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"r®'ge á oHC á "kwif á tESpfom&rsm; (1^2)
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"kwif\ tESpfom&rsm; (1)


tcef; (1)

1; 1/ / csrf;omokcudk½SmazGMuolrsm;

vlom;wdkYonf b0wpfckudk&½Sdvmí ouf½Sdowå0gjzpfvmNyD;t½G,fa&mufvm aomtcgcsrf;omokcudk½SmazGavh½SdMu\/ ½SmazGí&onfhtcg½SSdouJhokdU r&onfhtcg vnf;½Sd\/ tu,fír&ao;vQifvnf;&vdrfhtHhEdk;arQmfudkk;csufjzifh xyfíxyfí BudK;yrf;Mujyef\/ þonfudkyifygVda0g[m&tm;jzifh]]eduEÅd}}[líqdkxm;\/ trSefrSm arQmfvifhcsufyifjzpfygonf/

xdkUaMumifhb0ESifhywfoufaom eduEÅdraysmufao;orQumvywfvkH; vlom; wdkUonf csrf;omokcudk½SmazGaeMurnfomjzpfygonf/ b0raysmufao;oívnf; eduEÅdu½SdaeOD;rnfomjzpf\/ b0ESifheduEÅdum; puf0ef;ozG,f vnfíaeav\/

vlom;wdkUonf obm0tm;jzifhtouf½SnfpGmaevdkMuonf/touff½SnfaeorQ umvywfvkH;aysmf½Gifcsrf;ajrUpGmaevdkMu\/ xdkodkUaysmf½Gifcsrf;ajrUpGmaeEdkifa&;twGuf ZeD;r,m;orD;om;ESifhpDyGg;Opöma½TaiG&wemrsm;tjcHt&Hy&dowfrsm;ESifh jynfhpkHvdkMu\/ xdkcsrf;omokcokH;rsdK;udk &½SdcHpm;Edkif&eftwGuf vlom;wdkUonf csrf;omokcudk½Sm azGaeMujcif;yifjzpfygonf/

Ak'¨acwfrwdkifrDuvnf; vlom;wdkYonfcsrf;omokcudk½SmazGcJhMu\/ Ak'¨acwf üvnf; vlom;wdkUonfcsrf;omokcudk½SmazGMu\/ Ak'¨acwfaemufydkif;üvnf; vlom; wdkUonf csrf;omokcudk½SmazGMu\/ þonfrSmacwfESifhqdk&jcif;jzpfygonf/ 0g'ESifh ywfoufí vnf;rnfonfh0g'rqdk csrf;omokcukd½SmazGMu\/ Ak'¨0g'uvnf;csrf;om okcudk½SmazG\/ jAm[®P0g'uvnf;csrf;omokcudk½SmazG\/ wdwd,0g'uvnf; csrf;omokcudk½SmazG\/ xdkUaMumifhvlom;wdkUonfcsrf;omokcudk½SmazGMu&mwGif &nf rSef;csufyef;wdkiftm;jzifhrl tm;vkH;twlwlyifjzpfygonf/ okdU&mwGif vkyfaqmifcsuf vrf;pOfjcif;um;rwlMuygacs/

csrf;omokcudk ½SmazGMuolrsm;\ordkif;pOfudkavhvmaomtcg bDpD (6) &mpk 0ef;usifü tdE´d,jynfü Ak'¨ESifhr[m0D&? w½kyfjynfü uGefjzL;½SyfESifh vmtdkZD? yg½Sm;ü Zdk*kdpwm;? acgrjynf omrdkUpfuRef;ü ydkufom*kd&yfpfwdkUonf csrf;omokcudk ½SmazGcJhMu olrsm;jzpfaMumif; od½Sd&avonf/

4if;wdkUtm;vkH;onf csrf;omokcudk½SmazGMu&mü udk,fhenf;udk,fh[efjzifhwDxGif MuHqíusifhMuH½SmazGcJhMuonfjzpf&m csrf;omokcudk½SmazGrI enf;pepfusifhpOfrsm;onf vnf;trsKd;rsdK;yifuGJjym;cJhMuavonf/ wpfcsdKUucsrf;omokcudk ½SmazGMu&mwGif ]]okc ESifh&if;íokcudkr&Ekdif}} [kqdkum 'ku©udkt&if;wnfí ½SmazGcJhMu\/ tvGefNcdK;jcHjyif; xefpGmusifhvQif csrf;omokctppfudk &½SdEdkifonf[kxifjrif,lqumcE¨mukd,fyifyef; atmifñSif;qJ&onfh tvGefjcdK;jcHjyif;xefaomusifhpOfudktm;xkwfMuonf/ odkYaomf cE¨mudk,f yifyef;½kHrQomjzpfí csrf;omokctppfudkum; r&½SdrcHpm;cJhMu&ay/

enf;pepfrrSefaom BudK;pm;tm;xkwfrIonf tiftm;udkjzKef;wD;zsufqD;ypf&m a&mufygonf/ tvm;wlyif BudK;pm;tm;xkwfrIrjyKyJ aeUpOfaysmfyg;armf< um;aomuf pm;vQuf arhavQmhaejcif;onfvnf; tcsdefudk jzKef;wD;&ma&mufygonf/ xdkYaMumifh tvkyfwpfckudk vkyfaqmif&mí enf;pepfrSefuefbdkU&ef vGefpGmta&;BuD;vSygonf/

1; 2/ / tm&nuacwfESifh OyedoQ'facwfwyusifhpOfrsm;

Ak'¨acwfrwdkifrDu cE¨mudk,fyifyef;atmifñSif;qJíusifhaom wyusifhpOfrsm; onf tm&nuacwfESifh OyedoQ'facwfwdkUü pwifxGef;um;cJhaMumif;od½Sd&ygonf/ tm&nuacwfudk awmaysmfacwf[kqdkvQif ydkíoifhavQmfygonf/ tb,faMumifhqdk aomf xkdacwfuwyusifhpOfrsm;udkusifhMuolwdkUonf vlolreD;awmNrdKifBuD;xJÜ aexkdif um wytusifhfrsm;udk jyif;jyif;xefxef usifhMuaomaMumifhyifjzpfygonf/

OyedoQ'facwfü tm&nuacwfrSmuJhodkUyif qdwfNidrfonfhawmt&yfü q&m ESifh twlwuGaexdkifMuNyD; q&morm;xH qnf;uyfcpm;um todóPfudk&½SdEdkif&ef twGufw&m;emMu\/pOf;pm;qifjcifóPf&ifhoef&eftwGufMum;emxm;aomw&m;rsm;udk

oabmaygufatmifMuHpnfrIjyKMu\/pOf;pm;qifjcifóPftay:tajccHíw&m;xdkifjcif;jzifh todóPfzGHUjzdK;wkd;wufatmif BudK;pm;tm;xkwfMu\/

xdkOyedoQ'facwfü orPtzGJUtpnf;ESifh jAm[®PtzGJUtpnf;[lí tkyfpk ESpf tkyfpk½SdonfudkawGU&\/ orPtzGJUtpnf;[kac:aomfvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m;yGifawmfrl vmaomtcgü jzpfay:vmaaom orPrsKd;r[kwf? a½S;Muaom orPtrnfcH,l xm;Muolrsm;omjzpfMuygonf/ jAm[®PwdkUonf a0'usrf;vm tqdktrdefUrsm;udk ,kHMunfvdkufemusifhMuHMu\/ orPwdkUonf a0'udkr,kHMunfMu? ]]trSefw&m;udk awGU½SdvdkvQif]wy}tusifhjzifh ½SmazGrSom awGU½SdEdkifayvdrfhrnf}} [k,lqí wytusifh udk usifhBuHMu\/ þenf;jzifh jAm[®PESifhorPwdkU\ uGJvGJrIoabm ay:aygufcJh &avonf/

xdkorP jAm[®PwdkU\ BudK;pm;tm;xkwfrItm;vkH;onf]]tw®mef}} okdUr[kwf wnfNrJaeaom]]jA[®m}}udkodjrifEdkif&ef OD;wnfonfomjzpfygonf/ ]]tmw®mef}} okdU r[kwf]]jA[®m}}udkawGUvQif raorItrwudk&½SdNyD[kxifjrif,lqMu\/ okdUaomf vuf awGUürSmrl raorIukdr&½SdyJ avmuDpsmefcsrf;omrQavmufom &½SdEddkifaomaMumifh OyedoQ'facwfvm w&m;tm;xkwfrItay: ,kHMunfcsuf tm;enf;vmMujyef\/ xdkU aMumifh xdkw&m;tm;xkwfenf;rS wpfyg;wpfjcm;aom w&m;tm;xkwfenf; ½Sd&OD;rnf [k MuHqvmaomtcg w&m;tm;xkwfenf; topfwpfrsdK;udkawGU½SdvmMu\/ ,if; enf;rSm]]wy}}ac: tvGeftqif;&JcHum NcdK;NcHí cE¨mudk,fudk jyif;jyif;xefxefyifyef; ESdyfpufNyD; usifh&aom usifhpOfrsm;udk tm;xkwfjcif;yifjzpfygonf/

1; 2; 1/ / wya0g[m&ordkif;

]]wy}}a0g[m&ESifh ywfoufí ,if;\teufudk plprf;½SmazGonfhtcg atmufyg twdkif;awGU½Sd&ygonf/ wyo; wwf r[dem tZm,w {urf (wwf-xdkt½Sdw&m;onf? wyo;-tusifh\? r[dem-wefcdk;aMumifh? {urf-wpfckonf? tZm,w-jzpfay:vmcJh\/)

(&dufa0'. 10; 129. 3)

þü wya0g[m&onf tusifhjrwf[laom teufudka[mygonf/ Mwa,m "&roúE¨m;? ,anm } "s,eH 'geH £wd jyxr;? wy {0 'Gd wD,;? jA[® pm&D tmpm, ukv0goD wwD,;/

("&roúE¨m;-r®u©E¨mwdkUonf? Mwa,m-okH;yg;wdkUwnf;/ ,n-,ZfylaZmf jcif;vnf;aumif;? t"s,eH- a0'udkoif,lavhvmjcif;vnf;aumif;? 'geH-vSL'gef;jcif;vnf;aumif;? £wd-okH;rsdK;wdkUonf? jyxr;-yxr"r®u©E¨m rnf\/wy;{0-twåudvrxtusifhonfomvQif?'GdwD,;-'kwd,"r®u©E¨m rnf\/tmpm,ukv0goD-q&m\tdrfüaeaom? jA[®pm&D- arxkefrIukd a½Smifaom tm;jzifhjrwfaomtusifhudkusifholonf? wwD,;/ wwd,"r®u©E¨m rnf\/ (qaE´m*sOyedoQ'f. 2. 23. 1)

tqdkygzGifhqdkcsufudkavhvmaomtcg wya0g[m&onf twåudvrxtusifh [laomt"dyÜg,fudka[maMumif;awGU&ygonf/xdkUjyif]]wy}}[laoma0g[m&onf o'¨g w&m;[laomteuf? oHa0*[laomteuf? rdrdwdkU\½kd;&mtusifh (o"r®) [laom teuf? £NE´d,oH0&w&m; [laomteufwdkUudkvnf; a[mEdkifaMumif;awGU&ygonf/

1; 2; 1; 1/ / wyusifhpOf\ yifrOD;wnfcsuf

vlom;wdkonf yifudk,fobm0tm;jzifh &,lvdkaom oabm½SdMu\/ xkdobm0 aMumifh&,l&efBudK;yrf;aomtcgobm0vrf;aMumif;twdkif;]]pkef}}&ma&mufygonf/ þokdU tpkefvrf;udkomvdkufaeygu xdkb0rS þb0 þb0rS xdkb0odkU usifvnfusuf pm;ajy;oGm;ae&rnfomjzpfygonf/ xkdUaMumifh tpkefvrf;udkaoGzDítqefvrf;udkk qef wuf&rnf jzpfygonf/ xdkodkU tqefvrf;udk qefwufEkdifa&; twGuf &,lvdkaom oabmwPSmudktjrpfjzwf&rnf jzpfygonf/ xdkodkY wPSmudk tjrpfjzwfEkdifa&;twGuf &,lvdkonfhoabmrS pGefUvGwfvdkonfh oabmodkU ajymif;vJí usifhMuH&\/ pGefYvGwf vdkonfh oabmudk usifhokH;Edkif a&;twGuf

1/ rdrdudk,fudk xdef;uGyfEkdifpGrf;½Sd&ef

2/ rdrdqE´udk csKyfudkifEdkifpGrf; ½Sd&ef

3/ rdrdpdwfudk qkH;rEdkifpGrf;½Sd&ef vdktyfygonf/ þodkUrdrdudk,fudk xdef;uGyfjcif;? rdrdqE´udk csKyfudkifjcif;? rdrdpdwfudk qkH;rjcif;onf wyusifhpOf\ yifrOD;wnfcsufrsm; yifjzpfygonf/

1; 2; 1; 2/ / wytusifh usihfol(2) rsdK;

wyusifholrSm trsKd;tpm;tm;jzifh ESpfrsdK;½SdonfudkawGY&\/ wpfrsdK;rSmtwnf wusaexdkifol &aohjzpfí tjcm;wpfrsdK;rSm vSnfhvnfoGm;vmaeoly&dAdkZfjzpfygonf/

&aohrsm;rSm awmwGif;üjzpfap? awmifapmif; acsmufurf;yg;üjzpfap ocFrf; ausmif;aqmufvkyfaexdkifNyD; w&m;bm0emrsm;udk usifhMuHtm;xkwfMu\/ wyusifh pOfrsm;udkvnf;usifhMu\/pmayusrf;*efrsm;a&;om;jcif;? ydkUcsjcif;rsm;ukdvnf;jyK vkyfMu\/ tpmtm[m&ESifh ywfoufí opfoD; opfOrsm;ESifh tjcm;&&m tpm; tpm rsm;udk rSD0JokH;aqmifMu\/ wpfcgwpf&HcsOfqm;rSD0JvkdaomaMumifhrif;O,smOfESifh jrdKU½Gm Zeyk'frsm;okdUcsOf;uyfwwfMu\/ 4if;wdkUonfwytusifhudk usifhjcif;jzifhraorI trwudk &Edkif&ef &nfrSef;cJhaomfvnf; 4if;wkdU tjrifhqkHk;&½Sdonfh w&m;xl;rSmormywf ½Spfyg; psmeftbdnmOfw&m;rsm;om jzpfMuygonf/

y&dAkdZfrsm;rSm tjrJaexdkif&m ocFrf;ausmif;rQyif r½SdbJ wpfae&mrS wpfae&modkU vSnfhvnfoGm;vmaexdkifol olawmfpifrsm;omjzpfMuygonf/ 4if;wkdUonf wyusifhpOf rsm;udkusifhí w&m;bm0emrsm;udkvnf; a[majymMuonf/ 'óea&;&mrsm;? bmom a&; qdkif&mrsm;ESifhywfoufí aqG;aEG;yGJrsm;udkvnf;jyKvkyfMuavonf/ OyedoQ'facwf okH;a0g[m&tm;jzifh y&dAkdZfrsm;ukd ]]onmoD}} rsm;[k ac:Muygonf/ 4if;\t"dyÜg,f rSm avmuDtm½kH umr*kPfw&m;rsm;udk pGefYvGwfNyD;ol[k t"dyÜg,f&ygonf/ xdkacwf bmoma&; t,ltqt& y&dAdkZfrsm;onf &aohxuf tqifhjrifhonf [kqdkMu\/ þonfrSm &aohESifhy&dAdkZfwkdU\xl;jcm;csufrsm;yifjzpfygonf/

1; 2; 3/ /ed*P²em#ykwåESifh wyusifhpOf

Ak'¨ESifhacwfNydKifbk&m;rsm;[kajymprSwfjyKcJhaomwdwdq&mBuD;ajcmufOD;wGif ed*P² em#ykwåac:r[m0D&rnfaomwdwdq&mBuD;wpfOD;½Sdygonf/ *sdef;bmomudktqifhqifh wnfaxmifol (TIRTHANKRA) q&mBuD;ESpfq,fhav;a,mufÄ ½Sd&mwGiffyxrpwif wnfaxmifolrSm Ooba'0 (R SABHADEVA) jzpfNyD; *sdef;0g'udkaemuf qkH; wkd;wufajymif;vJapcJholrSm 0'¨rme (VARDHA MA NA) jzpfygonf/ xdkoludk r[m0D& (MAHAVIRA) [k vlodrsm;Muavonf/

r[m0D&onf jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sifxuf touftenf;i,fBuD;í bmoma&; vkyf ief;rsm;udkvnf;ESpftenf;i,fapmívkyfaqmifcJholjzpfonf/ em#trnf½Sdol\ om;jzpf í em#ykwå[kvnf;ac:Mu\/ ygVdpmayÜ ed*P²(taESmiftzGJUr½Sdol)0g'*dkPf;ukd wnf axmifjcif;ESifh em#\om;jzpfjcif;wkdUaMumifh ed*P²em#ykwå[k ac:a0:okH;pGJí *sdef;pmay Ürl r[m0D&[k tokH;rsm;aMumif;awGU&ygonf/

r[m0D&onf toufokH;q,ft½G,fwGifawmxGufíf wpfq,fhESpfESpfwkdifwdkif tvGefNcdK;jcHjyif;xefpGmusifhjcif;? cE¨mukd,fukd ñSif;qJESdyfpufjcif;[laom wytusifh trsdK;rsdK;udk usihfNyD;rSbk&m;jzpfNyD[k ausnmcJholjzpfygonf/ olonf awmxGufNyD; aemufwpfESpfausmfaomtcg tjcm;bmoma&;acgifaqmifwpfOD;jzpfol ru©vda*g omvESifhawGUqkHrd&mrS 0wfvpfpvpf udk,fwkH;vkH;tusifhudkusifhcJhol jzpfygonf/

r[m0D&ukd ]]Zde}} [kvnf;ac:Mu\/ t"dyÜg,frSm atmifEdkifol[k t"dyÜg,f& avonf/ olonf 0wfvpfpvpftusifhukd pwifusifhokH;aomtcg rdrd\aqGrsdK; y&d owfwdkU vufrcHrnfpkd;aomaMumifh ESpfESpfwdwd eH&H? wHwdkif;av;buf tumt&H twGif;ü aexdkifumjyifyvlrsm;ESifh tquftoG,fjzwfxm;NyD;usifhcJh&avonf/ ESpfESpf jynfhaomtcg tawG;tac:topfrsm;&½Sdvmí wpfq,fhESpfESpf wy tusifhusifh&ef qkH;jzwfí e,fvSnfhc&D;xGufcJhavonf/

r[m0D&\wyusifhpOfrSmtpmiwfcHjcif;? 0wfvpfpvpfaejcif;? tat;'Pf tyl 'PfcHjcif;paom 'ku©cHpm;a&; vrf;pOfyifjzpfygonf/ ]] ½dS½SdorQ 'ku©rsm;udk ukefatmifcHpm;vdkufaomtcg'ku©[líjrLrQrusefawmhbJokctwdom jzpfavawmhonf}} [k ,lqavonf/

awmxGufNyD;aemuf(12) ESpfjynfhaomtcg wpfckaomnwGif OZÆm0gvD,jrpf\ ajrmufbufurf;? ZrÁD,½Gmtjyifbuf? omrm* v,form;BuD;\ v,fuGif;xJ½Sd tifMuif;yifatmufü oAÁnKbk&m;tjzpfokdU a&muf½SdcJhonf[kausnmcJhavonf/ ol onf bk&m;jzpfNyD[k ,lqNyD;onfhaemuf wyusifhpOfudk qufvufusifhoHk;p&mrvdk? 'ku©cHpm;&efrvdkawmhonfhtwGuf vSL'gef;orQ pm;aumif;aomufzG,frsm;ukd okH;aqmif avonf/

r[m0D&onf bk&m;jzpfNyD[k ,lqNyD;aemuf ESpfaygif; okH;q,fwkdifwkdif vSnfh vnfí w&m;a[mMum;cJhavonf/ 0gawmf (30) oufawmf (72) wGif yg0gyl&NrdKUü uG,fvGefcJhavonf/ oluG,fvGef&jcif;\ taMumif;rSm emvE´NrdKU½Sd olaX;BuD;Oygvd onfr[m0D&udk pGefUí Ak'¨bmomokdU ul;ajymif;oGm&m pdwfESvkH;rom,mjcif;jyif;xef vSojzifh aoG;tefavawmh\/ wynfhBuD;rsm;u xrf;pifjzifh o,faqmifí yg0gyl&odkU ac:aqmifum jyKpkMuaomfvnf; xdkESpfrSmyif uG,fvGefcJhavonf/

r[m0D&usifhokH;cJhaom wyusifhpOfrsm;onf tvGefa½S;usaom tmZD0u*dkPf; BuD;\ usifhpOfrsm;yifjzpfygonf/ tmZD0u*dkPf;udk udooHudpöu pwifwnfaxmif cJhonf/ xdkUaemuf eE´0päutarGqufcHcJhonf/ Ak'¨vufxufwGifrl ru©vda*gomv u tmZD0u*dkPf;udk OD;aqmifcJhygonf/ at'D 12 &mpkwkdifatmifyif tmZD0u0wfvpf pvpf*dkPf;BuD; wnf½SdcJhonf[k od&ygonf/

bk&m;tavmif;awmfonfyifvQifEkpOfumvwpfckaom b0wGif tmZD0ut usifhudkusifhcJhbl;\/ aocgeD;umvwGifi&Ja&mufrnfh*wdedrdwfrsm; xifjrifvm&m tmZD 0ut,l0g'ukdpGefUíorxbm0emyGg;ojzifhjA[®mhjynfokdUa&mufcJh&avonf/ xdkbk&m; avmif;tmZD0uudk&nf½G,fí tmZD0u0wfvpfpvpftusifhudkusifhcJholrsm;wGif vGefchJ aom 91urÇmrSpí ,aeUtxdewfjynf jA[®mhjynfa&mufaom tmZD0u wpfa,muf om½SdcJhbl;aMumif; jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sif udk,fawmfwkdifrdefUMum;awmfrlcJhavonf/

1; 2; 4/ / tmZD0u*kdPf;vm wyusifhpOfrsm;

xdkacwfu acwfpm;vmcJhaomtmZD0u*dkPf;\ wyusifhpOfrsm;wGifatmufü azmfjyrnfhusifhpOfrsm;onf xif½Sm;onfh usifhpOfrsm;yifjzpfygonf/

1/ O'uok'¨d = a&aq;jcif;jzifh udavom pifMu,fapjcif;/

2/ t*¾dyg&dp&d,ok'¨d = rD;udkylaZmfjcif;jzifhudavompifMu,fapjcif;/

3/ ,nok'¨d = ,ZfylaZmfjcif;jzifh udavom pifMu,fapjcif;/

4/ £&d,myxok'¨d = avsmif;? xdkif? &yf? oGm;[laom £&d,mykxf av;rdsK;ukdpepf wususifhokH;jcif;jzifhudavompifMu,fapjcif;/

5/ 0wok'¨d = acG;tusifh? EGm;tusihfponfwdkUudk usifhokH;jcif;jzifhudavom pifMu,fapjcif;/

6/ tm[m&ok'¨d = tpmtm[m&ukd a½G;cs,f pDppfí pm;pokH;jcif;jzifh udavom pifMu,fapjcif;/

7/ 'kuú&um&dumok'¨d = cufcJyifyef;aom tusifhrsm;udkjyKvkyfumusifhokH;jcif;jzifh udavompifMu,fapjcif;[lí jzpfygonf/

1;2; 4; 1/ / O'uok'¨d0g'

cE¨mukd,fü½Sdaom tnpftaMu;rsm;ukda&jzifh aq;aMumvdkufyguoefU½Sif; pifMu,foGm;ouJhokdU rdrdwdkUjypfrSm; MuL;vGefxm;aom raumif;rItukokdvftnpf taMu;rsm;ukdvnf; a&jzifhaq;aMumvdk ufygupifMu,foGm;onf[k,lqaom 0g'onf O'uok'¨d0g'jzpfygonf/

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1;2; 4; 2/ / t*¾dyg&dp&d,ok'¨d0g'

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2/ rD;onf tarSmifcGif;ítvif;ukdaqmifwwfNyD; t&m0wKrSeforQavmif uRrf; apouJhokdYraumif;rIjyKolwdkU\ tjypfwdkUukdvnf;avmifuRrf;apNyD; ewfjynftcGifht a&; ukdygay;Edkifonf [laomtcsufESpfcsuf aMumifhyifjzpfygonf/

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1; 2; 4; 3/ / ,nok'¨d0g'

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1; 2; 4; 4/ / £&d,myxok'¨d0g'

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1; 2; 4; 5/ / 0wok'¨d0g'

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1; 2; 4; 6/ / tm[m&ok'¨d0g'

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1; 2; 4; 7/ / 'kuú&um&dumok'¨d0g'

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1; 2; 4; 7; 1/ / bk&m;tavmif;awmf\ 'kuú&p&d,musifhpOfrsm;

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avmuÜ tema&m*gonf aq;0g;rEÅ&m;ESifhuif;í oufomaysmufuif;½kd;r½Sd/ a&m*gwpfckckpGJuyfvmygu oufqkdif&m aq;0g;rEÅ&m;jzifhukpm;&\/ odkYrSom a&m*g a0'emaysmufuif;oufom\/ xkdYtwlyif £a`E´ajcmufyg; wHcg;ajcmufaygufrS 0if a&mufvmaom udavomwnf;[laom tema&m*gwkdYudk aysmufuif;apvkdvQif "kwif tusifhwnf;[laomaq;0g;? oDvwnf;[laomrEÅ&m;wkdYudkomrDS0J&\/ xkd"kwiftusifh wnf;[laomaq;0g;? oDvwnf;[laom rEÅ&m;ESifhuif;í udavomtema&m*gwdkU aysmufuif;½kd;r½Sdygacs/ "kwifwnf;[laomaq0g;ESifhoDvwnf;[laomrEÅ&m;ukd rSD0JrS om udavomtema&m*gwdkU aysmufuif;csrf;omrnfjzpfygonf/ xdkoDvwnf;[l aomrEÅ&m;ukd ½SmrSD;&müvnf; "kwiftusifhESifhuif;í rjzpfEdkifygay/ tb,faMumifhqdk aomf "kwifwkdYwGif pGrf;tifxufvSaom tusdK;aus;Zl;rsm; ra&rwGufEdkifaom tusdK; qufrsm;yg0ifaeaomaMumifhjzpf\/ xdkUaMumifh jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sifonf "kwiftusifhukd usifhí oDvukdjznfhusifhfaomolukd csD;rGrf;awmfrlcJhjcif;jzpfygonf/ "kwiftusifhwdkUwGif pGrf;&nfowådaygif; (28) rsdK;wdkUyg½Sdav\/ 4if;wdkUrSm

  1. ok'¨gZD0 = toufarG;rI pifMu,fjcif;/
  2. okczv = csrf;omaom tusdK;½Sdjcif;/
  3. te0ZÆ = tjypfa'gorSuif;jcif;/
  4. e y&'ku©mye = olwpfyg;wdkUtm; rqif;&Japjcif;/
  5. tb, = ab;&efuif;jcif;/ 6/ torÜDVe = rESdyfpuf rñSif;yrf;&jcif;/
  6. {uEÅ 0¹kdw = pifppf ukokdvfw&m;wkd;yGg;jcif;/
  7. ty&d[med, = ukokdvfw&m;wdkUrS rqkwf,kwfEdkifjcif;/
  8. trm,m = rm,mr½Sdjcif;/
  9. tm&u© = rdrdukd,fukd apmifha½SmufEkdifjcif;/
  10. ywdw'' = awmifhwtyfonfukday;Ekdifjcif;/
  11. oAÁowå're = owå0gtm;vkH;ukd qkH;rEdkifjcif;/
  12. oH0&[dw = apmifhpnf;rI[laom pD;yGg;½Sdjcif;/
  13. ywd½ly = olawmfaumif;wdkUtm; avQmfuefoifhjrwfjcif;/
  14. tedódw = olwpfyg;ukd rrSDcdk&jcif;/
  15. 0dyÜrkwå = vmbfü rifarmjcif;rS uif;vGwfjcif;/
  16. &m*u©, = &m*ukef;crf;vG,fjcif;/
  17. a'gou©, = a'goukefcrf;vG,fjcif;/
  18. arm[u©, = arm[ukefcrf;vG,fjcif;/
  19. rmeyÜ[me = rmeukd y,fEdkifjcif;/
  20. uk0dwuúapä'e = raumif;aomtMuHukd y,fEdkifjcif;/
  21. ucFg0dw&P = ,kHrSm;rIukd vGefajrmuf&jcif;/
  22. aumoZÆ 0d'¨Hoe = ysif;&drIukd zsufqD;Edkifjcif;/
  23. t&wdyÜ[me = rarGUavQmfrIukd y,fEdkifjcif;/
  24. cre = t&m&mukd onf;cHEdkifjcif;/
  25. twkv = twkr½Sdjcif;/
  26. tyÜrmP = jydKifbufuif;jcif;/
  27. oAÁ'ku©u©,*re = tvkH;pkHaom qif;&Jukef&m edAÁmefokdU

aygufa&mufEdkif jcif;wdkUjzpfygonf/


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