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"r®'ge á oHC á "kwif á cvkypämbwådu
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cvkypämbwådu "kwiftaMumif;


3; 5/ / cvkypämbwådu"kwift"dyÜg,fff

abmZOfig;yg;wpfyg;yg;ukd pm;aepOf tjcm;aom &[ef;&SifvlwpfOD;OD;u vuf urf;íay;aom abmZOfwpfckckukd]]awmfNyD? wefNyD}}[k ukd,ftrlt&mjzifhjzpfap? EIwftrl t&mjzifhjzpfap y,fjrpfrdaom&[ef;onf y0g&ddwfoifhaom&[ef;rnf\/

xkduJhokdY y0g&dwfoifhNyD;onfrS aemufü &vmaomqGrf;onf]]ypämbwå}}rnf\/ xkdypämbwåqGrf;ukd 0denf;uHjyKí pm;jcif;ukd ]]ypämbwåabmZe}}[kac:\/ xkdaemuf rS&tyfaomqGrf;ukd pm;avh&Sdaom&[ef;ukd ]]ypämbwådu}} [kac:\/

y0g&dwfoifhNyD;onfrS aemufü &vmaomqGrf;ukd 0denf;uHt& twd&dwf0denf; uH jyKípm;Ekdifaomfvnf; "kwifaqmufwnfxm;aomaMumifh rpm;bJaeaom&[ef;ukd ]]cvkypämbwådu}}[kac:\/ þücvko'´gonf wm;jrpfjcif;teufukda[maom edygwf yk'fjzpf\/ xkdYaMumifh cvkypämbwådu[lonf y0g&dwfoifhonfrS aemufü&aomqGrf; ukd0denf;awmft&twd&dwf0denf;uHjyKíyifrpm;awmhbJ þ"kwifukd aqmufwnfxm; aomaMumifh 0denf;"kd&f&[ef;ujyKay;aom pm;MuGif;jyKtyfaomabmZOfukd y,faom &[ef;ukd cvkypämbwådu&[ef;[k ac:qkdav\/

wpfenf;tm;jzifh cvko'´gonf cvkrnfaom iSufowå0gukda[m\/ xkdcvkrnfaomiSufowå0gonf EIwfoD;jzifhopfoD;ukd csD,lonfhtcgü trSwfrJh EIwfoD;rS opfoD; jyKwfusoGm;cJhvQif aemufxyftjcm;aomopfoD;wpfckukd csD,lEkdif&ef tcGifhtvrf;&Sdaomfvnf;rcsD,lawmhbJ wpfaeukeftpmrpm;bJ tiwfcHum aeavh &Sd\/ cvkypämbwådu"kwifaqmif&[ef;onfvnf; qGrf;pm;pOftcgü y0g&dwf oifhonf&Sdaomf0denf;odu©myk'ft& twd&dwf0denf;uHjyKítjcm;aomabmZOfukdpm;cGifh &Sdaomfvnf; þ"kwifukdaqmufwnfxm;aomaMumifh aemufxyf&vmaomqGrf;abm ZOfudkrpm;bJaeavh&SdaomaMumifh cvkypämbwådu[laomtrnfukd&jcif;jzpfygonf/

xkdcvkypämbwådu&[ef;awmf\ tusifhodu©müaqmufwnfaMumif;jzpfaom taMumif;t*Fgorm'geapwemonf cvkypämbwådu*F=cvkypämbwådu"kwifrnf\/

3; 5; 1/ / cvkypämbwådu"kwif aqmufwnfykH

xkdcvkypämbwådu"kwifukd -

]]twd&dwåabmZeH y#du©dygrd? cvkypämbwådu*ø orm'd,mrd}} [kygVdbmom pum;oufoufjzifhvnf;aumif;?

]]y0g&dwfoifhNyD;aemuf twd&dwf0denf;uHjyKípm;jcif;ukdy,fyg\/ y,fjrpfNyD; onfrS aemufü&aomqGrf;udk rpm;awmhaom&[ef;\ taMumif;t*Fgapwemukd aqmufwnfyg\}}[kjrefrmbmompum;oufoufjzifhvnf;aumif; rdrdESpfouf&m bmompum; wpfrsdK;rdsK;jzifh aqmufwnfusifhokH;Ekdifygonf/

3; 5; 2/ / y0g&dwf oifhjcif;taMumif;

þ"kwifukd raqmufwnfrD a&S;OD;pGm y0g&dwfoifhjcif;taMumif;ukd em;vnf oabmaygufxm;&efvkdtyf\/ okdYrSom þ"kwifudk jynfhpkHpGmapmifhxdef;Ekdifrnfjzpf\/ y0g&dwfoifhykHrSm abmZOfig;yg;wpfyg;ukd pm;aepOftcdkufü wpfpkHwpfa,mufaom yk*¾dKvfu rdrdxHa&S;½Iaqmif,lívmaom abmZOfukd tvdkr&Sdí awmfNyD? jynfhpkHNyD[ky,f jrpfrdygu y0g&dwfoifhavawmh\/ xkdokdYy0g&dwfoifhu ae&majymif;a½TUírpm;aumif; awmhacs? wpfae&mwnf;üom r0rcsif;bkOf;ay;&rnfjzpf\/ Oyrm- eHeuft½kPfqGrf; pm;pOf y0g&dwfoifhygu eHeuft½kPfqGrf;ukdt0pm;&\/ aeUqGrf;udk bkOf;ay;vkdvQif eHeufu y0g&dwfoifhxm;aomaMumifh twd&ddwf0denf;uHjyKípm;&\/ twd&dwf0denf; uHrjyKbJ aeYqGrf;ukd bkOf;ay;vQifygpdwftmywfoifhawmh\/ xkdokdYqGrf;pm;pOfy0g&dwf oifh&mü y0g&dwfoifhaMumif; t*Fgonf(5)yg;&Sd\/ 4if;wkdYrSm-

1/ abmZOfig;yg;wpfyg;yg;ukd pm;aeqJjzpfjcif;/ 2/ abmZOfig;yg;wpfyg;yg;jzpfjcif;/ 3/ ESpfawmifhxGm[wygoftwGif;ü wnfjcif;/ 4/ uyfrnfhol? ay;rnfholu a&SU½Iaqmif,lvmjcif;/ 5/ ]]awmfNyD? wefNyD? jynfhpkHNyD}}[kukd,fEIwfwpfrsdK;rsdK;jzifhy,fjrpfjcif;wdkYjzpfyg onf/

þt*Fgig;yg;ESifhjynfhpkHvQify0g&dwfoifhonf[krSwf&ygrnf/ xkdokdYy0g&dwfoifh ygutwd&dwf0denf;uHjyKípm;&\/ þcvkypämbwådu"kwifaqmif &[ef;onfum; y0g&dwfoifhonf&Sdaomf twd&dwf0denf;uHjyKípm;jcif;iSmvnf;rtyfay/ pm;vQif"kwif ysufavawmh\/ ]]awmfNyD? wefNyD? jynfhpkHNyD}}[ky,fjrpf&mü EIwfjzifhomru vufukd umí y,fjrpfjcif;? jcifESif,yfawmifukd umjyjcif;? ouFef;tem;ukd vIyfjyjcif;? rsufESmtrlt&mjyí y,fjrpfjcif;? pdwfqkd;[efjyKíy,fjrpfjcif;ponfhrnfonfhtrlt&m jzifhjzpfap udk,fçEIwf wpfyg;yg;jzihf y,fjzpfvQif y0g&dwfoifhonf[kom rSwfom;& ygrnf/xkdaMumifh þ "kwifaqmif&[ef;wdkYonf qGrf;pm;aepOf y0g&dwfroifhatmif owdxm;í jyKusifhoifh ygonf/

3; 5; 3/ / y0g&dwf oifhaom&[ef;ESpfyg;\ xl;jcm;csuf

y0g&dwfoifhaom&[ef;onf-

( u) "kwifaqmif&[ef; ( c) 0denf;aqmif&[ef;[lí ESpfrsdK;&Sd\/

xkdwGif "kwifaqmif&[ef;onf qGrf;pm;aepOf y0g&dwfoifhcJhonf&Sdaomf wzef £&d,mykxfwpfyg;jzifh&vmaom abmZOfukd 0denf;uHjyKíyifrpm;aumif;awmhacs/ pm; vQif"kwifysufavawmh\/

0denf;aqmif&[ef;rSmrl y0g&dwfoifhaomfvnf; £&d,mykxfwpfyg;jzifh pm;vkd vQif xkdrdrdpm;vkdaom abmZOfukd 0denf;uRrf;usifaom(0denf;"kd&f)&[ef;wpfyg;yg; xHokdYaqmifí ]]pm;MuGif;jyKay;ygukeft&Sifbk&m;wkdY}}[kqkdí 0denf;uHjyKckdif;&\/ 0denf;"kd&f&[ef;onf xkdabmZOfrS tenf;i,f,lpm;NyD;vQif ]]þtvkH;pkHukd awmfNyD? wefNyD}}[kqkdípm;MuGif;jyKay;&\/ þonfukdyif]]twd&dwf0denf;uHjyKjcif;}}[líac: qkdjcif;jzpfygonf/ xkdpm;MuGif;jyKay;aomabmZOfukd y0g&dwfoifhaom&[ef;onf qufvufpm;okH;Ekdif\/ xkdokdYpm;jcif;aMumifh rnfonfhtmywfrQ roifhay/ þum; y0g&dwfoifhaom &[ef;ESpfyg;wkdY\ xl;jcm;csufrsm;yifjzpfygonf/

3; 5; 4/ / cvkypämbwådu"kwif aqmifyk*¾dKvfokH;rsdK;

cvkypämbwådu"kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvfonf-

1/ Ouú|cvkypämbwådu = tjrwfpm;cvkypämbwådu"kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvf/ 2/ rZÑdrcvkypämbwådu = tvwfpm;cvkypämbwådu"kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvf/ 3/ rk'kcvkypämbwådu = tnHhpm;cvkypämbwådu"kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvf

[lí okH;rsdK;uGJjym;\/ xkdwGif -

1/ tjrwfpm; cvkypämbwådu"kwifaqmif Ouú|fyk*¾dKvfonf yxrqGrf;wpf vkyfüy0g&dwfroifhao;? xkdyxrqGrf;wpfvkyfpm;rsdKNyD;&mtcgü y0g&dwfoifh\/ xkdokdY y0g&dwfoifhNyD;aemufü 'kwd,qGrf;vkyfukd rpm;&awmhacs/ pm;vQif Ouú|f"kwifaqmif yk*¾dKvfrjzpfEkdifawmhay/

2/ tvwfpm;cvkypämbwådu"kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvfonf qGrf;pm;aepOf y0g&dwf oifhvQif oydwfxJü&Sdaom pm;aeqJvufusefqGrf;abmZOfukd qufvufEkdif\/ aemuf xyfwjcm;wpfyg;aom qGrf;abmZOfukd rpm;&awmhacs/ pm;vQif tnHhpm;"kwifaqmif yk*¾dKvfomjzpfEkdifav\/

3/ tnHhpm;cvkypämbwådu"kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvfonf qGrf;pm;aepOfy0g&dwfoifh cJhonf&Sdaomf pm;onfhae&mrS rxao;orQ umvywfvkH; tyfatmifjyKí pm;okH;Ekdif \/ ae&mrSxNyD;vQifum; aemufxyf&vmaomqGrf;abmZOfukdpm;cGifhr&Sddawmhay/ pm; vQif"kwifysufavawmh\/ þum;cvkypämbwådu"kwifaqmif yk*¾dKvfokH;yg;wkdY\ xl;jcm;csufrsm;yifjzpfygonf/

3; 5; 5/ / cvkypämbwådu"kwif ysufpD;ykH

þtxufazmfjyyg "kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvftm;vkH;wkdYonf qGrf;pm;aepOfy0g&dwf oifhMuygvsuf £&d,mykxfwpfyg;jzifh &vmaom qGrf;abmZOfukd twd&dwf0denf;uH jyKí pm;aomcPüyif cvkypämbwådu"kwifysufygonf/ þum;cvkypämbwådu "kwifysufpD;ykHjzpfygonf/ twd&dwf0denf;uHrjyKbJpm;vQif ygpdwftmywfvnf;oifhyg onf/ "kwifvnf;ysufygonf/

3; 5; 6/ / cvkypämbwådu"kwif aqmif&jcif;\tusdK;tmedoifrsm;

þcvkypämbwådu"kwifudk aqmufwnfjcif;aMumifh atmufüazmfjyrnfh tusdK; tmedoifrsm;ukd &&SdEkdifygonf/ ,if;wkdYum; -

1/ twdd&dwf0denf;uHrjyKbJ pm;jcif;aMumifh oifhaomtmywfrS uif;a0;jcif;/ 2/ 0rf;jynfhatmif rpm;jcif;aMumifh tpm;MuL;rIr&Sdjcif;/ 3/ tmrdowkdYü odkrDS;rI oEéd"duif;oljzpf&jcif;/ 4/ wzef&SmrSD;rI r&Sdjcif;/ 5/ tydpäwmpaom*kPftm;avsmfaom tusifh&Sdoljzpfjcif;wkdYjzpfygonf/

3; 5; 7/ / cvkypämbwådu"kwif\ *kPf&nfrsm;

cvkypämbwådu"kwifaqmif&[ef;onf wzef0rf;pm&SmrSD;jcif;aMumifhjzpfaom yifyef;jcif;rSuif;\/ okdrSD;odrf;qnf;&jcif;qif;&Judk y,fazsmufEkdif\/ 0rf;jynfhatmif pm;jcif;ukdvnf; y,fpGefYEkdifoljzpf\/ ]]pwåma&myOötmavmay? tbkwGm O'uH yda0}} paoma'oemawmfESifhtnDusifhokH;Ekdifoljzpf\/ a&mifh&Jaom oaEÅmo*kPfponfwkdYudk wkd;yGg;ap\/ xkdYaMumifh t&omüwyfrufwwfaom &owPSmwnf;[laom udavom w&m;qkd;udkcgwGufvkdaom ynm&Sd&[ef;awmfwkdYonf&owPSmudk y,fpGefY Ekdif&ef tvdkYiSgusifhaqmifaom þcvkypämbwådu"kwiftusifhjrwfudk usifhokH;aqmuf wnfMuukef&m\/

cvkypämbwådu"kwiftaMumifNyD;\/


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