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yg#da'oeD,u@


yXryg#da'oeD, odu©myk'f (bdu©KeDxHrSqGrf;udkcH,lrI)

taMumif;&if;ed'gef;

bk&m;&Sifonf om0w¬ djynf aZw0efausmif;Ü oDwif;oHk;awmfrlpOf o'¨gw&m;xufoefaom bdu©KeD wpfa,mufonf om0w¬ dNrdKUrS qGrf;cHtjyef vrf;wGif &[ef;wpfyg;ESifhawGUí rdrd&&Sdxm;wnfh qGrf;udktukefvHk; vªvdkuf\/ aemufxyf qGrf;cHzdkY&ef tcsdefr&Sdawmhí bdu©KeDrSm xdkaeY qGrf;rpm;&awmhacs/

xdkYtwlyif ESpf&ufajrmuf? oHk;&ufajrmufaeYwdkYÜvnf; xdk&[ef;tm;qGrf;tm;vHk;vªvdkufí bdu©KeDrSm qGrf;rpm;&jzpfjyef\/

xdkbdu©KeDonf av;&ufajrmufaeYwGif &xm;vrf;qHkÜ wkefwkef &D&DjzifhoGm;aepOf &xm;pD;vmaom olaX;wpfOD;u vrf;z,fay;&ef ajym\/ bdu©KeDonf vrf;z,fpOf xdkae&mrSmyif vJusoGm;\/ olaX;onf &xm;ay:rSqif;í onfcHyg&ef awmif;yef\/ bdu©KeDuvnf; &xm;udk vrf;z,f&í vJjcif;r[kwf? e*dkuyif tm;enf;aeí vJoGm;aMumif;? qGrf;rpm;&onfrSm oHk;&uf&SdNyDjzpfaMumif; taMumif;pHk ajymjy\/ olaX;onf bdu©KeDudk tdrfodkYyifí qGrf;auR;NyD; bdu©KeDxHrS qGrf;udkcH,laom &[ef;tm; ]]vmbfvmb enf;yg;onfh bdu©KeDxHrS qGrf;udk tvdkufrod tukefvHk; cH,l&oavm}}[k uJh&JU½Iwfcsonfudk bk&m;&Sif Mum;odawmfrlí þodu©myk'fudk ynwfawmfrlonf/

odu©myk'f ygVd

1/ a,m ye bdu©K tnmwdum, bdu©Ked,m tEÅ &C&H y0d|m, [w¬ awm cg'eD,H 0g abmZeD,H 0g o[w¬ m y#d*¾a[wGm cga',s 0g bkaÍÆ,s 0g? y#da'aowAÁH awe bdu©Kem ]]*g&,SH tm0kaom "r®H tmyZÆð toyÜm,H yg#da'oeD,H? wH y#da'aorD}} wd/

edó,

a,m ye bdu©K? tMuif&[ef;onf/ tEÅ &C&H? ½GmwGif;odkY/ y0d|m,? 0ifaom/ tnmwdum,? aqGrsdK;rawmfaom/ bdu©Ked,m? &[ef;r\/ [w¬ awm? vufrS/ cg'eD,H 0g? cJzG,fudkvnf;aumif;/ abmZeD,H 0g? abmZOfudkvnf;aumif;/ o[w¬ m? rdrdvufjzifh/ y#d*¾a[wGm? cH,lí/ cga',s 0g? cJrlvnf;cJtHh/ bkaÍÆ,s 0g? pm;rlvnf;pm;tHh/ awe bdu©Kem? xdk&[ef;onf/ tm0kaom? igh&SifwdkY/ *g&,SH? uJh&JUtyfaom/ toyÜm,H? ravsmufywfaom/ yg#da'oeD,H? yg#da'oeDtrnf&Sdaom/ "r®H? tmywfodkY/ tmyZÆð? iga&mufNyD/ wH? xdkyg#da'oeDtmywfudk/ y#da'aord? Mum;\/ £wd? þodkY/ y#da'aowAÁH? oD;jcm;a'oemMum;tyf\/

t"dyÜg,f

bdu©KeDrsm;onf &[ef;rsm;avmuf vmbfvmb r&&SdMu/ xdkYaMumifh vmbfvmbvnf;enf;ç aqGrsdK;vnf;rawmfonfh bdu©KeDxHrS cJzG,fabmZOfwpfrsdK;rsdK;udk rdrdudk,fwdkif cH,lvQif 'kuú#ftmywfoifh\/ pm;rsdKwdkif; yg#da'oeD tmywfoifhonf/

yg#da'oeD,\ t"dyÜm,frSm tjcm;tmywfrsm; a'oemMum;enf;jzifh a'oemrMum;&bJ odu©myk'fÜ udkuf½dkufjyonfhtwdkif; ]]*g&,SH tm0kaom "r®H tmyZÆð toyÜm,H yg#da'oeD,H? wH y#da'aorD}}[k oD;jcm; a'oem Mum;&aomaMumifh ]]yg#da'oeD,}}[k ac:onf/

(y#d=oD;jcm; + a'oem=ajymMum;jcif;)

2/ 'kwd,yg#da'oeD, odu©myk'f (qGrf;pm;pOfbdu©KeDpDrHonfudkrwm;jrpfrI)

taMumif;&if;ed'gef;

jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sif &mZN*dK[fjynf a0VK0efausmif;Ü oDwif;oHk;awmfrlpOf &[ef;awmfrsm;onf yifhzdwfxm;onfhtdrfÜ qGrf;bkOf;ay;Mu&m qAÁ*¾D&[ef;rsm;onf yg0ifMu\/ qAÁ*¾D*kdPf;0if bdu©KeDwdkYonf xdktdrfoltdrfom;wdkYESifh tuRrf;w0if&SdMuonfh tavsmuf qAÁ*¾D&[ef;rsm;twGuf pDrHMuav\/ ¤if;wdkYpDrHrIaMumifh qAÁ*¾D&[ef;rsm;rSm pm;csifwdkif; pm;Mu&aomfvnf; tjcm;&[ef;awmfrsm;rSm qGrf;aumif;aumif; rbkOf;ay;Mu&acs/ xdktaMumif;udk bk&m;&Sifodawmfrlí xdkodkYpDrHaom bdu©KeDtm; wm;jrpfzdkY&ef þodu©myk'fudk ynwfawmfrlonf/

odu©myk'f ygVd

2/ bdu©L yae0 ukavok edrEÅdwm bkÍÆEÅd? wMw apom bdu©KeD a0gomorme½lyg Xdwm a[mwd ]]£" olyH a'x? £" Mo'eH a'xm}} wd/ aw[d bdu©L[d om bdu©KeD tywma'wAÁm ]]tyouú wm0 b*ded? ,m0 bdu©L bkÍÆEÅD}} wd/ {uó yd ap bdu©Kaem eyÜ#dbmao,s wH bdu©Keð tyoma'wHk ]]tyouú wm0 b*ded? ,m0 bdu©L bkÍÆEÅD}} wd/ y#da'aowAÁH aw[d bdu©L[d ]]*g&,SH tm0kaom "r®H tmyZÆdrSm toyÜg,H yg#da'oeD,H? wH y#da'aorm}} wd/

edó,

bdu©L yae0? &[ef;wdkYonfomvQif/ ukavok? tdrfodkYÜ/ edrEÅdwm? zdwftyfukefonfjzpfí/ bkÍÆEÅd? qGrf;bkOf;ay;Muukef\/ wMw? xdkqGrf;bkOf;ay;&mÜ/ {ombdu©KeD? þ&[ef;ronf/ £"? þ&[ef;\oydwfÜ/ olyH? [if;udk/ a'x? vªukefavmh/ £"? þ&[ef;\oydwfÜ/ Mo'eH? qGrf;udk/ a'x? vªukefavmh/ £wd? þodkY/ a0gomorme½lyg? pDrHol [laomoabm&Sdonfjzpfí/ Xdwm? wnfonf/ apa[mwd? tu,fí jzpftHh/ aw[d bdu©L[d? xdk&[ef;wdkYonf/ ombdu©KeD? xdk&[ef;rudk/ b*ded? ESpfr/ ,m0? tMuifrQavmufaomumvywfvHk;/ bdu©L? &[ef;wdkYonf/ bkÍÆEÅd? qGrf;bkOf;ay;Muukef\/ wm0? xdkrQavmufaom umvywfvHk;/ tyouú? zJcGmqkwf&Sm;oGm;avOD;/ £wd? þodkY/ tywma'wAÁm? armif;rJtyf\/ {uóydbdu©Kaem? wpfa,mufaom &[ef;rQ onfvnf;/ wH bdu©Keð? xdk&[ef;rudk/ tyouú wm0 b*ded ,m0 bdu©L bkÍÆEÅDwd? bkÍÆEÅd[lí/ tyoma'wHk? armif;rJjcif;iSm/ 0g? zJcGmqkwf&Sm;oGm;apjcif;iSm/ apeyÜ#dbmao,s? tu,fírqdktHh/ aw[d bdu©L[d? xdk&[ef;wdkYonf/ tm0kaom? igh&SifwdkY/ r,H? igwdkYonf/ *g&,SH? uJh&JUtyfaom/ toyÜg,H? ravsmufywfaom/ yg#da'oeD,H? yg#da'oeDtrnf&Sdaom/ "r®H? tmywfodkY/ tmyZÆdrSm? a&mufcJhukefNyD/ wH? xdkyg#da'oeD tmywfudk/ y#da'aor? igwdkYoD;jcm; a'oemMum;ukef\/ £wd? þodkY/ y#da'aowAÁH? oD;jcm;a'oem Mum;tyf\/

t"dyÜg,f

'um 'umrwdkYu &[ef;awmfwdkYtm; tdrfodkYyifhí qGrf;auR;&m&[ef;awmfrsm; bkOf;ay;aepOf bdu©KeDonf tdrf&Sifrsm;ESifh tuRrf;0ifonfhtavsmuf ]]'Dudk,fawmfhxHrSm qGrf;xnfhyg? [dkudk,fawmfrSm [if;vdkaew,f}} ponfjzifh pDrHvmvQif xdkbdu©KeDtm; &[ef;awmfrsm;qGrf;bkOf;ay;aepOf awmf&modkYoGm;aezdkY wm;jrpfajymqdk&rnf/ wpfyg;rQ xdkodkY wm;jrpfzdkY&ef pdwful;ray:vQif? pdwful;ay:aomfvnf;rxm;jrpfvQif abmZOfudkcH,l&mÜ &[ef;tm;vHk; 'kuú#ftmywfoifhí pm;rsdK;wdkif; yg#da'oeD tmywfoifh\/

bdu©KeD pDrHyHkrSm Munfñdkaom yk*¾dKvfudkom qGrf; [if;ponfxnfhcdkif;í rMunfñdkolrsm;udk rjrifa,mifaqmifaejcif;jzifh rnDrrQjyKvkyfaejcif; jzpfonf/ tnDtrQ pDrH&mÜ cH,laom&[ef;wdkYrSm tmywfroifh/ bdu©KeDydkifaom qGrf;udk vlwdkYtm;apcdkif;í vªap&mÜ tmywfroifh/ oludk,fwdkif vªonfudk cH,lvQifrl yxr yg#da'oeDodu©myk'ft& tmywfoifh\/ qGrf; [if;r&aom udk,fawmftm; tvdkufcdkif; txnfhcdkif;&mÜ cH,loHk;aqmifaom &[ef;tm; tmywfroifh/

3/ wwd,yg#da'oeD, odu©myk'f (cJzG,fabmZOfudktwdkif;t&SnfrodcH,lrI)

taMumif;&if;ed'gef;

jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sif om0w¬ djynf aZw0efausmif;Ü oDwif;oHk;awmfrlpOf o'¨gw&m;tm;aumif;NyD; pD;yGm;a&;csdKUwJhawm ZeD;armifESHESpfa,muf&Sd\/ xdkZeD;armif;ESHwdkYonf eHeufpm csufxm;aom cJzG,fabmZOfrsm;udk qGrf;cHMuGvmaom &[ef;wdkYtm; aeYpOfavmif;vª avh&Sd&m wpfcgwpf&H olwdkYpm;yif rusefay/ xyfrHcsuf&efrSmvnf; ypönf;aiGaMu; wpfpHkwpf&m r&Sd&um; tiwfcHMu&\/

xdktaMumif;udk tdrfeD;csifrsm; odMuaomtcg ]]twdkif;t&Snfrod qGrf;cH&aumif;vm;}}[k uJh&JUMuonfudk &[ef;wdkYMum;odMuí bk&m;&Siftm; avQmufxm;ojzifh þodu©myk'fudk ynwfawmfrlonf/

aomwmyefpaom aou©yk*¾dKvfwdkYrSm o'¨gw&m;xufoefvSojzifh oHCmawmftm;awGUvQif rvªbJ raeEdkifMu/ tvm;wl o'¨gxufoefí ypönf;csdKUwJholrsm;udk Úwåd'kwd,ur®0gpmjzifh ]]aou©}}[k orkwf&ef bk&m;&Sif cGifhjyKawmfrlonf/ xdkuJhodkY aou©[korkwfxm;aom tdrfrS cJzG,fabmZOfrsm;udk cH,lí rpm;&[k ynwfaomfrlNyD;aemuf om0w¬ djynfÜ yGJvrf; obif&SdaomaMumifh oHCmrsm;udk qGrf;yifhí auR;arG;Mu&m aou©[k orkwfxm;aom tdrfuvnf; qGrf;pm;yifh\/ &[ef;rsm;onf xdktdrfrS qGrf;pm;yifhonfudk vufrcHbJ aeMuukef\/ ]]igwdkYqGrf;udk tvªrcHMubl;qdk&if touf&SifzdkYyifraumif;awmh}}[k xdkZeD;armifESHwdkYu nD;ñlMuonfudk bk&m;&Sif Mum;odawmfrlí ]]yifhzdwfvQif pm;aumif;onf}} [k tEkynwfjzifh cGifhjyKawmfrlonf/

wpfzef &[ef;awmfwpfyg;onf xdkaou©yk*¾dKvf\ aetdrfodkY tNrJ 0ifxGufoGm;vmavh&Sd\/ wpfaeYeHeufwGif oydwfouFef;jyifvsuf xdktdrfodkYoGm;&m rusef;rmojzifh xdktdrfu vªaomqGrf;udk rpm;? tjcm;tdrfodkYvnf; qufroGm;EdkifaomaMumifh xdkaeYqGrf;rpm;&acs/ ,if;taMumif;udk bk&m;&Sifodawmfrljyef&m ]]rusef;rmvQif pm;aumif;\}}[k xyfrH cGifhjyKawmfrlonf/

odu©myk'f ygVd

3/ ,med acgye wmed aou©or®wmed ukvmed? a,m ye bdu©K wxm½layok aou©or®awok ukavok ykaAÁ tedrEÅdawm t*dvmaem cg'eD,H 0g abmZeD,H 0g o[w¬ m y#d*¾a[wGm cga',s 0g bkaÍÆ,s 0g? y#da'aowAÁH awe bdu©Kem ]]*g&,SH tm0kaom "r®H tmyZÆð toyÜg,H yg#da'oeD,H? wH y#da'aorD}} wd/

edó,

,med acgye wmed? aou©[korkwftyfukefaom/ ,medacgyewmedukvmed? tMuifo'¨gyGm;í Opömyg;aom trsdK;wdkYonf/ oEÅd? &Sdukef\/ a,m ye bdu©K? tMuif&[ef;onf/ wxm½layok? xdkodkYoabm&Sdukefa'om/ aou©or®awok? aou©[korkwftyfukefaom/ ukavo? trsdK;wdkYÜ/ ykaAÁ? tdrf\ OypmodkYra&mufrDa&SU tzdkYÜ/ tedrEÅdawm? ryifhzdwfbJ/ t*dvmaem? remrzsm;bJ/ cg'eD,H 0g? cJzG,fudkvnf;aumif;/ abmZeD,H 0g? abmZOfudkvnf;aumif;/ o[w¬ m? rdrdvufjzifh/ y#d*¾a[wGm? cH,lí/ cga',s 0g? cJrlvnf;cJtHh/ bkaÍÆ,s 0g? pm;rlvnf;pm;tHh/ awe bdu©Kem? xdk&[ef;onf/ tm0kaom? igh&Sif/ t[H? igonf/ *g&,SH? uJh&JUtyfaom/ toyÜg,H? ravsmufywfaom/ yg#da'oeD,H? yg#da'oeD trnf&Sdaom/ "r®H? tmywfodkY/ tmyZÆð? iga&mufcJhNyD/ wH? xdkyg#da'oeD tmywfudk/ y#da'aord? oD;jcm;a'oemMum;yg\/ £wd? þodkY/ y#da'aowAÁH? oD;jcm;a'oemMum;tyf\/

t"dyÜg,f

]]aou©}}[k orkwfcH&aomyk*¾dKvfwdkYrSm vluvnf;qif;&J? rvªbJvnf; raeEdkifMuojzifh MumvQifqif;&JwGif;eufí 'ku©a&mufMurnfudk bk&m;&Sif oem;awmfrlojzifh xdktdrfrsm;rS qGrf;udk BudKwifzdwfjcif;? rusef;rmjcif;rSwpfyg; tjcm;aomtcgwdkYÜ rdrd udk,fwdkifcH,l oHk;aqmifjcif;rjyK&[k ynwfawmfrljcif;jzpfonf/

4/ pwkw¬ yg#da'oeD, odu©myk'f (BudKwiftodray;onfhqGrf;udkpm;rI)

taMumif;&if;ed'gef;

jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifonf uyÜdv0wfjynf edaj*m"m½Hkausmif;Ü oDwif;oHk; aeawmfrlpOf omuD0ifrif;wdkY\ uRefwdkYonf ykefuefxMuGMuukef\/ omuD0ifrif;orD;wdkYonf awmausmif;odkYqGrf;vª&ef oGm;vdkMu\/ xdktaMumif;udk olykefwdkYMum;í awmausmif;odkYoGm;&mvrf;Ü ykef;atmif;aeMuum qGrf;ydkYvmaom omuD0ifrif;orD;rsm;tm; ypönf;udkvnf;,l vludkvnf; zsufqD;Muukef\/ omuD0ifrif;wdkYonf ypönf;ESifhwuG xdkolykefwdkYudk zrf;MuNyD; ]]olykefawG &SdaMumif;udk todray;aumif;vm;}}[k &[ef;awmfwdkYtm; tjypfwifMu\/ xdktaMumif;udk bk&m;&Sif Mum;odawmfrlí ]]awmausmif;ae &[ef;onf BudKwifzdwfMum;jcif;r&Sdaom abmZOfudk rdrdudk,fwdkifcH,lrpm;&}}[k ynwfawmfrlonf/

xdkodkYynwfawmfrlNyD;aemuf awmausmif;ae &[ef;wpfyg;onf rusef;rrmjzpfaepOf vlwdkYu cJzG,fabmZOfudk ,lvmí xdk*dvme&[ef;tm; BudKwif zdwfMum;jcif;r&Sdaom cJzG,fabmZOfudk udk,fwdkifcH,lípm;jcif;udk y,fjrpfawmfrl\}}[k oHo,jzpfí rcH,lbJae&m xdkaeYtzdkY qGrf;rpm;&awmhay/ xdktaMumif;udk bk&m;&Sifokawmfrlí *dvmejzpfvQif BudKwifí ravQmufxm;aomfvnf; pm;aumif;\}}[k cGifhjyKawmfrlonf/

odu©myk'f ygVd

4/ ,med acg ye wmed tm&numed aoemoemed omouFor®wmed oyÜ#db,med? a,m ye bdu©K wxm½layok aoemoaeok ykaAÁ tyÜ#doH0d'dwH cg'eD,H 0g abmZeD,H 0g tZÑm&mar o[w¬ m y#d*¾a[wGm t*dvmaem cga',s 0g bkaÍÆ,s 0g? y#da'aowAÁH awe bdu©Kem ]]*g&,SH tm0kaom "r®H tmyZÆð toyÜg,H yg#da'oeD,H? wH y#da'aorD}} wd/

edó,

tm&numed? awm&jzpfukefaom/ omouFor®wmed? ½GH&SmzG,f&Sd\ [korSwftyfukefaom/ oyÜ#db,med? ab;&efESifh wuGjzpfukefaom/ ,med acg ye wmed aoemoemed? tMuifausmif;wdkYonf/ oEÅd? &Sdukef\/ a,m ye bdu©K? tMuif&[ef;onf/ wxm½layok? xdkodkYoabm&Sdukefaom/ aoemoaeok? aumsif;wdkYÜ/ ykaAÁ? t&H\OypmodkYra&mufrDa&SUÜ/ tyÜ#doH0d'dwH? rodaptyfaom/ cg'eD,H 0g? cJzG,fudkvnf;aumif;/ abmZeD,H 0g? abmZOfudkvnf;aumif;/ tZÑm&mar? t&HwGif;Ü/ o[w¬ m? rdrdvufjzifh/ y#d*¾a[wGm? cH,lí/ t*dvmaem? remrzsm;bJ/ cga',s 0g? cJrlvnf;cJtHh/ bkaÍÆ,s 0g? pm;rlvnf;pm;tHh/ awe bdu©Kem? xdk&[ef;onf/ tm0kaom? igh&Sif/ (t[H? igonf)/ *g&,SH? uJh&JUxdkufaom/ toyÜg,H? ravsmufywfaom/ yg#da'oeD,H? yg#da'oeD rnfaom/ "r®H? tmywfodkY/ tmyZÆð? a&mufcJhNyD/ wH? xdkyg#da'oeD tmywfudk/ y#da'aord? oD;jcm;a'oemMum;yg\/

t"dyÜg,f

abmZOfudk awmausmif;odkY oGm;íydkY vªvdkvQif wpf&ufapmíjzpfap? t&H OypmodkYra&mufrD tcsdeftenf;i,f BudKwifíjzpfap ]]rnfolu cJzG,fabmZOf ydkYvmygvdrfhrnfbk&m;}}[k a&S;OD;pGm BudKwifí avQmuf&rnf/ xdkodkY ravQmufxm;bJ awmausmif;odkY vma&muf vªonfhqGrf;udk cH,lvQif 'kuú#ftmywfoifhí? pm;rsdK;wdkif; yg#da'oeD tmywfoifh\/

BudKwifíavQmufvmonfhtcg ]]teD;tyg;rSm cdk;olab;&ef&SdaMumif;}}udk ajymjyEdkifojzifh tvª&SifwdkYrSm ab;tEÅ&m,fvGwfuif;atmif tapmifhta&Smufrsm;pGmjzifh vmEdkifcGifh&jcif;tusdK;&Sd\/

cdk;olrsm;udkvnf; ]]eufjzefvltrsm; vmMuvdrfhrnf? vGwf&modkYa&SmifaeMu}}[k owday;&jcif;tusdK;&Sd\/ xdkodkY ajymrxm;vQif ]]&[ef;rsm;onf igwdkYudkrQ todray;Mu}}[k tvª&SifwdkYbuf? cdk;olwdkYbuf ESpfbufvHk;uyif tjypfwifp&m&Sdonf/


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pwdkif a&G;jcif;

þ0uf(bf)pdkufyHkpHudk BudKuf&m a&G;cs,f zwf½SLEdkdifygonf/



aESmufqHk; jyif;jcif;/ 2005ckESpf (6)v (29)&uf