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"r®'ge á oHC á ygwdarmuf á yg&mZduu@ (1^2)
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yg&mZduu@ (1)


227-oG,faom odu©myk'fwdkYwGif ta&;BuD;qHk;jzpfaom yg&mZduodu©myk'fav;yg;udk jyqdkygrnf/

(1) yXryg&mZduodu©myk'f - arxkefrSD0Jjcif;rS wm;jrpfonfh odu©myk'f? (2) 'kwd,yg&mZdu odu©myk'f - olwpfyg;ypönf;udk cdk;,lvk,ufjcif;rS wm;jrpfonfh odu©myk'f? (3) wwd,yg&mZduodu©myk' - vlowfjcif;udk wm;jcpfonfh odu©myk'f? (4) pwkwyg&mZduodu©myk'f -psmefr*fzdkvf w&m;xl; r&bJ &av[ef vdrfvnf MuGm;ajym qdkjcif;rS wm;jrpf onfh odu©myk'f?

yXryg&mZduodu©myk'f

taMumif;&if;ed'gef;

þyXryg&mZduodu©myk'fawmfudk a0ovDNrdKUteD; uvE´½GmrS olaX;om;ok'def (ok'dEé) udk taMumif;jyKí ynwfawmfrlonf/

olaX;om; ok'defonf o'¨w&m;xufoefpGmjzifh omoemhabmif0ifcGifh &&Sd&ef rdbrsm;\ cGifhjyKcsufudk cufcufcJcJ BudK;yrf;awmif;cHí &[ef;jyKcGifh &&SdcJhonf/

&[ef;jyKNyD;aemuf &Sifok'defonf awmausmif;Üaejcif;? yHokulouFef;udk aqmifjcif;? tdrfpOftwdkif; qGrf;&yfjcif; qGrf;cHí &aom [email protected];udkom pm;jcif; paom "kwiftusifhwdkYudk aqmifvsuf 0ZÆDwdkif; ½Gmwpf½GmÜ oDwif;oHk;ae\/

0ZæDwdkif;onf rdk;acgifojzifh qGrf;&&Sd&ef cufcJaomaMumifh &Sifok'defonf a0omvDNrdKUodkY jyefí rdbaqGrsdK;rsm;xH qGrf;cHMuGavonf/ &Sifok'def\ zcifonf om;&[ef;udk qGrf;cHyifhzdwfxm;í &Sifok'def\rdcifonfvnf; tdrfcef;twGif;Ü vlwpf&yfausmfaom a½TyHkwpfyHkESifh aiGyHkwpfyHkwdkYudk yHkxm;ap\/ acR;rudkvnf;&Sifok'defBudKuf ESpfoufrnfh t0wfwefqmwdkYudk 0wfqifaponf/

&Sifok'def\zcifonf &Sifok'deftm; a½TyHkBuD;rsm;udkjyí vlxGufNyD; pnf;pdrfcsrf;omcHpm;vsuf tvSL'ge jyKvkyfjcif;jzifh ewfjynfodkY a&mufEdkifaMumif; ajymMum;onf/

&Sifok'defonf þa½TaiGrsm;udk tdwfBuD;rsm;Ü xnfhoGif;NyD; **Fgjrpfa& tv,frSm ypfcsoifhaMumif;? þodkY ypfcsvQif xdef;odrf;apmifha&Smuf ylyef&onfh 'ku©rsm; uif;a0;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;ajymMum;onf/

xdkYaemuf &Sifok'def\ ZeD;a[mif;onf &Sifok'def\ ajcwdkYudk zufvsuf ]]ewforD;rsm;udk &vdkí &[ef;0wfae&onfqdkvQif xdkewforD;rsm;u tb,f rQavmuf acsmarmvSyaeygovJ}} [k ar;jref;um jzm;a,mif; aoG;aqmifavonf/

xdkYaemuf rdcifjzpfolu tarGcHom;ajr; r&Sdygu rdrdwdkY\pnf;pdrfOpöm &wemrsm;udk rif;[email protected] odrf;,ljcif;cH&rnfjzpfí om;rsdK;aph ay;cJh&ef ajymqdkonf/ &Sifok'defonf om;rsdK;aphay;jcif;udpöudk jyKvkyfay;rnf[k 0efcJhonf/

rdcifonf acR;rtm; &moDyef;yGifhonfhaeYwGif &Sifo'defxHac:,loGm;onf? &Sifok'defonf yXryg&mZdu odu©myk'fawmfudk rynwf&ao;ojzifh arxkefrSD0Jjcif; Ü tjypfr&Sd[k xifjrif,lqí r[m0kefawmxJÜ ZeD;a[mif;udk oHk;Budrfwdkif arxkef jyKusifhavonf/ xdkrQjzifh ZeD;a[mif;rSm udk,f0ef&SdoGm;onf/

þtjyKtrludk bkr®pdk; ½ku©pdk;ewfwdkY\ toHudkMum;&aom pwkr[m&mZf ewfrStp tued|jA[®mhbHkwdkifatmif tqifhqifhMum;od&í &Sifok'def\ trIudk uJh&JU½IwfcsMuavonf? &Sifok'def\ ZeD;a[mif;rS om;a,mufsm; zGm;jrifí xdkoli,fudk ADZu (armifrsdK;aph) [k trnfrSnfhukef\/ rdcifudk ADZurmwm (rsdK;aphrdcif)? &Sifok'defudk ADZuydwm (rsdK;aphzcif) [k ac:wGifapMuukef\/

aemifESpftenf;i,f Mumaomtcg xdkom;trd ESpfa,mufwdkYonf omoemhabmifodkY 0ifa&mufí &[EÅmtjzpfodkY a&muf&SdMuonf/ &Sifok'defrSmrlum; aemifw wpfzef ylyefjcif;? pdwfESvHk; romr,m jzpfjcif;aMumifh BuHKvSDcsnfheJY ½kyfysufqif;ysuf jzpfvmcJhonf/ odu©myk'fawmf ynwfjcif; r&Sdao;aomaMumifh yg&mZdutmywf oifha&mufjcif;r&Sdaomfvnf; oHo,ukuúKpö ESdyfpufcH&ojzifh tNrJrIdifawGaeum þb0wGif psmefr*fzdkvfw&m;xl; r&awmhacs? &Sifok'deftm; twlae oDwif;oHk;azmf &[ef;rsm;u ppfaq;ar;jrefaomtcg &Sifok'defonf tjzpfrSefudk zGifh[ 0efcHavonf/

&[ef;onf &Sifok'defudk jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sif a&SUawmfarSmuf ac:aqmif oGm;Muí taMumif;pHkudk avQmufxm;Muavonf? jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifonf &Sifok'defudk uJh&JYjypfwif ½Iwfcsawmfrlí yXryg&mZduodu©myk'fawmfudk ynwf awmfrlonf/

odu©myk'fygVd

1/ a,m ye bdu©K bdu©LeH odu©momZD0ormyaEém odu©H tyÜpöu©m, 'kAÁvsH tem0duwGm arxkeH "r®H y#daoa0,s? tEÅraom wd&päme *wm,yd? yg&mZdaum a[mwd toH0gaom/

edó,

a,m ye bdu©K? tMuif&[ef;onf/ bdu©LeH? &[ef;wdkY\/ odu©momZD0ormyaEém? &[ef;odkY\ toufESifhwlaom oDvodu©mESifh jynfhpHkoljzpfygvsuf/ odu©H? &[ef;odu©mudk/ tyÜpöu©m,? rpGefYrlí/ (0g) odu©HtyÜpöu©m,? odu©mrcsrlí/ 'kAÁvsH? odu©myk'fÜ jznfhusifh vdkpdwf tm;enf;aMumif;udk/ tem0duwGm? xifpGmrjyKrlí/ arxkeH"r®H? arxkeftusifhudk/ y#daoa0,s? rSD0Jjim;tHh/ tEÅraom? atmufxpfqHk;tm;jzifh/ wd&päme *wm,yd? wd&pämefrÜaomfvnf;/ (y#daoa0,s? rSD0Jjim;tHh/) (aom? xdk&[ef;onf) yg&mZdaum? omoemawmfrS qHk;½IH;olonf/ toH0gaom? &[ef;aumif;wdkYESifh aygif;oif;qufqHcGifh r&Sdolonf/ a[mwd? jzpf\/

t"dyÜm,f

odu©mwif odrf0ifxm;aom &[ef;onf odu©mrcsbJ arxkefrSD0Jjcif;jyKygu omoemawmfrS qHk;½IH;jcif;odkYa&muf\/ atmufxpfqHk; wd&pämefrÜaomfvnf; rSD0Jjim;tHh/ omoemawmfrS qHk;½IH;jcif;odkY a&muf\/

wd&pämefrsm;Ü tajcav;acsmif;&Sdaom owå0grsm;wGif ti,fqHk;tm;jzifh aMumifr? tajcESpfacsmif;&Sdaom owå0grsm;wGif ti,fqHk;tm;jzifh Muufr? tajcrJh owå0grsm;wGif ti,fqHk;tm;jzifh a>rrESifh ig;rwdkYonf yg&mZdutmywfoifh&ef vHkavmufaom ti,fqHk; tydkif; jzpfonf/

tzdkowå0gÜ ptdkaygufESifh yg;pyfayguf (0pör*fESifh rkcr*f)? trowå0gÜ ptdkaygufç yg;pyfaygufESifh t*FgZmwf (0pör*f? rkcr*fESifh yóm0r*f) þjyqdkcJhonfh taygufwpfckcktwGif; t&nfpdkpGwf&mXmeÜ &[ef;\ t*FgZmwfudk ESrf;wpfvHk;pmrQ xnfhoGif;rdygu yg&mZdu tmywfoifhonf/

arxkefvrf;aMumif; (30)

trowå0gÜ usifBuD;ayguf? usifi,fayguf? yg;pyfayguf[lí vrf;aMumif;oHk;ck&Sdonf/ ObawmAsnf;owå0gÜvnf; arxkef vrf;aMumif;oHk;ck&Sd onf/ ObawmAsnf;qdkonfrSm a,musfm;vdif?rdef;rvdif[lí vdif ESpfrsdK; &Sdoludk qdkvdkonf/ a,musfm;vdif? rdef;rvdif ESpfrsdK;vHk; ryg&Sdaom oludk [email protected][k ac:qdk&onf? [email protected] usifBuD;aygufESifh yg;pyfayguf[lí arxkefvrf;aMumif; ESpfck&Sdonf/ a,musfm;rSmvnf; tvm;wl arxkefvrf;aMumif; ESpfck&Sdonf? xdkYaMumifh trowå0g? ObawmAsnf;? [email protected] txD;owå0g av;rsdK;wdkYrSm pkpkaygif; arxkefvrf;aMumif; q,fck&Sdonf? ,if;q,fckudk vlrsm;rSm q,fck? wd&pämefrsm;rSm q,fck? ewfrsm;rSm q,fck pkpkaygif; arxkefvrf;aMumif; oHk;q,f&Sdonf/

,if;arxkefvrf;aMumif; oHk;q,fwdkYÜ tyav rxdaom pdkpGwf&m t&yfodkY ra&muf&SdbJ tay:,HÜom &[ef;\ t*FgZmwfudk xdwdkY½HkrQ xdwdkYygu 'kuú#ftmywfoifhonf/ tawGYtxdudk om,mvdkaom pdwfjzifh rdef;r\ t*FgZmwftay:,H pdkpGwfrIr&Sdaom tydkif;udk &[ef;\ t*FgZmwfjzifh xdwdkYjim;tHh oHCm'dodoftmywfoifh\? yg&mZdutmywf roifh/

þodkY jyKrljcif;udk ]]uefwGif;odkYrqif;? uefaygif½dk;udkom avQmufygonf}} [k qdkMuonf/ arxkefrSDvdkpdwfjzifh tvm;wl jyKvkyfaom &[ef;rSmrl 'kuú#ftmywfoifhonf/

azmfjyyg arxkefvrf;aMumif; oHk;q,ftwGif;odkY &[ef;\ t*FgZmwfudk oGwfoGif;&mÜ &[ef;u vHkYvjyKíjzpfap? &[ef;u vHkYvrjyKbJ NidrfoufpGmaevsuf olwpfyg;u vHkYvjyKay; vQifjzpfap om,monfh pdwf&Sdygu yg&mZdutmywfoifhonf/

taoaumif\ arxkefvrf;aMumif;twGif;odkY xnfhoGif; om,mrIjyKygu vnf; yg&mZdutmywfoifhonf? taoaumif\ arxkefvrf;aMumif; oHk;rsdK;wdkY onf oHk;yHkESpfyHk acG;pm;xm;ojzifh yHkyef;ysufaeygu ,if;vrf;aMumif; odkY t*FgZmwf xdk;oGif;í om,maom &[ef;tm; yg&mZdu tmywfroifh? xkv ’pöOf; tmywfoifhonf/

,if;arxkefvrf;aMumif; oHk;q,ftwGif;odkY &[ef;\ t*FgZmwfudk t0wfywfvsuf xdkoGif;jim;tHh/ yg&mZdutmywfoifh\/ ,ckacwftvdk &[ef;\ t*FgZmwfudk a&mfbmtdwfpGyfí arxkefvrf;aMumif;odkY xdk;oGif;jim;tHh/ yg&mZdutmywfoifh\/

temayguftwGif;odkY &[ef;\ t*FgZmwfudk oGwfoGif;jim;tHh? om,mrI &Sdu xkv ’pöOf;tmywfoifhonf? tvm;wlyif olaoaumiftom;pkÜ tayguf wGif;vsuf &[ef;\ t*FgZmwfudk oGwfoGif;í om,mrI&Sdygu xkv ’pöOf; tmywfoifhonf/

&[ef;onf odu©mrcsbJ vlYt0wftpm; 0wfqifí vnf;aumif;? udk,fwHk;vHk; cRwfívnf;aumif; arxkeftusifhudk rSD0JvQif yg&mZdutmywf oifhonf/

&Snfvsm;aom t*FgZmwf&Sdaom &[ef;wpfyg;onf rdrd\t*FgZmwfudk rdrd\usifBuD;aygufodkYoGwfoGif;tHh? xdk&[ef;tm; yg&mZdutmywfoifhonf/

oif;csdKif;odkYoGm;aom &[ef;wpfyg;onf OD;acgif;jywfudkjrifí [if;vif;yGifhaom yg;pyfaygufÜ eHyg; (tmapmuf) udk xdapvsuf t*FgZmwfudk oGif;tHh? xdk&[ef;tm; yg&mZdutmywfoifhonf/

tvm;wl &[ef;wpfyg;onf [if;vif;yGifhaom yg;pyfÜ eHyg; (tmapmuf) udk rxdaprlí t*FgZmwfudk oGif;\? xdk&[wef;tm; yg&mZdutmyfroifh? 'kuú#ftmywfom oifhonf/

&[ef;wpfyg;onf um,yom'ysufí xHkemusifem pGJae\/ ,if;\t*FgZmwfonf rcHpm;Edkif? xdk&[ef; arxkeftrIudk jyKusifhvQif cHpm;Edkifonfjzpfap rcHpm;Edkifonfjzpfap yg&mZdutmywfoifh\/

wpf&Ha&mtcg &[ef;wpfyg;onf aeYcif;aMumifawmif awmtkyftwGif;Ü tdyfarmusaepOf ouFef;udk avvSefí t*FgZmwfonfvnf; awmifhwif;cdkifrm aewnf? EGm;ausmif;olronf tay:rSzdxdkifoGwfoGif;í vHkYvjyKonf/ &[ef;onf tdyfarmusaeí xdkrdef;r xGufcGmoGm;rS Edk;avonf? tdyfaysmfaeojzifh om,mrI r&SdaomaMumifh yg&mZdutmywf roifhacs/

wpf&Ha&mtcg vkvifysdKwpfa,mufonf ausmif;i,ftwGif;Ü wpfyg; wnf; aeaom OyÜv0Pfax&Drudk Avuúm&jyKvkyf zsufqD;avonf? OyÜv0Pf ax&Dronf &[EÅmrjzpfí om,mrI r&SdaomaMumifh tmywfroifhacs/

wpf&Ha&mtcg rif;om;i,fwdkYonf &[ef;wpfyg;udk csKyfudkifí jynfhwefqmrÜ rawmfravsmf jyKusifhapukef\ xdk&[ef;onf om,mrI r&Sd? xdkaMumifh xdk&[ef;rSmtmywfroifhacs/ jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sif\ þ0deDw0w¬K qHk;jzwfcsufwdkYudk trSDjyKí ]]rSD0Jvdkaom pdwf&Sdjcif;? rSD0Jjcif;}} [k yxryg&mZdu t*FgESpfyg;udk rdefYqdkMuonf/

yXr yg&mZdu tmywfroifhaom &[ef;rsm;

  1. tdyfaysmfaejcif; paomtaMumif;wpfckckaMumifh rdrdtm; arxkefrIjyKvkyfonfudk rodaom &[ef;?
  2. rom,maom &[ef;?
  3. onf;ajcysufí ½l;aeaom &[ef;?
  4. bD;vl;zrf;pm;í pdwfysHUvGifhaeaom &[ef;?
  5. a0'emzdpD;ESdyfpufcH&aom &[ef;?
  6. odu©myk'frynwfrD tp ueOD; usL;vGefaom &Sifok'defuJhodkYaom &[ef;/

'kwd,yg&mZduodu©myk'f

taMumif;&if;ed'gef;

þ 'kwd,yg&mZdu odu©myk'fawmfudk &mZN*dK[fjynfÜ tdk;xdef;onf\om; &Sif"ed,udk taMumif;jyKí ynwfawmfrlonf/

&Sif"ed,onf &mZN*dK[fjynf *dZÑuk#fawmifajc&if;Ü rsufrdk;ausmif;i,f wpfck aqmufvkyfí aexdkifonf/ &Sif"ed,onf ½GmodkYqGrf;cHMuGpOf jruf&dwfol xif;acGolwdkYonf ausmif;i,fudkzsufí jrufESifh opfom;wdkYudk ,laqmif oGm;Muukef\/ &Sif"ed,onf oHk;Budrfwdkifwdkif tvm;wl ausmif;i,fjyKvkyf aexdkif\/ jruf&dwfolxif;acGolrsm;onfvnf; xdkausmif;i,fudkoHk;Budrfwdkifyif zsufí ,loGm;Muukef\/ xdktcg tdk;xdef;onf\om; jzpfaom &Sif"ed,onf rdrdudk,fwdkif ½THYeH&H ½THYtrdk;rsm;jzifh ausmif;i,fwpfaqmifjyKvkyf\? ,if;½THYausmif; i,fudk jrufajcmuf xif;ajcmufrsm;jzifh rD;zkwfonf/ ausmif;i,fonf eD&Jaom tqif;&Sdí aooyfvSyonf? uwåDygeDuJhodkY ta&mif&Sdonf/ ausmif;i,f\ toHonf jcLqnf;vnf;oHESifhwl\/

,if;ausmif;i,fudk jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sif jrifawmfrlaomtcg ausmif;i,f rD;zkwfjcif;aMumifh owå0gtrsm; aoausysufpD;Mu&onf? aemifvmaemufom; &[ef;rsm; tvm;wl rjyKMuap&ef ½THYrD;zkwfausmif;i,fudk rjyKvkyf&? jyKvkyfvQif 'kuú#ftmywfoifhap[k ynwfawmfrlí ausmif;i,fudkvnf; zsufqD;ypfaponf/ &[ef;wdkYonf &Sif"ed,\ausmif;i,fudk jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sif\ trdefYt& zsufqD;ypfvdkufonf/

&Sif"ed,onf opfawm½Hk;&Sd opfxdef;t&m&SdxH csOf;uyfí opfom;rsm; tvSLcHavonf? opfxdef;t&m&Sdu vSLzdkY&efopfr&Syg? NrdKU½GmjyKjyif&eftwGuf bk&ifhopfawmomvQif &Sdyg\/ bk&ifrif;jrwfu ay;vSLygvQif vma&muf,lEdkif ygonf [k avQmufxm;\/ &Sif"ed,u ]]bk&ifonf ay;vSLNyD;jzpfygNyD}}[k qdk\/ &Sif"ed,\pum;udk ,HkMunfí opfxdef;t&m&Sdonf opfrsm;udk vSLvdkufonf/ &Sif"ed,onf xdkopfwdkYjzifh opfom;ausmif; aqmufvkyfonf/

xdktcg 0óum& ykPÖm;onf NrdKUudk vSnfhvnf ppfaq;Munfh&SKonfhtcg NrdKU½GmjyKjyifa&;twGuf xm;aom bk&ifhopfawmrsm; avsmhenf;aeonfudkawGUí opfxdef;t&m&Sdtm; ppfaq;onf? opfxdef;t&m&Sdu bk&ifh trdefYt& &Sif"ed,tm; vSLvdkufaMumif;ajymMum;\/ 0óum& ykPÖm;BuD;onf AdrÁdom&rif;BuD;xH csOf;uyfí &Sif"ed,tm; bk&ifhopfawmrsm; vSL'gef;cJhjcif;[kwfr[kwf ar;avQmuf onf/ rvSL'gef;aMumif; od&Sd&í opfxdef;t&m&Sdudk zrf;qD;csKyfaESmif ppfaq;\? þtaMumif;udk Mum;od&í &Sif"ed,onf AdrÁdom&rif;BuD;\ eef;awmf odkY vdkuf oGm;avonf/ AdrÁdom&rif;BuD;u bk&ifh opfawmrsm;udk rnfonfh aeY&ufu vSL rdygoenf;[k ar;jref;\/ &Sif"ed,u t&Sifrif;jrwf tbdoduf cH,lpOfu jruf xif;a&udk &[ef;ykPÖm;wdkYtm; ay;vSLNyD; jzpfí oHk;aqmif awmfrlMuygukef[k ajymqdkcJhzl; ygonf[k ajym\/

xdktcg AdrÁdom&rif;BuD;u bk&ifwdkYrnfonf a&ç ajrç awmç awmif ouf&Sd oufrJhtm;vHk; ydkifqdkifonf jzpfí oHo,ukuúKpö tm;BuD;aom &[ef;ykPÖm;wdkY onf awmawmif twGif;Ü ydkif&Sifr&Sdaom jrufrsm; xif;rsm; a&rsm;udk &J&Jwif;wif; oHk;aqmifEdkifpdrfhaomiSm xHk;wrf;pOfvmt& þpum;udk ajymqdk aMunmcJhjcif;jzpfonf/ þuJhodkY tzdk;wefopfawmfrsm;udk vSL'gef;jcif; r[kwf? t&Sifbk&m;tm; ouFef;aMumifh tjypfrSuif;vGwfcGifhjyKvdkufygonf[k avQmufxm;\/ þtaMumif;udkMum;aom &[ef;rsm;onf jrwfpGmbk&m;tm; avQmufxm;Muukef\/ jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifonf &Sif"ed,udk ac:awmfrlí t&Sifray;aom olwpfyg; ypönf;Opömudk cdk;,ljcif; rjyKMu&efwm;jrpfaom 'kwd,yg&mZdu odu©myk'fawmfudk ynwfawmfrlonf/

odu©myk'fygVd

2/ a,m ye bdu©K *grm 0g t&nm 0g t'dEéH ax,socFgwH tm'da,,s? ,xm½lay t'dEém'gae &mZmaem apm&H *a[wGm [ae,sHK 0g AaE¨,sHK 0g yAÁmaZ,sHK 0g apma&mod Amavmod rlaVSmod axaemoDwd? wxm½lyH bdu©K t'dEéH tm'd,rmaem t,rÜd yg&mZdaum a[mwd toH0gaom/

edó,

a,m ye bdu©K? tMuif&[ef;onf/ *grm 0g? ½GmrSvnf;aumif;/ t&nm? awmrSvnf;aumif;/ t'dEéH? ydkif&Sifray;aom olwpfyg;ypönf;Opömudk/ ax,socFgwH? cdk;vdkaompdwftpkjzifh/ tm'da,,s? ,ljim;tHh/ ,xm½lay? tMuifodkYoabm&Sdaom/ t'dEém'gae? ydkif&Sif ray;aom olwpfyg;ypönf;Opömudk ,ljcif;aMumifh/ &mZmaem? rif;wdkYonf/ apm&H? cdk;oludk/ *a[wGm? zrf;í/ (wGH? oifonf)/ apma&m? olcdk;onf/ tod? jzpf\/ Amavm? vlrdkufonf/ tod? jzpf\/ rlaVSm? awGa0/ tod? jzpf\/ axaem? cdk;0Suf wwfolonf/ tod? jzpf\/ £wd? þodkY(ajymqdkí)/ [ae,sHK 0g? owfrlvnf;owfukef&m\/ AaE¨,sHK 0g? csKyfaESmifrlvnf;csKyf aESmifukef&m\/ yAÁmaZ,sHK 0g? ESifxkwfrlvnf; ESifxkwfukef&m\/wxm½lyH? xdkodkYoabm&Sdaom/ t'dEéH? ydkif&Sifray;aom olwpfyg; ypönf;Opömudk/ tm'd,rmaem? cdk;,laom/ t,rÜd bdu©K? þ&[ef;onfvnf;/ yg&mZdaum? omoemawmfrS qHk;½IH;olonf/ toH0gaom? &[ef;aumif;wdkYESifh aygif;oif;qufqHcGifh r&Sdonf/ a[mwd? jzpf\/

t"dyÜm,f

&[ef;onf cdk;vdkaompdwfjzifh olwpfyg;ydkif ypönf;udk cdk;,lvQif yg&mZduus\/ jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sif vufxufawmfu &mZN*dK[fjynfÜ wpfrwfwef ypönf;udk cdk;,lygu zrf;qD;csKyfaESmifí tjypf'Pfay;jcif;cH&\/ xdkYaMumifh wpfrwfwefypönf;udk cdk;,laom &[ef;tm; yg&mZdu tmywfoifhap[k ynwfawmfrlcJh\/ xdkpOfu tojyaiGwpfusyfrSm a½Tpifwpfrwf + abmfwpfrwf + aMu;eD;ESpfrwf a&mpyfoGef;vkyfxm; onf/ xdktojymaiGwpfusyf\ av;yHkwpfyHkrSm wpfrwfjzpfonf/ xdktojym aiGwpfrwfudk acwfumvtavsmuf wef;zdk;odvdkygu xdktojym aiGwpfrwfÜ yg0ifaom a½TwpfyJom;ESifh abmfwpfyJom;\ wef;zdk;udkvnf;aumif;? aMu;eDwpfrl;om;\ wef;zdk;udk vnf;aumif; umvaygufaps;twdkif; wGufcsufí wef;zdk;jzwf&rnf/

cdk;rIqHk;jzwf&mÜ xnfhoGif;pOf;pm;&ef tcsufrsm;

&[ef;wpfyg; cdk;rIusL;vGef&mÜ yg&mZdutmywfoifhroifh qHk;jzwfcsufcsEdkif&ef atmufazmfjyyg tcsuf 5-csufudk xnfhoGif;pOf;pm;Mu&\ -

  1. ydkif&Sif\ oabmxm;?
  2. cdk;,lonfh tcsdefumv?
  3. cdk;,l&m t&yfa'o?
  4. cdk;&myg ypönf;wefzdk;?
  5. cdk;&mygypönf; oHk;pGJrI?

cdk;,lonfh ypönf;udk ydkifjzpfolu pGefYvTwfxm;NyD; jzpfygu yg&mZdutmywfroifh acs/ vrf;Ü ususef&pfí ydkif&Sifu jyef&,lvdkrI vufavsmhNyD;aom ypönf;? rvdkcsifí pGefYvTwfxm;aom ypönf;rsm;udk cdk;vdkpdwfjzifh ,laomfvnf; yg&mZdu tmywfroifhacs/ xdkYjyifwd&dpämefydkifaom ypönf;? ewfydkifaomypönf;udk cdk;,l aomfvnf; yg&mZdutmywf roifhacs/

cdk;,lonfhypönf;wefzdk;udk wpfrwfxdkufwefrI (a½TwpfyJom;ESifh abmfwpfyJom; aMu;eDESpfyJom; wefzdk;) &Sd-r&Sd wGuf&rnf/ xdkodkYwGuf&mÜ tcsdefumv ae&ma'oESifh oHk;pGJrIwdkYudk axmuf½IUí wefzdk; jzwf&\/ w&m; qHk;jzwfonfh tcsdefESifh qHk;jzwfonfh t&yfa'oÜ wpfrwfwefaeaomfvnf; cdk;,lonfh tcsdefESifh cdk;,l&mt&yfa'oÜ wpfrwf rwefvQifvnf; yg&mZdutmywf roifhacs/

xdkYjyif ypönf;wpfckudk oHk;pGJNyD;jzpfygu 0,f&if;aps;EIef;twdkif; wefzdk; rjzwf&acs/ avQmhíwefzdk;jzwf&onf/ xdkacwfu aiGaMu;rSmwpfusyfwGif yJESpfq,f&Sdí wpfrwfwGif ig;yJ&Sdonf/ wpfyJweftxuf wpfrwfwefatmuf ypönf;udk cdk;&mÜ xkv ’pöOf;tmywfoifh\/ wpfyJwefESifh wpfyJwefatmuf ypönf;udk cdk;&mÜ 'kuú#ftmywfoifh\/

cdk;jcif; (25) yg;

'kwd, yg&mZduodu©myk'fESifh pyfvsOf;í cdk;jcif; (25)yg;udk 0denf; ygVdawmfESifh t|uxmusrf;rsm;Ü cdk;,lonfhypönf;? tcsdefumv? ae&m a'o? tajctaeESifh cdk;yHkcdk;enf;rsm;t& cdk;jcif; (25)yg;udk cGJjcm;a&wGuf azmfjyxm; avonf/

1/ rw&m;trIqifí &,ljcif;

olwyg;ydkifaom wdkufwm? tdrfajr? v,f,m? O,smOf? aps;qdkif? a½TaiG paom (oufrJh) ypönf;rsm;udk rw&m;trIqifí w&m;pGJ,ljcif;? w&m;½Hk;u ydkif&Sifr[kwfoludk ydkif&Siftjzpfjzifh tEdkifay;í qHk;jzwfaomtcg ydkif&Sifu vufavQmh(0efcs)vQif yg&mZdu us\? ydkif&Sifu vufravQmhbJ t,lcHwufae ao;vQif yg&mZdu rusao;? t,lcHrINyD;qHk;í ydkif&Sif vufavQmhvQif yg&mZduus\/ (tm'da,,s)

2/ udk,fwdkifo,f,laepOf cdk;jcif;

olwyg;ydkif (oufrJh) ypönf;udk &[ef;udk,fwdkif o,f,lydkYaqmifrI jyKaomtcg ydkif&SifxHodkY a&mufatmif rydkYbJ vrf;c&D;Ü cdk;,ljcif;? þodkY cdk;,l&mÜ cdk;vdkaom pdwfjzifh rdrdo,faqmifvmaomypönf;udk ae&ma½TUajymif;vQif Oyrm-acgif;jzifh ½GufvmcJhaom ypönf;udk cdk;vdkpdwfjzifh ycHk;ay:odkY ajymif;a½TUvQif? odkYr[kwf trSefoGm;a&muf&rnfh vrf;aMumif;rS ab;z,fí vrf;aMumif; ajymif; oGm;cJhvQif? yxrajcvSrf;Ü xkv ’pöOf;tmywfoifh\/ 'kwd, ajcvSrf;Ü yg&mZdutmywfoifh\/ yg&mZduus\/ ([a&,s)

3/ jiif;uG,fí cdk;,ljcif;

rdrdxH ,HkMunfojzifh tyfESHxm;aom (oufrJh) rpönf;? rdrdu acs;iSm; ,liifxm;aom ypönf;udk ydkif&Sifu jyefvnf awmif;cHonfhtcg jyefray;vdkojzifh rodbl;? r&Sdbl;[k jiif;uG,fjcif;? þodkYjiif;uG,fí cdk;&mÜ ydkif&Sifjzpfolu olYypönf;qHk;ygNyD[k vufavQmh (0efcs) onfhtcsdefÜ yg&mZduusonf/ (t0[a&,s)

4/ o,faqmifoludk vrf;aMumif;ajymif;apjcif;

&[ef;onf olwpfyg;ydkif (oufrJh) ypönf;udk o,faqmifvmonfh vlwpfOD;udk jzm;a,mif;aoG;aqmifíjzpfap? Ncdrf;ajcmufí jzpfap? tjcm; wpfenf;enf;jzifhjzpfap ydkif&SifxHodkY rydkYapbJ tjcm;wae&modkY tydkYcdkif;onf? xdkodkY cdkif;onfhtwdkif; ypönf;o,faqmifolonf trSefoGm;a&muf&rnfh vrf;aMumif;rS ajymif;vGJí tjcm;vrf;aMumif; odkY oGm;vQif yxrajcvSrf;Ü cdkif;aom&[ef;tm; xkv ’pöOf;tmywfoifh\/ 'kwd,ajcvSrf;Ü yg&mZduusonf/ (£&d,myxH 0daumay,s)

5/ ae&ma½Tajymif;í cdk;jcif;

cdk;vdkaompdwfjcifh a½TaiG? qefpyg; tp&Sdaom olwpfyg;ydkif (vufrJh) ypönf;wpfpHkwpfckudk ydkif&Sifxm;onfhae&mrS qefjcnfwpfyifpmrQ a½TU&Sm;atmif jyKvQif cdk;rItxajrmufonf/ xdkYaMumifh &[ef;awmfrsm;tm; olwpfyg;ydkif ypönf;wpfpHkwpfckudk trSwfwrJh aumuf,ludkifwG,fMunfh½Ijcif; rjyKvkyf&ef 0de,*½ku q&m;awmfBuD;rsm;u qHk;rawmfrlMuonf/ rlvu ½dk;om;aompdwfjzifh udkifwG,fMunfh½IaepOf vdkcsifwyfrufaompdwf jzpfay:vmí r½dk;om;aompdwfjzifh ypönf;udkifxm;aom ae&mrS vIyf&Sm;a½TUajymif;rdygu xdk&[ef;udk,fwdkif rodvdkuf &bJ yg&mZduusoGm;wwfonf/ xdkYaMumifh 'kwd,yg&mZdu odu©myk'fawmfonf tvGefEl;nHh odrfarGUaMumif; yg&mZduusrSef;rod uswwfaMumif; a&S;q&mpOfquf rdefYawmf rlcJhMuonf/ (Xmem pma0,s)

rSwfcsuf/ eHygwf 1-rS eHygwf 5-txd cdk;jcif;ig;yg;ESifh eHygwf 6-rS eHygwf 10-txd cdk;jcif;ig;yg;onf wlnDjcí oufrJhypönf; ESifhç ouf&Sdypönf; tjzpfom uGmjcm;rI&Sdonf/

6/ rw&m;trIqifí &,ljcif;

olwpfyg;ydkif qif? jrif? uRJ? EGm; tp&Sdaom (ouf&Sd) ypönf;rsm;udk rw&m;trIqifí w&m;pGJNyD; &,ljcif;? w&m;½Hk;u ydkif&Sifr[kwfoludk ydkif&Siftjzpfjzifh tEdkifay;í qHk;jzwfonfhtcg ydkif&Sifu vufavQmh(0efcs)vQif yg&mZduusonf/ txuf tydk'f(1)ESif / (tm'da,,s)

7/ udk,fwdkifo,f,laepOf cdk;jcif;

olwpfyg;ydkif uRJ? EGm; tpaom (ouf&Sd) ypönf;wdkYudk udk,fwdkif o,f,lydkYaqmifrI NyKaomtcg ydkif&SifxHodkY a&mufatmif rydkYbJ vrf;c&DÜ cdk;,ljcif;? þodkY cdk;,l&mÜ cdk;,lonfh wd&pämefudk trSefoGm;&rnfh vrf;aMumif;rS ajymif;a½TUoGm;apcJhvQif? odkYr[kwfxrf;ydk;o,faqmifvmcJhaom Muufç iSuf ponfudk rlvae&mrS a½TUajymif;vQif yg&mZduusonf/ ([a&,s)

8/ jiif;uG,fí cdk;jcif;

rdrdtm; ,HkMunfojzifh tyfEHSxm;aom? odkYr[kwf iSm;&rf;xm;aom uRJ? EGm;? Muuf? 0ufpaom (ouf&Sd) ypönf;rsm;udk ydkif&Sifu jyefvnfawmif;cHonfhtcg jiif;uG,fí cdk;jcif;? þodkYcdk;&mÜ ydkif&Sifu olYypönf;qHk;NyD[k vufavQmh(0efcs) onfhtcsdefÜ yg&mZduusonf/ (t0[a&,s)

9/ o,faqmifoludk vrf;aMumif;ajymif;apícdk;jcif;

olwpfyg;ydkif uRJ? EGm; tp&Sdaom (ouf&Sd) ypönf;udk o,faqmifvmonfhvludk jzm;a,mif;aoG;aqmif Ncdrf;ajcmufí ydkif&SifxHodkY rydkYapbJ rdrdtvdk&Sd&modkY o,faqmifcdkif;jcif;? xdkodkYcdkif;onfhtwdkif; wd&pämef o,faqmifvmolonf trSefoGm;a&mufrnfh vrf;aMumif;rSajymif;vJí tjcm;vrf;aMumif;odkY oGm;vQif yXrajcvSrf;Ü cdkif;aom &[ef;tm; xkv ’pöOf;tmywfoifh\? 'kwd,ajcvSrf;Ü yg&mZduusonf/ (£&d,myxH 0daumay,s)

10/ ae&ma½TUajymif;ícdk;jcif;

uRJ? EGm;? Muuf? 0uf paom (ouf&Sd) owå0gwdkYudk cdk;,lvdkaompdwfjzifh ydkif&Sifxm;onfhae&mrS a½TUajymif;,laqmifí cdk;jcif;? ydkif&Sifxm;&Sdonfhae&mrS a½TUonfESifh wpfNydKifeuf yg&mZduusonf/ (Xmem pma0,s)

rSwfcsuf/ eHygwf 1-rS 10-txd cdk;jcif; 10-yg;rSm cdk;onfhypönf;\ taetxm;udk jyqdkjcif; jzpfonf/

11/ udk,fwdkifcdk;jcif;

olwpfyg;udk rcdkif;apbJ udk,fwdkifudk,fus cdk;,ljcif;? udk,fwdkifudk,fus "m;jywdkufjcif;? vk,ufjcif;Ü ypönf;udk,l&efvSrf;udkifvQif 'kuú#ftmywfoifh\? xdkypönf;vIyf&Sm;oGm;vQif xkv ’pöOf;tmywfoifh\/ rlvae&mrS a½TUvQif yg&mZdutmywfoifh\/ (om[wådu)

12/ olwpfyg;tm; cdk;apjcif;

udk,fwdkifrcdk;bJ olwpfyg;udk tcdk;cdkif;jcif;? vk,ufcdkif;jcif;? cdk;&myg ypönf;rSef;odvsuf vufcHjcif;? olcdk;ESifh cg;ydkufEIdufrsm;udk odvsuf oabmwl vufcHxm;&Sdjcif;? "m;jyarG;xm;jcif;/ olwpfyg;udk tcdk;cdkif;&mÜ cdkif;apaomtcg 'kuú#ftmywfoifh\/ tcdkif;cH&aom &[ef;u xdkypönf;udkcdk;vQif ESpfyg;pvHk; yg&mZdutmywfoifh\? (tmPwådu)

13/ udk,fvGwfvufvGwf cdk;jcif; (udk,fESifh uif;vGwfatmifjyKí cdk;jcif;)

cdk;olonf cdk;vdkonfh ypönf;udk rdrdESifhwpfygwnf; ,laqmifjcif;rjyKbJ tapmifhta&Smuf uif;vGwfonfh ae&mÜ csxm;íjzpfap? vSrf;ypfíjzpfap jyKvkyf NyD;vQif cdk;oludk,fwdkifu tapmifhta&Smufrsm;\ a&SUarSmufwGif udk,fvG,f vufvGwf jzwfoef;oGm;ícdk;onf/ Oyrm- puf½Hk? tvkyf½HkESifh ½Hk;rsm;Ü ypönf;rsm; cdk;xkwf cdk;oGif;jcif; rjyKEdkifap&ef pDpOfxm;&Sdonf/ &[ef;onf xdkpuf½Hk? tvkyf½HkodkYr[kwf ½Hk;odkY udpöwpfckjzifh oGm;a&mufpOf rdrdcdk;vdkonfh ypönf;udk tapmifha0;uGmonfh NcHpnf;½dk;wHwdkif;\ jyifyodkY vTifhypfjcif;? csxm;jcif;? jyify&Sd tazmfxHodkY vSrf;ypfjcif;wpfckckNyKvkyfí vHkNcHKa&;uif;udk jzwfoef;oGm;NyD;vQif tjyifa&mufrS rdrdvSrf;ypfaom ypönf;? csxm;aom ypönf;udk &,lí cdk;jcif;rsdK;jzpfonf/ ypönf;udk ypfvdkuf&mÜ vufrSvGwfvQif yg&mZduus\/

a&S;acwfu e,fjcm;uif;? Munf;uif;? a&uif; csxm;í tcGefaumufcH avh&Sd\/ þacwfÜ jynfyavqdyf oabFmqdyfESifh e,fpyf taumufcGefXmewdkYÜ jynfy rSwif;oGif;aom ypönf;rsm;udk tcGefaumuf,lavh&Sdonf/ xdktaumufcGef Xmeudk jzwfoef;oGm;aomtcg tcGefaqmif&rnfhypönf;udk taumufcGefXmeudk ausmf vGefoGm;atmif jyifyodkY vSrf;ypfjcif;? csxm;jcif;? taumufcGefXmeudk jzwf ausmfoGm;rnfh ,mOfwpfckckÜ wifaqmifay;vdkufjcif; jyKvkyfí rdrdonf udk,fvGwf vufvGwf taumufcGefXmeudk jzwfausmfoGm;\/ xdkypönf;udk vSrf;ypfvdkuf aomtcg vufrS vGwfaom cPÜ xdk&[ef; yg&mZduusonf/

1/ ,Ofyg;aom acG;paom wd&pämefwpfaumif\ vnfyif;Ü tcGefrvGwfypönf;udk qGJxm;í rdrdu taumufcGefXme\ wpfbufodkY udk,fvGwfvufvGwf jzwfausmfoGm;\/ tjyifa&mufaomtcg xdkwd&pämefudk ac:,l\/ xdkwd&pämefonf tcGefawmfXmeudk jzwfausmfaom cPÜ yg&mZduus\/

2/ o,faqmifcGifhESifh vuf0,fxm;&SdcGifhrjyKaom ausmufpdrf;? bdef;wdkY uJhodkYaom w&m;r0if ypönf;rsm;udk ajymif;a½TUo,f aqmif&mÜ pD;yGm;a&;avmbjzifh rlv&Sdae&mrS a½TUapvQif? odkYr[kwf vufcHodrf;qnf; odk0Sufxm;vQif yg&mZduus\/

(edó*¾d,)

14/ cdk;&eftcsdefESifh enf;vrf;rowfrSwfbJ tcdk;cdkif;jcif;

cdk;&eftcsdefESifh cdk;&efenf;vrf;udk owfrSwfjcif;rjyKbJ oifhavQmfonfhtcsdef? jzpfEdkifonfhenf;jzifh cdk;,l&ef apcdkif;onf/ tcdkif;cH&olonf wpfcsdefcsdefwGif trSefwu,f cdk;,lygu cdkif;aom&[ef;onf cdkif;onfhtcsdefrSmyif yg&mZduusonf/ (twåom"u)

15/ ydkif&SifvufavQmhatmifjyKí cdk;jcif;

,HkMunfí tyfESHxm;aom ypönf;udk ydkif&Sifu jyefvnfawmif;cHaomtcg rdrdxHÜ rtyfESHzl;aMumif; jiif;uGufícdk;onf/ ypönf;&Sifu ighypönf; jyef&OD;rnf avm? r&awmhNyDavm[k oHo,jzpfvQif xkv ’pöOf;tmywf oifh\/ ypönf;&Sifu ighypönf; jyefr&awmh[k pdwfqHk;jzwf vufavQmhaomtcg cdk;ol&[ef;onf yg&mZduus\/ iSm;&rf;ypönf; jyefray;jcif;? acs;aiGudk jyefrqyfjcif;? olwpfyg; ypönf; xdcdkufepfemrItwGuf tpm;ay;avsmf&rnfudk ravsmfbJaejcif;? avmif; upm;&mÜ uwd twdkif; tavsmftpm;rjyKbJ uwdysufuGufjcif;? ypönf;ydkifqdkifrI twGuf rw&m;trIqifí w&m;pGJ&mÜ ydkif&Sifbufu w&m;½IH;jcif;? olwyg;ypönf;udk ydkif&Sif &SmrawGUap&ef ydkif&Sif xm;onfh ae&mrSmyif wpfckckjzifh zHk;zd0Sufxm;jcif;wdkYÜ ypönf;&Sifu olUypönf; jyef&-r& oHo,jzpfcsdefwGif xkv ’pöOf;tmywf oifh\/ ]]olUypönf; qHk;ygNyD? &awmhrSmr[kwfygbl;}} [kpdwf'Hk;'Hk;csvufavQmhonfh tcsdefÜ cdk;ol&[ef;rSm yg&mZduusonf/ ("k&edau©y)

rSwfcsuf/ þcdk;jcif;rSm trSwfpOf (1) (3) (6) (8) ESifh (24)wdkYÜ azmfjyxm;onfh cdk;jcif;wdkYESifh wlnDwnf/ ¤if;wdkYrS cdk;olbufrS cdk;enf;udk azmfjyxm;jcif;jzpfí þtrSwfpOf (15)rSm ydkif&SifbufrSpdwfaepdwfxm;udk azmfjyjcif; jzpfygonf/

16/ rcdk;rDu yg&mZduusjcif;

olwyg;tm; tcdk;cdkif;jcif;? vk,ufcdkif;jcif; jyK&mÜ tcdkif;cH&olu cdk;jcif;? vk,ufjcif; {uefjyKvkyfrnf jzpfygu cdkif;aom&[ef;onf cdkif;aomcPÜ yg&mZduusonf/ cdk;jcif;udpö rjyKvkyfrDuyif yg&mZduusavonf/ tcdkif;cH&olu rusL;vGefvQif yg&mZdurusacs/ (ykAÁya,m*)

17/ cdk;onfESifhwpfNydKifeuf yg&mZduusjcif;

a½TUajymif;Edkifaomypönf;rsm;udk cdk;,l&mÜ ae&ma½TU onfESifh wpfNydKifeuf yg&mZduusonf? ra½TUajymif;Edkifaom O,smOf NcHajr? v,f,majrudk cdk;,l&mÜ NcHpnf;½dk;wdkifudk olwpfyg;ydkif ajrbufodkY a½TUajymif;pdkufvQif NcHpnf;½dk;wdkif ajrodkYxdonfESifh wpfNydKifeufyg&mZduusonf/ ajrwdkif;olt&m&Sdtm; vmbfxdk;í olwpfyg;ajrbufodkY wdk;csJUwdkif;olt&m&Sdtm; vmbfxdk;í olwpfyg;ajrbufodkY wdk;csJUwdkif;ap\/ ajrwdkif;olu ayBudK;qGJNyD; ikwfwdkif ½dkufaomtcg yxrwpfcsuf ½dkufcsdefÜ yg&mZduusonf/ v,fuefoif;½dk;udk rdrdbufu wl;NzdKí olwyg;bufodkY uefoif;½dk;a½TUajymif;ygu ajrcdk;rIjzpfonf/ uefoif;½dk;udk xGefapmif;wdkufjcif;? vrf;ajrbufodkY NcH0if;wdk;csJUjcif; trIrsm;onf cdk;jcif; (25)yg;Ü yg0ifaeonfudk owdjyKoifhMuonf/ (o[ya,m*)

18/ wdkifyifñSdEIdif;í cdk;jcif;

ypönf; wpfckudk tcGifhomolu cdk;pwrf;[k &[ef;ESpfyg;oHk;yg; ponf wdkifyifñSdEIdif;xm;\/ ¤if;wdkYtxJrS wpfyg;yg;ucdk;vQif wdkifyifñSdEIdif;&mÜ yg0ifaom &[ef;tm;vHk;onf yg&mZduusonf/ udk,fwdkifrcdk;bJvsuf olwpfyg;cdk;onfudk oabmwlonfhtwGuf olcdk;tjzpfodkY a&muf&onf/ (oH0d"m0[m&)

19/ owfrSwfí tcdk;cdkif;jcif;

tcsdefumvudkvnf;aumif;? cdk;yHkcdk;enf;udkvnf;aumif;? cdk;&rnfhypönf; udkvnf;aumif; owfrSwfay;í tcdk;cdkif;jcif;jzpfonf/ ,aeY tcdk;cdkif;onfudk eufjzefcdk;vQif cdk;cdkif;olrSm tjypfr&Sdacs/ wpfzef cdkif;onfhypönf;udk rcdk;bJ tjcm;upönf;udk cdk;vQifcdkif;olrSmtjypf r&Sdacs/ odkY&mwGif 0denf;a&Smifonfhtaejzifh óPfeDóPfeufoHk;í tcsdefESifh ypönf;udk owfrSwf tcdk;cdkif;&mÜ cdkif;olrSm yg&mZdutmywfrS rvGwfacs/ (oauFwur®)

20/ tcsufjyí tcdk;cdkif;jcif;

rsufpdrSdwfjyjcif;? rsufpypfjyjcif;? vufvIyf ajcvIyfjcif;? rD;jzifh tcsufjyjcif;? rSefjzifh tcsufjyjcif;? avcRefoH? wHk;acgufoH paom toHjzifh tcsufjyjcif;? þodkYponf tcsufjyenf; wpfckckjzifh tcdk;cdkif;jcif;? vk,uf cdkif;jcif? þodkY cdk;,l vk,ufrIjyK&mÜ tcsufjyaom &[ef;onf tcsufjyonfh tcsdefÜ yg&mZduus\/ (edrdwåur®)

rSwfcsuf/ eHygwf 16-rS 20-txd cdk;jcif; 5-yg;rSm yg&mZduusonfh tcsdefudk azmfjyonf/

21/ rodatmif cdk;jcif;

ypönf;&Sif rodatmif azmufxGif;cdk;,ljcif;? tvpfokwfjcif;? cg;ydkufEIdufjcif;? aiGpuúLtwkjyKvkyfjcif;? aiGtwk jyKvkyfoHk;pGJjcif;? t*¾d&wfa½Ttwk jyKvkyfoHk;pGJjcif;? 0ifaiGcGef (tjrwfawmfaMu;) ray;&atmif 0ifaiGpm&if; vdrfjyjcif;? tav;ç wif;awmif;vdrfjcif;paom enf;vrf;wpfckckjzifh ydkif&Sifrodatmif cdk;,lvsif yg&mZduusonf/

(u) tav;vdrfjcif;/ / rsufjriftm;jzifh wlnDaom tav;ESpfck jyKvkyfxm;í ,lonfhtcg tav;BuD;jzifh csdefí ay;onfhtcg tav;i,fjzifh csdefjcif;? qDpdrfxm;aom a½G;aphjzifh a½Tudkcsdefí ,ljcif;/

(c) csdefcGifvdrfjcif;/ / csdefcGifudk wpfbufav; wpfbufaygh jyKvkyfxm; í rdrdu ay;onfhtcg av;onfhbufÜ ypönf;xnfhcsdefjcif;? csdefcGifaygifudk wpfbufwdk&Snfxm;í rdrduay;onfhtcg &SnfonfhbufÜ ypönf;xnfhí csdefcGif abmifudk tacgif;azmufxm;í tacgif;xJÜ oHrIefYrsm;xnfhxm;NyD; av;apvdkonfh bufudk oHrIefYrsm;avQmusoGm;atmif csdefcGifabmifudk pdkufaxmif r,lí csdefwG,fjcif;? csdefcGifvQmxGufatmif vufjzifh aumhay;jcif;? csdefcGifvQmudk uefYvefY (*vefY) wyfonfhae&mÜ &SnfarQmarQm taygufazmufxm;NyD;? csdefwG,fonfhtcgÜ rdrdvdkonfhbufodkY csdefcGifvQm\ taygufudk a½TUajymif;í wpfbufbufodkY uyfay;onf/

(*) wif;awmif;vdrfjcif;/ / aumfyJoD;ESHudk wif;awmif;jzifh jcif&mÜ armufaeatmif pwkwfwdkufjcif;? cGuf0ifoGm;atmifpwkwfwdkufjcif;? t0ifenf;atmif jrefjrefavmif;xnfhjcif;? ydkrdk0ifatmif jznf;jznf;avmif;xnfhjcif;? ,lonfhtcg awmif;BuD;jzifh ,lí ay;onfhtcg awmif;i,fjzifh ay;jcif;?

(C) jcifcGufvdrfjcif;/ / qD? a&eHqD ponfwdkYudk a&mif;0,f&mÜ ,lonfhtcg cGufBuD;jzifh ,lí ay;onfhtcg cGufi,fjzifh ay;jcif;? t0ifenf;atmif jrefjrefavmif;xnfhjcif;? ydkí0ifatmif jznf;jznf;avmif;xnfhjcif;? jcifcGufzifudk azmufxm;í cGufjynfhjcifNyD;aemuf atmufcHcGufxJÜ ,dkpdrfhusatmif Mum&Snfxm;jcifjcif;/

(i) tjcm;vdrfenf;trsdK;rsdK;/ / vkyfom;jynfolrsm;tm; aps;wif a&mif;csjcif;? ypönf;twkudk tppf[k ajymí a&mif;csjcif;? zJoHk;csyfvdrfenf;? aiGyGm;enf;? t*¾d&wfa½Tvkyfenf;paom vdrfenf;rsm;jzifh vdrf,ljcif;? bk&m;twGuf ausmif;twGuf[k taMumif;jyí tvSLcHNyD;vQifrdrdudk,fusdK;oHk;pGJjcif;? c&D;p&dwf ukefusonfxuf (w&m;0if cGifhjyKonfxuf) ydkrdk xkwfoljcif;? þcdk;enf;rsm;rSm ydkif&Sifrodatmif cdk;jcif;Ü yg0if\/

NrdKUom;vlvnfESifh awmom;rkqdk; yHk0w¬K

ydkif&Sifrodatmif cdk;,ljcif;ESifh pyfvsOf;í t|uxmÜ azmfjyxm;aom vdrfvnfenf; yHk0w¬Kwpfckudk xkwfaqmifjyygOD;rnf/

awmrS rkqdk;wpfa,mufonf orifBuD;wpfaumifESifhorifi,fwpfaumif udk a&mif;cs&ef NrdKUodkY ,laqmifvmonf/ vrf;c&D;Ü NrdKUom;vlvnfu aps;EIef;udkar;&m rkqdk;u orifBuD; ESpfusyf? orifi,f wpfusyf[k ajymonf/ NrdKUom;vlvnfonf aiGwpfusyfay;í orifi,fudk qGJ,loGm;onf/ twefi,foGm;í jyefvmNyD;vQif rkqdk;tm; ]],cifrdrday;cJhaom aiGwpfusyf? ,ck þorifuav;udk wusyfjzifh wefzdk;xm;í jyefay;rnf/ pkpkaygif; ESpfusyfjzpfí orifBuD;udk ay;&rnf}} [k ajymonf/ awmom;rkqdk;onf rsufpdvnfí orifBuD;udkay;vdkuf&onf/ þyHk0wåKrSmuJhodkY &[ef;wpfyg;onf vlwpfa,mufxHrS ypönf;udk vdrfvnfvSnfhzsm; ,lvQif yg&mZdu us\/

22/ tEdkiftxuf vk,ufjcif;

vufeuftiftm;? vltiftm;? ypönf;tiftm;wpfckckjzifhNcdrf;ajcmufí olwpfyg;ypönf;udk &,ljcif;? tMuyfudkif aiGñSpfjcif;? vmbfawmif;jcif;? vmbfpm;jcif;? ypönf;&Sifu rauseyfbJaMumufvefYí ay;&aomaMumifh cdk;jcif;wpfrsdK;tjzpf owfrSwf&onf/ (yo,Sm0[m&)

23/ &nf½G,fowfrSwfícdk;jcif; (oHo,pdwfjzifhcdk;jcif;)

ypönf;wpfckudk pwif,laqmifpOfu cdk;rnf[k ,wdjywf pdwfqHk;jzwfcsuf rcsbJ tcGifhomvQif cdk;rnf/ tcGifhromvQif jyefay;rnf/ rdrdtvdk&Sdaom ypönf;jzpfu cdk;rnf? tvdkr&Sdaom ypönf;jzpfu jyefxm;rnf[k &nf½G,f owfrSwfcsufjzifh cdk;jcif;rsdK;jzpfonf/

&[ef;wpfyg;onf vljywfvyfaeaom tdrfwpftdrfodkY0ifí ypönf;wpfckudk txift&Sm; ,laqmifcJhonf/ ydkif&SifjrifvQif jyefxm;rnf? ydkif&SifrjrifvQif cdk;rnf[laom BuH½G,fcsufjzifh ypönf;udk o,faqmifvmonf/ tdrfwHcg;ayguf\ tjyifbufodkY a&mufonfESifhwpfNydKifeuf yg&mZduusonf/ tu,fí xdkypönf;udktpuwnf;u zHk;zdodk0Suf ,laqmifvmvQif tdrfwHcg;aygufudk ausmfvGefonfjzpfap? rausmfvGefonfjzpfap xdktdrftwGif;rSmyif ypönf;udk udkifaomcPÜ cdk;rIvGefusL;NyD;jzpfí yg&mZduusavonf/

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24/ zHk;zd0Sufxm;ícdk;jcif;

a&csdK;qdyf? odkYr[kwf a&bHkbdkifÜ a&csdK;olwpfOD;onf vufpGyfudkcRwfí rvSrf;rurf;Ü csxm;í a&csdK;aeonf/ &[ef;onf ydkif&Sif&SmrawGUap&ef cdk;vdkpdwfjzifh xdkvufpGyfudk jruf opf½Gufwpfckckjzifh zHk;tkyfcJhonf/ ypönf;&Sifonf &SmawGUí jyefoGm;aomtcg cdk;ol&[ef;onf xdkvufpGyfudk vm,lonf/ ydkif&Sifjzpf oluolUvufpGyfrawGUawmhyg[k vufavQmhonfh tcsdefÜ yg&mZduusonf/ tu,fí &[ef;onf xdkvufpGyfudk ydkif&SifjyefrawGUap&ef zHkxJ ½THYxJ epfjrKyfoGm;atmifzdeif;cJhaomf? odkYr[kwf ae&ma½TUatmif ajcjzifh cwfypfcJhaomf xdktcdkuftwefYrSmyif yg&mZduusonf/ (y#dpäEém0[m&)

25/ pmtrSwfwHqdyf ajymif;vJí cdk;jcif;

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rSwfcsuf/ eHygwf 21-rS 25-txd cdk;jcif; 5-yg;rSm cdk;enf;rsm;udk azmfjyonf/

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w&Ha&mtcg cdk;olwdkYonf o&ufyifrS o&ufoD;rsm;udk cdk;oloGm;Mu\? ypönf;&Sifrsm;udk jrifí o&ufoD;xkyfudk csypfxm;cJhukef\? &[ef;wdkYonf yHhoul (ydkif&SifrJh pGefYypfypönf;) xifí tuyfcHNyD; oHk;aqmifMuukef\/ ypönf;&Sifu yg&mZdujzifh pGyfpGJ&m jrwfpGmbk&m;xH ar;avQmufMu\/ jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifu yHhoul xifrSwfaom &[ef;tm; tmywfroifh[k rdefYawmfrl\/

tvm;wlyif Opöm&Sifrsm;u vdkufojzifh o&ufoD; olcdk;rsm;onf o&ufoD;xkyfudk csypfcJhMuonf/ &[ef;wdkYonf ]]Opöm&SifrjrifrD oHk;aqmiftHh}}[k cdk;vdkpdwfjzifh oHk;aqmifMu\? xdk&[ef;tm;vHk; yg&mZdutmywfoifhonf/

w&Ha&mtcg a,mufsm;wpfa,mufonf tzdk;wefywåjrm;udk ,lí &[ef; wyg;ESifhtwl c&D;oGm;onf? uif;xm;&mt&yf (taumufXme) udk jzwfoef;onfh tcg &[ef;\ vGwftdwfÜ &[ef;rodatmif ywåjrm;udk xnfhay;vdkufonf? xdk&[ef;rSmrodojzifh tmywfroifhacs/

tvm;wlyif a,mufsm;wpfa,mufonf &[ef;wpfyg;ESifhtwl c&D;oGm;&m uif;xm;&mt&yf (taumufXme) udk jrifí xdka,mufsm;onf rusef;rmojzifh tzdk;wefywåjrm;ygaom rdrdtxkyfudk ulnDo,fay;yg&ef &[ef;tm;ay;\? taumufXmeudk ausmfvGefaomtcg xdka,mufsm;onf txkyfudk jyef,lí taumufcGef vGwf&efrusef;rm[efaqmifcJhygaMumif; zGifh[0efcH\? xdk&[ef;onf rdrdoDvudk oHo,jzpfí jrwfpGbk&m;tm;avQmuf\? xdk&[ef;rSm txkyfwGif ywåjrm;ygaMumif; rodí tmywfroifhacs/

tvm;wlyif ukefonfwpfOD;onf &[ef;tm; zsm;a,mif;aoG;aqmifí oabmwlcsuf&,lNyD; taumufXmeudk jzwfausmf&mÜ tzdk;wef ywåjrm;udk o,faqmifcdkif;\? xdk&[ef; yg&mZduusavonf/

&[ef;wpfyg;onf ausmhuGif;rdaeaom orifudk oem;Muifempdwf oufoufjzifh ausmhuGif;jznfívTwfvdkufonf? tmywf roifhacs/ &[ef;wpfyg; onf ausmhuGif;rdaeaom orifudk ]]Opöm&Sif rjrifrD vTwfrnf}}[k r½dk;rom; cdk;vdkpdwfjzifh vTwf\? xdk&[ef; yg&mZduusonf/

w&Ha&mtcg &[ef;rsm;pGmwdkYonf ]]Opömudk cdk;MutHh}}[k wdkifyifí oGm;Mu\? &[ef;wpfyg;onf wdkifyifxm;onfhtwdkif;cdk;\? usef&[ef;rsm;u ]]cdk;aom&[ef;wpfyg;om yg&mZduusonf? igwdkY yg&mZdurus}}[k qdkMuonf/ jrwfpGmbk&m;tm; avQmufxm;onfhtcg xdk&[ef;tm;vHk; yg&mZduusonf[k rdefYawmfrl\/

tcgwpfyg;Ü &[ef;rsm;pGmwdkYonf wdkifyifnDñGwfí Opömudk cdk;,lNyD; aemuf a0pkcGJ,lMuonfhtcg wpfyg;pD&&Sdonfh ypönf;wefzdk;rSmwpfrwf (ig;yJ) rQyif rwefacs? xdk&[ef;rsm;onf olwdkYudk,folwdkY yg&mZdurus[k ,lqMuukef\/ odkY&mwGif ,if;cdk;&mygypönf; pkpkaygif;\ wefzdk;rSm wpfrwfwefaomaMumifh xdk&[ef;tm;vHk; yg&mZduus\[k jrwfpGmbk&m; rdefYawmfrl\/

w&Ha&mtcg tm*EÅK&[ef;rsm;onf oHCm\ o&ufoD;rsm;udk a0jcrf; oHk;aqmifMuonf? ausmif;ae&[ef;rsm;u cdk;rIjzifh pGyfpGJonf/ jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifu oHk;aqmif (pm;oHk;)&ef tvdkYiSm jzpfvQif tmywfroifh[k rdefYawmfrlonf/

&[ef;wpfyg;onf oHCmydkifaom a&udk cdk;,l\? xdk&[ef;yg&mZduus\/ &[ef;wpfyg;onf jrufyHkudk cdk;\? yg&mZduus\/ &[ef;wpfyg;onf jrufyHkudk cdk;vkdpdwfjzifh rD;wdkuf\? 'kuú#ftmywfoifh\/

w&Ha&mtcg &[ef;wdkYonf ausmif;oHk;y&dabm* tdyf&mae&mrsm;udk tjcm;ausmif;odkY,lí oHk;aqmifMuonf? tvSL&Sif'umu rauseyfí jrwfpGmbk&m;&Siftm; avQmufxm;onf? jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifu ausmif;wpfausmif;\ y&dabm*ypönf;udk tjcm;ausmif;odkY ,laqmifoHk;pGJvQif 'kuú#ftmywfoifhap[k ynwfawmfrlonf? odkY&mwGif acwåcP iSm;,ltoHk;jyKjcif;udkrl tmywfroifh[k cGifhjyKawmfrlonf/

a0ovDNrdKUÜ tvQif tZÆKu\ 'g,umwpfOD;rSm om;ESifhwloli,f ESpfa,muf&Sd\/ 'g,umonf rdrdaocgeD;wGif toQif tZÆKutm; þodkY rSmcJh\/ þoli,fESpfa,mufwGif &wemoHk;yg;udk Munfñdkaom oli,ftm; þtarGtESpf Opömpk xm;&Sdonfhae&mudk ajymMum;awmf rlyg[k avQmufxm;\/ 'g,um uG,fvGefaomtcg wljzpfolonf &wemoHk;yg; MunfñdkoljzpfaomaMumifh toQiftZÆKuonf tarG Opömxm;onfhae&mudk wljzpfoltm; ajymMum;\? wljzpfolonf xdkOpömjzifh a&mif;0,fazmufum; MuG,f0csrf;omí tvSLtwef; jyKvkyfavonf/

om;jzpfolonf toQif tmeE´mtm; csnf;uyfí zcif\tarGudk om;ESifhwl rnfolcH,lxdkufygoenf;[k ar;\? om;onfzcif\tarGcH jzpfonf[k ajz\/ om;jzpfolu toQiftZÆKuonf zcif\tarGudk om;jzpfoltm; ray;bJ wljzpfoltm; ay;vdkufygonf[k avQmuf\/ toQiftmeE´mu toQiftZÆKuonf &[ef;r[kwfawmhNyD[k qdk\/

xdktaMumif;udk Mum;od&í toQifOygvdonf toQiftmeE´mtm; þodkY ar;\? ]]Opöm&Sifu Opömxm;&mt&yfudk þodkYaom,ltm; ajymjyyg[k &nfñTef; rSmMum;csuft& xdkrSmonfhtwdkif; xdkoltm; Opömxm;&mt&yfudk ajymaom &[ef; tm; tb,ftmywfoifhygoenf;}}[k ar;\? toQiftmeE´m rnfonfh tywfrQ roifhyg[k ajz\? þodkYjzpfvQif toQiftZÆKu tmywfroifh[k toQifOygvd rdefYqdk\/

wHa&mtcg Am&mPoDNrdKUÜ toQif ydvdE´0pä rax&f\ 'g,um\ uav;ESpfa,mufudk cdk;olwdkY ac:,loGm;Muukef\? t&Sif ydvdE´0pä rax&fonf wefcdk;jzifh ac:aqmifí uav;rsm;udk rdbtdrfjyefydkYvdkufonf/ &[ef;rsm;u uJh&JYonfhtcg jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifu wefcdk;&Sif\ wefcdk;t&mÜ tmywfroifh[k rdefYawmfrl\/

wpfa&mtcg om*vNrdKUÜ toQif'VSdu\ twlaewynfh&[ef;onf omoemhabmifÜ rarGUavsmfjcif;aMumifh tdrfqdkifwpfckrSm OD;&pfacgif;aygif;udk cdk;,l\? xdkYaemuf q&mjzpfol toQif 'VSduxH oGm;í ]]wynfhawmf OD;&pfacgif;aygif; cdk;oljzpfí &[ef;r[kwfawmhyg? vlxGufygawmhrnf}}[k avQmuf\? xdktcg q&mjzpfolu qdkifydkif&SifxHoGm;í acgif;aygif;wefzdk;udk ar;&m acgif;aygif;\ wefzdk;rSm wpfrwfatmuf avQmhenf;aeojzifh yg&mZdutmywf roifh[k qHk;jzwfNyD; omoemawmfrSm aysmfarGUap&ef w&m;a[mMum;\? xdk&[ef; vnf; omoemawmfrSm tvGefaysmfarGU avownf;/

þ'kwd,yg&mZduodu©myk'fonf tvGefodrfarGUonf? aps;qdkifÜ aps;0,f onfhtcg ypönf;udk udkifMunfhaepOfrSmyif cdk;csifpdwf aygufvmí ae&majymif;a½GU odk0Sufvdkuf½Hkjzifh cdk;rIjzpfwwfonf/ &xm;? oabFmay:Ü vufrSwfrygbJ wufpD;NyD; vufrSwfppf vmonfhtcg a&Smifwdrf;aevQif (odkY) vufrSwfppf&Sdonfh taygufrS rxGufbJ tjcm;taygufrS a&Smifwdrf;xGufoGm;vQiftmywfoifhEdkifonf/

bkef;BuD;aemufvdkuf ausmif;om;\toufudk vlBuD;vufrSwfr,l&atmif? uav;vufrSwf&atmif toufudk avsmhvQif tmywfoifhEdkifonf/ &xm;? oabFm wefqmaqmif&rnfudk raqmifbJ cGifhjyKxm;onfh tav;csdef yrmPxuf ydkrdkwifaqmifoGm;vQif tmywfoifhEdkifonf/

aus;vufawm½GmÜ bkef;BuD;twGuf tvSLaiGcGJonfhtcg aiGrxnfhvQif oydwfarSmufrnf[k Ncdrf;ajcmufvQif aiGtenf;trsm;t& tmywfoifhEdkifonf/

tcsdKUaom &[ef;i,frsm; þodu©myk'fudk owdrxm;rdbJ &xm;? oabFm wefqmraqmifbJ ypönf;o,fcJhrdjcif;? 'g,um? 'g,dumrrsm;tay: Ncdrf;ajcmuf tMuyfudkifí tvSLaiGcH,ljcif; jyKvkyfaewwfMu ojzifh touft½G,fBuD;&ifhí rdrdoDvudk ppfaq;aom tcg oHo,jzpfjcif;? pdwfESvHk; romr,mjzpfjcif;? aemifwwpfzefjcif; jzpfwwfMuonf/

½l;oGyfaom &[ef;? pdwfysHUvGifhaom &[ef;? a&m*ma0'emtjyif;txef cHpm;&aom &[ef;wdkYrSm olwpfyg;Opömudk ,lrdaomfvnf; yg&mZdurusacs/

þ 'kwd,yg&mZduodu©myk'fÜ -

  1. vlZmwf&Sdol\ Opömjzpfjcif;?
  2. olwpfyg; Opöm[k odjcif;?
  3. wpfrwf wpfrwfxufwefaom Opömjzpfjcif;?
  4. cdk;vdkaompdwf&Sdjcif;?
  5. cdk;,ljcif;?

þt*Fgig;yg;ESifhjynfhpHkvQif yg&mZdutmywfoifh\/


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