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"r®'ge á oHC á "kwif á edoZÆd
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edoZÆd"kwiftaMumif;


4; 6; 1/ edoZÆd"kwif t"dyÜg,f

tdyfjcif;£&d,mykxfudky,fí xkdifjcif;? &yfjcif;? pBuøoGm;jcif;£&d,mykxfokH;yg; jzifhaeavh&Sdaom&[ef;onfaeoZÆdurnf\/ xkd&[ef;awmf\tusifhodu©mü aqmuf wnfaMumif;jzpfaom taMumif;t*Fgapwemonf aeoZÆdu*F = edoZÆd"kwifrnf\/ xkdaeoZÆdu [laomyk'fudkyif ygVdoufa0g[m&wpfcktaejzifh edoZf"kwif[kjrefrmrIjyK í ac:qkdxm;jcif;jzpfygonf/

4; 6; 2/ / edoZÆd"kwif aqmufwnfykH

edoZÆd"kwifudk -

]]ao,sH y#du©dygrd? aeoZÆdu*ø orm'd,mrd}} [kygVdbmompum; oufouf jzifhvnf;aumif;? ]]vJavQmif;í tdyfjcif;ukd y,fyg\/ xkdifvsufaeavh&Sdaom&[ef; \ taMumif;t*Fgapwemudk aqmufwnfyg\}}[k jrefrmbmompum;oufoufjzifh vnf;aumif; rdrdESpfouf&mbmompum;wpfrsdK;rsdK;jzifh ESpfoufovdkaqmufwnf usifhokH;Ekdifygonf/

4; 6; 3/ / usifhykHtpDtpOf

txufazmfjyygtwkdif; "kwifaqmufwnfNyD;aom&[ef;onf nOfhokH;,mrfwkdY wGifwpf,mrfxí pBuøavQmufEkdif\/ xkdodkpBuøavQmufjcif;aMumifh "kwifrysufEkdifyg/ tb,faMumifhqkdaomf avQmif;? xdkif? &yf? oGm;[laom £&d,mykxfav;yg;wkdYwGif avsmif;pufjcif;(tdyfjcif;)£&d,mykxfwpfyg;om rtyfpyf? usef£&d,mykxfokH;yg;um; tyfpyfaomaMumifhjzpfygonf/ rSefygonf/ nOfhokH;,mrfwkdYwGif wpf,mrfxí pBuø avQmufrSom £&d,mykxfrQwí þedoZf"kwifudk qufvufapmifha&SmufEkdifrnfjzpfyg onf/ xkdYaMumifh nOfhokH;,mrfwdkYwGif ESpf,mrfywfvkH; xkdifjcif;? &yfjcif;£&d,mykxf ESpfyg;jzifh aeEkdif\/ wpf,mrfywfvkH;um; pBuøavQmufí ur®|mef;w&m;ukd yGm;rsm; tm;xkwf&rnfjzpfonf/

4; 6; 4/ / edoZÆd"kwif aqmifyk*¾dKvfokH;rsdK;

edoZÆd"kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvfonf -

  1. Ouú|aeoZÆdu = tjrwfpm;edoZÆd"kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvf/
  2. rZÑdraeoZÆdu = tvwfpm;edoZÆd"kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvf/
  3. rk'kaeoZÆdu = tnhHpm;edoZÆd"kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvf

[lí oHk;rsdK;uGJjym;\/ xkdwGif -

1/ tjrwfpm;"kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvfonf aemufrSDwHuJysOfudkrSDí xkdifjcif;ukdvnf; aumif;? t0wfykqkd;jzifh 'l;ESpfbufudkodrf;ykduf&pfokdif;í xkdifjcif;;(ykqkd;tma,m*ywf) udkvnf;aumif;? vufESpfbufjzifh 'l;udkokdif;zufí xkdifjcif; (vuftma,m*ywf)udk udkvnf;aumif;a&SmifMuOf&rnf/

2/ tvwfpm;"kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvfonf txufygxkdifjcif;okH;rsdK;wkdYwGif wpfrdsK; rdsK;aomxkkdifjcif;jzifh xkdifaeEkdif\/

3/ tnHhpm;"kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvfonftxufygxkdifjcif;okH;rsdK;omrurSDp&maemuf rSDacgif;tkH;? tajcav;acsmif;&Sdaom aemufrSDwHuJygaomtif;ysOfxkdifckH (yOö*Fanmif apmif;)? tajcav;acsmif;&SdaomaemufrSDwHuJESifh 0J,meHyg;ESpfbufwkdYüygaom vufwifp&mwef;ESpfck[laom t*FgESpfyg;&Sdaom tif;ysOfxkdifckH(owå*Fanmifapmif;) wkdYudkokH;íxkdifjcif;wkdUudkjyKEkdif\/ xkdYaMumifh ,ckacwfü&Sdaom Budrfukvm;xkdif? yufvufukvm;xkdifrsm;vnf; tnhHpm;edoZÆd"kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvftm;tyf\/ "kwif rysuf[krSwf&ygrnf/

jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifvufxufawmfü t&SifrdVmb,ax&fonf edoZÆd"kwif udkaqmif\/ xkdrax&ftm; tvkyftauR;'g,umwkdYu t*Fg(7)yg;&Sdaom owå*F anmifapmif;udkvSLMu\/ rax&fonf xkdanmifapmif;udktokH;jyKvsuf edoZÆd"kwifukd aqmufwnfí &[ef;w&m;ukdtm;xkwfav&m tem*grdr*fzkdvfwkdifatmif &&SdcJhav onf/ xkdYaMumifhyufvufukvm;xkdif? Budrfukvm;xkdifponfwkdYonf edoZÆd"kwif aqmifyk*¾dKvfwkdYtm;tyfukef\/ "kwifrysuf[komrSwfom;&rnfjzpfygonf/

4; 6; 5/ / enf;,lp&m ax&fq&mrsm;

jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifvufxufawmfü edoZf"kwifudk aqmifMuaom &[EÅmrax&f BuD;rsm;tvGefrsm;ukef\/ xkdrax&frsm;onf &[EÅmjzpfMuNyD;jzpfaomfvnf; aemifvm aemufom;wkdYtwkvkdufí usifhMuapjcif;iSg a&SUaqmifvrf;jytaejzifh usifhjyjcif;om jzpfygonf/ xkdtcsdefu edoZf"kwifjzifhxif&Sm;cJhaom rax&fBuD;rsm;udkwifjy&aomf -

1/ tESpfokH;q,f umvywfvkH; ausmqefYausmrSDí usdef;pufawmfrrlaom t&Sifom&dykwå&mrax&f/ 2/ tESpfokH;q,fumvywfvkH;ausmqefYausmrSDíusdef;pufawmfrrlaom t&Sif r[marm*¾vmefrax&f/ 3/ tESpfwpf&mhESpfq,fumvywfvkH;ausmqefYausmrSDíusdef;pufawmfrrlaom t&Sifr[muóyrax&f/ 4/ tESpfig;q,fumvywfvkH;ausmqefYausmrSDí usdef;pufawmfrrlaom t&Sif tEk½k'¨grax&f/ 5/ tESpfokH;q,ffumvywfvkH;ausmqefYausmrSDíusdef;pufawmfrrlaom t&Sif b'´d,rax&f/ 6/ wpfq,fh&SpfESpfwmumvywfvkH;ausmqefYausmrSDí usdef;pufawmfrrlaom t&SifaomPrax&f/ 7/ wpfq,fhESpfESpfumvywfvkH; ausmqefYausmrSDí usdef;pufawmfrrlaom t&Sif&|ygvrax&f/ 8/ wpfq,fhig;ESpfumvywfvkH; ausmqefYausmrSDí usdef;pufawmfrrlaom t&SiftmeE´rax&f/ 9/ wpfq,fhESpfESpfumvywfvkH; ausmqefYausmrSDí usdef;pufawmfrrlaom t&Sif&m[kvmrax&f/ 10/ tESpf&Spfq,fumvywfvkH;ausmqefYausmrSDíusdef;pufawmfrrlaom t&Sif Amukvrax&f/ 11/ y&dedAÁmefpHonfhwkdifatmif ausmqefYausmrSDí usdef;pufawmf rrlaom t&Sifemvurax&f/ 12/ pu©KESpfuGif;tvif;r&onfhwdkifatmif a0'emcHpm;&aomfvnf;ausmqefY ausmrSDí usdef;pufawmfrrlaom t&Sifr[mpu©Kygvrax&fwkdYonf edoZf"kwifukdusifh aqmif&mü pHjyyk*¾dKvfrsm;tjzpf omoemhordkif;wGifrSwfwrf;wifjcif;cHcJh&aom rax&f rsm;jzpfMuygonf/

þyk*¾dKvfrsm;wkdYwGifpu©Kygvrax&f\taMumif;rSm pdwf0ifpm;zG,f aumif;vS\/ twk,lav;pm;zG,fvnf;jzpf\/ xkdYaMumifhpu©Kygvrax&f\taMumif; udkazmfjycsifyg\/

4; 6; 5; 1/ / pu©Kygvrax&f

jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifonf om0wdjynf aZw0efausmif;awmfü oDwif;okH;aeawmfrl pOfom0wdNrdKUwGif;ü r[mok0PÖolMuG,fonf om;BuD;r[mygvESihfom;i,fplVygv wkdYukd avmutv,füxm;cJhum uG,fvGefcJh\/

r[mygvESifhplVygvwkdYonf nDaemift&if;jzpfygvsuf avmutjrifjcif;um; rwl? r[mygvu tqefudkjrif\/ plvygu tpkefudkjrif\/ tqefonffavmukwå&m jzpf\/ tpkefonf avmuDjzpf\/ jrifhjrwfolwkdY\ tvkyfonf tqefjzpfaomfvnf; omrefolwkdYum;tpkefü ,pfrl;\/ r[mygvutemcHjcif;ü]]&o}}udkjrifí plvygvu tompHjcif;ü ]]&o}}udkjrif\/ odkY&mwGifnDtpfudk ESpfa,mufwkdYonf tcsif;csif;rsm;pGm MuifemMuyg\/

wpfaeYwGif r[mygvonfom0wdjynfaZw0efausmif;okdYoGm;í jrwfpGmbk&m; &SifxHawmfrS w&m;awmfukd em,l\/ w&m;em,lNyD;aomtcg r[mygvonf ol&SmazG pkaqmif;xm;aomypönf;OpömwkdYürwyfrufawmh? avmupnf;pdrf[lonf aMuG;,lí& vmxm;aom Opömrsm;omjzpf\/ Opömpnf;pdrfrskm;avav aMuG;ywfvnf0kdif;avavjzpf \/ ,if;aMuG;rsm;ukd0dyguaMuG;? ur®aMuG;? udavomaMuG;[líac:aMumif; r[mygv onf w&m;awmfukdem,lNyD;rSoabmaygufvm\/ xkdYaMumifh]]aMuG;ukdqyf&rnf? b0rS vGwfajrmufatmifvkyf&rnf}}[kqkH;jzwfí nDi,fplvygxHcGifhyefí &[ef;jyKcJh\/ plVyg vonf idkaMuG;jrnf;wrf;&if;usef&pfcJh\/

r[mygvonf q&mOyZÑm,fxHüig;0gywfvkH;aeí0guRwfaomtcg y0g&Pm jyKí jrwfpGmbk&m;&SifxHt&[wåzkdvfwkdifatmifaom ur®|mef;w&m;udkawmif;,lum oDwif;okH;azmfajcmufusdyfwkdYESifhtwlom0wdjynfrS ,lZem(120)uGma0;aomypöEÅ&pf½Gm okdYMuGawmfrlí &[ef;w&m;udktm;xkwf\/ &[ef;w&m;tm;xkwf&mwGif £&d,mykxf av;rsdK;teuf tdyfjcif;£&d,mykxfukdy,fum oGm;? xkdif? &yf[laom£&d,mykxfokH;rsdK; jzifhomtm;xkwf\/ r[mygvonfrnfonfhtcgrQrtdyfpuf? Murf;ysOfay:ü rnfonfh tcgrQ ausmufukef;udkrqefY/

tdyfpufjcif;udkvkH;0rjyKaom r[mygvrax&ftm; 0gqkdvukefí 0gacgifvokdY a&mufvQifrsufpda&m*gjzpfcJh\/ tkd;aygufrS,kdusaom a&tvsOfuJhokdYrsufpdwkdYrS rsuf &nfwkdYonf wpfoGifoGifpD;usukef\/ odkY&mwGif r[mygvonf nOhfokH;,mrfywfvkH; &[ef;w&m;udk tm;xkwf\/ t½kPfwufrS ausmif;wGif;okdY0ifí tem;,l\/

tjcm;aomoDwif;okH;azmfwdkYu r[mygvax&f\ rsufpda&m*gukduko&effvkd aMumif; ? 0denf;odu©myk'fESifhtnD zdwfMum;xm;aom rsufpdukq&m&SdygaMumif;? cGifhjyKygvQif rsufpdukq&mukdac:í jyvkdaMumif; avQmufxm;Mu\/ t&Sifr[mygv rax&fuvnf; cGifhjyK\/

oDwif;okH;azmfwkdYonf rsufpdukq&mtm;taMumif;Mum;vQif rsufpdukq&m onfqDudkcsufíykdY\/ yufvuftdyfNyD;qDukdESm0rS avmif;xnfhyg&ef vnf;avQmufxm; vkduf\/ q&mukd,fwdkifum;vkdufvmí rukoay/ odkY&mwGifr[mygvrax&fonf w&m;tm;xkwfcsdefrSpí yufvufjzpfap? apmif;vsufjzpfap? rnfonfhtaetxm;ESifhrQ rtdyfpuf&eft"d|mefjyKxm;\/ xkdYaMumifht"d|mef tysufrcHbJ xkdifvsufyif qDudkESm0rS avmif;xnfh\/

r[mygvrax&fqGrf;cH0ifaomtcg rsufpdukq&mESihfawGY\/ r[mygvrax&f \rsufpda&m*graysmufaomtcg ]]qDukdtdyfícufoavm? xkdkifcwfoavm}}[kpkHprf;\/ xdkifí cwfonf[kaq;q&m&dyfrdaomtcg tdyfNyD;rScwf&efawmif;yef\/ aq;q&m\ rsufpOf;qDonf ñTefMum;csuftwkdif;vkdufemygu wpfBudrfcwf½kHrQESifh rsufpda&m*g aysmufuif;apEkdif\/ odkY&mwGifr[mygvurvkdufem? ol\t"d|mefudkrzsuf? ]]xkdifí cwfovm;? tdyfícwfovm;}}[laomar;cGef;ukdyifrajz? &[ef;wdkYrnfonf rddrdwdkY\ tusifhy#dywfESifh ywfoufí xkwfrajymaumif;? tydpäwm*kPfESifhjynhfpkH&rnfjzpf\/ aemufqkH;wGif rsufpdukq&monfvufavsmhum aq;ukorIudk &yfem;vkduf\/ olESifh aq;ukoaMumif;udkrajymMum;&efavQmufxm;av\/

r[mygvax&fum; aq;q&mpGefYcGgoGm;aomfvnf;pdwfrysuf? w&m;ukdom raerem; ½IrSwf\/ nOhfoef;acgiftcsdefü rsufpdESpfbufwkdYonfvnf; uG,fav\/ tmoa0gukefcrf;í &[EÅmvnf;jzpfav\/ xkdtcsdefrSpí r[mygv[laomtrnfrS pu©Kygv[laomtrnfwGifavawmh\/

t&Sifr[mpu©Kygvrax&fonf t"d|mefí edoZf"kwifudkaqmufwnfusifhokH; &mü tHhMo&avmufatmiftusifhoefoljzpfonf/ rsufpda&m*gcHpm;ae&aomfvnf; rdrd \tusifhudkrzsufbJ rsufpdESpfvkH;ukdtqkH;cHum edoZf"kwifukdaqmufwnfusifhokH;oGm; cJhonf/xkdYaMumifhedoZf"kwifaqmufwnfusifhokH;aom&[ef;wkdYonf þt&Sifpu©Kygv rax&fukdtwk,lít"d|mefudkrysufapbJedoZf"kwifudkaqmufwnfusifhokH;oifhyg\/

4; 6; 6/ / edoZf"kwif ysufpD;ykHESifh tusdK;tmedoifrsm;

edoZÆd"kwifaqmufyk*¾dKvftm;vkH;wkdYonf OD;acgif;csítdyfaomcPü "kwifysuf ygonf/

edoZÆdd"kwifudkaqmifjcif;jzifhatmufygtusdK;tmedoifrsm;udk&&SdcHpm;Ekdifygonf/ 4if;wkdYum; -

  1. avsmif;puftdyfaysmfjcif;aMumifhjzpfaom csrf;om(ao,sokc)? 0J,meHapmif; ajymif;í tdyfpufjcif;aMumifhjzpfaom csrf;om (rd'¨dokc)wdkUESifh rjywf,SOfae jcif;aMumifh udavomumr*kPftm½kHrsm;wkd;yGm;vmrI[laom pdwftaESmif tzGJUudk jzwfawmufEkdifjcif;/
  2. ur®|mef;tm;vkH;ukd tm;xkwfjcif;iSg oifhavsmfjcif;/
  3. MunfndKzG,f £&d,mykxf&Sdjcif;/
  4. 0D&d,ESifhorm"drQatmiftm;xkwfjcifiSg oifhavsmfjcif;/
  5. oDvpaom or®my#dywftusifhjrwfudk wkd;yGm;apjcif;wdkkYjzpfygonf/

4; 6; 7/ / wkdufwGef;csuf

txufydkif;jzpfaom ukd,fudk ajzmifhrwfpGmxm;vsuf wifyv'ifacGxkdifum ur® |mef;w&m;tm;xkwfaom&[ef;\ [email protected] rm&frif;\pdwfudk ajcmufjcm; oGm;apEkdif\/ wkefvIyfoGm;apEkdif\/ tdyfjcif;aMumifhjzpfaom csrf;omESifhrSdef;aejcif; aMumifhjzpfaomcsrf;omukd y,fpGefYEkdif\/ vGefpGmtm;xkwfjcif;0D&d,&Sd\/ xkdYaMumifhþ edoZÆd"kwifudk 0D&d,ESifhpyfíusifh&aom"kwif[kqkd\/ omoemawmfwnf;[laom tifMuif;awmudkwifhw,fap\/ umr*kPftmrdouif;aom yDwd? okcudk&&SdEkdif\/ xkdYaMumifh&[ef;awmfwkdYonfþedoZÆd"kwifudkaqmufwnfusifhokH;Muukef&m\/

edoZÆd"kwiftaMumif;NyD;\/


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þ0uf(bf)pdkufyHkpHudk BudKuf&m a&G;cs,f zwf½SLEdkdifygonf/



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