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"r®'ge á oHC á ygwdarmuf á ted,w u@
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ted,w u@


yXrted,w odu©myk'f

(qdwfuG,f&mÜ rmwk*grESifhtwlaexdkifrI)

taMumif;&if;ed'gef;

jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifonf om0w¬djynf aZw0efausmif;awmfÜ oDwif;oHk;awmfrlpOf toQif O'g,Dudk taMumif;jyKí þ odu©myk'f udk ynwfawmfrl&\/ tcgwpfyg;Ü toQif O'g,Donf ¤if;\ 'g,um trsdK;rS owdkYorD;wpfOD;vufxyfyGJ{nfhcH auR;arG;aepOf xdktdrfodkYoGm;NyD;vQif owdkYorD;&Sd&mwdkufcef;odkY0ifí tmvmyov ’mypum;? w&m;pum; ajymMum;vsuf ESpfa,mufwnf; xdkifae\/

xdktcgu om0wd¬NrdKUÜ 0domcgonf touf&Snf temuif;onfhtjyif om;? orD;? ajr; jrpfvnf; aygrsm;ojzifh tvGefr*Fvm &Sdonf[k todtrSwfjyKMuNyD; vufxyfr*Fvmpaom r*FvmyGJrsm;Ü 0domcgtm; a&S;OD;pGm zdwfí xrif;auR;avh&Sd&m? toQif O'g,Da&mufaeaom r*FvmtdrfodkY 0domcgvnf;a&mufvm\/

0domcgonf toQif O'g,D\ roifhavsmfaom xdkifaeyHkudkjrifav&m toQif O'g,DxH csufjcif;oGm;í ]]þodkY rjrif&mqdwfuG,f&mt&yfÜ rmwk*grESifh ESpfa,mufwnf; xdkifaeonfrSm roifhavsmfygaMumif;}} ajymqdkav&m toQif O'g,Donf em;raxmifojzifh tjcm;&[ef;rsm;xHoGm;a&muf avQmufxm;\/

&[ef;wdkYu jrwfpGmbk&m;&Siftm; wpfqifhjyefvnfí avQmufxm;Muojzifh bk&m;&Sifu toQif O'g,Dtm; jyif;xefpGmuJh&JU ½IwfcsawmfrlNyD; þ odu©myk'f udk ynwfawmfrlonf/

odu©myk'f ygVd

1/ a,m ye bdu©K rmwk*gare o'¨ð {aum {um, &a[m y#dpäaEé tmoae tvHur®eda, edoZæH uayÜ,s? wareH oa'¨,s0pom Oygodum 'doGm wdPÖH "r®meH tnwa&e 0a',s yg&mZdaue 0g oHCm'daoaoe 0g ygpdwåda,e 0g edoZÆH bdu©K y#dZmermaem wdPÖ "r®meH tnwa&e uma&waAÁm yg&mZdaue 0g oHCm'daoaoe 0g ygpdwåda,e 0g? a,e 0g om oa'¨,s0pom Oygodum 0a',s? awe aom bdu©K uma&waAÁm? t,H "ar®m ted,awm/

edó,

a,m ye bdu©K? taMuif&[ef;onf/ rmwk*gare? rmwk*grESifh/ o'¨ð? twlwuG/ {aum {um,? wa,mufcsif;csif;/ &a[m? rsufpd\uG,f&mÜ/ y#dpäaEé? zHk;uG,ftyfaom/ tvHur®eda,? arxkeftrIudkjyKjcif;iSmcefYaom/ tmoae? ae&mÜ/ edoZæH? xdkifaejcif;udk/ uayÜ,s? jyKtHh/ wareH? xdk&[ef;udk/ oa'¨,s0pom? ,HkMunfxdkufaompum;&Sdaom/ Oygodum? t&d,mjzpfaom 'g,dumronf/ 'doGm? jrifí/ yg&mZdaue 0g? yg&mZdutmywf jzifhaomfvnf;aumif;/ oHCm'daoaoe 0g? oHCm'dodoftmywf jzifhaomfvnf;aumif;/ ygpdwåda,e 0g? ygpdwftmywfjzifhaomfvnf;aumif;/ wdPÖH? oHk;yg;ukefaom/ "r®meH? tmywfwdkYwGif/ tnwa&e? wpfyg;yg;aom tmywfjzifh/ 0a',s? ajymqdkpGyfpGJ&m\/ edoZÆH? xdkifaejcif;udk/ y#dZmermaem? 0efcHaom/ bdu©K? &[ef;udk/ yg&mZdaue 0g? yg&mZdutmywf jzifhaomfvnf;aumif;/ oHCm'daoaoe 0g? oHCm'dodoftmywf jzifhaomfvnf;aumif;/ ygpdwåda,e 0g? ygpdwftmywfjzifhaomfvnf;aumif;/ wdPÖH? oHk;yg;ukefaom/ "r®meH? tmywfwdkYwGif/ tnwa&e? wpfyg;yg;aom tmywfjzifh/ uma&waAÁm? qHk;jzwfxdkuf\/ oa'¨,s0pom? ,HkMunfxdkufaom pum;&Sdaom/ om Oygodum? xdkt&d,mjzpfaom 'g,umronf/ a,e 0g? tMuiftjcif;t&mESifhwuGrlvnf;/ 0a',s? 0wåKudkazmfjyí ajymqdktHh/ awe? xdkt&d,mjzpfaom 'g,dumr\ azmfjyajymqdkaom tjcif;t&mjzifh/ aom bdu©K? xdk&[ef;udk/ (y#dZmermaem? 0efcHrSom)/ uma&waAÁm? qHk;jzwfxdkuf\/ t,H "ar®m? þtmywfonf/ ted,awm? tNrJrowfrSwftyfaom tmywfwnf;/

t"dyÜg,f

þodu©myk'fÜ rmwk*grt& ,aeYarG;p rdef;uav;yifjzpfap? tjypfrS rvGwfEdkifay? qdwfuG,f&mt&yf[kqdk&mÜvnf; arxkeftrIudk jyKEdkif vGefusL;Edkif avmufaom rjrifuG,f&mt&yf? eH&Hç wif;wdrfuefYvefYumponf zHk;uG,faeaom t&yfudk rjrifuG,f&m qdwfuG,f&m[k qdkvdkonf/ ESpfa,mufwnf; aexdkifonfqdk&mÜvnf;? teD;tem;wGif tjcm;rdef;rwpf&m&Sdaomfvnf; odem;vnfaom a,musfm;wpfa,mufrQ r&SdvQif ESpfa,mufwnf; aeonfyifrnfawmhonf/

,if;odkY rmwk*grESifhESpfa,mufwnf;aeaom &[ef;udk aomwmyefjzpfaom 0domcguJodkY ,HkMunfxdkufonfhpum;&Sdaom Oygodumru jrifí tmywfjzifh pGyfpGJajymqdk\/ pGyfpGJajymqdkonfhtwdkif;vnf; pGyfpGJcH&ol &[ef;u 0efcH\? 0efcHvQif 0efcHonfhtwdkif; yg&mZdutmywf? oHCm'dodoftmywf? ygpdwftmywf þoHk;rsdK;wGif wpfrsdK;jzifh qHk;jzwf&\/ rnfonfhtmywf[lí yHkaoum;csowfrSwfqHk;jzwfí r&xdkuf/ oifhovdkqHk;jzwf&aomaMumifh ]]ted,w odu©myk'f}}[k ac:jcif;jzpf\/ 0wåKaMumif;t& 0domcgvdk Oygodumr[k qdkawmfvnf; tjcm;,HkMunfxdkufonfh Oygoum &[ef;omraPwdkYu pGyfpGJajymqdkvQifvnf; þtwdkif;yifqHk;jzwfrIjyK&rnfom jzpfygonf/

'kwd,ted,w odu©myk'f

(vljrifuGifÜ rmwk*grESifhtwl aexdkifrI)

taMumif;&if;ed'gef;

jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifonf om0wådjynf aZw0efausmif;awmfú\Ü oDwif;oHk;awmfrlpOf toQif O'g,Dudkyif taMumif;jyKí þ odu©myk'f udk ynwfawmfrlonf/ toQif O'g,Donf ,cifowdkYorD;tdrfodkY oGm;jyefvsuf yXrted,w odu©myk'f ynwfcsufudk a&SmifvTJNyD;vQif vljrifuGifÜyif owdkYorD;ESifh twlxdkifae\/ trsm;jrifEdkifae&m jzpfaomfvnf; ,if;wdkY ESpfa,muf ajymaompum;udk tjcm;olrsm;rMum;Edkifojzifh ,HkrSm;zG,f&Sdonf/ a&S;enf;twl 0domcgESifhawGUí ajymqdkaomfvnf; rvdkufemaomaMumifh bk&m;&SifxHawmftxd aygufMum;oGm;jyef&m bk&m;&Sifu toQif O'g,Dtm; jyif;xefpGm uJh&JU½IwfcsawmfrlNyD; þ'kwd,ted,w odu©myk'fudk ynwfawmfrlonf/

odu©myk'f ygVd

2/ e a[0 acg ye y#dpäEéH tmoeH a[mwdç emvHur®ed,H? tvÍö acg a[mwd rmwk*grH 'k|Kv ’m[d 0gpm[d MobmodwHk? a,m ye bdu©K wxm½lay tmoae rmwk*gare o'¨ð {aum {um, &a[m edoZÆH uayÜ,s? wareH oa'¨,s0pom Oygodum 'doGm 'GdEéH "r®meH tnwa&e 0a',s oHCm'daoaoe 0g ygpdwåda,e 0g? edoZÆH bdu©K y#dZmermaem 'GdEéH "r®meH tnwa&e uma&waAÁm oHCm'daoaoe 0g ygpdwåda,e 0g? a,e 0g om oa'¨,s0pom Oygodum 0a',s? awe aom bdu©K uma&waAÁm? t,Hyd "ar®m ted,awm/

edó,

tmoeH? ae&monf/ y#dpäEéH? eH&Hponfjzifh zHk;uG,ftyfonf/ tvHur®ed,H? arxkeftrIudk jyKjcif;iSmcefYonf/ e a[0 acg ye a[mwd? rjzpfonfom vQifwnf;/ p? jzpfEdkifonfum;/ rmwk*grH? rmwk*grudk/ 'k|Kv ’m[d? ½kefY&if;ukefaom/ 0gpm[d? 0pör*fç yóm0r*fESifh pyfaom pum;wdkYjzifh/ MobmodwHk? ,kwf,kwfrmrm ajymqdkjcif;iSm/ tvH? pGrf;Edkifonf/ a[mwd? jzpf\/ a,m ye bdu©K? tMuif&[ef;onf/ wxm½lay? xdkodkYoabm &Sdaom/ tmoae? ae&mÜ/ rmwk*gare? rmwk*grESifh/ o'¨ð? twlwuG/ {aum {um,? wpfa,mufcsif;csif;/ &a[m? em;\uG,f&mÜ/ edoZÆH? xdkifaejcif;udk/ uayÜ,s? jyKjim;tHh/ wareH? xdk&[ef;udk/ oa'¨,s0pom? ,HkMunfxdkufaom pum;&Sdaom/ Oygodum? t&d,mjzpfaom 'g,umronf/ 'doGm? jrifí/ oHCm'daoaoe 0g? oHCm'dodoftmywf jzifhaomfvnf;aumif;/ ygpdwåda,e 0g? ygpdwftmywfjzifh aomfvnf;aumif;/ 'GdEéH? ESpfyg;ukefaom/ "r®meH? tmywfwdkYwGif/ tnwa&e? wpfyg;yg;aom tmywfjzifh/ 0a',s? ajymqdkpGyfpGJ&m\/ edoZÆH? xdkifaejcif;udk/ y#dZmermaem? 0efcHaom/ bdu©K? &[ef;udk/ 'GdEéH? ESpfyg;ukefaom/ "r®meH? tmywfwdkYwGif/ tnwa&e? wpfyg;yg;aom tmywfjzifh/ uma&waAÁm? qHk;jzwfxdkuf\/ wa'¨,s0pom? ,HkMunfxdkufaom pum;&Sdaom/ omOygodum? xdkt&d,mjzpfaom 'g,dumronf/ a,e 0g? tMuiftjcif;t&mESifhwuGrlvnf;/ 0a',s? 0wåKudkazmfjyí ajymqdktHh/ awe? xdkt&d,mjzpfaom 'g,dumr\azmfjy ajymqdkaom tjcif;t&mjzifh/ aom bdu©K? xdk&[ef;udk/ (y#dZmermaem? 0efcHrSom)/ uma&waAÁm? qHk;jzwfxdkuf\/ t,Hyd "ar®m? þtmywfonfvnf;/ ted,awm? tNrJrowfrSwftyfaomtmywfwnf;/

t"dyÜg,f

þ'kwd,ted,w odu©myk'fÜ a&S;jzpfaom yXrted,w odu©myk'f ESifhrwlaom xl;jcm;csufrSm qdwfuG,f&m t&yfqdk&mÜ em;\qdwfuG,f&mudk qdkvdkonf? tjcm;olrsm;rsufpdjzifh jrifEdkifaomfvnf; rdrdpum;ajymoHudk tjcm;olodkY rMum;Edkif avmufatmif q,fhESpfawmifcefYa0;uGmonfht&yfÜ rmwk*grESifh ESpfa,mufrsif;raeoifh? odem;vnfaom tjcm;trsdK;orD; tazmfudkjzpfap trsdK;om;tazmfudkjzpfap teD;tyg;Ü xm;&Sdvsufom aeoifh\/ trsdK;orD;rsm;onf rdef;rcsif;\ arxkefrIudk zHk;uG,fxm;wwfaomfvnf;½kefY&if;Murf;wrf;aompum;? ajymifavSmifysuf&,fajym aompum;wdkYudkrl zHk;uG,frxm;bJ jyefvSef ajymjywwfaomaMumifh trsdK;orD;tazmf&SdvQifvnf; þodu©myk'ft& tjypfrjzpfawmhay? em;\qdwfuG,f&mÜ ½kefY&if;Murf;wrf;aompum;udk ajymEdkifjcif;? arxkeftvSLcHaom pum;udk ajymEdkifjcif;wdkYaMumifh þodu©myk'f awmfudk ynwfawmfrl&jcif;jzpfonf/

pifppf þted,w odu©myk'f ESpfyg;onftmywftopfxyfí oifhaomaMumifh ynwf&aom odu©myk'f rsm;r[kwfMu? 0denf;qHk;jzwf&mÜ ]]p'dwu (w&m;cH)yk*¾dKvf 0efcHonfhtwdkif; qHk;jzwf&rnf}}[k vkyfxHk;vkyfenf; Oya'udk jyqdkaom odu©myk'f rsm;jzpfMuonf/ ]]w&m;cH yk*¾dKvf 0efcHonfhtwdkif; qHk;jzwf&rnf}}qdkaomfvnf; [kwfrSefonfhtwdkif; ajymrnfh vZÆDolawmfaumif;\ 0efcHjcif;udkomqdkvdkygonf/ vdrfvnfajymrnfh tvZÆDol,kwfrmtwGufum; ol0efcHonfhtwdkif; qHk;jzwf&onf r[kwfay? t&m&mpdppfar;jref;NyD; tajctaeudk oHk;oyfí qHk;jzwf&rnfjzpfonf/


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pwdkif a&G;jcif;

þ0uf(bf)pdkufyHkpHudk BudKuf&m a&G;cs,f zwf½SLEdkdifygonf/



aESmufqHk; jyif;jcif;/ 2005ckESpf (6)v (29)&uf