kPfjyKjcif; cH&aom yk*¾dKvfwkdYwGif tm&nuif"kwifESifhywfoufí {w'*fbGJU&aomyk*¾dKvfrSm c"d&0ed,a&0wrax&fjzpf ygonf/ xkdrax&f\taMumif;ukdtusOf;tm;jzifhwifjyvkdygonf/

a&S;qkawmif;/ / t&Sifa&0wrax&favmif;onf y'krkwå&jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifvuf xufawmfü [Hom0wDNrdKUom;jzpfcJh\/ **Fgjrpfy,m*qdyf urf;t&yfü avSul;wkdYydkYonfhukwkdYolBuD;tjzpfjzifhaexkdif\/ wpfaeYoü y'krkwå& bk&m;&Sifonf &[ef;aygif; wpfodef;NcH&Hvsuf **Fgjrpfwpfbufurf;okdYul;&ef y,m* qdyfurf;t&yfokdYa&mufawmfrlvm\/ul;wkdYolBuD;onf0rf;ajrmuf0rf;omjzifh avSazmif BuD;zGJUí tNcHt&H&[ef;wpfodef;ESifhwuGaom y'krkwå&bk&m;&Sifukd wpfbufurf; okdYykdYaqmifay;av\/ xkdtcsdefwGif y'krkwå&jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifonf awmausmif;ae &[ef;wpfyg;ukd tm&nuif"kwif{w'*fbGJUxl;jzifh csD;usL;awmfrlonfukd jrifawGY tm;usvSojzifh y'krkwå&bk&m;&SifESifh wuG&[ef;awmfwkdYukd rdrdtdrfokdYyifhzdwfum ckepf &ufwkdifwkdifr[m'gejyKNyD;aemuf rdrdvnf;xdk&[ef;awmfuJhokdY aemiftcg0,f wpfqlql aombk&m;&Sif\ omoemü awmausmif;ae&[ef;wkdYwGif tomqkkH;tjrwfqkH;[laom {w'*fbGJU&yk*¾dKvf jzpf&ygvdk\}}[kqkyefumy'krkwå&jrwfpGmbk&m;&SifxHAsm'dyfcHcJhav\/

aemufqkH;b0/ / a*gwrjrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifvufxufa&mufaomtcgü r*"wkdif; emvurnfaom ykPÖm;½GmwGif ½lyom&DykaPÖ;r\om; a&0w[laomtrnfjzifh taxG;qkH;om;jzpfvmcJhavonf/ Oywdó (t&Sifom&dykwå &m)?pkE´? Oyaoe[laomaemifawmfokH;OD;? pmvm? Oypmvm? oDolypmvm[laomtpfrokH;a,muf&Sd\/tpfukdokH;a,mufESifh tpfrokH;a,muf wkdY omoemhabmif0ifa&mufoGm;Muaomtcg taxG;qkH;om;jzpfaom a&0w&[ef;jyKoGm;rnfudkpkd;&drfaomaMumifh rdbrsm;ui,f½G,fpOfrSmyif owkdYorD;i,fwpfOD;ESifh vufxyfay;Muavonf/

r*FvmyGJtNyD;wGif a&0w\tzGm;ukd uefawmhaomtcg owkdYorD;i,ftm; ]]cspforD;onf tzGm;xuftouf½SnfpGm ae&ygap}}[k tzGm;jzpfoluqkay;onfukd Mum; aomtcg owkdYorD;i,f\ tkdrif;&ifha&mfrnfhZ&mab;ukd awG;jrifrdaoma&0wonf owdoHa0*BuD;pGmjzpfvsuf rdrdtzGm;udkuefawmhNyD;tdrftjyefvrf;wGif "kwifaqmif &[ef;wkdY&Sd&m awmausmif;wpfausmif;okdU wdwfwpfqdwfxGufajy;cJhavonf/

awmausmif;okdYa&mufaomtcg &[ef;awmfrsm;tm; &SifomraPjyKay;&ef awmif;yefav\/ &[ef;awmfwkdYonf t&Sifom&dykwå&m\ nDaxG;rSef;odMuaomtcg a&0wtm; csufcsif;yif&SifjyKay;Muavonf/ toufESpfq,fjynfhaomtcg &Sifa&0w tm;&[ef;cHay;um ur®|mef;tvkyftm;xkwfapav\/

t&Sifa&0wrax&fonf q&mOyZÑm,fwkdY\tqkH;trtwkdif; ur®|mef;w&m;udk ,lNyD;aemuf q&mOyZÑm,fwkdYESifhreD;ra0;aom ausmufp&pfausmufcJaygrsm;vSonfh &Sm;awmt&yfokdY0ifí ZGJvkHUv0D&d,BuD;pGmjzifh &[ef;w&m;udktm;xkwf&m rMumrDrSmyif &[EÅmtjzpfokdYa&mufawmfrlavonf/

aemifaomtcgjrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifonf &[ef;awmfwkdYtm; {w'*fbGJUxl;jzifh csD; jr§ihfawmfrl&mwGif t&Sifa&0wrax&ftm; ]]awmausmif;üaeaomwynfhom0utaygif; wkdYwGif &Sm;awmüaeaoma&0w&[ef;onf tomqkH;tjrwfqkH;jzpfonf}}[k csD;usL; awmfrlum tm&nuif"kwifaqmif&m0,f {w'*fxm;awmfrlavonf/

tjcm;wpfyg;aomrax&fwkdYonf awmausmif;üaeMuukefonf&Sdaomf oyÜg, jzpfavmufaomawm? awmif a& ajr qGrf;cH½Gmrsm;ukd a½G;cs,frSwfom;NyD;rSom awm ausmif;ü aeMuavukef\/ þt&Sifa&0wrax&fonfum; xkdoyÜg,rsm;ukd tav;r xm; *½krrlbJ MuwfwD;ajrjyif ausmufp&pfausmufjym;ausmufwkH;rsm;aygrsm;NyD; &Sm; ikwfwkdYjzifh Murf;wrf;vSaom &Sm;awmüaeawmfrlav\/ xkdYaMumifh jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sif onf þt&Sifa&0wrax&fudkom tm&nuif{w'*fbGJUay;awmfrlcJhjcif;jzpfygonf/ þrax&fuJhokdY {w'*fbGJYay;jcif;ukd rcH&aomfvnf; tm&nuif"kwiftusifhjzifh xif&Sm;cJhaom 0e0goDt&Sifwdórax&ftaMumif;udkvnf; tusOf;csKyftm;jzifhwifjy vkdygonf/

4; 1; 14/ / awm&aqmufwnf 0e0goDt&Sifwdóax&f

þrax&fonfvnf; t&Sifa&0wrax&fuJhokdYyif ckepfESpfom;t½G,fuyif &Sif omraP jyKcJholjzpfonf/ &SifomraPjyKNyD;ESpf&uftwGif;ü urÁvmouFef;wpfaxmif ESifhqGrf;tkyfwpfaxmifudk&&Sdí ]][email protected]'g,uwdó}}[kvnf;aumif;? ]]urÁv 'g,uwdó}}[kvnf;aumif;? omraPb0rSmyifom0wådjynfrS,lZemwpf&mh ESpfq,f a0;aom awmausmif;ütm&nuif"kwifaqmufwnfaomaMumifh ]]0e0goD wdó}}[k vnf;aumif; trnfokH;rsdK;jzifhxif&Sm;ausmfMum;cJholjzpfonf/ awmausmif;üaeaomf vnf; a&S;bkef;a&S;uH tvGefBuD;rm;oljzpfonf/

awm&aqmufwnfNyD;aemuf okH;vajrmufü pBuøoGm;pOf y#dorÇd'gav;yg;ESifh wuG&[EÅmjzpfcJhavonf/ 0guRwfaomtcg jrwfpGmbk&m;&SifESifwuG t&Sifom&dykwå &m? t&Sifr[marm*¾vmef? t&Sifr[muóy? t&SiftEk½k'¨g? t&SifOygvd? t&SifykPÖ paomr[mom0uBuD;rsm;tygt0if&[ef;aygif;av;aomif;wdkYonf 0e0goDt&Sif wdórax&fxHMuGa&mufí csD;ajr§mufcJhMuavonf/

xkdYaemufjrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifonf &[ef;awmfwdkUtm;]]vmbfvmbukd tvdk&Sdí "kwifaqmifaom yk*¾dKvf\"kwiftusifhESifh edAÁmefa&mufaMumif;tusifhonf wpfjcm;pD omjzpf\/ þokdYusifhonf&Sdaomfvmbfvmb&vdrfhrnf[kBuHítm&nuif"kwifpaom "kwiftusihfukdaqmufwnfaom&[ef;tzkdU tyg,fav;yg;wHcg;onf[if;vif;yGifh vsufBudKqkdae\/ jzpfay:vmaomvmbfvmudky,fí awmokdY0ifum jyif;jyif;xefxef tm;xkwfrSom t&[wåzkdvfokdYa&mufEkdif\}}[krdefYawmfrlawmfrlonf\tqkH;ü rsm;pGm aom&[ef;wkdYonf aomwmywådzkdvfü wnfMuavukef\/ þum; BuD;rm;aom vmbfvmbudky,fpGefYí awm&aqmufwnfaom 0e0goDt&Sifwdórax&f taMumif; yifjzpfygonf/

4; 1; 15/ / usifhaqmifapcsif tm&nuif"kwif

NidrfoufwnfMunfaompdwfjzifh vlolreD;awmNrdKifBuD;twGif;ü aysmfarTUpGmae xkdifjcif;onf jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sif\ pdwfESvkH;awmfukd tm;&ESpfoufapEkdif\/ awm ausmif;ü tazmfrrDS;wpfyg;wnf;ae&jcif;onf um,0da0u? pdwå0da0u? Oy"d0da0u [laom 0da0uokcrsm;ukdcHpm;cGifh&\/ xkdawmae&[ef;wkdY&&SdcHpm;&aom 0da0uokc rsm;ukd odMum;rif; jA[®mrif;wkdYaomfrSvnf; &&SdcHpm;cGifhr&SdMuukef/

csyf0wfwefqmudk 0wfqifvsuf qifwyf jrif;wyfrsm;ESifhwuG ppfajrjyifokdY csDwufaomrif;onf wpfbuf&efolukd vG,fulpGm atmifjrifatmifwkdufxkwfarmif;ESif jcif;iSg pGrf;EkdifouJhokdY yHokulouFef;wnf;[laom csyf0wfwefqmukd 0wfqifvsuf tm&nuif"kwifwnf;[laom qifwyf jrif;wyfrsm;ESifhwuG "kw"r®wnf;[laom txl;xl;aom vufeufwkdUudk pGJukdifí udavomrm&f udk,fwGif;&efwkdYukd NzdKcGif;zsufqD;&ef awmausmif;wnf;[laom ppfajrjyift&yfokdYa&mufaom t&n0goD a,m*D&[ef;awmfonfvnf; rMumrDyif &efoljzpfaom udavomrm&fppfonfwkdYukd atmifjrifatmif wGef;vSefwkdufzsufjcif;iSg pGrf;Ekdifav\/ xkdYaMumifh udavom rm&fppfonfwkdYukd wGef;vSef wkdufzsufvkdaom &[ef;awmfwkdYonf tm&nuif"kwifudk aqmufwnfusifhokH;í vlolreD;awmNrdKifBuD;twGif;ü aexkdifum owdy|meftvkyf ukd BudK;pm;tm;xkwfMuukef&m\/

tm&nuif"kwiftaMumif;NyD;\/


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