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"r®'ge á oHC á "kwif á taAÇmumodu
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taAÇmumodu"kwif taMumif;


4; 3; 1/ / taAÇmumodu"kwif t"dyÜg,f

trdk;r&Sdaom [if;vif;jyift&yfüaejcif;udk taAÇmumo[kac:\/ xkduJhodkY trdk; r&dSaom[if;vif;jyift&yfüaeavh&Sdaomolukd taAÇmumodu[kac:\/ xkd[if; vif;jyift&yfüaeavh&Sdaomyk*¾dKvf\ tusifhodu©mü aqmufwnfaMumif;jzpfaom taMumif; t*FgapwemudktaAÇmumodu*F = taAÇmumodu"kwif[kac:ygonf/

4; 3; 2/ / taAÇmumodu"kwif aqmufwnfykH

taAÇmumodu"kwifukd -

]]qE´Oö ½ku©rlvOö y#du©dygrd? taAÇmumodu*ø orm'd,mrd}} [k ygVdbmom pum;oufoufjzifhvnf;aumif;?]]trkd;udkvnf;aumif;? opfyif&if;udkvnf;aumif; y,fyg\? trdk;r½Sdaom [if;vif;jyift&yfü aeavh½Sdaom&[ef;awmf\ taMumif; t*Fgapwemudk aqmufwnfyg\}} [k jrefrmbmompum;oufoufjzifhvnf;aumif; rdrdESpfouf&mbmompum;wpfrsdK;rsdK;jzifhESpfoufovkd aqmufwnfusifhokH;Ekdifygonf/

4; 3; 3/ / usifhykHtpDtpOf

txufygtwkdif; "kwifaqmufwnfNyD;aom &[ef;onfw&m;em&efudpö? Oykof y0g&PmjyK&efudpörsm;½SdvQif trkd;atmufodkY0ifaumif;\/ "kwifrysufay/ Oykofodrf twGif;odkY 0ifNyD;aemuf rkd;½GmvmvQif tjyifokdYrxGufbJ twGif;üaeaumif;\/ rdk;pJ aomtcgrSomxGufEkdif\/ w&m;"r®a[majym&ef awmif;yefaomtcg½SdvQif trkd; atmufodkY0ifaumif;\/ odkYaomfw&m;a[mNyD;aomtcg vGifwD;acgifodkYomoGm;&rnf/ qGrf;pm;ausmif;odkYjzpfap? rD;wif;ukwfodkYjzpfap0ifíqkdif&musifh0wfrsm;udkvnf; jyKykdif cGifh½Sd\/ rax&fBuD;wkdYudk qGrf;vSL'gef;vkdonfhtcgüvnf; trdk;atmufokdY0ifEkdif \/

xkdYjyif taAÇmumodu"kwifaqmif&[ef;onf olwpfyg;tm; pmoifay;&efudpö rdrdu wynfhcHí pmoif,l&efudpörsm;½Sdygu pmoifaeqJtcsdefüom trkd;atmufodkY 0ifaumif;\/ pmoifMum;jcif;udpö NyD;qkH;ygu tjyifokdYom xGufíae&rnf/ ausmif;tjyifbufü ½Sdaomuk#if? anmifapmif;ponfwkdYudkausmif;twGif;odkY oGif;onfh tcgüvnf;aumif;?c&D;oGm;pOfoDwif;BuD;&[ef;\ oydwfouFef;ponfwkdYudk ,líoGm; pOf rkd;½Gmvmaomfvnf;aumif;? trkd;atmufodkY 0ifaumif;\/ xkdodkY c&D;oGm;pOfü oDwif;BuD;&[ef;\ oydwfy&du©&mrsm;rygcJhaomf ]]þZ&yfü0ifí wnf;ckdthH}} [kBuHí Z&yf½Sd&modkYvQifjrefpGmroGm;bJ rdrdoGm;½kd;oGm;pOfjzifhomoGm;í Z&yftwGif;ü rkd;pJonfhwkdifatmifaeEkdif\/ rkd;pJaomtcgrS tjyifodkYxGuf&rnfjzpfygonf/ þum; taAÇmumodu"kwifaqmif&[ef;tm; >cif;csuf taetm;jzifh cGifhjyKxm;aom Oya'o rsm;yifjzpfygonf/

þOya'orsm;onf ½ku©rl"kwifaqmif &[ef;ESifhvnf;oufqkdifygonf/ xkdY aMumifh ½ku©rl"kwifaqmif&[ef;onfrdk;½Gmaomtcg? tjcm;jyKbG,fudpö&SdaomtcgwkdY ü taAÇmumodu"kwifaqmif&[ef;uJhodkY jyKusifh&rnfjzpfygonf/

4; 3; 4/ / taAÇmumodu"kwif aqmifyk*¾dKvfokH;rsdK;

taAÇmumodu"kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvfonf -

  1. Ouú |taAÇmumodu = tjrwfpm;taAÇmumodu"kwifaqmif Ouú |fykK*¾dKvf/
  2. rZÑdrtaAÇmumodu = tvwfpm;taAÇmumodu"kwifaqmifrZÑdryk*¾dKvf/
  3. rk'ktaAÇmumodu = tnHhpm;taAÇmumodu"kwifaqmif rk'kyk*¾dKvf

[lí okH;rsdK;uGJjym;\/ xkddwGif -

  1. tjrwfpm;taAÇmumodu"kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvfonf opfyifawmawmif tdrfp aomt&dyf&Sdaomt&yfü uyfrSDíraeaumif;? [if;vif;jyift&yfüom ouFef;rkd;uk#DjyK vkyfí aexkdif&rnf/
  2. tvwfpm;taAÇmumodu"kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvfonf t&dyf&Sdaom opfyifawm awmiftdrfpaomt&dyfwkdYukdrSDí twGif;odkYr0ifbJ eD;pyf&mt&dyfus&mt&yfrsm;okdYom rSDíaexkdifEkdif\/
  3. tnhHpm;taAÇmumodu"kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvfonf rkd;r,kdatmif trkd;toGifjzifh rkd;xm;aom tykdif;tjcm;r&SdaomawmifcsdKifh? awmif0Srf;? usJusJrkd;xm;aomopfcuf [email protected]? upD&nfwifxm;aom ykqkd;trkd;? v,fapmifhponfwkdYpGefYypfxm;aomwJtkd? wJysufponfwkdYü aexkdifcGifh&Sd\/ xkdokdYaejcif;aMumifh"kwifrysufay/

4; 3; 5/ / taAÇmumodu"kwif ysufpD;ykH

txufazmfjyyg taAÇmumodu"kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvftm;vkH;onf trkd;rkd;aom taqmuftOD? opfyif&if;? opfyifatmufponfwkdUü 0ifí aexkdifaomcPü "kwif ysufygonf/

t*Fkwå&edum,faqmifrax&fwdkUurl]]w&m;emjcif;ponftvkdYiSm trkd;atmuf okdY 0ifaepOf,ckyift½kPfwufawmhrnf[kodvsuf tjyifokdYrxGufbJ xkdt&yfwdkYü t½kPfwufapumrQü "kwifysufonf}}[kqkdMuonf/ xkdYaMumihf taAÇmumodu"kwif aqmif&[ef;onf taMumif;udpöwpfpkHwpf&m&SdvQif trkd;atmufodkY0ifaumif;\/ trdk; atmuf0ifpOf t½kPfwufrSef;odvsuftjyifokdYrxGufbJ aeumrQü "kwifysufonf[k rSwf&ygrnf/

4; 3; 6/ / taAÇmumodu"kwif aqmufwnf&jcif;\tusdK;tmedoifrsm;

taAÇmumodu"kwifaqmufwnfjcif;jzifh atmufazmfjyygtusdK;tmedoifrsm;ukd &&SdEkdifygonf/ 4if;wkdYrSm -

  1. xde rd'¨udk y,fazsmufEkdifjcif;/
  2. tm0goyvdaAm" uif;jywfjcif;/
  3. opfyifatmufüaejcif;onfcsrf;omjcif;? usef;rma&;aumif;jcif;ponf&SdEkdif ao;\/ opfyif&if;üNiduyfwG,fwmjcif;vQiftaMumif;&if;tajccH&Sdaomtm 0goyvdaAm"ponfjzpfEkdif\/ [if;vif;jyift&yfü aexkdifjcif;onfum; tm0goyvdaAm"vnf;rjzpfEkdif? rdrd\toufüaomfvnf; NiduyfwG,fwmrI r&Sd? tusifhodu©mtwGuf rdrdtoufudkaomfrSvnf; pGefYvGwfxm;aompdwf&Sd \/ xkdYaMumifhtm0goyvdaAm"uif;jywfjcif;ESifh toufüaomfvnf;Niduyff wG,fwmrIuif;jcif;[laom tusdK;rsm;udk&&SdEkdifonf[kqkd&rnfjzpfonf/
  4. &[ef;wkdYonf om;orifuJhokdY NiduyfwG,fwmjcif;r&Sdrlí aep&mausmif;udk tvdkr&SdbJ vGwfvyfNidrfcsrf;pGmaeEkdifukef\[kcsD;rGrf;cH&jcif;/
  5. t&dyftm0goü NiduyfwG,fwmrIukd y,fazsmufEkdifjcif;/
  6. rdrdoGm;vkd&m t&yfav;rsufESmwkdYokdU tydwftyifr&SdoGm;vmEkdifjcif;/
  7. tydpäwmpaom *kPfwkdYtm;avsmfaom tusifh&Sdoljzpfjcif;wkdYjzpfygonf/

4; 3; 7/ / wkdufwGef;csuf

tdrfaeolvlwkdY\ vlrIa&; pD;yGm;a&; tdrfaxmifa&; om;orD;a&;ponfwkdYrS uif;&Sif;aom &[ef;b0ESifhþtaAÇmumodu"kwiftusifhonf vGefpGmrS vkdufzuf nDvS\/ aep&maeXmeudk&SmazG&rIvnf;r&Sd? Mu,fwm&mwkdYjzifhNyD;onfh ywåjrm;rsufESm MuufESifhvrif;wnf;[laom qDrD;cGufBuD;jzifhxGef;vif;awmufyvsuf&Sdaom [if;vif; jyifwnf;[laomt&yfü aexkdif&ojzifh xde rd'¨udk y,fcGgEkdif\/ om;orifuJhokdY vGwfvyfayghyg;aom pdwfjzifhaexkdifum &[ef;w&m;ukd yGm;rsm;tm;xkwfEkdif\/ xkd vGifwD;acgif t&yfonfqdwfvnf;qdwfNidrf\/ qdwfNidrfjcif;aMumifh psmefr*fzkdvfw&m; xl;ukdvnf; rMumrDrSmyif &&SdEkdif\/ xkdYaMumifhynm&Sdaom&[ef;awmfonf [if;vif; jyifüaexkdifí usifhjcif;wnf;[laom taAÇmumodu"kwiftusifhudk usifhokH;aqmuf wnf&m\/

taAÇmumodu"kwiftaMumif;NyD;\/


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