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"r®'ge á oHC á "kwif á tESpfom&rsm; (2^2)
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"kwif\ tESpfom&rsm; (2)


1; 3;5/ / "kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvfwdkU cHpm;&aom tusdK;aus;Zl;rsm;

þqkdtyfcJhjyD;aom (28) rsdK;aom *kPfaus;Zl;wdkUESifh jynfhpkHaom "kwiftusifh wkdUukd aqmufwnfusifhokH;aom a,m*D&[ef;awmfonf

1/ pD0&oaEÅmo = t0wfouFef;ü a&mifh&JvG,fjcif;/ 2/ [email protected]Åmo = qGrf;tm[m&ü a&mifh&JvG,fjcif;/ 3/ aoemoeoaEÅmo = ae&mausmif;ocFrf;ü a&mifh&JvG,fjcif;/ 4/ bm0em&w = orx 0dyóembm0emü arGUavQmfaysmfykduf jcif;[laomt&d,0How&m;av;yg;ü wnfaomaMumifh oDv orm"d ynmw&m;rsm; wkd;yGg;um r*fzdkvfw&m;xl;rsm;ukd &½SdEdkifygonf/

xdkUjyif tvkdenf;jcif;? a&mifh&JvG,fjcif;? udavomwdkYukdacgif;yg;apjcif;? qdwf jidrf&mt&yfüaexdkifEdkifjcif;? oDvukdjznfhqnf;aom tusifhukdusifhaqmif&ma&mufjcif;? tm;xkwftyfaom 0D&d,½Sdjcif;? 'g,umwkdUu jyKpkarG;jrLvG,fjcif; paom*kPfaus;Zl; rsm;wdk;yGg;vmEdkifav\/ "kwiftusifhukdusifh&ojzifh ukd,fusifhoDvukdvnf; ykdípif Mu,fap\/

rdvdE´yOSusrf;ü t½Sifem*aoerax&fonf rdvdE´rif;BuD;tm; "kwiftusifhESifh ywfoufí ½Sif;vifajzMum;&mü "kwiftusifhukd usifhokH;aqmufwnfaomyk*¾dKvfwkdU onf *kPfaus;Zl;rsm;pGmukd&½SdcHpm;&aMumif; tao;pdwf ½Sif;vif;ajzMum;xm;onfukd awGU&ygonf/ ,if;*kPfaus;Zl;rsm;rSm

1/ tmpm&0dok'¨d = "kwifaqmufwnfolwkdU\tusifhonftvGefpifMu,f jcif;/ 2/ y#dy'okyl&dw = usifh0wfoDvukdaumif;pGmjznfhusifhNyD;&ma&mufjcif;/ 3/ um,0gpodu ok&u©dw= um,uH0pDuHukdaumif;pGmapmifha½Smuf&ma&mufjcif;/ 4/ raemormpm&ok0dok'¨ = yDwdtavhtusifh aumif;pGmpifMu,fjcif;/ 5/ 0D&d,oky*¾[dw = vkHYvudk aumif;pGmcsD;ajr§mufEkdifjcif;/ 6/ b,0lyor = ab;Oyg'fNidrf;at;jcif;/ 7/ twåmEk'd|Asy*w = twå'd|duif;jcif;/ 8/ tmCmwOy&w = &efNidK;xm;rIrSuif;jcif;/ 9/ arwåmOy|dw = arwåmw&m;a½S;½Ixifjcif;/ 10/ tm[m&y&dnmw = okH;aqmifzG,ftm[m&udkydkif;jcm;uefYowfEkdifjcif; 11/ oAÁowå*½kuw = owå0gtm;vkH;\tav;tjrwfjyKcH&jcif;/ 12/ abmZerwåñk = abmZOfü twkdif;t½SnfudkodEkdifjcif;/ 13/ Zm*&d,rEk,kwå = tNrJwrf;Ekd;Mum;wufMuGrIESifhpyf,SOfjcif;/>br> 14/ tedauw = pGJvrf;zG,f&m ausmif;wkdufwmr½Sdjcif;/ 15/ zmok0d[m& = csrf;om&mt&yfüaeEkdifjcif;/ 16/ ygyaZ*kpäe = raumif;rIudk pufqkyfjcif;/ 17/ 0da0um&mr = qdwfNidrf&mt&yfüarGYavsmfEkdifjcif;/ 18/ owwtyÜrwå = tNrJrjywfrarhravsmhrayghqaomowdw&m;ESifhjynfh pkHEkdifjcif;/ 19/ oded'¨rk'kr'´0 arwåpdwå = ajyjypfEl;nHhaysmhaysmif;aomarwåmpdwf½dSoljzpfjcif;/ 20/ Cmwdu[w0d[wudavo = udavomwkdYudkzsufqD;owfykwf y,fEIwfNyD; oljzpfjcif;/ 21/ [wed[wrme'AÁ = rmefaxmifjcif;rmefrljcif;udky,fNyD;oljzpfjcif;/ 22/ tpv'V§0ded|edaAÁrwduo'¨ = rwkefrvIyfNrJNrHpGmouf0ifí ,kHrSm;uif;aom o'¨gw&m;½Sdoljzpfjcif;/ 23/ y&dykPÖ0DPdwy[wavmbeD oEÅokcormywådvmbD = jynfhvQrf;ESpfNrdKU rcsdKUMunf½Tif cifrifpzG,f at;jrodrfarGUcsrf;omaom ormywfudk&½Sd oljzpfjcif;/ 24/ oDv0&y0&torok"d*E¨ y&dbm0dw = oDvwnf;[laom tvGefjrwfaom?twkr½Sd pifMu,faom teHYjzifh oif;ysHUoljzpfjcif;/ 25/ a'0rEkóyd,remy = ewfvlwkdY\cspfcifjrwfEkd;jcif;/ 26/ cDPmo0t&d,0&yk*¾vywdu = &[EÅmyk*¾dKvfwkdY\ awmifhwjcif;udkcH&jcif;/ 27/ a'0rEkó0E´dwylZdw = ewfvlwkdY½Sdckd;ylaZmftyfoljzpfjcif;/ 28/ Ak"0dAk"[email protected] = tvGefYtvGeff ynm½[email protected] axmrdw yow wkdY\ csD;MuL;cH&oljzpfjcif;/ 29/ £"0g[k&H0gavmauetEkyvdwå= vljynf ewfjynf jA[®mhjynfwdkUESifhrvdrf;usH ruyfNidjcif;/ 30/ tyÜ axmu0aZÆyd b,'óm0D = tenf;i,faom tjypfüaomfvnf;ab;[k ½Iavh½Sdoljzpfjcif;/ 31/ 0dykv0& orÜwådumr r*¾zv 0&wom"e = jyefUajymrsm;jrwfaom orÜwådukdvkdvm;olwkdU \r*fzdkvf[laomtusdK;ukdNyD;apEdkifoljzpfjcif;/ 32/ tm,mpdw0dykvyPDwypö,bm*D= awmifhwtyfí jyefUajymrGefjrwfaom ypönf; ukd&oljzpfjcif;/ 33/ tedauw o,e = jrJaomausmif;tdyf&mae&mr½Sdoljzpfjcif;/ 34/ psm,eaZÑmodw wyÜ0&0d[m&D = psmefü ouf0ifí xdkpsmefjrwfjzifhom aexdkif avh½Sdoljzpfjcif;/ 35/ 0dZ#dw udavo Zmv0wK = jzwf½Sif;tyfaom udavom uGef&ufvQif wnf&m½Sdoljzpfjcif;/ 36/ bdb*¾oukF#dwoÍädEé*wded0&P =aumufauGUzkH;vTrf;aom*wd eD0&PwdkYukd cGJ zsufNyD; aumif;pGmjzwfNyD;oljzpfjcif;/ 37/ tukyÜ"r® = rzsufpD;jcif; oabm½Sdoljzpfjcif;/ 38/ tbdeDw0go = tvGefESdrfcsaom oabm½Sdoljzpfjcif;/ 39/ te0ZÆabm*D = tjypfuif;aom tokH;taqmif½Sdoljzpfjcif;/ 40/ *wd0drkwå = ed&,*wdpaom*wdig;yg;rSuif;vGwfjcif;/ 41/ OwådPÖ oAÁ0dpdudapäm = tvkH;pkHaom,kHrSm;oHo,ukdvGefajrmufNyD;ol jzpfjcif;/ 42/ 0drkwådaZÑmodwwå = t&[wåzdkvfvQif awmifhwtyfaomtusdK;½Sdol jzpfjcif;/ 43/ 'd|"r® = r*fzdkvfw&m;ukd jrifNyD;oljzpf&jcif;/ 44/ tpv'V§bd½kwåmPrky*awm = rwkefrvIyfjrJjrHíaMumufvefUolwkdU\tm;ukd; &m? taMumufuif;&m edAÁmefokduyfa&mufEdkifol jzpf&jcif;/ 45/ orkpädEémEkoa,m = tEko,ukd ykdif;jzwfEdkifoljzpf&jcif;/ 46/ oAÁmo0u©, ywå = tvkH;pkHaom tmoa0gw&m; ukefcrf;jcif;okdU a&mufoljzpfjcif;/ 47/ oEÅokcormywåd0d[m&A[kw = at;jrcsrf;omaomormywfukd0ifpm;íaexdkif jcif;rsm;oljzpfjcif;/ 48/ oAÁorP*kPorkayawm = tvkH;pkHaom &[ef;\ *kPfaus;Zl;ESifh aumif; pGmjynfhpkHoljzpf&jcif;/ þ*kPf aus;Zl;(48)yg;wdkUonf "kwifaqmufwnfjcif;aMumifh &½SdcHpm;& aom tusdK;aus;Zl;rsm;yifjzpfygonf/

1; 3; 6/ / Ak'¨tvdkawmfus "kwifaqmif&[ef;

0denf;odu©myk'frsm;ESifhtnD aexdkifum "kwifaqmufwnfaom &[ef;wkdUonf jrwfpGmbk&m;½Siftm; tcsdefra½G;zl;arQmfcGifh½SdaMumif;ukd bk&m;½Sifukd,fawmfwkdif rdefYMum; awmfrlcJhygonf/ þokdU oD;jcm;tcGifhta&;wpfck ay;awmfrljcif;rSmvnf; "kwifaqmuf wnfusifhokH;aom&[ef;wdkU pdwfat;csrf;ompGm "kwiftusifhukd usifhEdkifMuap&efESifh &[ef;awmfwkdUukd "kwiftusifhjrwfukd usifhaqmifMuap&ef&nf½G,fí oD;jcm;tcGifh ta&;wpf&yfukday;awmfrlcJh[efwlygonf/ xkdtaMumif;ukdwifjyvdkygonf/

tcgwpfyg; 0*FEÅykPÖm;\om;jzpfaom t½SifOyaoerax&fonf wynfh y&dowfrsm;ESifhwuG jrwfpGmbk&m;½Siftm; zl;arQmf&ef a&muf½SdvmcJh\/ xdktcg jrwfpGm bk&m;½Sifonf reD;ra0;ü xdkifaeaom t½SifOyaoe\ wynfh&[ef;awmftm;

]]&[ef;... oif\ yHokulouFef;wkdUonf ESpfoufzG,f jzpfukef\}} ]]t½Sifbk&m;...wynfhawmf\yHokulouFef;wkdYonfESpfoufzG,fr½Sdukefygbk&m;}} ]]ESpfoufzG,fr½SdvQif tb,faMumifhf yHokulouFef;ukd aqmifavoenf;}} ]]wynfhawmf\ OyZÑm,fq&monf yHokull"kwifukdaqmifyg\/ xdkUaMumifhf wynfhawmfvnf; yHokul"kwifukdaqmufwnfí yHokulouFef;ukd aqmifxm; yg\t½Sifbk&m;}}

xdkaemuf jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sifonf t½SifOyaoerax&fukd -

]]Oyaoe oif\y&dowfonfMunfndKzG,faumif;vS\/ b,fykHb,fenf; y&d owfukdqkH;roenf;}} [kar;jref;awmfrl\/

xdktcg Oyaoerax&fu ]]jrwfpGmbk&m;... wynfhawmfonf wynfhawmf\ txHwGif &[ef;jyKay;&efawmif;yefol? edó,nf;ay;&efawmif;yefolwkdUtm; ]igh½Sif igonf tm&nuif"kwif? [email protected]"kwif? yHokul"kwifukdaqmufwnfyg\/ tu,fí oifonfvnf; iguJhokdU"kwifaqmufwnfEdkifygu &[ef;jyKay;ygrnf}[kajymygonf/ tu,fí wynfhawmf\pum;ukd em;axmifoljzpfygu &[ef;cHay;jcif;? edó,nf; ay;jcif;rsm;ukdjyKygonf/ em;raxmifoljzpfygu &[ef;vnf;cHray;? edó,nf;vnf; ray;ygbk&m;}}[k avQmufxm;av\/ xdktcg jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sifonf t½SifOyaoe rax&ftm; ]]y&dowfukdaumif;pGmqkH;rwwfygay\}}[k om"kac:umaumif;csD; ay;awmf rlygonf/

xkdaemuf jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sifonf t½SifOyaoe rax&ftm; atmufygtwdkif; ar;jref;awmfrlygonf/

]]Oyaoe oifonf om0wdjynfü½Sdaom oHCmtaygif;\ uwdu0wfukd odyg\avm}} ]]t½Sifbk&m; wynfhawmf rod&ao;ygbk&m;}} ]]Oyaoe om0wdjynfü aeMuaom&[ef;taygif;onf]igh½SifwkdU jrwfpGmbk&m; ½Sifonf okH;vywfvkH; qdyfNidrf&mt&yfokdUuyfí wpfyg;wnf; udef;atmif;arGU avsmfpHawmfrljcif;iSg tvdk½Sd\/ qGrf;ykdUaqmifaom &[ef;rSwpfyg;tjcm;&[ef; wpfyg; wpfavrQ jrwfpGmbk&m;½SiftxHodkU rcsnf;uyf&? tu,fí wpfyg;yg; aom&[ef; onf bk&m;½SifxHokdY csnf;uyfylaZmfjim;tHh? xdk&[ef;onf ygpdwf tmywf oifhí a'oem ajymMum;&rnf} [laom uwdu0wfukd jyKxm;Mu\/}} ]]t½Sifbk&m; ...om0wdjynfü aeMuukefaom &[ef;taygif;onf rdrdOpömjzpf aom uwdu0wfjzifh xif½Sm;ygvdrfhrnf? wynfhawmfwkdYonf jrwfpGmbk&m; ukd,fawmfwkdif rynwftyfonfukd rynwfygukef? ynwfawmfrltyfNyD;onf ukdrlvnf; razgufzsuMfuygukef? ynwfawmfrlwdkif;ukefaom odu©myk'fwkdUukd aqmufwnfíusifhokH;MuygukefonfjrwfpGmbk&m;}} ]]om"k om"k Oyaoe? igbk&m; rynwftyfonfukd rynwfMuavESifh? ynwf NyD;onfukdrlvnf; razgufzsufMuavESifh? ynwfwkdif; ynwfwkdif;ukefaom odu©myk'fwdkYukdaumif;pGmaqmufwnfíusihfokH;ygav}}[krdefUawmfrlNyD;qufvufí ]]tEkZmemrd Oyaoe a,aw bdu©L tm&ndum [email protected] yHokulvdum ,xmokcH rH 'óem, OyouFrEÅK}} ]]Oyaoe tm&nuif"kwif? [email protected] ygwf"kwif? yHokul"kwifaqmifMuukefaom &[ef;rSeforQonf igbk&m;ukd pdwfwkdif; uszl;arQmfEdkif&ef cGifhjyK\}}[k"kwifaqmif&[ef;wdkUtm;oD;jcm;tcGifhta&;wpf&yfukd ay;awmfrlcJh avonf/ þuJhokdU jrwfpGmbk&m;½Siftm; pdwfwkdif;uszl;arQmfEdkifaom oD;jcm;tcGifhta&;rsm;&½Sdvm&jcif;onf"kwifaqmufwnf&jcif;\ tudsK;&vmbf yifjzpfygonf/ jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sifukd,fawmfwkdif "kwiftusifhukdESpfoufjrwfEdk;í tm;ay;awmfrlaMumif; xkwfazmfjyojcif;[kvnf;qdkEkdifygonf/

xdkUtjyif "kwiftusifhukd aumif;pGm aqmufwnfusifhokH;vQif udavomw&m; qkd;rsm;vnf; jzpfcGifhr&Muay/ tb,faMumifhqdkaomf "kwiftusifhukd aqmufwnfjcif; onf 0wftusifhESifh jynfhpkHonfrnf\/ tvkH;pkHaom 0wfBuD;0wfi,fwkdUukd jznfhusifh& ojzifh a,medaomreodum&jzpfum owdpGJjrJ jzpfay:aeaomaMumifhjzpfygonf/ xdkU aMumifh udavomw&m;qkd;rsm; jzpfcGifhr½Sdjcif;jzpfygonf/

xkdokdU udavomw&m;qkd;rsm; jzpfcGifhr&ygu oDvukd jznfhusifh&ma&mufonf rnf\/ xkdUaMumifh "kwiftusifhonf omoemawmf\ t"dutaMumif;&if; tajccHjzpf aom oDvukdjznfhusifhrIÜ rsm;pGmtaxmuftuljyKonf[kqkd&rnfjzpfygonf/ "kwif aqmufwnfaom&[ef;tm; ylyefjcif;? yifyef;jcif;? rarGUavsmfjcif;? aMumuf½GUHjcif;rsm; vnf;rjzpfay:? &m*? a'go? arm[? rme? 'd|dESifh tvkH;pkHaom tukodkvfw&m;wkdUukd y,fazsmufEdkif\/ tjcHt&HtausmftapmESifh pD;yGg;csrf;omukdvnf; ay;pGrf;Edkif\/ tjypfr½Sdaom csrf;omukdvnf; cHpm;&\/

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qGrf;ESkifhpyfaom"kwifrsm;rSm [email protected]"kwif? oy'gepm&du"kwif? {umo eduf"kwif? ywåydkPf"kwif? cvkypämbwådu"kwifwkdUjzpfMuygonf/ ausmif;ESifh pyf aom"kwifrsm;rSm tm&nuif"kwif? ½ku©rl"kwif? taAÇmumodu"kwif? okomef"kwif? ,xmoEÅwd"kwifwkdUjzpfMuygonf/ 0D&d,ESifhpyfaom"kwifrSm edoZf"kwifjzpfygonf/

þedoZf"kwifukd armae,stusifhuJhokdUjyif;jyaom t"d|mefrIudk ta&;xm;í aqmufwnf&aomaMumifh 0D&d,ESifhoufqkdifaom "kwif[kqkdxm;[efwlygonf/ t| uxmwkdUü edoZf"kwifukd 0D&d,y#doH,kwå"kwif[kqkdMuaomfvnf; pifppf þedoZf "kwifonf aexkdifrIyif jzpfaomaMumifh tmoeESifhywfoufaom aoemoey#d oH,kwå"kwif tkyfpkwGifxnfhoGif;a&wGufrnfqkdu a&wGufí&Ekdif rnfjzpfygonf/

wpfenf;tm;jzifh "kwif(13)yg;ukd

1/ ypö,oEédódw = ypönf;ukd rSDaom"kwif(12)yg;? 2/ 0D&d,oEédódw = 0D&d,ukd rSDaom"kwif(1)yg;[lívnf;cGJjcm;Edkifao; aMumif; 0dok'¨dr*fusrf;ü jyqkdxm;onfukd awGU&ygonf/

ypönf;ukdrSDaom"kwifrSmedoZf"kwifrSwpfyg; usefaom"kwif(12)yg;wkdUjzpfMuyg onf/ 0D&d,ukdrSDaom"kwifrSm edoZf"kwifomvQif jzpfygonf/ xkdUjyif"kwiftm;vkH;ukd

1/ rSD0Jxkdufaom "kwif? 2/ rrSD0Jxkdufaom"kwif[kvnf; cGJjcm;EdkifaMumif; 0dok'¨dr*ft|uxmüyif jyqdk xm;onfukd awGU&jyefygonf/

xdkwGif wpfcsdKUaomyk*¾dKvfwdkUtm; "kwifukd rSD0Jonf½Sdaomf (0g) aqmufwnf onf½Sdaomf ur®|mef;w&m;wkd;yGg;\/ xdkyk*¾dKvfwdkUonf "kwiftusihfhukd rSD0Jxdkuf\/ (0g) aqmufwnfxkdufygonf/ xkdyk*¾dKvftwGuf "kwifwkdUonf rSD0Jtyfaom "kwifrnf \/ wpfcsdKUaomyk*¾dKvftm; "kwifukd aqmufwnfusifhokH;onf½Sdaomf ur®|mef; w&m; rwkd;yGg; qkwf,kwf\/ xkdy*¾dKvfonf "kwifukd rrSD0Jrusifhaqmifxkduf? xdky*¾dKvftwGuf "kwifwkdUonf rrSD0Jxdkufaom "kwifwkdUrnf\/ wpfcsdKUaomyk*¾dKvfwkdUtm; "kwifukd aqmufwnfusifhokH;onfjzpfap? rusifhokH;onfjzpfap ur®|mef;w&m;onf wkd;yGg; onfomjzpf\/ qkwf,kwfjcif;r½Sd? xdkyk*¾dKvfonfvnf; aemifvmaemufom;wkdU twk vdkufí usifhMuap&ef &nfoefí "kwiftusifhwkdUukd aqmufwnfusifhokH;oifh\/ xdk yk*¾dKvftwGuf "kwifwkdUonf rSD0Jxkdufaom"kwifrsm;omjzpfMuygonf/

tcsdKUaomyk*¾dKvfwkdUtm; "kwifukd rSD0Jonfjzpfap rrSD0Jonfjzpfap (0g) aqmuf wnfonfjzpfap? raqmufwnfonfjzpfap ur®|mef;w&m;rwkd;yGg;? xdkyk*¾dKvfonf vnf; aemiftcg tavhtusifhaumif; txkH0goemtusdK;iSg "kwifukd rSD0Jxkduf\/ (0g) "kwifukd usifhokH;xdkuf\/ "kwiftm;vkH;wkdUonf xdkyk*¾dKvftwGuf rSD0Jxdkufaom "kwifrsm;omjzpfMuygonf/ rSefygonf? rdvdE´yO§usrf;wGif t½Sifem*aoerax&fu "kwiftusifhESifhuif;í wpfb0wnf;jzifh t&[wåzdkvfokdU rsufarSmufjyK½kd; xkH;pHr½Sd/ a½S;a½S;b0rsm;pGmu jznfhusifhqnf;yl;cJhbl;aom txkH0goemaMumifhom t&[wåzdkvf okdU rsufarSmufjyK&jcif;omjzpfonf[k rdefUqkdxm;onfukdawGU&ygonf/

þuJhokdU "kwifwkdUukd rSD0Jxkdufaom"kwif? rrSD0Jxdkufaom"kwif[kESpfrdsK;ESpfpm; cGJjcm;xm;aomfvnf; "kwiftmvkH;wkdUonf aqmufwnfaMumif; apwem\tpGrf;tm; jzifhum; wpfyg;wnf;om½Sdygonf/ xdkUaMumifh a½S;t|uxmwkdUü ]]aqmufwnf aMumif; apwemonf "kwifrnf\}}[krdefUqdkcJhjcif;jzpfygonf/

þokdU"kwifwkdUonf tusOf;tmjzifh wpfyg;onfom½Sdaomfvnf; tus,ftm; jzifhrl

  1. &[ef;a,mufsm;wkdUESifhoufqkdifaom "kwif(13)yg;/
  2. &[ef;rdef;r(bdu©KeD) wdkUESifhoufqdkifaom "kwif(8)yg;/
  3. omraPa,musfm;wkdUESifhoufqkdifaom "kwif(12)yg;/
  4. odu©rmef omraP&DwdkUESifhoufqkdifaom "kwif(7)yg;/
  5. Oygoum? OygodumrwkdUESifhoufqkdifaom "kwif(2)yg;[lí yk*¾dKvf\ tpGrf; tm;jzifh "kwif(42)yg;½SdMuygonf/

&[ef;a,musfm;wkdUESifhoufqkdifaom "kwif(13)yg;[lonfrSm qkdtyfcJhNyD;aom "kwif(13)yg;wkdUyifjzpfMuygonf/ xdkwGif

&[ef;a,musfm;wpfyg;yg;onf "kwiftm;vkH;ukdwNydKifeuf usifhokH;aqmuf wnfvdkvQif [if;vif;jyifjzpfjcif;? awmausmif;t*FgESifhjynfhpkHjcif;? okomeft&yfjzpf jcif;[laom t*FgokH;ESifhjynfhpkHaom t&yfü aexkdifí aqmufwnfusifhokH;Edkifygonf/ awmausmif;t*FgESifhrjynfhpkHaom okomefjzpfvQif nOfhtcgü yxr,mrfywfvkH; okomef"kwifaqmufwnfí rZÑdr,mrf? ypädr,mrfwdkUü awm&t*Fgavmufaom t&yf okdUoGm;í tm&nuif"kwifukd aqmufwnfuskifhokH;Edkifygonf/

þae&mü ]]vGifwD;acgift&yfüaeaom &[ef;tm; b,fykHb,fenf;jzifh ½ku©rl "kwifukd aqmufwnfusifhokH;í &EkdiftHhenf;}}[k ar;rnfqkdygu ar;EkdifzG,f½Sdygonf/ ½ku©rl"kwifaqmufwnfpOfuyif]]trdk;ukdy,fyg\?½ku©rl"kwifukd aqmufwnfyg\}}[k qkdxm;aomaMumifh t½kPfwufumrQÜ trdk;aMumifhom "kwifysufEdkifí [if;vif;tjyif vGifwD;acgifü aeaomaMumifh ½ku©rl"kwifrysufEkdifay/ xkdUaMumifh t½kPfwufaom tcg [if;vif;jyifüaeí taAÇmumodu"kwifukdyg jznfhuskifhEkdifavonf/

½ku©rl"kwifukdjznfhusifhpOf opfyif&if;okdU0ifaomtcgü ]]ur®|mef;w&m;ESifh oDvpaomtusifhy#dywftm;avsmfaom "kwiftusifhukdjznfhqnf;vkdí opfyif&if;okdU 0ifyg\}} [kESvkH;oGif;í 0ifa&mufvQif ½ku©rl"kwifukdvnf; aqmufwnfusifhokH;NyD; om;jzpfygonf/ taAÇmumodu"kwifvnf; rysufEdkifay/ rSefygonf? taAÇmumodu "kwifaqmif&[ef;onf oDvpaom tusifhy#dywftm;avsmfaom trIvkyfief;rsm; jyKvkyfvkdaomf trdk;atmufodkUvnf;aumif;? opfyif&if;odkUvnf;aumif; 0ifa&muf Edkif\[k 0dok'¨dr*ft|uxmü jyqkdxm;onfukdawGU&ygonf/ xkdUaMumifh ½ku©rl"kwif aqmufwnfxm;aom&[ef;onf wpfNydKifeufwnf; taAÇmumodu"kwifukdygaqmuf wnfusifhokH;EkdifouJhodkY taAÇmumodu"kwifaqmif&[ef;onfvnf; wpfNydKifeufaom cPÜ ½ku©rl"kwifudkygaqmufwnfusifhokH;Ekdif\/ xdkUtwlyif taAÇmumodu"kwif aqmif&[ef;onf ausmif;[laomtm0goÜ vQyfay:avmfvDjcif; r½SdaomaMumifh ,xmoEÅwd"kwifukdvnf; aqmufwnfusifhokH;Edkifygonf/ tcsif;csif;a&m,Sufjcif; aMumifh "kwifrysufpD;Ekdifay/ xkdYaMumifh wpfNydKifeufaomcPÜ "kwiftm;vkH;udk aqmufwnfusifhokH;Ekdifonf[krSwf,lEkdifygonf/ þum; &[ef;a,musfm;wdkUESifh "kwif(13)yg; tcsif;csif; aus;Zl;jyKaeykHudk wifjy&jcif;yifjzpfygonf/

&[ef;rdef;r(bdu©KeD)wdkUESifhoufqkdifaom "kwif(8)yg;[lonfrSm yHokul"lwif? wdpD0&dwf"kwif? [email protected]"kwif? oy'gempm&du"kwif? {umoeduf"kwif? ywåykdPf "kwif? ,xmoEÅwd"kwif? edoZf"kwifwkdUjzpfygonf/

tm&nuif"kwifukd Mo[D,eodu©myk'fjzifhvnf;aumif;? cvkypämbwådu "kwifukd y0g&dwodu©myk'fjzifhvnf;aumif;? ynwfí wm;jrpfawmfrl xm;aomaMumifh xdk"kwifESpfyg;ukd bdu©KeDrrsm; aqmufwnfusifhokH;cGifhr½Sdjcif;yif jzpfygonf/

taAÇmumodu"kwif? ½ku©rl"kwifESifh okomef"kwifwkdUukdrl &[ef;rdef;rrsm; aqmif&efcJ,Of;aomaMumifh jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sif cGifhjyKawmfrrljcif;jzpfygonf/ &[ef;rdef;r wkdUonf taz:rygbJwpfyg;wnf; aecGifhr½Sday?taz:bdu©KeDrwpfyg;yg;ESifh omtwl aexkdif&ygonf/ "kwifaqmufwnfvdkítaz:ukd½Smaomfvnf;rdrdESifhpdwf oabmqE´ csif;wlnDaomtaz: aumif;ukdvnf; &Edkif&efcJ,Of;rnfjzpfygonf/ tu,fí &apOD; awmhtaygif;taz:ESifha&maESmjcif;rSvnf; rvGwfuif;Ekdifay? taygif;taz:ESifha&maESm aecJhaomf 0da0utusdK;iSg "kwifaqmufwnfusifhokH;aomfvnf; tusdK;rNyD; tcsnf;ESD; omjzpfEdkifygonf/ xkdUaMumifh bdu©KeDrwdkUonf "kwif½Spfyg;omaqmufwnf usifhokH; cGifh&½Sdjcif;jzpfygonf/

omraPwkdUESifhoufqkdifaom "kwif(12)yg;[lonfrSm wdpD0&dwf"kwifrSwpfyg; BuGif;aom "kwif(12)yg;ukdqkdvkdjcif;jzpfygonf/ omraPrsm;rSm 'kuk#fac:ESpfxyf ouFef;BuD; aqmifxm;&efrvdkaomaMumifh wdpD0&dwf"kwifukd aqmufwnfusifhokH;cGifh r½Sdjcif;jzpfygonf/

odu©rmef? omraP&DwkdUESifhoufqkdifaom "kwif(7)yg;[lonfrSm bdu©KeDwdkY aqmufwnfusihfokH;aom "kwif(8)yg;wGifyg0ifaom wdpD0&dwf"kwifrSwpfyg; BuGif; aom "kwif(7)yg;ukdqkdvdkjcif;jzpfygonf/ odu©rmef? omraP&DwdkUonfvnf; omr aPrsm;uJhokdU 'kuk#fouFef;ukdaqmifxm;cGifhr½SdaomaMumifh wdpD0&dwf"kwifukdaqmuf wnfusifhokH; cGifhr½Sdjcif;jzpfygonf/

Oygoum? OygodumrwkdUESifhoufqkdifaom "kwif(2)yg;[lonfrSm {umoeduf "kwifESifhywåykdPf"kwifwkdUjzpfygonf/ okdUaomfo'¨gw&m;aumif;aom Oygooumjzpf vQif ½ku©rl"kwif? taAÇmumodu"kwif? ,xmoEÅwd"kwif? okomef"kwif? tm&nuif "kwif? cvkypämbwådu"kwifwkdUudkvnf; &[ef;a,musfm;rsm;uJhokdU aqmufwnfusifh okH;Ekdifygonf/ þum;"kwif(13)yg;ukd yk*¾dKvftm;jzifh tus,fa0befykdif;jcm;í jyqkd jcif;yifjzpfygonf/

"kwiftm;vkH;wkdUonf tvkH;pkHaom udavomwkdYukd zsufqD;cgxkwfwwfaom tusifhrsm;jzpfaomaMumifh jrifhjrwfaomtusifhrsm; jzpfonfukdum; oHo,½Sd&efrvdkay/ tmoa0guif;uGm &[EÅmjzpfoGm;Muaom bk&m;&[EÅmt&d,molawmfpifrSeforQwdkU onf þ"kwiftusifhjrwfrsm;ukd jrwfjrwfEdk;Edk;wefbkd;xm;um usifhaqmifoGm;Mu onfcsnf;omjzpfygonf/ edAÁmefr*fzdkvfukd rsufarSmufjyKjcif;onf "kwiftusifhESifh uif;í jzpf½dk;xkH;pHr½Sd? a½S;b0rsm;pGmyg&rDjznfhpOfu "kwiftusifhukd usifhaqmifcJhbl; aomaMumifhom wpfb0wnf;jzifh r*fzkdvfedAÁmefukd &½Sdjcif;jzpfavonf/ xkdUaMumifh "kwiftusifhudk ]]t&d,mwkdU\vrf;pOf}} odkUr[kwf ]]r*faygufzdkvf0ifusifh"kwif}} [k ac:qkdEkdifygonf/

jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sifvufxufawmfü "kwiftusifhjzifh xif½Sm;awmfrlcJhMuaom &[EÅm rax&fBuD;rsm; ajrmufrsm;pGm½SdMuygonf/ Oyrmtm;jzifh tm&nuif"kwif? yHok ul"kwif wkdUjzifhxif½Sm;cJhaom t½Sifr[muóyrax&f? tm&nuif"kwif tusifhjzifh xif½Sm;cJhaom c&d&0ed,t½Sifa&0wrax&f? 0e0goDt½Sifwdórax&f? t½Sifem*dw rax&f? qGrf;ESifhywfaom"kwifjzifhxif½Sm;cJhaom t½Sifrdwårax&f? edoZf"kwifjzifh xif½Sm;cJhaom t½Sifom&dykwå&mrax&f? t½Sifr[marm*¾vmefrax&f? t½Sifpu©Kygv rax&fponfwkdU jzpfMuygonf/ þ&[EÅmrax&frsm;onf rdrdwdkUukd,fusdK;twGuf tqif;&Jtyifyef;cHí "kwiftusifhrsm;ukd usifhaqmifawmfrlMujcif;r[kwfay/ aemif vmaemufom; trsdK;aumif;om;rsm; twkvdkufíusihfMuap&ef &nfoefí "kwif tusihfrsm;ukd usifhaqmifawmfrlMujcif;jzpfygonf/ **Fg0gVKoJpkruyGifhawmfrlMuukef aom bk&m;½SifwdkYonfvnf; þ"kwiftusifhjrwfwkdUukd jrwfjrwfEdk;Edk;usifhaqmifMu onfomjzpfygonf/ xkdUaMumifh ynm½SdaomtrsdK;aumif;wkdUonf bk&m;&[EÅmwkdUukd twkvdkufí "kwiftusifhwkdUukd pGrf;EkdiforQ usifhaqmifoifhonf[k omqkd&rnfjzpf ygonf/ þum; "kwifESifhpyfí odrSwfzG,f&mrsm;yif jzpfygonf/ þrSqufí "kwif t"dyÜg,f? "kwifaqmufwnfykH? "kwifaqmifyk*¾dKvftjym;? "kwifysufpD;ykH? "kwifaqmif &jcif;\ tusdK;tmedoifrsm;ukd qkdif&mqdkif&m"kwifrsm;ESifh wGJpyfí a&om;az:jyoGm; ygOD;rnf/


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