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"r®'ge á oHC á ygwdarmuf á edó*¾d,u@ (1^3)
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edó*¾d,u@ (1)


(1-pD0&0*f)

1/ yXr uxde odu©myk'f (ouFef;tydkaqmifrI)

taMumif;&if;ed'gef;

jrwfpGmbk&m;onf &mZN*dK[fNrdKUrS a0omvDNrdKUodkY MuGawmfrlaomtcg ouFef;xkyfBuD;rsm;udk xrf;Mu? ½GufMu? cg;apmif;wifMuvsuf vdkufvmMuaom &[ef;rsm;udk jrifawmfrlí ]]r*fzdkvfrS tcsnf;tESD;jzpfaom þ&[ef;wdkYonf tvGefvsifjrefpGm ouFef;aygrsm;atmif usifhMuonf}}[k tjypfjrifawmfrlí ]]ouFef;ESifhpyfNyD; tuefYtowfxm;&vsif aumif;rnf}}[k jrwfpGmbk&m;Ü tBuHtpnf jzpfawmfrlonf/

xdkaemuf jrwfpGmbk&m;onf wynfh&[ef;awmfrsm;tm; rnfrQavmufaom ouFef;jzifh vHkavmufrI&Sdrnfudk udk,fawmfwdkif prf;oyfawmfrlonf/ ,if;odkY prf;oyfawmfrl&Ü &moDOwk tat;qHk;jzpf onfh wydkYwGJvjynfh\ a&SUaemuf&Spf&ufpD tcsdefumv&ufrsm; twGif; prf;oyfawmfrlonf/ yXrOD;pGm vGifwD;acgifÜ xdkifaeawmfrlvsuf nOfhOD;,HÜ ouFef; wpfxnfwnf;jzifhom aeawmfrlonf/ xdkcsdeftwGif;Ü bk&m;&Siftm; csrf;awmfrrl/ nOfhOD;,HvGefonfhtcg csrf;awmfrlí aemufxyf tayg½HkouFef; wpfxnfvTrf;NcHKawmfrl\/ oef;acgif,HvGefonfhtcg tat;ydkvmNyD; csrf;awmfrlojzifh aemufxyf ouFef;wpfxnfxyfí NcHKawmfrl\/ rdk;aomuf,HvGefí t½kPfwufcsdefÜ tat;ydkvmí csrf;awmfrlojzifh aemufxyfav;xnfajrmuf ouFef;udk xyfí NcHKawmfrl\/

bk&m;&Sifonf &[ef;awmfrsm;tm; cGifhjyK&rnfh ouFef;ta&twGufudk óPfawmfjzifh odawmfrlEdkifaomfvnf; obm0usus udk,fawmfwdkif vufawGUprf;oyfjyrS auseyfMurnfjzpfaomaMumifh udk,fawmfwdkif vufawGUprf;oyfjyawmfrljcif;jzpfonf/

xdkYaemuf jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifonf &[ef;awmfrsm;tm; atmufazmfjyyg ouFef;oHk;xnfudkom xm;&Sd0wf½HkMu&ef cGifhjyKawmfrl\ -

(u) oif;ydkif (cg;0wf) (c) {uoD (tay:½Hk) (*) 'kuk#f (ESpfxyfouFef;BuD;)

wpfzef qAÁ*¾D&[ef;rsm;onf ,if;uJhodkY ouFef;oHk;xnfom cGifhjyKxm;onfudk 0denf;a&Smifonfhtaejzifh ½GmwGif;Ü 0wf&ef ouFef; oHk;xnf? ausmif;Ü0wf&ef ouFef; oHk;xnf? a&csdK;qdyfÜ 0wf&ef ouFef;oHk;xnf ponfjzifh ouFef;rsm;pGmudk odrf;qnf; xm;&SdMuukef\/ þtaMumif;udk jrwfpGmbk&m;xH avQmufxm;onfhtcg ouFef;oHk;xnfudk wpfcgwnf; owfowfrSwfrSwfxm;&rnf/ wdpD0&duf t"d|mefwifxm;&rnf/ tu,fí tydktvQHouFef;&Sdygu olwpfyg;tm; ay;tyfjcif; (0duyÜem) jyKvkyfxm;&rnf/ xdkodkY t"d|mef0duyÜemrjyKvkyfbJ ouFef; (9)rsdK;wdkYwGif wpfckckudk (10)xufydkvGefatmif rxm;&ef þodu©myk'f jzifh wm;jrpfawmfrlcJhonf/

odu©myk'f ygVd

1/ ed|dwpD0&o®ð bdu©Kem OAÇwo®ð uxdae 'om[y&rH twda&upD0&H "ma&wAÁH? wH twduúmr,awm edó*¾d,H ygpdwåd,H/

edó,

bdu©Kem? &[ef;onf/ ed|dwpD0&o®ð? ouFef;ESifhpyfíjyKzG,fudpö NyD;qHk;vwfaomfvnf;aumif;/ uxdae? uxdefudk/ OAÇwo®ð? EkwftyfNyD;aomfvnf;aumif;/ 'om[y&rH? q,f&uf tvGeftydkif;jcm;&Sdaom umvywfvHk;/ twda&upD0&H? t"d|mefwiftyfç 0duyÜemjyKtyfaomouFef;rS ydkvGefaomouFef;udk/ "ma&wAÁH? aqmiftyf\/ wH? xdkq,f&uftydkif;tjcm;&Sdaom umvudk/ twduúmr,awm? tvGefapaom&[ef;tm;/ edó*¾d,H? pGefYjcif;0denf;uH&Sdaom/ ygpdwåd,H? ygpdwftmywfonf/ a[mwd? jzpf\/

t"dyÜg,f

þodu©myk'fonf ouFef;csKyfvkyf&ef iJhuGufrI? (pD0&yvdaAm")? vuf&Sdausmif;Ü qufvufae&ef iJhuGufrI (tm0goyvdaAm") r&SdvQif topf&aom ouFef;udk t"d|mefvnf;rwifç 0duyÜemvnf;rjyKbJ tvGefqHk; q,f&ufom xm;Edkifonf/ xkd q,f&ufxufausmfvGefvQifum; xdk&[ef;tm; edó*¾d ygpdwftmywfoifh\/ xdktopf&aom ouFef;udk oHCmhtxHÜjzpfapç ESpfyg; oHk;yg;&Sdaom *dkPf;txHÜjzpfapç yk*¾dKvfwpfyg;yg;xHÜjzpfap pGefY&rnf/ xdkodkYpGefYNyD;rS ygpdwftmywfudk a'oemMum; ukpm;&onf/

pD0&yvdaAm" (ouFef;csKyf&efaMumifhMurI)

aMumifhMurI taESmifht,SufjzpfrIudk yvdaAm"[kac:\? ouFef;ESifhpyfí pdwf0ifpm; (tm½Hkpdkuf) aerIonf tjcm;jyKzG,fudpörsm;udk aESmifh,Suf wm;jrpfwwfaomaMumifh ]]pD0&yvdaAm"}}[k ac:\/

ouFef;csdKyf&ef ydwfp zsifp &aom &[ef;onf xdkouFef;udk rcsKyfvdkao;aomaMumifhjzpfap? rcsKyfavmufao;ojzifh tjcm;rS ydwfpç zsifp &cGifhudk arQmvifhapmifhqdkif;aeaomaMumifhjzpfap? ouFef;csdKyfjcif;udpö rNyD;jywfao;orQ ]]pD0&yvdaAm" &Sdaeonf}}[k qdk&ayonf/ xdkydwfp zsifpudk ouFef;rsdKyfNyD;vQifaomfvnf;aumif;? rcsdKyfawmhbl;[k qHk;jzwfvdkufvQif aomfvnf;aumif;? cdk;,lcH&jcif;? rD;avmifjcif;ponfh wpfenf;enf;jzifh aysmufqHk;ysufpD;oGm;vQifaomf vnf;aumif; ouFef;ESifhpyfaom vkyfief;udpöNyD;qHk;NyDjzpfí ]]pD0&yvdaAm"jywfonf}}[k qdk&onf/

tm0goyvdaAm"

rdrd0gqdkcJh&m ausif;wdkufwmtay:Ü wG,fwmiJhuGufrIonftjcm;ae&mÜ aejcif;udk aESmifh,Sufwm;jrpfwwfaomaMumifh ]]tm0goyvdaAm"}}rnf\/ uxdefcif;NyD;aemuf xdkausmif;wdkufÜ aeao;orQ tm0goyvdaAm"&Sdae\/ xdkausmif;wdkufÜ ]]raeawmhygbl;}}[k qHk;jzwfvdkufaomtcg tm0go yvdaAm" jywfpJawmhonf/

þodu©myk'fum; pD0&yvdaAm"ç tm0goyvdaAm" ESpfrsdK;&Sdaeao;orQ uxdeftmedoif&onf/ xdkYaMumifh waygif;vjynfhtxd 0duyÜemrjyK bJ tydkouFef;xm;cGifh&Sd\/ uxdeftmedoifr&vQif oDwif;uRwfvjynfhausmf wpf&ufaeYrS wefaqmifrkef;vjynfhaeYtxdtydkouFef; (twda&upD0&)udk xm;cGifh&Sd\/ ,if;umvrS wpfyg; tjcm;aomumvÜrl tydkouFef;udk q,f&ufom xm;cGifh&Sdonf/

t"d|mefwifyHk

udk,fydkifOpöm[k aqmufwnfxm;tyfaom ouFef;udk ]]t"dXmefwiftyfaom ouFef;}}[k ac:\/ xdkt"d|mefouFef;um; oHk;xnfom &Sdap&rnf/

ESpfxyfouFef;BuD;t"d|mefwifyHk

£rH oHCm#ð t"d|mrd = þouFef;udk (oHCm#d) ESpfxyfouFef;BuD;[lí pGJNrJpGm rSwfom;yg\/

oif;ydkif(cg;0wf)udk t"d|mefwifyHk

£rH tEÅ&0gouH t"d|mrd = þouFef;udk (tEÅ&0gou) cg;0wf oif;ydkif[lí pGJNrJpGm rSwfxm;yg\/

tay:½Hk ({uoD) t"d|mefwifyHk

£rH Owå&mo*ø t"d|mrd = þouFef;udk (Owå&o*F) tay:½Hk ({uoD) ouFef;[lí pGJNrJpGm rSwfxm;yg\/

þodkY olYemrnfESifhol t"d|mefwifxm;tyfaom ouFef;udk udk,fh[mrSwfrSwf 0wfvsuf½Hkvsuf (odkYr[kwf) rdrdtem;rSmxm;vsuf txl;tm;jzifh t½kPfwufcsdefÜ rdrd\ ESpfawmifhxGmtwGif;Ü &Sdap&rnf/ ESpfawmifhxGmxufa0;aomt&yfÜ xm;rdvQif xdkouFef;onf aemufvmrnfh 'kwd,uxde odu©myk'ft& edó*¾dxdkuf\/

edó*¾douFef;pGefYyHk

þ odu©myk'ft& tmywfoifhaom &[ef;onf a'oemrajymMum;rD a&S;OD;pGm edó*¾dxdkufaom ouFef;udk pGefY&rnf/ pGefYyHkrSm ygVdjrefrm ESpfrsdK;qdkí pGefYEdkif\/

]]£'H ar baEÅ pD0&H 'om[mwduúEÅH edó*¾d,H? £rm[H tm,o®awm edóZÆmrd/}} (ygVdvdkpGefYyHk)

]]t&Sifbk&m;- wynfhawmf\þouFef;onf q,f&ufvGefojzifh pGefYypfxdkufygonf/ þouFef;udk t&Sifbk&m;tm; wynfhawmfpGefYygonf/}} (jrefrmvdkpGefYyHk)

txufygtwdkif; pGefYNyD;onfhtcg a'oemajymaeus xHk;pHtwdkif; ygpdwftmywfudk &nfrSwfí a'oemajym&rnf/ þodkYpGefYNyD;aemufrS a'oemajym ukpm;&aom ygpdwftmywfjzpfí ]]pGefYjcif;0denf; uH&Sdaom ygpdwftmywf}}[k ac:qdk&\/ xdkYaemuf edó*¾douFef;udk vufcHaom &[ef;u -

]]£rH pD0&H tm,o®awm 'r®d - þouFef;udk t&Sifbk&m;tm;jyefay;yg\}}[k ygVdvdkjzpfap? jrefrmvdkjzpfap qdkíjyefay;&rnf/

2/ (Oa'godw) 'kwd,uxdeodu©myk'f (ouFef;BuD;udk r,lbJ c&D;xGufrI)

taMumif;&if;ed'gef;

bk&m;&Sif om0w¬ djynf aZw0efausmif;awmfÜ oDwif;oHk;aeawmfrlpOf &[ef;rsm;onf a'ompm&D vSnfhvnfoGm;vmMuaomtcg ESpfxyfoFef;BuD;udk tjcm;&[ef;wdkYxH tyfESHxm;cJhí oif;ydkifç {uoDç ESpfxnfjzifhom oGm;Mu\/ olwpfyg;vufÜ MumjrifhpGm odrf;xm;&aom ESpfxyfouFef;BuD;wdkYrSm rIdwufukefaom aMumifh jyefvmaomtcg aevSef;Mu&\/ xkdodkY aevSef;Muonfudk toQif tmeE´mjrifí tjypfwifawmf rlNyD;vQif bk&m;&Siftm; avQmufxm;av&m þ odu©myk'fawmfudk ynwfawmfrlonf/

xdkYaemuf &[ef;wpfyg;rusef;rrmjzpfav&m aqG;rsdK;rsm;xH oGm;vdkaomfvnf; ouFef; oHk;xnfvHk;udk ,líroGm;EdkifaomaMumifh *dvme&[ef;tm; wdpD0&dufouFef;ESifh nOfhuif;í aecGifh (t0dyÜ0goor®Kwd) ay;Edkif&ef cRifcsufjyKawmfrlonf/

odu©myk'f ygVd

2/ ed|dwpD0&o®ð bdu©Kem OAÇwo®ð uxdae {u&wåHyd ap bdu©K wdpD0a&e 0dyÜ0ao,s? tnMw bdu©Kor®Kwd,m? edó*¾d,H ygpdwåd,H/

edó,

bdu©Kem? &[ef;\/ ed|dwpD0&o®ð? ouFef;ESifhpyfonfh jyKzG,fudpö NyD;qHk;vwfaomfvnf;aumif;/ uxdae? uxdefudk/ OAÇwo®ð? EkwftyfNyD;aomfvnf;aumif;/ bdu©Kor®Kwd,m? *dvme&[ef;tm;ay; tyfaomor®Kwdudk/ tnMw? MuOfxm;í/ bdu©K? &[ef;onf/ {u&wårÜd? wdpD0&dufouFef;ESifh/ ap0dyÜ0ao,s? tu,fíuif;aetHh/ wó bdu©Kaem? xdk&[ef;tm;/ edó*¾d,H? pGefYjcif;0denf;uH&Sdaom/ ygpdwåd,H? ygpdwftmywfonf/ a[mwd? jzpf\/

t"dyÜg,f

þodu©myk'fonf pD0&yvdaAm"? tm0goyvdaAm" ESpfyg; jywfNyD;aemuf t"d|mefwiftyfaom ouFef;oHk;xnfwGif wpfxnfxnfESifh nOfhuif;íaevQif or®Kwd&aom *dvme&[ef;rSwpfyg; tjcm;&[ef;tm; edó*¾dygpdwftmywf oifhaMumifhjyaom odu©myk'fjzpf\/

]]OAÇwo®ðuxdae}}[k ygVdawmfÜ aomaMumifh uxde odu©myk'f [k emrnfwyf\/ a&SU odu©myk'f yxruxde? þ odu©myk'f udk 'kwd,uxde [k ac:\/ ouFef;xm;&mt&yfrsm;wGif ]]Oa'godw}} ([email protected]) vnf; ygaomaMumifh ]]Oa'godw odu©myk'f}}[k vnf; ac:\/

ouFef; oHk;xnfwGif wpfxnfxnfESifh wpfnOfhrQ uif;uGmaevQif xdkouFef;onf edó*¾d xdkufaomouFef;oHk;xnfudk oHCm? *dkPf;? yk*¾dKvfwdkYwGif tvdk&Sd olxHÜ pGefYEdkifonf/

yk*¾dKvfxH edó*¾douFef;pGefYyHkrSm -

£'H ar baEÅ pD0&H &wåd0dyÜ0kw¬ H tnMw bdu©Kor®Kwd,m edó*¾d,H? £rm[H tm,o®awm edóZÆmrd-[kvnf;aumif;?

ygVdvdkrqdkwwfvQif -

t&Sifbk&m; wynfhawmf\ þouFef;udk (or®Kwdr&bJ) nOfhuif;aecJhrdonfjzpfí pGefYxdkufyg\/ þouFef;udk t&Sifbk&m;tm;wynfhawmfpGefYyg\ [kvnf;aumif; -ygVdvdkjzpfap? jrefrmvdkjzpfap qdkípGefYEdkif\/

wdpD0&duf t"d|mefwifxm;tyfaom ouFef;ESifh t½kPfwufcsdefwGif nOfhuif;awmhrnfxifvQif t½kPfrwufcif ouFef;ESifh&Sd&mta0;t&yfudk &nfrSef;í ESpfxyfouFef;BuD;jzpfvQif -

]]{wH oHCm#ð ypöK'¨&mrd = xdkouFef;BuD;udk ypöK'¨dK&fjyKyg\[kvnf;aumif; -

{uoD ouFef;jzpfvQif -

]]{wH Owå&mo*ø ypöK'¨&mrd = xdk{uwDudk ypöK'¨dK&fjyKyg\[kvnf;aumif; -

oif;ydkifjzpfvQif -

]]{wH tEÅ&0gouH ypöK'¨&mrd = xdkoif;ydkifudk ypöK'¨dK&fjyKyg\[kvnf;aumif; qdkí t"d|mefwifcJhonfudk jyefvnf½kyfodrf;jcif; (ypöK'¨dK&f) jyKvdkufvQif edó*¾drxdkufawmhay/

t½kPfwufNyD;aemuf ouFef;&Sd&m ta0;udk rSefí jyefvnf t"d|mefwifEdkifonf/ þodkYjyKvQif edó*¾dygpdwftmywfvnf;roifh? t"d|mefvnf; xyfrHwifNyD; jzpfawmh\/

3/ wwd,uxde odu©myk'f (ouFef;vsmt0wfudk wpfvxufydkí xm;EdkifrI)

taMumif;&if;ed'gef;

bk&m;&Sifonf om0w¬ djynf aZw0efausmif;awmfÜ oDwif;oHk;aerlpOf &[ef;wpfyg;onf ouFef;csKyf&ef t0wftxnf&vm\/ q,f&ufxufvGefí tydkouFef;rxm;&[laom yxruxde odu©myk'fawmft& xdkt0wfudk q,f&uftwGif; t"d|mefwifEdkif&ef ouFef;csKyf&m ravmufri jzpfaeaomaMumifh ouFef;udk a&qGwfNyD; tBudrfBudrfqGJqefYae\/

bk&m;&Sifjrifawmfrlaomtcg MuGvmawmfrlNyD; aemufxyfouFef;&zdkY tvm;tvm arQmfvifhcsuf &Sdç r&Sd ar;awmfrl\/ xdk&[ef;u arQmfvifhcsuf&SdygaMumif; avQmufxm;onfhtwGufarQmfvifhcsuf &SdvQif rcsKyfao;bJ odrf;xm;zdkY&ef cGifhjyKawmfrlonf/

xdkbk&m;&Sifu cGifhjyKawmfrlaomtcg tcsdKU&[ef;rsm;onf xdktumvouFef;udk wpfvvGefaomfvnf; rcsKyfao;bJ odrf;xm; Muojzifh ouFef;wef;Ü ouFef;xkyfBuD;rsm;jzifh wdk;vdkY wGJavmif;Munfhraumif;atmif jzpfae\/

xdktjcif;t&mudk ausmif;pOfvSnfhvnfvmaom toQifteE´mjrifaomtcg uJh&JUjypfwifvsuf bk&m;&Siftm; avQmufxm;aomaMumifh þodu©myk'fudk ynwfawmfrlonf/

odu©myk'f ygVd

3/ ed|dwpD0&o®ð bdu©Kem OAÇwo®ð uxdae bdu©Kaem yae0 tumvpD0&H OyÜaZÆ,s? tmucFrmaee bdu©Kem y#d*¾a[wAÁH? y#d*¾a[wGm cdyÜar0 uma&wAÁH? aem p} ó yg&dyl&d? rmoy&rH awe bdu©Kem wH pD0&H edu©dydwAÁH ODeó yg&duyl&d,m owd,m ypömom,/ wawm ap Owå&d edu©day,s owd,myd ypömom,? edó*¾d,H ygpdwåd,H/

edó,

bdu©Kem? &[ef;\/ ed|dwpD0&o®ð? ouFef;ESifhpyfonfhjyKzG,fudpö NyD;qHk;vwfaomfvnf;aumif;/ uxdae? uxdefudk/ OAÇwo®ð? EkwftyfNyD;aomfvnf;aumif;/ bdu©Kaem yae0? &[ef;tm;omvQif/ tumvpD0&H? ouFef;umvrStyÜ vSLtyfaom ouFef;onf/ OyÜaZÆ,s? jzpfjim;tHh/ tmucFrmaee? tvdk&Sdaom/ bdu©Kem? &[ef;onf/ y#d*¾a[wAÁH? cH,lxdkuf\/ y#d*¾a[wGm? cH,lNyD;í/ cdyÜar0? q,f&ufrvGefciftvsiftjrefomvQif/ uma&wAÁH? jyKapxdkuf\/ yg&dyl&d? jynfhpHkvHkavmufjcif;onf/ aempó (aem + ap +tó) ? tu,fí rjzpftHh/ ODeó? ,kwfavsmhaomouFef;\/ yg&duyl&d,m? jynfhpHkvHkavmufzdkY&m/ ypömom, ? ouFef;vsmykqdk;Ü &ESD;jcif;tmomonf/ owd,m? &Sdvwfavmf/ rmoy&rH? wpfvtvGeftydkif;tjcm;&Sdaom umvywfvHk;/ awebdu©Kem? xdk&[ef;onf/ wH pD0&H? xdkjynfhpHkvHkavmufjcif;r&Sdao;aomouFef;udk/ edu©dydwAÁH? xm;Edkif\/ ypömom,? ouFef;vsmykqdk;Ü&ESd;jcif;tmomonf/ owd,myd? &Sdaomfvnf;/ wawm? xdkwpfvxuf/ Owå&d? tvGef/ apedu©day,s? tu,fíxm;tHh/ wóbdu©Kaem? xdk&[ef;tm;/ edó*¾d,H? pGefYjcif;0denf;xH&Sdaom/ ygpdwåd,H? ygpdwftmywfonf/ a[mwd? jzpf\/

t"dyÜg,f

pD0&yvdaAm"? tm0goyvdaAm" ESpfrsdK;pHkjywfNyD;aemuf jzpfay:vmaomtumv ouFef;udkcH,lNyD;vQif yxruxde odu©myk'ft& q,f&ufrvGefrD csKyfvkyf&\/ rcsKyfavmufí xdkt0wfudk jznfhpGufcsKyfzdkY&m t0wftxnf xyfrH arQmfvifhcsuf&Sdao;vQif þodu©myk'ft& wpfvtxd xm;cGifhjyKonf/ wpfvausmfvQifum; edó*¾d ygpdwftmywf oifh\/

uxdeftmedoif r&vQif oDwif;uRwfvjynfhausmf wpf&ufaeYrS wefaqmifrkef;vjynfhaetxd wpfvonf ouFef;udk t"d|mef0duyÜemrjyKbJ vGwfvyfpGm xm;cGifh&aomaMumifh ]]pD0&umv}} rnf\/ usefq,fhwpfvudkrl ouFef;udk t"d|mef0duyÜemrjyKbJ xm;cGifhr&SddaomaMumifh ]]pD0&tumv}}[k ac:onf/ uxdeftmedoif&vQifum; oDwif;uRwfvjynfhausmfwpf&ufaeYrS waygif;vjynfhaeYtxd ig;vonf ]]pD0&umv}}? usefckepfvonf ]]pD0&tumv}} jzpfavonf/

ouFef;vsmt0wf&zdkY&m arQmfvifhcsuftmom &Sdapumrl wpfvxufydkí rxm;aumif;? wpfvxufydkí xm;vQif edó*¾d ygpdwftmywfoifhonf/ xdktmywfudk ]]£rH ar baEÅ tumvpD0&H rmomwduúEÅH edó*¾d,H? £rm[H tm,o®awm edóZÆmrd}}[k vnf;aumif;? jrefrmvdk ]]þtumvouFef;onf wpfvvGefonfjzpfí pGefYxdkufyg\/ þouFef;udk t&Sifbk&m;tm; pGefY&yg\}}[k vnf;aumif; ajymqdkí pGefY&ygonf/ pGefYNyD;aemuf a'oemajymí tmywfudk pifMu,fatmif ukpm;&onf/

« ,ckumvÜ csKyfNyD;ouFef;rsm;om tqifoifh&aomaMumifh þ odu©myk'ft& tmywfoifhzG,f r&Sdawmhacs/»

4/ yk&mPpD0& odu©myk'f (aqGrsdK;rawmfaom bdu©KeD tm; ouFef;zG,favQmfcdkif;rI)

taMumif;&if;ed'gef;

jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifonf om0w¬ djynf aZw0efausmif;awmfÜ oDwif;oHk;aerlpOf toQifO'g,D\ ZeD;a[mif;onf &[ef;rwdkYtxHÜ bdu©KeDjyKvkyfíae\/ xdkZeD;a[mif; bdu©KeDxHodkY toQifO'g,Donf rMumcPoGm;í xdk bdu©KeDronfvnf; toQifO'g,DxHodkYrMumcPvm\/

waeYoÜ toQifO'g,Donf xdk bdu©KeDrxH qGrf;pm;oGm;pOf bdu©KeDr\a&SUÜ ol\t*FgZmwfudk azmfvsufxdkif\/ bdu©KeDuvnf; olr\t*FgZmwfudk azmfvsufxdkif\/ toQifO'g,Donf ZeD;a[mif; bdu©KeD\ t*FgZmwfudk wpdrfhpdrfh ½IMunfhNyD;vQif om,mrIjzpfaomaMumifh okufvGwfoGm;avonf/

okufvGwfoGm;aomaMumifh aya&vsuf&Sdaom ouFef;udk zGyfavQmf&ef bdu©KeDtm; a&,lcdkif;onf? bdu©KeDu ]]wynfhawmfr avQmfay;rnf}} [kqdkí ouFef;Ü ayusHaeaomokufudk cHwGif;jzifhvnf;pkyf\/ tcsdKUudk ol\ t*FgZmwftwGif;odkYxnfhoGif;avonf/

,if;uJhodkY jyKvkyfrIaMumifh bdu©KeDrÜ udk,f0ef&&SdavvQif tjcm;aom bdu©KeDrrsm;u uJh&JUpGyfpGJaomtcg jzpfysufyHk tvHk;pHkudk jyefvnfajymjy\/ bdu©KeDrrsm;onf bk&m;&Siftm;taMumif;pHkavQmufxm;Mu&m bk&m;&Sifu toQifO'g,Dtm; jyif;xefpGm uJh&JU½Iwfcsvsuf aqGrsdK;rawmfaom bdu©KeDrtm; ouFef;a[mif;udk avQmf&ef qdk;&ef rcdkif;ap&[k þ odu©myk'fudk ynwfawmfrlonf/

odu©myk'f ygVd

4/ a,m ye bdu©K tnmwdum, bdu©Ked,m yk&mPpD0&H a"m0gay,s 0g &Zmay,s 0g tmaum#may,s0g? edó*¾d,H ygpdwåd,H/

edó,

a,m ye bdu©K? tMuif&[ef;onf/ tnmwdum, ? aqGrsdK;rawmfaom/ bdu©Ked,m? &[ef;rtm;/ yk&mPpD0&H? ouFef;a[mif;udk/ a"m0gay,s 0g? zGyfavQmfrlvnf;zGyfavQmfaptHh/ &Zmay,s 0g? qdk;rlvnf;qdk;aptHh/ tmaum#may,s0g? xk½dkufrlvnf; xk½dkufaptHh/ wóbdu©Kaem? xdk&[ef;tm;/ edó*¾d,H? pGefYjcif;0denf;uH&Sdaom/ ygpdwåd,H? ygpdwftmywf/ a[mwd? jzpf\/

t"dyÜg,f

qdk;NyD; uyÜAdE´Kxdk;NyD; 0wfavmuf½Hkavmufaom ouFef;udk ]]pD0&}}[k ac:\/ ouFef;a[mif;qdk&mÜ wpfBudrfrQ acgif;ay:wifzl;? acgif;tHk;vkkyfí tHk;zl;ygu ouFef;a[mif; yif jzpfawmhonf/ ,ckacwfÜ bdu©KeDrsm; r&SdawmhaMumifh þ odu©myk'faMumifh tmywfoifhzG,f r&Sdawmhacs/

aqGckepfquf rsdK;ckepfquf

aqG;rsdK;awmfpyfjcif;ESifh pyfvsOf;í avmuÜ aqGckepfquf rsdK;ckepfquf[k oHk;EIef;avh&Sd\/ rdrdzcifrSpí ]]b? bdk;? ab;? bD? bif? abmif? buf}}[k txufodkYwufí awmfpyfoGm;aom aqGckepfquf? rdrd\om;rSpí ]]om;? ajr;? jrpf? wD? wGwf? uRwf? qwf}}[k atmufodkYoufíawmfpyfaom rsdK;ckepfquf[k ESpfrsdK; ESpfpm;&Sdavonf/

txuf aqGckepfqufÜ tzudkqdkojzifhtrdvnf;ygNyD; jzpf\/ bdk;udkqdkojzifh bdk;\ZeD; bGm; (tzGm;)vnf;ygNyD;jzpf\/ atmufckepfqufÜ om;udkqdkojzifh orD;vnf; ygNyD;jzpf\/ ajr;udk qdkojzifhajr;rvnf; ygNyD;\/ enf;rSDí txufckepfquf? atmufckepfquf qHk;atmif rSwf&efjzpf\/ þ odu©myk'ft& azmfjyyg aqGckepfquf rsdK;ckepfqufpm&if;0ifvQif tmywfroifhEdkif? pm&if;r0ifvQif tmywfoifh\/

5/ pD0&y#d*¾[P odu©myk'f (aqGrsdK;rawmfaom bdu©KeDxH ouFef;tvSLcHrI)

taMumif;&if;ed'gef;

jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifonf &mZN*dK[fjynf a0VK0efausmif;Ü oDwif;oHk;awmfrlpOf OyÜv0Pf bdu©KeDax&Dronf om0w¬ djynfÜ ae\/ tcgwyg; OyÜv0Pfax&Dronf om0w¬ djynfÜ qGrf;cH vSnfhvnfí qGrf;pm;NyD;aemuf tE¨0efawmodkY0ifvsuf aeYoefYjcif; jyK\/

xdktcsdefwGif cdk;olwdkYonf EGm;udk owfNyD; tom;udk,lvsuf tE¨0efawmodkY 0ifvmMu\/ cdk;oltBuD;tuJonf OyÜv0Pf bdu©KeDax&Drudk awGYaom tcg csufNyD; trJom;rS aumif;Edk;&ma½G;vsuf opf½Gufjzifhxkyfum ax&DrteD; opfudkif;ÜcsdwfqGJí yHokultjzpf aMujimxm;cJh\/ OyÜv0Pfax&Dronf orm"DrS xaomtcg trJom;xkyfudk awGUí ,loGm;NyD;aemufwpfaeYÜ bk&m;&Siftm;vSL&ef a0VK0efausmif;odkY tbdnmOfwefcdk;jzifhoGm;\/

bk&m;&SifqGrf;cH0ifawmfrlcsdefjzpfí ausmif;apmifhusef&pfcJhaom toQifO'g,DESifhawGUav&m ]]þtrJom;udk bk&m;&Siftm; vSL'gef; ay;yg}}[k ajym\/ toQifO'g,DonfOyÜv0Pfax&Dr\ udk,fum,tvSudk ½Ipm;vdkaomaMumifh bk&m;&Siftm; trJom;vSLvQif rdrdtm;oif;ydkifvSLyg}}[k OyÜv0Pfax&Dr0wfxm;aom oif;ydkifudk tvSLcH\/ ax&Dru ]]rdrdrSm oif;ydkiftydkr&SdaMumif;}} ajym&m toQifO'g,Du ]]bk&m;&Siftm; trJom;vSLNyD; olYudk oif;ydkifvSLzdkYusrS NidKjiif&ovm;}}[k pum;emxdk;aomaMumifh tumtuG,f vHkjcHKrI&Sdonfhae&modkY oGm;NyD;tay:wif &ifvTrf;wbufudk vJvS,f0wfqifNyD; oif;ydkifudk vSLxm;cJhavonf/ xdktaMumif;udk tjcm;bdu©KeDrrsm;odaomtcg ]]ypönf;vmbfvmb enf;yg;aom bdu©KeDrxHrStvSLcH&ufyav}}[k uJh&JUNyD; bk&m;&Siftm; avQmufxm;MuaomaMumifh bk&m;&Sifu ]]aqGrsdK;rawmfaom bdu©KeDvufrS ouFef;udk tvSLrcH&? cH,lvQif xdkouFef;edó*¾dxdkufí ygpdwftmywfvnf;oifhonf}}[k ynwfawmfrlavonf/

tcsdKUaom bdu©KeDrrsm;onf rdrdwdkYxHwGif&Sdaom ouFef;ESifhrdrdwdkYvdktyfaeaom ouFef;udk &[ef;awmfrsm;xH vJvS,fMu&m &[ef;awmfrsm;u odu©myk'fynwfxm;NyD;jzpfojzifh vufrcHMuaomaMumifh bdu©KeDrwdkYu ]]vJvS,fonfudkrQvufrcHMuvQif vmbfvmb &Sm;yg;aom rdrdwdkYtaejcifh b,fvdkenf;jzifh &&SdorQESifhrQwEdkifygrnfenf;}}[k 0rf;enf;pum; ajymMuavonf/

xdktaMumif;udk &[ef;rsm;u bk&m;&Siftm; avQmufxm;MujyefaomaMumifh ]]tnMw yg&d0wåum=ouFef;csif;vJvS,frIrSwyg; bdu©KeD\ouFef;udk rcH,l&}}[k cRif;csufjyKawmfrlavonf/

odu©myk'f ygVd

5/ a,m ye bdu©K tnmwdum, bdu©Ked,m [w¬ awm pD0&H y#d*¾aPS,s tnMw yg&d0wåum? edó*¾d,H ygpdwåd,H/

edó,

a,m ye bdu©K? tMuif&[ef;onf/ yg&d0wåum? vJvS,fjcif;udk/ tnMw? MuOfxm;í/ tnmwdum,? aqGrsdK;rawmfaom/ bdu©Ked,m? &[ef;r\/ [w¬ awm? vufrS/ pD0&H? ouFef;udk/ y#d*¾aPS,s? cH,ltHh/ wóbdu©Kaem? xdk&[ef;tm;/ edó*¾d,H? pGefYjcif;0denf;uH&Sdaom/ ygpdwåd,H? ygpdwftmywf onf/ a[mwd? jzpf\/

t"dyÜg,f

vJvS,f,ljcif;r[kwfbJ aqGrsdK;rawmfaom bdu©KeD\ ouFef;udk cH,lvQif xdkouFef;udkpGefY&\/ ygpdwftmywfvnf; oifh\/ þodu©myk'fÜ ]]ouFef;}} [lonf atmufxpfqHk; tvsm;wpfawmif? teHwpfxGm &Sdaom t0wfpjzpfonf/ xdktwdkif;t&Snf yrmP&Sdonfh ydwfwdk? zsifp ponfESifhwuG ouFef;udk qD;jzLoD;? zef;cg;oD;rQESifhyifvJvS,f,lvQifvnf;aumif;? ]]vJvS,f,lrnf}}[k ESvHk;oGif;í,lvQiff vnf;aumif; ,laumif;\/ vJí,ljcif;r[kwfbJ awmif;íjzpfap? olYtvdktavsmuf vma&mufvSL'gef;íjzpfap vufcH,lxm;vQif þodu©myk'ft& tmywfoifh\/

6/ tnmwu0dnwåd odu©myk'f (aqG;rsdK;rawmfolxH ouFef;awmif;cHrI)

taMumif;&if;ed'gef;

jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifonf om0w¬ djynf aZw0efausmif;Ü oDoif;oHk;awmfrllpOfujzpf\/ omuD0ifrif;rsdK;rS &[ef;jyKol &Spfaomif;&Sd& toQifOyeE´vnf;yg\/ toQifOyeE´onf w&m;a[maumif;oljzpfonfhtjyif avmbBuD;olvnf; jzpf\/

tcgwpfyg;Ü toQifOyeE´\ w&m;udk em&aom olaX;om; wpfa,mufonf Munfñdkojzifh ypönf;av;yg;jzifh zdwfMum;\/ toQifOyeE´onf rqdkif;rwGyif olaX;om;0wfqifvmaom t0wf ESpfxnfteuf wpfxnfudk tvSLcH\/ olaX;om;u ]]vlBuD;vlaumif; wpfa,muf taejzifh tay:NcHKxnfrygbJ cg;0wfwpfxnfwnf;jzifh tdrfjyef&ef roifhawmfojzifh acwåqdkif;iHhyg&ef tdrfjyefa&mufvQif ,ckt0wfESpfxnfteuf wpfxnfjzpfap? ,ckxufaumif;aom t0wfudkjzpfap ydkYvTwfvdkufrnfjzpfaMumif;avQmufxm;\/

toQifOyeE´rSm xdktdrfjyefrnfhtcdkuftwefYudkyif rqdkifiHhEdkifbJcsufcsif;vSL&ef oHk;Budrfwdwd xyfrHawmif;cH&m r&ojzifh ]]zdwfrefNyD; rvSLcsif&if zdwfrefwm bmtusdK;&SdrSmvJ}}[k pum;jzifh ESdyfpuf&m olaX;om;vnf; tay:½Hkwpfxnfudk cRwfvSLí tay:½HkrygbJ tdrfjyef&&S\/ vrf;ÜawGUjrifolrsm;u ar;jref;&m taMumif;pHkudk ajymjyav\/

vlwdkYonf toQifOyeE´tm; uJh&JUjypfwifMu\/ ,if;taMumif;udk bk&m;&SifMum;odawmfrlaomaMumifh toQifOyeE´udk ac:,lvsuf aqGrsdK;rawmfoltxHrS ouFef;udk rawmif;&? tawmif;rcdkif;&[kynwfawmfrlonf/

xdkodkYynwfawmfrlNyD;aemuf &[ef;rsm;pGmwdkYonf omauwNrdKUrS om0w¬ djynfodkY toGm; vrf;c&D;tMum;Ü 0wfxm;aomouFef;rsm;udk vk,ufcH&aomaMumifh udk,fvHk;wD; jzpfaeaomfvnf; ]]aqGrsdK;rawmfolxH ouFef;rawmif;&}}[laom ynwfawmfrlcsufaMumifh rnfolYxHrQ ouFef;rawmif;0HhMuay/ udk,fvHk;wD;jzifhyif om0w¬ dodkY a&mufvmMuí rdrdwdkYxufBuD;aom &[ef;wdkYudk &Sdcdk;Muavonf/ om0w¬ djynf&Sd&[ef;rsm;u ]]þtmZD0u (t0wfr0wfaom wuúwGef;)wdkYonf awmfMuygay\/ igwdkY&[ef;awGudk &Sdcdk; Muay\}}[k csD;rGrf;Muavonf/ omauwrSvmaom &[ef;rsm;urdrdwdkYrSm ]]tmZD0ursm;r[kwfaMumif;? vrf;c&D;Ü ouFef;rsm;vk,lcH&aomaMumifh udk,fvHk;wD;jzifh vm&jcif;jzpfaMumif;}} &Sif;jyMuonf/ om0w¬ dae &[ef;rsm;u toQifOygvdtm; pdppfapNyD; &[ef;tppftrSefrsm;jzpfaMumif;od&Sd&aomtcg rdrdwdkY ouFef;rsm;udkay;NyD;vQif jrufopf½GufwdkYjzifh zHk;vTrf;rvmbJ udk,fvHk;wD; vmMuonfudk uJh&JUjypfwifvsuf bk&m;&Siftm; avQmufxm;Muukef\/

,if;taMumif;udk bk&m;&SifodawmfrlvQif ]]ouFef;vk,lcH&aomtcg ouFef;aysmufysufaomtcgwdkYÜ rnfolYxHrSrqdk ouFef;awmif;aumif;onf}}[k cRifcsufjyKawmfrl\/

odu©myk'f ygVd

6/ a,m ye bdu©K tnmwuH *[ywð 0g *[ywmeð 0g pD0&H 0dnmay,s tnMw or,m? edó*¾d,H ygpdwåd,H/ ww¬ m,H ora,m? tpädEépD0a&m 0g a[mwd bdu©K e|pD0a&m 0g? t,H ww¬ ora,m/

edó,

a,m ye bdu©K? tMuif&[ef;onf/ tnmwuH? aqGrsdK;rawmfaom/ *[ywð 0g? 'g,umudkvnf;aumif;/ *[ywmeð0g? 'g,dumrudkvnf;aumif;/ ora,m? awmif;jim;tHh/ wóbdu©Kaem? xdk&[ef;tm;/ edó*¾d,H? pGefYjcif;0denf;uH&Sdaom/ ygpdwåd,H? ygpdwftmywf onf/ a[mwd? jzpf\/ ww¬ ? xdkouFef;udkawmif;&mÜ/ t,H? þqdktyfvwåHYonfum;/ ora,m? tcgwnf;/ bdu©K? &[ef;onf/ tpädEépD0a&m0g? cdk;olvk,uftyfaomouFef;&Sdonf vnf;aumif;/ e|pD0a&m 0g? aysmufaom ouFef;&Sdonfvnf;aumif;/ a[mwd? jzpftHh/ t,H? þqdktyfNyD;onfum;/ ww¬ ? xdkouFef;udkawmif;&mÜ/ ora,m? tcgwnf;/

t"dyÜg,f

ouFef;awmif;aumif;aomtcg r[kwfbJ ouFef;udk awmif;cH&mÜ awmif;rI ya,m*aMumifh 'kuú#ftmywf oifh\/

edó*¾dxdkufaomouFef;udk oHCm? *dkPf;? yk*¾dKvf wpfyg;yg;xHpGefY&rnf? pGefYyHkrSm ]]£'H ar baEÅ pD0&H tnmwuH *[ywduH tnMw or,m 0dnmydwH edó*¾d,H? £rm[H oHCó (£rm[H tm,o®EÅmeH £rm[H tm,o®awm) edóZÆmrd}}[k vnf;aumif;? jrefrmbmomjzifh ]]t&Sifbk&m;? awmif;oifhaomtcg r[kwfygbJaqGrsdK;rawmfaom 'g,umdxHrS awmif;,ltyfaom þouFef;udk pGefYxdkufyg\/ þouFef;udk oHCmtm; (t&Sifbk&m;wdkYtm;? t&Sifbk&m;tm;) pGefYyg\}}[k qdkí pGefY&onf/ pGefYNyD;rSom tmywfajz a'oemMum;&onf/ tpGefYcH&aom oHCm? *dkPf;? yk*¾dKvfu xdkouFef;udk jyefay;&onf/

awmif;oifhaomtcgudk z,fí aqGrsdK;rawmfaomolxHÜ aqGrsdK;rawmfrSef;odvsuf awmif;vQif edó*¾dygpdwftmywfoifh\/ aqGrsdK;awmf? rawmf oHo,&Sdvsuf awmif;onfjzpfap? aqGrsdK;awmfpyfonftxifjzifh awmif;onfjzpfap edó*¾d ygpdwftmywf oifhonfom jzpfonf/

aqGrsdK;awmfolxHÜ aqGrsdK;rawmf[k xifrSwfvsuf awmif;onfjzpfap? awmf rawmf oHo,&Sdvsuf awmif;onfjzpfap 'kuú#ftmywf oifh\/ aqGrsdK;awmfrSef;odí awmif;vQifum; tjypfr&Sd/ zdwfrefxm;olxHÜ aqGrsdK;rawmfaomfvnf; awmif;aumif;\/ toQifOyeE´um; zdwfxm;oltm; rvSLcsifaom t0wfudk twif;awmif;jcif;aMumifh tjypfwifcH&onf/ rlvu zdwfxm;oljzpfaomfvnf; rvSLcsifonfhtcg (o'¨gysufonfhtcg) rzdwfolESifh twlwlyif jzpfaomaMumifh xdkolrsdK;xHÜ rawmif;ay/

7/ wwkwå&d odu©myk'f (ouFef;ESpfxnfxufydkí tvSLrcHrI)

taMumif;&if;ed'gef;

jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sif om0w¬ djynf aZw0efausmif;awmfÜ oDwif;oHk;awmfrlpOf c&DoGm;cdkuf ouFef;tvkcH&aom &[ef;rsm;tm; qAÁ*¾D &[ef;wdkYu ]]igh&SifwdkY ouFef;tvkcH&aom&[ef;ç ouFef;ysufpD;í 0wfzdkY&mr&Sdaom &[ef;onf 'um 'umrwdkYxH ouFef; tydk awmif;Edkif\ [k jrwfpGmbk&m;&SifcGifhjyKawmfrlxm;\? t&Sifbk&m;wdkYvnf; c&D;oGm;pOf ouFef;tvkcHMu&í ouFef;awmif;Muyg}}[k ajymMum;Muav\/ ouFef;tvkcHMu&aom &[ef;rsm;u ]]awmfygNyD? wynfhawmfwdkYrSm ouFef;&ygNyD}}[k ajymqdkMu\/ qAÁ*¾D&[ef;wdkYu t&Sifbk&m;wdkY udk,fwdkif rawmif;vdkvQif t&Sifbk&m;wdkY udk,fpm;awmif;ay;ygrnf[k ajymqdkMuaomtcg ouFef;tvkcH&aom &[ef;wdkYu oabmwlMuonf/ qAÁ*¾D&[ef;wdkYu 'umrsm;xH csOf;uyfí ]]'umwdkY? c&D;oGm;pOf ouFef;tvkcH&wJh udk,fawmfawG a&mufvmMuvdkY ouFef;vSLMuyg}}[k ajymqdkMuí rsm;pGmaom ouFef;vsmt0wf wdkYudk &&SdMuav\/

xdkaemuf tpnf;ta0;wpfckwGif c&D;oGm;pOf ouFef;tvkcH&aom &[ef;wdkYtm; ouFef;vSLvdkuf&onfh 'umrsm;tcsif;csif; qHkrdMuí pum;ajymqdk&m ouFef;trsm;tjym; cH,laMumif; od&SdMu&onf/ ]]udk,fawmfawGtwdkif;t&Snfudk rodbJ bmjzpfvdkYrsm; ouFef;awG trsm;BuD; awmif;cHMuygvdrfh/ ouFef;ukeful;rvdkYvm;? 'grSr[kwf ouFef;qdkif cif;MurvdkYvm;}}[k uJh&JUMu\? xdktaMumif;udk jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sif odawmfrlí þodu©myk'fudk ynwfawmfrlonf/

odu©myk'f ygVd

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8/ Oyu©# odu©myk'f (ouFef;aumif;atmiftvGeftxl;pDrHrI)

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aom'lawm? xdkwrefonf/ wH a0,s0pöu&H? xdktrIBuD;i,fudk jyKvkyfwwfoludk/ onmaywGm? aumif;pGmem;vnfapNyD;í/ wH bdu©KH? xdk&[ef;odkY/ OyouFrdwGm? csOf;uyfí/ {0H? þodkY/ ap0a',s? tu,fíavQmuftHh/ baEÅ? t&Sifbk&m;/ tm,o®m? t&Sifbk&m;onf/ ,Ha0,sm0pöu&H? tMuiftrIBuD;i,fudk jyKvkyfwwfaom oludk/ ed'´dod? ñTefjyNyD/ aom? xdktrIBuD;i,fudk jyKvkyfwwfaomoludk/ r,m? wynfhawmfonf/ onawåm? aumif;pGmem;vnfapytyfygNyD/ tm,o®m? t&Sifbk&m;onf/ umave? oifhavsmfavsmufywfaom tcgÜ/ OyouFrwk? csOf;uyfawmfrlygavmh/ wH? t&Sifbk&m;udk/ pD0a&e? ouFef;jzifh/ tpäma'ówd? zHk;vTrf;ygvwåHY/ £wd? þodkY/ (ap0a',s? tu,fíavQmuftHh/)

bdu©a0? &[ef;wdkY/ pD0&w¬ daue? ouFef;udktvdk&Sdaom/ bdu©Kem? &[ef;onf/ a0,sm0pöua&m? trIBuD;i,fudk jyKvkyfwwfaomolodkY/ OyouFrdwGm? csOf;uyfí/ tm0kaom? 'g,um/ ar? ightm;/ pD0a&em? ouFef;jzifh/ taw¬ m? tvdk&Sd\/ £wd? þodkY/ 'Gwådu©wåHK? ESpfBudrfoHk;Budrf/ apma'waAÁm? awmif;tyf\/ oma&waAÁm? owday;tyf\/ 'Gwådu©wåHK? ESpfBudrfoHk;Budrf/ apm',rmaem? awmif;vsuf/ om&,rmaem? owday;vsuf/ wHpD0&H? xdkouFef;udk/ ap tbdedyæga',s? tu,fí NyD;aptHh/ £apöwH? þodkYNyD;apjcif;onf/ ukovH? aumif;\/ aemaptbdedyæga',s? tu,fírNyD;aptHh/ pwku©wåHK? av;Budrf/ yÍöu©wåHK? ig;Budrf/ qu©wåKy&rH? ajcmufBudrftvGef twdkif;t&Snf&Sdatmif/ wkPSDblawe? qdwfqdwfaeojzifh/ O'´dó? ouFef;udk &nfrSef;í/ XmwAÁH? &yf&m\/ pwku©wåHK? av;Budrf/ yÍöu©wåHK? ig;Budrf/ qu©wåKy&rH? ajcmufBudrftvGef twdkif;t&Snf &Sdonf wdkifatmif/ wkPSDblawm? qdwfqdwfaevsuf/ O'´dó? ouFef;udk &nfrSefí/ wd|rmaem? &yfonf&Sdaomf/ wH pD0&H? xdkouFef;udk/ aptbdedyæga',s? tu,fí NyD;aptHh/ £apöwH? þodkUjzpfapjcif;onf/ ukovH? aumif;\/ wawm? xdkoHk;Budrfawmif;jcif;? ajcmufBudrf&yfjcif;xuf/ Owå&d? tvGef/ 0g,mrrmaem? vHkYvjyKonfjzpfí/ wHpD0&H? xdkouFef;udk/ aptbdedyæga',s? tu,fí NyD;aptHh/ wó bdu©Kaem? xdk&[ef;tm;/ edó*¾d,H? pGefYjcif;0denf;uH&Sdaom/ ygpdwåd,H? ygpdwftmywfonf/ a[mwd? jzpf\/

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