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"r®'ge á oHC á ygwdarmuf á yHokul"kwif (2^2)
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yHokul"kwif (2)


wwd,yg&mZduodu©myk'f

taMumif;&if;ed'gef;

þ wwd,yg&mZdu odu©myk'fawmfudk bk&m;&Sifonf a0omvDNrdKUteD; r[m0SefawmÜ oDwif;oHk;awmfrlpOf tokbur®Xmef;tm;xkwf Muaom&[ef; wdkYonf rdrdcE¨mudk ½GH&SmpufqkyfMuojzifh rdrdudk,fudkrdrd owfaojcif; paom taMumif;xdkYaMumifh ynwfawmfrlonf/

xdkpOfu bk&m;&Sifonf &[ef;awmfwdkYtm; tokbur®Xmef;yGm;rsm;jcif;\ *kPfaus;Zl;udk a[mMum;awmfrlum q,fhig;&ufvHk;vHk;udk,fawmfwpfyg;wnf; udef;atmif;aeawmfrl\? xdkq,fhig;&uftwGif; qGrf;ydkYaom&[ef;rSwpfyg; rnfolrQ bk&m;&SifxHodkY rvma&muf&ef wm;jrpfxm;awmfrlonf/

&[ef;awmfwdkYonf tokbur®Xmef; yGm;rsm;tm;xkwfMu&mrdrdwdkY &&Sd aeaom vlYb0 vlYcE¨mudk,fudk tvGef½GH&Sm pufqkyfMuukef onfjzpfí rdrdudk,fudk rdrdowfaojcif;? tcsif;csif;owfapjcif; rd*[email protected] &Sifa,mifBuD;tm; oydwfouFef;ay;í owfapjcif;trIudk jyKMuukef\/ rd*[email protected] &Sifa,mifBuD;onf wpfaeYwnf; &[ef;ajcmufq,ftxd owfjzwfcJhonf/

jrwfpGmbk&m;onf wpfq,fig;&uf vGefNyD;aemuf wpfyg;wnf; udef;atmif;&mrS xawmfrlvQif &[ef;oHCmrsm; enf;yg;aeonfudk jrifawmfrlí ar;awmfrlum t&SiftmeE´mu taMumif;pHkudk avQmufxm;í jrwfpGm;bk&m;&Siftm; &[ef;awmfrsm; r*fzdkvfedAÁef;&&eftwGuf tokbur®Xmef;rSwpfyg; tjcm;oifhavsmf &mur®Xmef;w&m;udk a[mMum;awmfrlyg&ef avQmufxm; awmif;yef\? xdktcg jrwfpGm;bk&m;&Sifonf &[ef;awmfodkYtm; pka0;apí tmemygeówd ur®Xmef;\ *kPfaus;Zl;ESifhwuG tmemygeówd ur®Xmef;yGm;rsm;enf;udk a[mMum;awmfrl\

xdkYaemuf jrwfpGm;bk&m;onf rdrdudk,fudk rdrd owfjcif;paom trIudk jyKMuukefaom &[ef;wdkYtm;uJh&JUjypfwifawmfrlí wwd,yg&mZdu odu©myk'fawmf udk ynwfawmfrlonf/

odu©myk'fygVd

3/ a,m ye bdu©K oÍödpö rEkó0d*¾[H ZD0dwm a0ga&may,s? ow¬[m&uH 0gó y&da,ao,s? r&P0PÖH 0g oH0aPÖ,s? r&Pm, 0g orm'ay,s? ]]tarÇm yk&do uð wk,Sdrdem ygyaue 'kZÆD0dawe rwH aw ZD0dwm aoa,sm}} wd? £wd pdwåraem pdwåouFayÜg taeuy&d,ma,e r&P0PÖH 0g oH0aPÖ,s? r&Pm, 0g orm'ay,s? t,rÜd yg&mZdaum a[mwd toH0gaom/

edó,

a,m ye bdu©K? tMuif&[ef;onf/ oÍödpö? aoapvdkaom apwemESifh wuG aphaqmfí/ rEkó0d*¾[H? vlom;jzpfol\ cE¨mudk,fudk/ ZD0dwm? toufrS/ a0ga&may,s? csjim;tHh/ ow¬[m&uH 0g? toufudk aqmifwwfaom "m; vufeufudkrlvnf;/ tó? xdkol\(teD;Ü)/ y&da,ao,s? &SmrSD;í csxm;jim;tHh/ r&P0PÖH 0g? aojcif;\ *kPfaus;Zl;udkrlvnf;/ oH0aPÖ,s? csD;rGrf; ajymqdk jim;tHh/ r&Pm, 0g? awzdkY&efaomfvnf;/ orm'ay,s? aqmufwnfap jim;tHh/ tarÇm rk&do? tdk-a,mufsm;/ wk,SH? oifhtm;/ ygyaue? ,kwfnHhaom/ £rdem 'kZÆD0dawe? þraumif;aom touf&Snfae&jcif;jzifh/ uð? tb,ftusdK;&Sd tHhenf;/ aw? oifhtm;/ ZD0dwm? touf&Sif ae&jcif;xuf/ rwH? ao&jcif;u/ aoa,sm? jrwfao;\/ £wd? þodkY/ £wdpdwåraem? þaojcif;Ü pdwf&Sdonf/ £wdpdwåouFayÜg? þaojcif;Ü qef;Mu,faom onmapwem 0dwuf&Sdonf/ ([kwGm? jzpfí/) taeuy&d,ma,e? trsdK;rsdK;aomtaMumif;jzifh/ r&P0PÖH 0g? aojcif;\ *kPfaus;Zl;udk rlvnf;/ oH0aPÖ,s? csD;rGrf; ajymqdkjim;tHh/ r&Pm, 0g? aozdkY&ef aomfvnf;/ orm'ay,s? aqmufwnfapjim;tHh/ t,rÜd (bdu©K)? þ&[ef; yg&mZdaum? omoemawmfrS qHk;½IH;onf/ toH0gaom? &[ef;aumif;wdkY ESifh aygif;oif; qufqHcGifh r&Sdonf/ a[mwd? jzpf\/

t"dyÜm,f

&[ef;onf aoapvdkaompdwfjzifh vludkowfvQif yg&mZduus\? aocsifaeolwpfOD;\teD;Ü vlaoavmufaom vufeufudk &SmrSD;í csxm;jim;tHh? xdkolonf &[ef;csxm;aom vufeufjzifh owfaojim;tHh? a&m*gjzpfaeoltm; aojcif;\ *kPfaus;Zl;udk ajymMum;&m a&m*g&Sifonf oifhavsmfaomaq;? oifhavsmfaomtm[m&udk rrSD0JbJ aoqHk;oGm;tHh? xd&[ef;onf yg&mZduus\/

vludkowfí yg&mZdu tmywfoifhonfqdk&mÜ owfjcif;onf udk,fwdkif owfjcif;? olwpfyg;tm;owfapjcif;[k ESpfrsdK;&Sd&mESpfrsdK;vHk;yif yg&mZdutmywf oifhonf/ &[ef;wpfyg;onf &[ef;wpfyg;tm; ]]þoludk owfavmh}}[k apcdkif;vQif 'kuú#ftmywfoifh\? apcdkif;cH&aom&[ef;u xdkoludk owfí aovQif ESpfyg;vHk; yg&mZduus\/ rlvtowfcdkif;oludk rowfbJ tjcm;oludkowfvQif apcdkif;ol&[ef;rSm yg&mZdutmywfroifh? owfol&[ef;rSmom yg&mZdutmywf oifhonf/ apcdkif;cH&aom &[ef;onf tjcm;oludkyifowftHh? rlv apcdkif;aom &[ef;rSm yg&mZdutmywfroifh? owfol&[ef;rSmom yg&mZdutmywfoifhonf/ tqifhqifhapcdkif;í owfap&mÜ aemufqHk;&[ef;u xdkoludkyifowfcJhaomf apcdkif;oltm;vHk; yg&mZduus\/

&[ef;wpfyg;onf &[ef;wpfyg;tm; aeY&uf tcsdefumv rowfrSwfbJ þrnfaomoludk owfEdkifonfhtcg owfyg[k apcdkif;\? tcdkif;cH&ol&[ef;u owfEdkifonfhtcsdefwGif owf\/ apcdkif;ol &[ef;rSm cdkif;pOfcPÜyif yg&mZduuscJhí? owfol&[ef;rSm owfonfhtcsdefÜ yg&mZduus\/ towfcdkif;aom &[ef;onf cdkif;NyD;rS pdwfajymif;oGm;aomfvnf; ]]rowfESifhawmh}}[k jyefrajymrd? tcdkif;cH&aom &[ef;u owfvQif ESpfyg;vHk; yg&mZduus\/ cdkif;NyD;rS pdwfajymif;oGm;í rowfygESifh[kajym&m tcdkif;cH&aom &[ef;u owfcdkif;NyD;rSawmh uRefyfowfrSmyJqdkí owfvQif rlvcdkif;aom &[ef;rSm yg&mZdutmywfroifh/ owfaom&[ef;rSmom yg&mZdutmywfoifhonf/ tcdkif;cH&ol&[ef;u rowfcJhaomf ESpfyg;vHk; yg&mZdutmywf roifhacs/

&[ef;wpfyg;onf udk,fjzifhvnf;aumif;? EIwfjzifhvnf;aumif;? ESpfyg;pHk jzifhvnf;aumif;? wrefjzifh apcdkif;ívnf;aumif;? pmjzifha&;ívnf;aumif;? tjcm;olwpfOD; aoap&ef aojcif; *kPfaus;Zl;udk a`rSmufyifha&;om;ajymqdkvQif 'kuú#ftmywfoifh\? xdkol 'ku©a&mufvQif xkv ’pöOf;tmywfoifh\/ xdkolao vQif yg&mZdutmywfoifh\/

&[ef;onf þwGif;Ü usíaoygap[k wpfpHkwpfa,muf aomoludk &nfñTef;vsuf wGif;udkwl;tHh? 'kuú#ftmywfoifh\/ &nfñTef;ol xdkwGif;Üusí 'ku©a&muftHh xkv ’pöOf;tmywfoifh\/ aovQif yg&mZdutmywfoifh\/ rnfolrnf0g[k &nf½G,frxm;bJ wGif;wl;xm;&m xdkwGif;Ü vlusaovQif yg&mZdutmywfoifh\/ xdkwGif;Ü vlrusbJ? Nydwåm? vla,mifaqmifEdkifaom wd&pämef wpfaumifaumifusaovQif xkv ’pöOf;tmywfoifh\? wd&pämefusao vQif ygpdwftmywfoifh\/

&[ef;onf aoapvkdaomapwemjzifh vlaoapEdkifaomenf;vrf; wpfrsdK;rsdK;jzifh Oyrm - rSD&mwHuJrsOfÜ "m;vufeufudk axmifxm;jcif;? tqdyf okwfvdrf;xm;jcif;? wHuJysOfudk xdkifvdkufrSDvdkufumrQjzifh jyKwfusatmif jyKvkyfxm;tHh? wHuJysOfudk acsmufurf;yg; xHk;tdkifteD;Üaomfvnf; xm;tHh? 'kuú#ftmywfoifh\/ vlusí 'ku©a&mufvQif xkv ’pöOf;tmywfoifh\/ aovQif yg&mZdu tmywfoifh\/

&[ef;onf aoapvdkaomapwemjzifh pdwfqif;&Jaeol wpfOD;\teD;Ü aoapEdkifaom vufeufwpfrsdK;rsdK;? aoapEdkifaom tqdyfwpfrsdK;rsdK;udk csxm;vQif 'kuú#ftmywfoifh\/ xdkvufeuf xdktqdyfwdkYudkoHk;pGJí xdkol'ku©a&mufvQif xkv ’pöOf;tmywfoifh\/ aovQif yg&mZdutmywfoifh\/

&[ef;onf aoapvdkaomapwemjzifh aMumufrufzG,fted|m½Hk wpfyg;yg; zifh ajcmufvSefYvQif 'kuú#ftmywfoifh\/ 'ku©a&mufvQif xkv ’pöOf;tmywf oifh\/ aovQif yg&mZdutmywfoifh\/ vdkom;wyfrufzG,f £|m½Hkjzifh jzm;a,mif;vQif 'kuú#ftmywfoifh\/ xdktm½Hkudkr&í 'ku©a&mufvQif xkv ’pöOf; tmywfoifh\/ aovQif yg&mZdutmywfoifh\/

&[ef;onf wpfpHkwpfa,muftm; þodkYaoyg? þodkYaoolrSm Opömypönf;? tNcHt&H tausmftapmudk &wwf\? ewfjynfodkY a&mufwwf\[k ajymqdktHh? 'kuú#ftmywfoifh\/ ajymMum; cH&oluigaoawmhtHh[k 'ku©a0'emudkjzpfaptHh? xkv ’pöOf;tmywfoifh\/ aovQif yg&mZdutmywfoifh\/

&[ef;onf &[ef;wpfyg;tm; tcsdefowfrSwfí rnfonfhtcsdefwGif owfygavmh[k apcdkif;&m cdkif;onfhtcsdefwGif owfvQif ESpfOD;vHk;yg&mZduusonf/ cdkif;onfhtcsdef ra&mufrDvnf;aumif; tcsdefvGefrSvnf;aumif; owfvQif cdkif;aom&[ef;rSm tmywfroifhyg/ xdkYtwl tcsdef;tcsufay;í owfcdkif;&mÜvnf; tcsdef;tcsuftwdkif; twdtusowfvQif cdkif;ol owfol ESpfOD;vHk;yg&mZduusí cRwfvGJvQif cdkif;olrSm tjypfr&Sd? owfolomyg&mZdutmywfoifh\/

wpf&Ha&mtcg &[ef;wpfyg; tjyif;txef emrusef;jzpfaepOf &[ef;awmfwdkYonf oem;ojzifh aojcif;\*kPfaus;Zl;udk csD;usL;ajymqdkMu&m xdk&[ef; aoav\/ csD;usL;ajymqdkMuaom &[ef;awmfwdkYrSm oHo,jzpfí jrwfpGmbk&m;tm; avQmufxm;&m oifwdkYtm;vHk;yg&mZduusukefNyD[k rdefYawmfrl\/

&[ef;wpfyg;onf cHk&SnfÜ t0wfzHk;í odyfxm;aom uav;udkzdxdkifrd&m uav; aoav\? odkYaomf aoapvdkaom apwemrygÜ xdk&[ef;rSm yg&mZdu tmywfroifh? þtjzpf tysufudktajccHí ]]&[ef;wdkYrnfonf rqifrjcifbJ rxdkif&? xdkifvQif 'kuú#ftmywfoifhap}}[k ynwfawmfrl\/

&[ef;wpfyg;onf ½GmwGif;&Sd qGrf;pm;Z&yfÜ ae&mcif;onf&Sdaomf axmifxm;aomusnfayGUudk,l&m tjcm;usnfayGUvJí uav;wpfa,muf OD;acgif;ay:Üus&m uav;aoav\? odkYaomfaoapvdkaom apwemrygí xdk&[ef;yg&mZdutmywf roifhacs/ tvm;wl opfvHk;udkeif;rdí vdrfhvsuf uav;udkzdrd aoap&mÜvnf; yg&mZdutmywfroifh/

tcgwpfyg;Ü om;tzESpfOD;wdkYonf &[ef;awmfrsm;txHÜ &[ef;jyKMu ukef\? oHCmpnf;a0;&modkY oGm;aomtcg om;&[ef;onf tz&[ef;tm; ]]t&Sifbk&m;MuGyg}}[k ajymajymqdkqdk aemufausmudk wGef;vdkuf&m tz&[ef;rSm vJusaoav\/ odkYaomf aoapvdkaom apwemrygí om;&[ef;rSm yg&mZdu tmywfroifhyg? aoapvdkaom apwemjzifh wGef;ívJusaoqHk;vQif yg&mZdu tmywfoifh\/ aoapvdkaomapwemjzifh wGef;ívJusaomfvnf; raovQif yg&mZdu tmywfroifh? xkv ’pöOf;tmywfoifh\/

tcgwpfyg;Ü &[ef;wpfyg;onf qGrf;pm;pOf trJom;wHk;vnfÜ eifae\/ &[ef;wpfyg;u vnfyif;udk½dkufvdkuf&m vnfyif;uGJí trJom;wHk;ESifhtwl aoG;rsm;,dkusum aoav\/ ½dkufol&[ef;rSm aoapvdkaomapwemrygí yg&mZdutmywfroifh/ aoapvdkaomapwemjzifh ½dkufíaovQif yg&mZdutmywf oifh\/ aoapvdkí½dkufaomfvnf; raovQif yg&mZdutmywfroifh? xkv ’pöOf;tmywfoifh\/

tcgwpfyg;Ü &[ef;wpfyg;onf tqdyfygaomqGrf;udk &vmcJh\? xdkqGrf;udk OD;OD;zsm;zsm; &[ef;awmfwdkYtm; vSLav&moHk;aqmifoltm; vHkaoav\ odkYaomfapwemrygí yg&mZdutmywfroifhacs? tqdyfygryg prf;oyfvdkí auR;&mÜaovQif xkv ’pöOf;tmywfoifh\/ yg&mZdutmywfroifhacs/

tmV0DNrdKUom; &[ef;awmfrsm;onf ausmif;ajr&mpDpOfuspOf atmufu &[ef;onf ausmufwHk;udkyifha`rSmufay;&m tay:u &[ef;onf aocspGmr,lojzifh jyKwfusí atmufu&[ef;aoav\? apwemrygí yg&mZdutmywfroifh/ aoapvdkaomapwemjzifh jyKvkyfíaovQif yg&mZdutmywfoifh\? aoapvdkaom apwemjzifh jyKvkyfaomfvnf;raovQif yg&mZdu tmywfroifh? xkv ’pöOf; tmywfoifh\/

tcgwpfyg;Ü &[ef;wpfyg;onf omoemÜraysmfydkufjcif; jyif;pGmjzpfojzifh *dZÑuk#fawmifrS ckefcsav&m awmifatmufrS ESD;orm;wpfa,mufudk zdrdíaoqHk;av\? xdk&[ef;rSm apwemrygí yg&mZdu tmywf roifhacs/

qAÁ*¾D&[ef;wdkYonf aysmfjrL;vdkí ausmufwHk;udkvSdrfhcs&m EGm;ausmif;om; udk zdrdaoqHk;&mÜ apwemrygojzifh yg&mZdutmywfroifh? odkYaomf&[ef;wdkYonf aysmfjrL;vdkí ausmufwHk;udk rvSdrfhtyf? vSdrfhaom&[ef;tm; 'kuú#ftmywfoifhap[k ynwfawmfrlonf/

emrusef;jzpfaeaom &[ef;wpfyg;udk &[ef;awmfrsm; 0dkif;íacR;xkwf ay;Mu&m xdk&[ef;aoqHk; aomfvnf; yg&mZdutmywfroifhacs/ aoapvdkaom apwemjzifh jyKvkyfvsuf aovQif yg&mZdutmywfoifh\/ aoapvdkaom apwemjzifh jyKvkyfaomfvnf; raovQif yg&mZdutmywfroifh/

wpf&Ha&mtcg &[ef;wpfyg;onf rusef;rrmjzpfae\/ wjcm;&[ef;wdkY onf aoapvdkaomapwemjzifh xdk&[ef;udk a&;csdK;ay;Mu\/ xdk&[ef;aoav\/ xdk&[ef;rsm; yg&mZduus\/ tu,fí xdk&[ef;raoygrl xkv ’pöOf;tmywf oifh\/

rdef;rwpfa,mufonf vifa,mufsm; &yfa0;a&muf&Sdaecdkuf vifi,fae ojzifh udk,f0ef&onf? xdkrdef;ronf &[ef;xH rdk,f0efusaq;awmif;\? &[ef;onf udk,f0efusaq;ay;&m udk,f0efysufus\? &[ef;rSmyg&mZduus\/ tu,fí oaE¨om;raobJrdcifaooGm;cJhygvQif yg&mZdu tmywfroifh? xkv ’pöOf;tmywf oifhonf/ rdcifa&m uav;ygaoqHk;vQif yg&mZdutmywfusonf/

tNrHKrwpfa,mufonf &[ef;wpfyg;xHrS y#doaE¨ wnfapEdkifonfh aq;udkawmif;í &[ef;ay;aomaq;udkaomuf&m xdkrdef;r aoav\/ &[ef;rSm yg&mZdutmywfroifh? 'kuú#ftmywf oifh\/

rdef;rwpfa,mufonf &[ef;wpfyg;xHrS y#doaE¨wm;aq;udk awmif;cH\? &[ef;ay;aomaq;udkaomuf&m xdkrdef;raoav\/ &[ef;rSm 'kuú#ftmywfoifh\/

ya,m*aq; ynmwwfaom &[ef;onf rdrdynmjzifh bDvl;udkowfonf? xdk&[ef;rSm xkv ’pöOf;tmywfoifh\/

&[ef;wpfyg;onf tjcm;&[ef;wpfyg;udk aoapvdkaom apwemjzifh cdk;om; "m;jy&Sdaom c&D;odkYapvTwfonf xdk&[ef;udkcdk;olwdkYowfukef\? cdkif; aom&[ef;rSm yg&mZduus\? tu,fí towfrcH&ygrl cdkif;aom&[ef;rSm xkv ’pöOf;tmywfoifh\/

&[ef;wpfyg;onf &mZ0wfaumifrsm;udk owfonfh vlowfukef;odkY oGm;í Munfh&m olowfa,mufsm;onf &mZ0wfaumifudk owf&mÜ "m;ESifh ESpfcsufoHk;csuf ckwfaeojzifh &mZ0wfaumifatmf[pfnnf;ñlaeonfudk awGU&\/ &[ef;onf ao&rnfhvl 'ku©cHpm;ae&onfudk rMunfhvdkjzifh wpfcsufwnf;jzifh jywfatmif ckwfyg[k ajym\ olowfa,mufsm;onf aumif;ygNyD[k qdkí wpfcsufwnf; ckwfowf\? xdk&[ef;yg&mZdu usavonf/

tvm;wlyif &[ef;wpfyg;u olowfa,mufsm;udk ajymqdkonfh tcg t&Sifbk&m;pum; em;raxmifEdkifyg[k jyefajymNyD; &mZm0wfaumifudk owfonf? xdk&[ef;rSm yg&mZdutmywfroifh 'kuú#ftmywfoifh\/

owdjyKzG,f

bk&m;'um? ausmif;'um? &[ef;'um rusef;rmaeonfudk ao&rSm raMumufap&ef ]]'umBuD;uJhodkY ukodkvf&Sif rsm;rSmaumif;&mok*wd a&muf&ef aocsmaMumif;? tyg,fi&Jra&mufEdkifaMumif;}} tm;ay;pum; ajymMum;rdygu vlrrmonf jrefjrefaocsifpdwfaygufNyD; trSefwu,f aornfhtcsdefxuf apmí aoqHk;cJhygrl xdk&[ef;rSm yg&mZdutmywfoifhEdkifonf/

þwwd,yg&mZdutmywfodu©myk'fÜ -

  1. vlZmwf&Sdjcif;?
  2. owå0grSef;odjcif;?
  3. owfvdkaompdwf&Sdjcif;?
  4. vHkYvpdkufjcif;?
  5. aojcif;?

þt*Fgig;yg;ESifh jynfhpHkvQif yg&mZdutmywfoifh\/

pwkw¬yg&mZduodu©myk'f

taMumif;&if;ed'gef;

wpf&Ha&mtcg 0ZÆDwdkif;Ü iwfrGwfacgif;yg;jcif;jzpfí 0ZÆDwdkif; 0*¾KrS'gjrpfurf;teD;Ü 0gqdkaexdkifaom &[ef;rsm;onf qGrf;cHí toufarG;&ef rvG,ful? xdktcg &[ef;rsm;onf pm;a&;? aomufa&; vG,fulap&ef ñdSEIdif; Muonf/ ]]rnfonfh&[ef;awmfonf psmef& &[ef;awmfjzpfonf? rnfonfh&[ef; awmfonf aomwmyef zpfonf? &[EÅmjzpfonf}} ponfjzifh wpfyg;\*kPfudk tjcm;wpfyg;u vlwdkYtm; 0gMuG;ajymqdkMuonf/ vlwdkYonf vGefpGm Munfñdkí rpm;&uf? raomuf&uf vSL'gef;Muonf/ om;orD;ESifhrdb udkyifrauR;&ufaom tpm;tpmrsm;udk vSL'gef;Mu avonf/

þtaMumif;udk jrwfpGmbk&m; odawmfrlaomtcg uJh&JU½Iwfcsawmfrlí rdrdÜ psmef? r*fzdkvfw&m; r&SdygbJvsuf psmefr*fzdkvf&xm; av[efaqmifNyD; 0gMuGm; ajymqdkaom&[ef; yg&mZdutmywfoifhap[k ynwfawmfrlonf/ odkY&mwGifoDv pifMu,fí ur®|mef;tm;xkwfavh&Sdaom &[ef;onf rdrdudk,fudkrdrd &[EÅmjzpfNyD xifí ajymrdvQif yg&mZdutmywfroifhaMumif;cRif;csufjyKawmfrlonf/

odu©myk'fygVd

4/ a,m ye bdu©K tebdZmeH Owå&drEkó"r®H twåKyem,duH tvr&d,óP'óeH ork'gpa&,s ]]£wd Zmemrd? £wd yómrD}} wd? wawm tya&e ora,e orEk*¾g[D,rmaem 0g torEk*¾g[D,raem 0g tmyaEém 0dok'¨gayau©m {0H 0a',s ]]tZmear0H tm0kaom t0pHZmemrd tyóH yómrdç wkpäH rkom 0dvyd}} EÅd tnBw t"drmem? t,rÜd yg&mZdaum a[mwd toH0gaom/

edó,

a,m ye bdu©K? tMuif&[ef;onf/ tebdZmeH? rdrdÜ Owå&drEkó"r® xif&Sm;&Sd onfudk rodygbJ/ tvr&d,óP'óeH? udavomudk zsufqD;jcif;iSm pGrf;Edkif aom jrwfaom óPftjrif&Sdaom/ Owå&drEkó"r®H? vlwdkY\ ukodkvf ur®yxw&m; q,fyg;xuf vGefjrwfaom psmefr*fzdkvfw&m; udk/ twåKyem,duH? rdrdÜ Owå&drEkó"r®udk uyfaqmifí/ £wd? þodkY/ Zmemrd? igod\/ £wd? þodkY/ yómrd? igjrif\/ £wd? þodkY/ ork'gpa&,s? ajymqdkjim;tHh/ wawm? xdkodkY ajymqdkNyD;&mtcgrS/ tya&e? wyg;aom/ ora,e? tcgÜ/ orEk*¾g[D,rmaem 0g? olwpfyg;wdkY ar;pdppftyf aomfvnf;aumif;/ torEk*¾g[D,raem 0g? olwpfyg;wdkY rar;ppftyf aomf vnf;aumif;/ tmyaEém? yg&mZdutmywfodkY oifha&mufNyDjzpfí/ 0dok'¨gayau©m? pifMu,fjcif;udk tvdk&Sdvwfaomf/ {0H? þodkY/ 0a',s? ajymqdk&m \/ tm0kaom? ig&SifwdkY/ {0H? þodkY/ tZmeH? rodbJ/ Zmemrd? igod\/ tyóH? rjrifbJ/ yórd? igjrif\/ £wd? þodkY/ t0pH? ajymqdkrdNyD/ wkpäH? tcsnf;ESD;aom/ rkom? rSm;,Gif;aom aum;udk/ 0dvyð? ajymqdkrdNyD/ £wd{0H? þodkY/ 0a',s? ajym qdktHh/ t"drmem? &tyfNyD[k rSwfxifjcif;udk/ tnBw? MuOfí/ ork'gpa&,s? ajymqdkjim;tHh/ t,rÜd? þ&[ef;onfvnf;/ yg&mZdaum? omoemawmfrS qHk;&SH; onf/ toH0gaom? &[ef;aumif;wdkYESifh aygif;oif;qufqHcGifhr&Sdonf/ a[mwd? jzpf\/

t"dyÜm,f

psmef r*fzdkvfw&m; r&ygbJvsuf 0gMuGm;vdkaompdwf? txifBuD;cHvdkaom pdwfjzifh psmef r*fzdkvf&onf[k ajymvQif yg&mZduusonf/ igonf psmef&onf? tbdnmOf&onf? psmeformywf 0ifpm;Edkifonf[k 0gMuGm;ajymqdkvQif yg&mZdu usonf/ yxrpsmefonf? 'kwd,psmefonf? wwd,psmefonf? pwkw¬psmef? yÍörpsmef &onf[k r[kwfrrSefajymqdkvQif yg&mZduus\/ igonf twdwfb0udk odonf/ wapä ol&J Nydwåmrsm;udk jrifEdkifonf? ewfwdkYajymaom pum;udk Mum;Edkif onf[k ajymvQif tmywfoifh\/ igonf aomwmyefjzpfonf? ou'g*grfjzpf onf? tem*grfjzpfonf? &[EÅmjzpfonf[k ajymvQifvnf;aumif;? 0dZÆmoHk;yg;? owdy|mefav;yg;? or®yÜ"mefav;yg;? £'¨dyg'fav;yg;? £a`E´ig;yg;?

Adkvfig;yg;? aAmZÑifckepfyg;? r*¾if&Spfyg;udk &onf? 0ifpm;Edkifonf? rsufarSmufjyK tyfNyD[k r[kwfrrSef ajymqdkvQifvnf; yg&mZduusonf/ igonf &m* a'go arm[udk pGefYy,fNyD;NyD? uif;uGmNyD[k r[kwfrrSefajymvQif yg&mZduusonf/

,if; 0gMuGm;ajymqdkaom pum;rsm;\ teuft"dyÜm,fudk em;axmifolu csufcsif; em;vnfcJhaomf yg&mZduus\/ em;axmifolu rod? em;rvnfcJhaomf xkv ’pöOf;tmywfoifh\/

rdrdaeonfhausmif;\ ausmif;'umtm; ]]tMuif&[ef;onf oif\ausmif; Üae\? xdk&[ef;onf t&d,m olawmfaumif;jzpfonf? &[EÅmjzpfonf}}[k oG,f0dkufvSnfhywf ajymqdk&m em;axmifolu odem;vnfvQif xkv ’pöOf;tmywf oifh\/ em;axmifolu rodem;rvnfaomf 'kuú#ftmywfoifh\/

&[ef;wpfyg;onf vltrsm; a`rSmufpm;csD;rGrf;cHvdkí awm&aqmufwnf ae\/ xdk&[ef;tm; 'kuú#ftmywfoifh\/

&[ef;wpfyg;onf tjcm;&[ef;wpfyg;tm; 0gMuGm;vdkpdwfjzifh þodkY ajym\/ ]]igwdkY\ OyZÑm,fq&m\ twlaewynfhrsm;onf tm;vHk;&[EÅmrsm;jzpf Muonf}}[k ajym\/ xdk&[ef;tm; xkv ’pöOf;tmywfoifh\/

&[ef;wpfyg;onf vlolr&Sd&mÜ rdrdwpfyg;wnf; 0gMuGm;vdkojzifh igonf Zsmef r*fzdkvf&onf[k 0gMuGm;ajymqdk\/ ewfom;wpfa,mufu Mum;í rrSefpum; rajymMum;&ef wm;jrpf\/ xdk&[ef;rSm 'kuú#ftmywfoifh\/

tcgwpfyg;Ü &[ef;wdkYonf rusef;rrmaom &[ef;wpfyg;tm; aojcif;rS raMumuf&ef ajymMum;\/ &[ef;onf aojcif;rS igraMumufyg[k jyefajym\/ xdk&[ef;rSm 0gMuGm;vdkpdwfr&Sdojzifh tmywfroifh/

tcgwpfyg;Ü ykPÖm;wpfa,mufonf &[ef;wdkYudk yifhzdwfí ]]&[EÅmt&Sif jrwfwdkY xdkifawmfrlygavmh? &[EÅmt&Sif jrwfwdkY qGrf;bkOf;ay;ygavmh}}ponfjzifh &[EÅm[k ac:a0:ajymqdk\/ &[ef;wdkYonf rdrdwdkY &[EÅmr[kwfojzifh rxdkif &Jukef? qGrf;rbkOf;ay;&JjzpfMuukef\/ jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifu MunfñdkaomaMumifh ac:a0:ajymqdk&mÜ tmywfroifh[k rdefYawmfrlonf/

&[ef;rsm;pGmwdkYonf awm½Gmausmif;wpfckÜ 0gqdkaeMuonf/ þausmif;rS a&S;OD;pGm xGufcGmoGm;aom&[ef;udk &[EÅmjzpfNyD[k rSwfom;Muygrnf[k uwdu0wfjyKxm;\/ &[ef;wpfyg;onf ]]ighudk &[EÅmrSwfMuygap}}[k xdkausmif;rS OD;pGmxGufoGm;\/ xdk&[ef;yg&mZduus\/

yg&mZduodu©myk'frsm; taMumif;

pwkw¬yg&mZdu t*Fgig;yg;

atmufazmfjyyg t*Fgig;csufESifhnDvQif pwkw¬yg&mZdu tmywfoifhonf -

  1. rdrdÜ psmef? r*fzdkvf r&SdbJvsuf &Sdonf[k ajymjcif;?
  2. 0gMuGm;vdkaom pdwf&dSjcif;? (wu,f&onfxifrSwfí ajymvQif yg&mZdurus/)
  3. igpsmef? r*fzdkvf&onf[k rdrdudk,fudk wdk½dkufñTefjyjcif;? (igodkY q&m&JUwynfhrSefvQif tm;vHk;&[EÅmcsnf;yJ-[k oG,f0dkuf ajymvQif xkv ’pöOf;tmywfoifh\/)
  4. tajymcH&olom;jzpfjcif;? (ewftm;ajymvQif yg&mZdurus/)
  5. em;axmifolu csufcsif;em;vnfjcif;? (ajymNyD;twef MumawG;NyD;rS em;vnfvQifvnf; yg&mZdurus/)

trSefwu,faom psmefr*fzdkvfudk &[ef;tcsif;csif;ajymjy&mÜ tmywf roifhacs? vlomraPtm; ajymygu ygpdwftmywfoifh\/

w&m;tm;xkwfaepOf w&m;xl;r&bJvsuf &onf[k txif&Sdí &[ef; tcsif;csif;ajym&mÜ tmywfroifh? vlomraPtm; ajym&mÜ ygpdwftmywfoifh\/

rdrdur®|mef;xdkif&m? 0dyóem½SL&mÜ awGU&Sdcsufrsm;udk vlomraPtm; rajym&? rdrdq&morm;tm; zGifh[ajymcGifh&Sdonf/ rdrdESifhtvm;wl w&m;tm;xkwf aeol &[ef;tcsif;csif; zGifh[ajymcGifh&Sdonf/ 0gMuGm;vdkpdwfjzifh rajym&? xdkpum; udk ajymjcif;aMumifh w&m;tm;xkwfonfh tazmfjzpfol "r®rdwfaqG&[ef;tm; o'¨gw&m;xufoefapvdkaom apwemjzifh ajymcGifh&Sdonf/

a&S;tcgu q&mawmfBuD;wpfyg;onf {umoedwf"kwif[kac:aom wpfaeY vQifwpfBudrf? wpfaeY&mwnf;Üom qGrf;bkOf;ay;aom tusifhudk aqmufwnfcJh&m tESpf 40-MumcJhavNyD? rvdrfrmaom 'g,umwpfOD;onf qGrf;bkOf;ay;NyD;wpf ae&modkY ajymif;a½TUxdkifaeaom q&mawmfBuD;tm; rkefYuyfvSLavonf/ q&mawmfBuD;u rkefYrbkOf;ay;ojzifh ]]t&Sifbk&m; {umoeduf"kwif aqmufwnfyg ovm;}}[k ar;jref;avQmufxm;onf? q&mawmfBuD;onf rdrd"kwifaqmufonfxm; jcif;udk vlrodapvdkojzifh tESpf 40-aqmufwnfcJhaom "kwif tusifhudk zsufí 'g,um uyfvSLaom rkefYudk bkOf;ay;í topfwpfzef jyefvnfí "kwif aqmufwnfrI jyK&&Smavonf/

okomef"kwif (aomomedu"kwif) usifhaom &[ef;onf ntcsdef vlajcwdwfrS okomefodkYoGm;í ae&onf? eHeuft½kPfrwufrD vlrodatmif rdrdausmif;odkY jyef&rnf? rdrdtay:vlrsm; txifrBuD;ap&[k qdkvdkonf/ txifBuD;ap&ef &nf½G,fcsufjzifh awm& aqmufonfjcif;? okomef"kwifaqmifjcif; ponfjyKvkyfvQif 'kuú#ftmywfoifh\/

&[ef;tjzpf qHk;½IH;jcif; (yg&mZdutmywf)

yg&mZdu tmywfoifhaom &[ef;onf &[ef;b0rS qHk;½IH;avNyD? þb0 wpfoufwmwGif &[ef;b0udk wpfzefjyefvnf &,lEdkifjcif; r&Sdawmhacs/ xdkyg&Zdu usNyD;aom &[ef;udk odrftwGif;Ü taxmifruaom &[EÅmwdkYu ówf ur®0gpmudk tBudrfwpfaxmifru zwfí &[ef;cHay;aomfvnf; &[ef;rjzpf Edkifawmhacs/ xdkYaMumifh jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifonf yg&mZduusaom &[ef;udk atmufazmfjyyg Oyrm (4)rsdK;ESifh EIdif;cdkif;a[mMum;awmf rlcJh\/

OD;acgif;jywfol

OD;acgif;jywfNyD;aom olonf xdkOD;acgif;jywfESifh cE¨mudk,fjyefqufay; aomfvnf; jyefvnfí toufr&SifEdkifawmhouJhodkY? yg&mZduusaom &[ef;onf vnf; &[ef;tjzpfudk jyefr&Edkifawmhacs/

aMuGavNyD;aom ½Guf0g &ifha&mfí tn§mrS aMuGusNyD;aom opf½Gufonf wpfzefjyefí tn§mESifh qufaomfvnf; pdrf;vef;&Sifoefjcif; rjzpfEdkif; rjzpfEdkifawmhouJhodkY? yg&mZduus NyD;aom &[ef;onfvnf; &[ef;tjzpfudk jyefr&Edkifawmhacs/

ESpfjcrf;uGJaom ausmufzsmBuD;

ESpfjcrf;uGJaom ausmufzsmBuD;onf aemufxyfwpfzefjyefvnf qufpyf aomfvnf; taumif;yuwd wpfqufwnf;wGJpyfjcif; rjzpfEdkifawmhouJhodkY? yg&mZduusNyD;aom &[ef;onfvnf; &[ef;tjzpfudk jyefr&Edkifawmhacs/]

xef;vnfqpfusdK;

vnfqpf (yef&if;) rS usdK;jywfusNyD;aom xef;yifonf aemufxyfwpfzef jyefvnfí twufayguf&Sifoefjcif; rjzpfEdkifawmhouJhodkY? yg&mZduusNyD;aom &[ef;onfvnf; &[ef;tjzpfudk jyefr&Edkifawmhacs/

odu©mwifjcif; (&[ef;cHjcif;) odu©mwifjcif;qdkonfrSm &[ef;awmfrsm;u odrftwGif;Ü &[ef;avmif;udk Owådpwkw¬ur®0gpmzwfí &[ef;cHay;jcif;yifjzpfonf/ odu©mwif&mÜ atmufyg tcsuf (5) csufESifh jynfhpHk&rnf? rjynfhpHkygu &[ef;rjzpfEdkifacs/

  1. &[ef;avmif;onf vlom; a,mufsm;pifppf jzpfjcif;? (e*g;? *VHKwdkYu vla,mifaqmifxm;ol rjzpfap&)? (eyHk; [email protected] rdef;r rjzpfap&/)
  2. oefY&Sif;pifMu,faom odrftwGif;Ü &Sdjcif;?
  3. oDvpifMu,faom &[ef;aumif; tenf;qHk; (5) yg; &Sdjcif;? (rZÑdra'oÜ (10) yg;&Sdjcif;)
  4. ówfzwfMum;&mÜ |mefu½dkPf; wdus rSefuefjcif;?
  5. ur®0gpm (3) Budrfudk rSefuefpGm zwf½Gwfay;jcif;/

odu©mcsjcif;

odu©mcsjcif;qdkonfrSm rdrdonf &[ef;oDvudk usifhoHk;Edkifjcif;r&Sdawmhyg aMumif; zGifh[ajymMum;jcif;yif jzpfonf? odu©mcsNyD;aemufyg&mZdutrIrsm;udk usL;vGefygu &[ef;r[kwfawmhNyDjzpfí yg&mZdutmywfroifhawmhyg? yg&mZduus NyD;aom &[ef;rSmvnf; oDvodu©mr&SdawmhNyDjzpfí odu©mcs&ef rvdkawmhyg? odu©m cs&mÜ atmufygtcsuf (6)csufESifh jynfhpHk&rnf/

1/ trSefwu,f &[ef;tjzpfjzifh raevdkjcif;(odu©mcsvdkpdwf&Sdjcif;)? 2/ owfrSwfxm;onfh odu©mcs pum;vHk; rSefuefjcif;? 3/ ypöKyÜefumvjzifh ajymqdkjcif;? 4/ EIwfjzifh yDopGmqdkjcif;? (vuf[efjyjcif;? pma&;jcif;jzifh odu©mcs vQif odu©mrusacs?) 5/ xdkajymqdkaompum;udk em;axmifol (odu©mcsay;ol) rSm vlom; pifppfjzpfjcif;? 6/ em;axmifolu csufjcif; em;vnfjcif;/

odu©mcs pum;vHk; 26-vHk;

  1. 1/ bk&m;udk pGefYyg\/ (Ak'¨H ypöu©mrd)
  2. w&m;awmfudk pGefYyg\/ ("r®H ypöu©mrd)
  3. oHCmawmfudk pGefYyg\/ (oHCH ypöu©mrd)
  4. &[ef;odu©mudk pGefYyg\/ (odu©H ypöu©mrd)
  5. 0denf;awmfudk pGefYyg\/ (0de,H ypöu©mrd)
  6. ygwdarmuf (0denf;odu©myk'f rmwdum)
  7. udk pGefYyg\/ (ygwdarmu©H ypöu©mrd)
  8. 0denf;odu©myk'f tusOf;csKyfudk pGefYyg\/ (Oa'´oH ypöu©mrd)
  9. OyZÑm,fq&mudk pGefYyg\/ (OyZÑm,H ypöu©mrd)
  10. q&mudk pGefYyg\/ (tmp&d,H ypöu©mrd)
  11. twlaewynfhudk pGefYyg\/ (o'¨d0d[m&duH ypöu©mrd)
  12. teD;ae wynfhudk pGefYyg\/ (taEÅ0goduH ypöu©mrd)
  13. OyZÑm,fwl &[ef;udk pGefYyg\/ (ormEkyZÑm,uH ypöu©mrd)
  14. q&mwlwynfhudk pGefYyg\/ (ormemp&d,H ypöu©mrd)
  15. twlae oDwif;oHk;azmfudk pGefYyg\/ (ojA[®pm&ð ypöu©mrd)
  16. tuREfkyfudk vl0wfaMumif[lí rSwfygavmh/ (*d[Dwd rH "ma&[d)
  17. tuREfkyfudk Oygoum[lí rSwfygavmh/ (Oygoaumwd rH "ma&[d)
  18. tuREfkyfudk t&mrfapmifh? ausmif;apmifh[lí rSwfygavmh/ (tm&mrdaumwd rH "ma&[d)
  19. tuREfkyfudk &SifomraP[lí rSwfawmfrlygavmh/ (omraPa&mwd rH "ma&[d)
  20. tuREfkyfudk wdw¬d (rdpäm'd|dq&mBuD;)
  21. [lí rSwfygavmh/ (wdw¬da,mwd rH "ma&[d)
  22. tuREfkyfudk wdw¬dwynfh[lí rSwfygavmh/ (wdw¬d,om0aumwd rH "ma&[d)
  23. tuREfkyfudk &[ef;r[kwfawmh[lí rSwfygavmh/ (toraPwd rH "ma&[d)
  24. tuREfkyfudk omuD0ifrif;om; bk&m;om;awmfr[kwf[lí rSwfygavmh? (tousykwåda,mwd rH "ma&[d)
  25. bk&m;onf ightwGuf tusdK;r&Sd? awmfNyD? wefNyD? (tvH ar Aka'¨e)
  26. bk&m;onf ightwGuf bmvkyfzdkYvJ? (uð Ek ar Aka'¨e)
  27. igonf bk&m;udk tvdkr&SdNyD? bk&m;onf ightwGufrvdkawmhNyD? (etaw¬m ar Aka'¨e)
  28. igonf bk&m;vufatmufrS vGwfajrmufNyD? (okrkawåm [H Aka'¨e)

txufazmfjyyg owfrSwfxm;aom odu©mcs pum;vHk; 26-vHk; wdkYteuf wpfvHk;vHk;udk ygVdbmomjzifh jzpfap? rdrdem;vnf&mtjcm;bmom pum;jzifhjzpfap ½GwfqdkcGifh&Sonf/ bk&m;udk pGefYcJhNyD[k twdwfumvjzifh vnf;aumif;? bk&m;udk pGefYawmhrnf[k tem*wfumvjzifh vnf;aumif; ajymqdkvQif odu©mrusacs? pGefYyg\[k ypöKyÜefumvjzifh ajymqdkrSom odu©musonf/ odu©mcs&mÜ a,mufsm; rdef;r rnfolYxHÜ odu©mcsEdkif\/ em;axmifol taejzifh þ&[ef;onf odu©m csonf[k csufcsif;em;vnf&rnf/ ajz;ajz;pOf;pm;NyD;rS (olwyg;&Sif;jyrS) em;vnf vQif odu©mrusacs/

xdkYaMumifh 0denf; em;vnfoltxHÜ odu©mcsoifh\/ 0denf;em;rvnfol xHÜ odu©mcsvdkygu odu©mcsjcif;\ t"dyÜm,fudk BudKwif&Sif;vif; ajymNyNyD; aemufrSom odu©mcsoifhonf/ xdkYjyifjrefrmpum; rwwfolxHÜ jrefrmbmomjzifh odu©mcsvQif ygVdpum;rwwfolxHÜ ygVdbmomjzifh odu©mcsvQif? odu©mrusacs/ ½kyfyGm;qif;wkawmfa&SYÜ vnf;aumif;? opfyifÜ vnf;aumif;? wd&pämefxHÜ vnf;aumif; odu©mcsvQif odu©mrusacs/

þacwfÜ 'kv ’b&[ef;cHolwdkYonf odu©musatmif odu©mcszdkY ta&;BuD;\/ odu©mrusbJ vl0wfvJí rdrdtdrfjyefvmygu ouFef;0wfpOfu yg&mZdurusbJ ykqdk;0wfNyD;rS yg&mZduusrnfudk owdjyKoifhMuonf/

y&dok'¨jyKjcif;

yg&mZduusaom &[ef;wpfyg;onf rdrdtjypfudk ukpm;&efrSmtjypfudk zHk;zd NrHKrxm;bJ csufcsif; 0efcHajymMum;&rnf/ xdkYaemuf &SifomraPb0? odkYr[kwf vl0wfaMumifb0jzifh aexdkif&rnf/ xdkodkY tjypfudk0efcHí &SifomraP0wfjcif; vl0wfvJjcif;udk ]]y&dok'¨jyKonf}}[k qdk&\/ (y&dok'¨=pifMu,fatmifjyKjcif;/)

tyg,fusrnfhol (3) OD;

&[ef;wdkY? þt,kwfw&m;wdkYudk rpGefYy,fjcif;aMumifh tyg,fodkYvm; &rnfhol? i&JodkY a&muf&rnfholwdkYonf þoHk;rsdK;wdkYwnf; -

(1) rjrwfaomtusifhudk usifholjzpfygvsuf jrwfaomtusifhudk usifh\[k 0efcHolonf vnf;aumif;? (&[ef;r[kwfbJvsuf &[ef;[k 0efcHol/)

(2) jrwfaomtusifhudkusifhaom pifMu,faom yk*¾dKvfudk tajctjrpf r&Sdaom rjrwfaomtusifhjzifh pGyfpGJolonf vn;aumif;? (&[ef;aumif;udk yg&mZdutmywfjzifh pGyfpGJzsufqD;ol/)

(3) umr*kPfcHpm;rIÜ tjypfr&Sd[k ,lqí umr*kPfwdkYÜ oHk;aqmif; cHpm;olonf vnf;aumif;?

&[ef;wdkY? þoloHk;rsdK;wdkYonf þt,kwfw&m;oHk;yg;udk rpGefYy,fjcif; aMumifh tyg,fodkY vm;a&muf&rnfhol? i&JodkY usa&muf&rnfholrsm; jzpfukef\/

(t*FkwådK&fygVdawmf? yxrwGJ pmrsufESm-269? tmyg,duokwf/)

&[ef;cdk;olBuD; (5) OD;

jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifonf trSefwu,f oDvr&SdbJvsuf oDv&Sd[efaqmifí tvSLcHpm;oHk;aeaom &[ef;udk aumufuspfpOf;vJaom iSufrkqdk;ESifh OyrmEIdif;cdkif; awmfrlí oDvr&SdbJvsuf jynfolwdkY\ qGrf;udk oHk;aqmifjcif;onf tvQH ajymifajymif awmufavmifaeaom ylavmifvSonfh oHawGcJ &J&Judk pm;rsdKonfESifh wlaMumif;? vlYavmuÜ azmufxGif;vk,uf wdkufcdkuf zsufqD;aeaom cdk;olBuD; ("m;jyAdkvf) xuf ydkrdk qdk;0g;aMumif; yg&mZduPfygVdawmfÜ atmufygtwdkif; a[mawmfrlcJhygonf/

&[ef;wdkY- þavmuÜ cdk;olBuD; (5) OD;wdkY xif&Sm; &SdMuukef\/ tb,f (5) OD;wdkYenf; -

1/ þavmuÜ wpfa,mufaomolonf þodkY BuHpnf\- igonf tb,faomtcgÜ aemufvdkufaemufyg t&mtaxmif NcH&Hvsuf ½Gm ed*Hk; rif;aejynfwdkYÜ vSnfhí ñSOf;qJowfjzwfESdyf pufvk,ufEdkifygtHhenf;[k BuHpnf\/ xdkodkYBuHpnfNyD;aemuf wpfcsdefaom tcgwGif aemufvdkufaemufyg "m;jy t&mtaxmifNcH&Hvsuf ½Gm ed*Hk; rif;aejynfwdkYudk vSnfhvnfí n§Of;qJowfjzwf vk,ufESdyfpuf av\/

xdkenf;twl þomoemawmfÜ ,kwfrmaom &[ef;tm; þodkYaom tBuHtpnfjzpf\/ igonf b,faomtcgÜ aemufvdkuf&[ef; t&mtaxmif NcH&Hvsuf ½Gm ed*Hk; rif;aejynfwdkYodkY vSnfhvnfí vl&Sif&[ef;wdkY\ ½dkaoav;jrwf ylaZmfjcif;udk cH&ygrnfenf;? ouFef;? qGrf;? ausmif;? aq; ypönf;av;yg;udk &ygrnfenf;[k BuHpnf\/ xdkodkYBuHpnfNyD;aemuf wpfcsdefaomtcg xdk,kwfrmaom &[ef;onf vQyfay:avmfvDaom? toHaumif;í w&m;a[m &[ef;aom &[ef;qdk; &[ef;,kwf t&mtaxmifwdkYjzifh NcH&Hvsuf ½Gm ed*Hk; rif;aejynfwdkYÜ vSnfhvnfí vl&Sif&[ef;wdkY\ ½dkaoav;jrwf ylaZmfjcif;udk cH,lav\/ ouFef;? qGrf;? ausmif;? aq; ypönf;av;yg;wdkYudk &,lav\/ &[ef;wdkY? þ&[ef;,kwfonf avmuÜ yxr cdk;olBuD;rnf\/

rSwfcsuf/ / oDvorm"dESifh jynfhpHkaom q&mawmfBuD; wpfyg;taejzifh okwåefaqmif? tbd"r®maqmif? 0denf;"dk&f yk*¾dKvfrsm; NcH&Hvsuf vSnfhvnf w&m; a[mjcif;? jrwfEdk;ylaZmfrIudk cH,ljcif;um; omoemawmfudk jyKpkapmifha&Smuf&m a&muf\/

2/ þavmuÜ ,kwfrmaom &[ef;wpfyg;onf jrwfpGmbk&m;a[mMum;tyf aom "r®0de,udk oif,lNyD;aemuf xdk"r®0de,udk rdrdudk,fwdkif xdk;xGif;í odjcif; jzpfonf (bk&m;a[m w&m;awmfudkoif,lí odjcif;r[kwf)[k ajymMum;\? bk&m; a[m w&m;udk rdrdudk,fydkif w&m;jyKvkyf\/ &[ef;wdkY? þ&[ef;,kwfonf avmuÜ 'kwd, cdk;olBuD; rnf\/

3/ wpfzef þavmuÜ ,kwfrmaom &[ef;onf jrwfaomtusifhudk pifMu,fpGm jznfhusifhvsuf&Sdaom &[ef;aumif;udk tajctjrpf r&Sdaom? ,kwfnHh aom arxkeftrIjzifh r[kwfrw&m; pGyfpGJzsufqD;\/ &[ef;wdkY? þ&[ef;,kwfonf avmuÜ wwd,cdkolBuD;rnf\/

4/ wpfzef þavmuÜ ,kwfrmaom &[ef;onf oHCmydkifaomoHCdu *½kbPfypönf;wdkYudk vlwdkYtm; ay;urf;\/ xdk*½kbPfypönf;wdkYjzifh vlwdkYudk jzm;a,mif;odrf;oGif;pnf;½Hk;\/ *½kbPfypönf;rsm;rSm- NcH? NcHajr? ausmif;? ausmif;ajr? anmifapmif; (cwif)? tif;jyif (ukvm;xdkif)? bHkvQdK (zHk)? acgif;tHk;? aMu;tdk;? aMu;cGuf? aMu;zvm;? aMu;',ftdk;? (oHxnfypönf;rsm;vnf;tvm;wl)? yJcGyf? ykqdef? "m;r? aygufwl;? pl;? aqmuf? EG,f? 0g;? jzLqHjruf? Nydwfjruf? ajrnuf (t*Faw)? [email protected]? [email protected] wdkYjzpfukef\/ &[ef;wdkY? þ&[ef; ,kwfonf avmuÜ pwkw¬cdk;olBuD; rnf\/

5/ tMuif&[ef;onf rdrdÜ xif&Sm;r&Sdaom psmefr*fzdkvf w&m;udk 0gMuGm; yvT; ajymqdk\? xdk&[ef;onf &[ef;ykPÖm;ESifhwuG vlewfjA[®m owå0g taygif; wdkY\ tv,fÜ tqHk;pGef ,kwfrmaom yÍör cdk;olBuD;rnf\/ taMumif;rl jynfol wdkY\ qGrf;udk vdrfvnfvSnfhjzm; cdk;,l pm;oHk;jcif;aMumifhwnf;/

rdrdtusifhoDv rpifMu,fbJvsuf pifMu,f[efaqmif\? udavom ukefcef;NyD;aom &[EÅmr[kwfbJvsuf &[EÅm[k 0efcHajymMum;jcif;jzifh &&Sdaom qGrf;udk oHkaqmif\? xdk&[ef;\ oHk;aqmifrIonf iSuftaygif;udk vSnfhywfí zrf;,lowfjzwfpm;oHk;aom iSufrkqdk;\ pm;jcif;ESifh wl\/

udk,fEIwfESpfvHk;udk apmifhxdef;jcif;r&SdbJ? ,kwfrmaom &[ef;rsm;onf vnfyif;Ü ouFef;&pfywfvsuf ,kwfrmaom trIwdkYudk jyKusifhjcif;aMumifh i&JÜ jzpfMu&ukef\/ xdkYaMumifh udk,fEIwfESpfvHk;udk apmifhxdef;jcif;uif;aom? oDvr&Sdaom &[ef;\ jynfolwdkY\ qGrf;udk oHk;aqmifjcif;onf tvQHajymifajymif awmufavmifaom oHawGcJ&J&Judk pm;rsdKonfESifh wl\/

t*¾du©aE¨myrokwf

jrwfpGmbk&m;ocifonf w&Ha&mtg aumwvwdkif;Ü &[ef; 120-wdkY NcH&Hvsuf a'opm&D MuGcsDawmfrl\/ xdk&[ef;tyg; 120-wdkYwGif &[ef; 60-onf yg&mZduusNyD;jzpfvsuf vl0wfrvJbJ &[ef;a,mifaqmifí aeMuonf/ xdk&[ef; wk &[ef;a,mifrsm;tusifhoDv r&SdbJvsuf ypönf;av;yg;udk cH,loHk;aqmifjcif;? vl&Sif&[ef;wdkY\ &Sdcdk;ylaZmfrIudk cH,ljcif;rSm xdkyk*¾dKvftwGuf qif;&JwGif;euf&ef jzpfaMumif; Oyrm trsdK;rsdK;jzifh EIdif;,SOfawmfrlí t*¾du©aE¨myrokwåef (rD;yHkBuD; Oyrm) w&m;awmfudk a[mMum;awmfrl\/

jrwfpGmbk&m;onf aumovwdkif;Ü &[ef;rsm;pGmESifhtwl a'opm&D MuGcsD awmfrlpOf wpfckaomt&yfÜ awmufavmifaeaomrD;yHkBuD;udk awGUjrifawmfrl\/ xdktcg jrwfpGmbk&m;onf xdk&[ef;wdkYtm; rD;yHkBuD;udk OyrmjyKí þw&m;udk a[m awmfrl\/

&[ef;wdkY? tvQHajymifajymif awmufavmifaeaom xdkrD;yHkBuD;udk ayGUzufí rD;yHkBuD;teD;Ü yl;uyfaexdkif&jcif;? tdyfae&jcif;onf aumif;oavm? acsmarmvSy onfh rdef;rysdKav;udk ayGUzufí xdkrdef;rysdKuav;\ teD;Ü yl;uyfí aexdkif&jcif;? tdyfae&jcif;onf aumif;oavm[k ar;awmfrl\/

xdktcg &[ef;wdkYu rdef;rysdKuav;udk ayGUzufyl;uyfaexdkif &jcif;u aumif;rGefvdrfhrnf? rD;yHkBuD;udk ayGUzufí eD;eD;uyfuyf aexdkif&jcif;rSm qif;&Jvdrfhrnf xifygaMumif; avQmufxm;Mu\/ jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sif u &[ef;wdkY? oifwdkYtm; igbk&m;a[mMum;aytHh? odaptHh? oabmnpfpkwf tusifh ,kwfí pufqkyf½GHzG,f uG,f&mwGifraumif;rljyKwwfonfh &[ef;wk &[ef;a,mif [efaqmifvdrfnmudavomt½Iyf twGif;ykyf 'kóDv&[ef;rsm;twGuf xkdrD;yHkBuD; udk ayGUzufí teD;uyf aexdkifjcif;? tdyfaejcif;u ydkrdkaumif;jrwf\/ taMumif;rl rD;yHkBuD;udk ayGUzuftdyfaejcif;jzifh rD;avmif'Pf&m&í aoaomfvnf; aoEdkif\/ odkYr[kwf aovkeD;yg; 'ku©a0'emudk aomfvnf; cHpm;&ayvdrfhrnf/ xdkrD;yHkBuD;udk ayGUzufjcif;[laom taMumif;aMumifh aoqHk;NyD;aemufÜ tyg,fi&JodkY rusa&muf Edkifacs/ acsmarmvSyaom rdef;rysdKuav;udk ayGUzufí aejcif;aMumifhrlum; tyg,f i&JodkY usa&muf&ef? Mum&Snfav;jrifhpGm qif;&J'ku©cH&&efjzpfonf/

&[ef;odkY? tm;aumif;oefrmaom a,mufsm;wpfa,mufu tvGefcdkifrm aom om;NrD;BudK;jzifh ajcovHk;ESpfbufudk &pfywfí yGwfwdkufqGJiifaomtcg ta&? tom;? taMum? t½dk;? ½dk;wGif;csOfqDwdkifatmif yGwfwdkufcH&jcif;ESifh rif;pdk;&mZm olaX;olMuG,f ukefonfv,fvkyf 'g,um 'g,dumrwdkY\ &Sdcdk;cH&jcif; þESpfrsdK; wGif tb,ft&mu ydkí aumif;oenf;[k ar;awmfrl\/

xdktcg &[ef;wdkYu 'g,um? 'g,dumrwdkY\ &Sdcdk;cH&jcif;u aumif;vdrfhrnf? om;NrD;BudK;jzifh &pfywfyGwfwdkuf cH&jcif;rSm qif;&Jvdrfhrnf xifyg aMumif; avQmufxm;Muonf/ jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifu oDvr&Sdaom 'kóDv&[ef; twGuf ajcovHk;ESpfbufudk om;NrD;BudK;ESifh &pfywfí ta&? tom;? taMum? t½dk; jywfatmifyGwfwdkufcH&jcif;u udkaumif;ayvdrfhrnf/ taMumif;rl xdkodkYom;NrD;BudK; ESifhyGwfwdkufcH&jcif;aMumifh toufaoqHk;jcif;? odkYr[kwfaovkeD;yg; 'ku©cH&jcif; om jzpfEdkifayonf/ aoqHk;NyD;aemuftyg,fi&JodkY rusa&mufEdkifacs/ oDvr&SdbJ vsuf 'g,um 'g,dumr wdkY\ &Sdcdk;rIudk cH,lí om,maejcif;onfom tyg,f i&JodkY usa&muf&ef? Mumjrifh pGm qif;&J'ku© cH&&efjzpfayonf/

&[ef;wdkY? tm;aumif;oefrmonfh a,mfsm;wpfa,mufu xufpGmaom vSH&Snfjzifh &if0udk txdk;cH&jcif;? odkYr[kwf rif;pdk;&mZm olaX;olMuG,f ukefonf v,fvkyf 'g,um 'g,dumrwdkY\ vuftkyfcsD t½dktaojyKrIudk cH&jcif; þESpfrsdK; wGif tb,ft&mu ydkrdk aumif;rGefoenf;[k rdefYawmfrl\/

xdktcg &[ef;wdkYu 'g,um 'g,dumrwdkY\ vuftkyfcsDí t½dktaocH& jcif;u aumif;ygvdrfhrnf? vSHjzifh txdk;cH&jcif;rSm qif;&Jvdrfhrnf[k xifaMumif; avQmufxm;Muonf/ jrwfpGmbk&m;u oDvr&Sdaom &[ef;wk &[ef;a,miftwGuf xufpGmaomvSH&Snfjzifh &if0udk txdk;cH&jcif;u ydkíaumif;\? taMumif;rl vSHxdk;cH &jcif;aMumifh twufaoqHk;jcif;? odkYr[kwf aovkeD;yg; 'ku©cH&jcif;om jzpfEdkifay onf/ oDvr&SdbJvsuf 'g,um 'g,dumrwdkY\ vuftkyfcsDí t½dktaojyKrIudk cH&jcif;onf tyg,fi&JodkY usa&muf&ef jzpfayonf/

&[ef;odkY? tm;aumif;oefrmonfh a,mfsm;wpfa,mufu tcdk;wvlvlxGufí &J&Jajymifajymif awmufavmifaeaom oHyljym;jzifh oifwdkY\cE¨mudk,fudk &pfywf jcif;ESifh rif;pdk;&mZm olaX;olMuG,f ukefonf v,fvkyf 'g,um 'g,dumrwdkY\ o'¨gw&m;xufoefpGm ay;vSLonfh ouFef;udk 0wf½HkoHk;aqmifjcif;? þESpfrsdK;wGif tb,ft&mu ydkrdkaumif;rGefoenf;[k ar;awmfrl\/

xdktcg &[ef;wdkYu 'g,um 'g,dumrwdkY vSL'gef;onfh ouFef;udk 0wf½Hk oHk;aqmif &jcif;rSm aumif;ygvdrfhrnf? oHyljym;jzifh cE¨mudk,fudk &pfywfcH&jcif;rSm qif;&Jvdrfhrnf[k xifygaMumif; avQmufxm;Mu\/ jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifu oDvr&Sdaom &[ef;twGuf 'g,um 'g,dumrwdkY vSL'gef;aom ouFef;udk 0wf½Hkjcif;xuf &J&Jawmuf ylavmifaom oHjym;jzifh cE¨mudk,fudk &pfywfjcif;u ydkrdkaumif;rGefayvdrfhrnf/ taMumif;rl oHyljym;jzifh &pfywfcH&jcif;aMumifh toufaoqHk;jcif;? odkYr[kwf aovkeD;yg; 'ku©cH&jcif;omjzpfEdkifayonf/ oDvr&SdbJvsuf 'g,um 'g,dumrwdkY o'¨g MunfjzLay;vSLtyfaom ouFef;udk 0wf½HkoHk;aqmifjcif;aMumifh tyg,fi&JodkY usa&muf&efom jzpfayonf/

&[ef;odkY? tm;aumif;oefrmaom a,mufsm;onf &J&Jylaom oHaumufjzifh tmcHwGif;udkzGifh &J&Jawmuf ylavmifaom oHawGcJudk yg;pyfxJodkY xnfhoGif;vQif xdkoHawGcJonf EIwfcrf;? yg;pyf? vQm? vnfacsmif;? tlodrf? tlrwdkYudk avmifuRrf;í ptdk0rS xGufoGm;ayvdrfhrnf/ xdkodkY &J&Jylaom oHawGcJudk yg;pyfxJodkY txnfhcH& jcif;ESifh 'g,um 'g,dumrwdkY o'¨gMunfjzL ay;vSL tyfaomqGrf;udk pm;oHk;jcif; þESpfrsdK;wGif tb,ft&mu ydkrdk aumif;rGefoenf;[kar;awmfrl\/

xdktcg &[ef;wdkYu yg;pyfxJodkY oHawGcJ &J&JtxnfhcH&onfxuf 'g,um 'g,dumrwdkY vSLonfhqGrf;udk pm;&onfu ydkrdkaumif;rGefrnf[k xifyg aMumif; avQmufxm;Muonf/ jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifu oDvr&Sdaom &[ef;wk &[ef; a,miftwGuf 'g,um 'g,dumrwdkY o'¨gMunfjzLay;vSLaom qGrf;udk pm;oHk;& jcif;xuf? oHawGcJ &J&Judk yg;pyfxJodkY txnfhcH&jcif;u ydkíaumif;\/ taMumif; rl xdkodkY oHawGcJ &J&J yg;pyfxJ txnfhcH&jcif;aMumifh toufaoqHk;jcif;? odkYr[kwf aovkeD;yg; 'ku©cH&jcif;om jzpfEdkifayonf/ oDvr&SdbJvsuf 'g,um 'g,dumrwdkY o'¨gMunfjzLay;vSLonfhqGrf;udk pm;oHk;jcif;aMumifh tyg,fi&JodkY usa&muf&efjzpf\/

&[ef;wdkY? tm;aumif; armif;oefonfh a,mufsm;wpfa,mufu oifwdkU\ cE¨mudk,f udk csKyfudkifí &J&Jawmufylavmifaeaom oHckwif? odkYr[kwf oHukvm;xdkifay:Ü zdESdyfí tdyfapjcif;? xdkifapjcif;ESifh o'¨gMunfjzL ay;vSL&aom ckwif ukvm;xdkif rsm;ay:Ü tdyf& xdkif&jcif; þESpfrsdK;wGif tb,ft&mu ydkrdk aumif;rGefoenf;[k ar;awmfrl\/

xdktcg &[ef;wdkYu jynfolwdkYvSLaom ckwif? ukvm;xdkifrsm; ay:Ü tdyf& xdkif&jcif;u aumif;ygvdrfhrnf? &J&Jylaom oHckwif? oHukvm;xdkifay:Ü tdyf& xdkif &jcif;onf qif;&Jvdrfhrnf[k xifygaMumif; avQmufxm;Mu\/ jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifu oDvr&Sdaom 'kóDv&[ef;twGuf &J&Jylaom oHckwif oHukvm;xdkifay:Ü tdyf& xdkif&jcif;u ydkíaumif;onf/ taMumif;rl xdkodkY &J&Jylaom oHckwif? oHukvm;xdkifay:Ü tdyf& xdkif&jcif;aMumifh toufaoqHk;jcif;? odkYr[kwf aovkeD;yg; 'ku©cH&jcif;om jzpfEdkifayonf/ oDvr&SdbJvsuf jynfolwdkY ay;vSL xm;aom ckwif? ukvm;xdkifwdkYÜ tdyf& xdkif&jcif;onf tyg,fi&JodkY usa&muf&ef om jzpfayonf/

&[ef;wdkY? tm;aumif;oefrmaom a,mufsm;wpfa,mufu oifwdkYudk csKyfudkifí tvQHwajymifajymif awmufavmifí yGufyGufqlaeaom aMu;tdk;BuD;xJ odkY apmufxdk;uRrf;pdkuf ypfxnfh cH&jcif;ESpf? jynfolwdkY o'¨gMunfjzL aqmufvkyf vSLaom ausmif;Üae&jcif; þESpfrsdK;wGif tb,ft&mu ydkrdk aumif;rGefoenf;[k ar;awmfrl\/

xdktcg &[ef;wdkYu jynfolwdkY aqmufvkyfvSL'gef;aom ausmif;Ü aexdkif &jcif;rSm aumif;vdrfhrnf? yGufyGufqlaom aMu;tdk;BuD;xJodkY ypfxnfhcH&jcif;rSm qif;&Jvdrfhrnf xifygaMumif;avQmufxm;Mu\/ jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifu oabm npfpkwf tusifh,kwfonfh pufqkyf½GHzG,f uG,f&mwGif raumif;rljyKaom &[ef;wk &[ef;a,mif[efaqmif vdrfnm udavomt½Iwf twGif;ykyf 'kóDv&[ef;twGuf yGufyGufqlaeaom aMu;tdk;BuD;xJodkY ypfxnfhcH&jcif;u ydkíaumif;\? taMumif;rl yGufyGufqlaomaMu;tdk;BuD;xJodkY ypfxnfhcH&jcif;aMumifh toufaoqHk;jcif;? odkYr[kwfaovkeD;yg;'ku©cH&jcif;om jzpfEdkifayonf/ aoqHk;NyD;aemuf tyg,fi&J odkYrlum; rusa&mufEdkifacs/ oDvr&SdbJvsuf o'¨gMunfjzL jynfolwdkY aqmufvkyf vSL'gef;xm;aom ausmif;Ü aejcif;aMumifhrlum; MumjrifhpGm qif;&J'ku©a&muf&ef jzpf\/ aoqHk;NyD;aemuftyg,fi&JodkY usa&muf&efjzpfonf/

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