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oHCm'[email protected] (3)


13/ ukv'lou odu©myk'f (o'¨gw&m;zsufqD;rI)

taMumif;&if;ed'gef;

om0wådjynf aZw0efausmif;Ü bk&m;&SifoDwif; oHk;awmfrlpOf tóZdykeAÁoku trnf&Sdaom tvZÆD&[ef;,kwfwdkYonf uD#m*d&Zeyk'fÜ aexdkifMuNyD;vQif 'g,um 'g,dumr wdkYtm; yef;ay;jcif;? opfoD;ay;jcif;? rmwk*grwdkYESifhtwlpm;jcif;? twl tdyfjcif;? npmpm;jcif;? t&ufaomufjcif;? upm;enf; trsdK;rsdK;wdkYudkupm;jcif;? ujcif;? oDqdkjcif;? tarT;eHYom vdrf;usHjcif;?ouFef;BuD;udkjzefYcif;ay;vsuf uacsonfrudk tucdkif;jcif; paomtrsdK;av;yg;wdkY\ o'¨gw&m;ysufpD;jcif;\ taMumif;jzpfaom raumif;aom tusifhrsm;udk jyKusifhvsufaeMu\/ 'g,um 'g,dumrrsm;onf cifrif&if;ESD;rIt& ay;urf;axmufyHhrIrsm; jyKaeMuaomfvnf;? ,if; tvSL'geaMumifh aumif;usdK;csrf;om cHpm;&rnf[laom ,HkMunfrIo'¨gw&m;r&Sdawmhacs/

BunfñdkzG,f&m £a`E´odu©mESifh jynfhpHkaom &[ef;wpfyg;onf umodwdkif;Ü 0guyfí 0guRwfaomtcg om0w¬dNrdKUodkY bk&m;&Siftm; zl;ajrmf&ef xGufcGmvm&m vrf;c&D;wGif uD#m*dZeyk'fodkYa&mufí qGrf;cHcsdefjzpfaomaMumifh £a`E´&& pu©Ka`E´csvsuf qGrf;cH0if&m avmif;vSLrnfhol r&Sdacs/ Zeyk'folZeyk'fom;wdkYonf o'¨gw&m; tppftrSef ysufpD;vsuf &Sdavonf/ tóZdykeAÁoku&[ef;wdkYuJhodkY azmfa½GysLiSmjcif; NyHK;&,fjcif;? EIwfqufjcif; r&Sdonfudkyif tjypfjrifum uJh&JUMuavonf/

o'¨gw&m;tppftrSef&Sdaom Oygoumwpfa,mufonf xdkMunfñdkzG,f&m £a`E´odu©mESifh jynfhpHkaomtm*EÅu&[ef;tm; awGU&Sdojzifh tdrfodkY yifhNyD;vsif qGrf;uyf\? qGrf;uyfNyD;aemuf uD#m*d&dZeyk'fÜ tóZdykeAÁoku &[ef;wdkY\ ukv'loe (o'¨gw&m;zsufqD;rI)udk jrwfpGmbk&m;tm; avQmufxm;ay;yg&ef yefMum; vdkuf\/ tm*EÅK&[ef;vnf; jrwfpGmbk&m;xHodkY a&mufaomtcg taMumif;pHkavQmufxm;&m bk&m;&Sifu t&Sifom&dykwå&mESifh t&Sifr[marm*¾vmefwdkYudk apvTwfí yAÁmZed, (ESifxkwfjcif;) uHjyK&ef rdefYawmfrl\/

t*¾om0uESpfyg;wdkYu tóZdykeAÁoku &[ef;wdkYonf Murf;MuKwfaomaMumifh rnfodkYESifhxkwf&rnfudk ar;jref;avQmufxm;&m bk&m;&Sifu oHCmrsm;rsm;ac: aqmifoGm;&ef rdefYawmfrl\/ t*¾om0ouESpfyg;vnf; oHCmtiftm;jzifh MuGa&mufí uD#m*dZeyk'frS xGufoGm;Muap&efESifxkwf&m tóZdykeAÁoku&[ef;wdkYonf tcsdKUvnf; vlxGufukef\? tcsdKUrSmt&yfwpfyg;odkY xGufoGm;ukef\? tcsdKUum; jyefvSefuJh&JUum ]]t*wdw&m;vdkufpm;onf}}[k t*¾om0uESpfyg;ESifh oHCmawmfrsm;udk pGyfpGJMuukef\/ þuJhodkY 'g,um 'g,dumrwdkY o'¨gw&m; ysufpD;atmif usifhoHk;rIaMumifh ,if; ukv'loetrIrsm; jyKvkyfjcif;rSwm;jrpf&ef þodu©myk'fudk ynwfawmfrl&onf/

odu©myk'f ygVd

13/ bdu©K yae0 tnw&H *grH 0g ed*rH 0g Oyedóm, 0d[&wd ukv'loaum ygyormpma&m? wó acg ygyum ormpm&m 'dóEÅd ap0 ok,sEÅdp? ukvmed p awe 'k|med 'dóEÅd ap0 ok,sEÅd p/ aom bdu©K bdu©L[d {0ró 0peDa,m ]]tm,o®m acg ukv'loaum ygyormpma&m? tm,o®awm acg ygyum ormpm&m 'dóEÅd ap0 ok,sEÅd p? ukvmed tm,o®wm 'k|med 'dóEÅd ap0 ok,sEÅd p? yuúrwm,o®m £rrSm tm0gom? tvH aw £" 0gaoem}} wd? {0Íö aom bdu©K bdu©L[d 0kpörmaem aw bdu©L {0H 0a',s ]]qE´*grdaem p bdu©Lç a'go*grdaem p bdu©Lç arm[*grdaem p bdu©Lç b,*grdaem bdu©L? wm'dodum, tmywåd,m {upöH yAÁmaZEÅd {upöH e yAÁmaZEÅd}} wd/ aom bdu©K bdu©L[d {0ró 0peDa,m ]]rm,o®m {0H t0p? e p bdu©L qE´*grdaemç e p bdu©L a'go*grdaem e p bdu©Lç arm[*grdaem e p bdu©Lç b,*grdaem? tm,o®m acg ukv'loaum ygyormpma&m? tm,o®awm acg ygyum ormpm&m 'dóEÅd ap0 ok,sEÅd p? ukvmed pm,o®wm 'k|med 'dóEÅd ap0 ok,sEÅd p? yuúrwm,o®m £rrSm tm0gom? tvH aw £" 0gaoem}} wd? {0Íö aom bdu©K bdu©L[d 0kpörmaem wax0 y*¾aPS,s? aom bdu©K bdu©L[d ,m0wwd,H orEkbmodwaAÁm wó y#dedó*¾g,? ,m0wwd,aÍö orEkbmod,rmaem wH y#dedóaZæ,s? £apöwH ukovH? aem ap y#dedóaZÆ,s? oHCm'daoaom/

edó,

bdu©K yae0? &[ef;jzpfvsufyif/ tnw&H? wpfckckaom/ *grH 0g? ½Gmudkaomfvnf;aumif/ ed*rH 0g? ed*Hk;udkaomvnf;aumif/ Oyedóm, ? trSDjyKí/ ukv'loaum (opfoD;ay;jcif;ç yef;ay;jcif; ponfjzifh) 'g,umwdkY\ o'¨gw&m;udk zsufqD;onfjzpfí/ ygyormpma&m? ,kwfrmaomtusifh&Sdonfjzpfí/ 0d[&wd? ae\/ wó? xdk&[ef;\/ ygyum? ,kwfrmukefaom/ ormpm&m? tusifhwdkYudk/ 'dóEÅd ap0? jrifvnf;jriftyfukef\/ ok,sEÅdp? Mum;vnf;Mum;tyfukef\/ awe? xdk&[ef;onf/ 'k|med? zsufqD;tyfukefaom/ ukvmed p? trsdK;wdkYudkvnf;/ 'dóEÅd ap0? jrifvnf;jrifhtyfukef\/ ok,sEÅd p? Mum;tyfukef\/ aom bdu©K? xdkukv'lou&[ef;udk/ bdu©L[d? jrifukefMum;ukefaom &[ef;wdkYonf/ {0H? þodkY/ 0peDa,m? ajymqdkxdkufonf/ tó? jzpf&m\/ (uð? tb,fodkY ajymqdkxdkufoenf;)/ tm,o®m? t&Sifonf/ ukv'loaum? (opfoD;ay;jcif;? yef;ay;jcif;ponfjzifh) 'g,umwdkY\ o'¨gw&m;udk zsufqD;wwf\/ ygyormpma&m? ,kwfrmaomtusifh&S\/ tm,o®awm? t&Sif\/ ygyum? ,kwfrmukefaom/ ormpm&m? tusifhwdkYudk/ 'dóEÅd ap0? jrifvnf;jriftyfukef\/ ok,sEÅd p? Mum;vnf;Mum;tyfukef\/ tm,o®wm? t&Sifonf/ 'k|med? zsufqD;tyfukefaom/ ukvmedp? trsdK;wdkYudkvnf;/ 'dóEÅd ap0? jrifvnf;jriftyfukef\/ ok,sEÅd p? Mum;vnf;Mum;tyfukef\/ tm,o®m? t&Sifonf/ £rrSm tm0gom? þausmif;rS/ yuúrwk? zJoGm;avavmh/ aw? oifhtm;/ £"? þausmif;Ü/ 0gaoem? aejcif;jzifh/ tvH? toifh/ £wd? þodkY/ 0peDa,m? ajymqdkxdkufonf/ tó? jzpf&m\/

{0Íö? þodkYvQif/ aom bdu©K? xdkukv'lou&[efudk/ bdu©L[d? jrifukefMum;ukefaom &[ef;wdkYonf/ 0kpörmaem? ajymqdktyfonf&Sdaomf/ aw bdu©K? xdkjrifukefMum;ukefaom &[ef;wdkYudk/ {0H? þodkY/ 0a',s? ajymqdk&m\/ (uð? tb,fodkYajymqdkoenf;)/ bdu©L? &[ef;wdkYonf/ qE´*grdaem? cspfcifojzifh rvdkuftyfaomt&modkYvnf; vkdufMuukef\/ bdu©L? &[ef;wdkYonf/ a'go*grdaem p? rkef;ojzifh rvdkuftyfaomt&modkYvnf; vdkufMuukef\/ bdu©L? &[ef;wdkYonf/ arm[*grdaem p? rodrdkufrJojzifh rvdkuftyfaomt&modkYvnf; vdkufMuukef\/ bdu©L? &[ef;wdkYonf/ b,*grdaem p? aMumufojzifh rvdkuftyfaom t&modkYwnf;vdkufMuukef\/ wm'dodum, ? xdkuJhodkYaom oabm&Sdaom/ tmywåd,m? tmywfjzifh/ 0g? tmywfaMumifh/ {upöH? tcsdKUaomoludk/ yAÁmaZEÅd? ESifxkwfukef\/ {upöH? tcsdKUudk/ e yAÁmaZEÅd? rESifxkwfukef/ £wd? þodkY/ (0a',s? ajymqdk&m\)/ aom bdu©K? xdkukv'lou&[ef;udk/ bdu©L[d? jrifukef Mum;ukefaom &[ef;wdkYonf/ {0H? þodkY/ 0peDa,m? ajymqdkxdkufonf/ tó? jzpf&m\/ (uð? tb,fodkYajymqdkoenf;)/ tm,o®m? t&Sifonf/ {0H? þodkY/ rmt0p? rqdkygvifh/ bdu©L? &[ef;wdkYonf/ epqE´*grdaem? cspfcifojzifh rvdkuftyfaom t&modkYvnf; rvdkufMuukef/ bdu©L? &[ef;wdkYonf/ epa'go*grdaem? rkef;ojzifhrvdkuftyfaom t&modkYvnf; rvdkufMuukef/ bdu©L? &[ef;wdkYonf/ eparm[*grdaem? rodrdkufrJojzifh rvdkuftyfaom t&modkYvnf;rvdkufMuukef/ bdu©L? &[ef;wdkYonf/ epb,*grdaem? aMumufojzifh rvdkuftyfaom t&modkYvnf; rvdkufMuukef/ tm,o®m acg? t&SifonfomvQif/ ukv'loaum? 'g,umwdkY\ o'¨gw&m;udk zsufqD;oljzpf\/ ygyormpma&m? ,kwfrmaomtusifh&Sdoljzpf\/ tm,o®awm? t&Sif\/ ygyum? ,kwfrmukefaom/ ormpm&m? tusifhwdkYudk/ acg? pifppf/ 'dóEÅd ap0? jrifvnf;jriftyfukef\/ ok,sEÅd p? Mum;vnf;Mum;tyfukef\/ tm,o®wm? t&Sifonf/ 'k|med? zsufqD;tyfukefaom/ ukvmedp? trsdK;wdkYudkvnf;/ 'dóEÅd ap0? jrifvnf;jriftyfukef\/ ok,sEÅd p? Mum;vnf;Mum;tyfukef\/ tm,o®m? t&Sifonf/ £rrSm tm0gom? þausmif;rS/ yuúrwk? zJoGm;avavmh/ aw? oifhtm;/ £"? þausmif;Ü/ 0gaoe? aejcif; jzifh/ tvH? roifh/ £wd? þodkY/ (0peDa,m? ajymqdkxdkufonf/ tó? jzpf&m\)/

{0Íö? þodkYvQif/ bdu©L[d? jrifukefMum;ukefaom &[ef;wdkYonf/ 0kpörmaem ? ajymqdktyfaomf/ aom bdu©K? xdk&[ef;onf/ wax0? xdka&S;twlomvQif/ y*¾aPS,s? csD;ajr§muftHh/ aombdu©K? xdk&[ef;udk/ bdu©L[d? jrifukefMum;ukefaom&[ef;wdkYonf/ wó? xdkt,ludk/ y#dedó*¾g,? pGefYzdkY&m/ ,m0wwd,H? oHk;Budrfwdkifatmif/ orEkbmodwaAÁm? ÚPfur®0gpmjzifh tzefzef ajymqdkxdkuf\/ ,m0wwd,H? oHk;Budrfwdkifatmif/ orEkbmod,rmaem? ÚPfur®0gpmjzifh tzefzefajymqdktyfpOf/ wH wH? xdkt,ludk/ apy#dedóaZæ,s? tu,fípGefYtHh/ £apöwH? þodkYpGefYjcif;onf/ ukovH? aumif;\/ aemapy#dedóaZÆ,s? tu,fírpGefYtH/ wóbdu©Kaem? xdk&[ef;tm;/ oHCm'daoaom? oHCm'dodof rnfaom/ tmywådeduma,m? tmywftaygif;onf/ a[mwd? jzpf\/

t"dyÜg,f

ukv'loetrIaom &[ef;udk jrifukefMum;ukefaom &[ef;wdkYu ]]t&Sifonf ukv'loe (trsdK;av;yg;wdkY\ o'¨gw&m;zsufqD;jcif;) trIudkjyK\/ ,kwfrmaom tusifhudk usifh\/ þodkYjyKjcif; usifhjcif;udk wynfhawmfwdkY jrifvnf; jrifukef\? Mum;vnf; Mum;ukef\? t&Sifonf þausmif;rSxGufoGm;&rnf? þausmif;Ürae&}}[k ESifxkwf&rnf/

ESifxkwfygvsuf rvdkufembJ qE´ç a'go ponfjzifh t*wdw&m; vdkufpm;onf[k jyefvSefajymonfudk jrifvQifMum;vQif jrifukefMum;ukefaom &[ef;wdkYu xyfrHí oHk;BudrfqdkqHk;rí ESifxkwf&rnf/

xdkodkYxyfrHESifxkwfygvsuf rvdkufemaom &[ef;udk oHCmhtv,fodkY ac:aqmifvsuf xyfrHí oHk;BudrfajymqdkESifxkwf&rnf/ xdkodkY xyfrHESifxkwfygvsuf rvdkufembJ t,ludk rpGefYvTwfaom &[ef;udk ur®0gpmjzifh ajymqdkqHk;rrI (orEkbmoeuH)udk jyK&rnf/

t,ludk rpGefYvTwfaom xdk(ukv'lou) &[ef;onf Úwf\ tqHk;Ü 'kuú#ftmywf oifh\? ur®0gpmESpfBudrftqHk;Ü xkv ’pOf;tmywf oifh\? ur®0gpmoHk;BudrftqHk;Ü xkv ’pOf;tmywf oifh\? ur®0gpmoHk;BudrftqHk;Ü oHCm'dodoftmywf oifh\/ ur®0gpmoHk;BudrfqHk;í oHCm'dodoftmywf oifhvQif ,cifÚwftqHk;Ü oifhcJhaom'kuú#ftmywfESifh ur®0gpmESpfBudrf tqHk;Ü oifhcJhaom xkv ’pOf;tmywfwdkYonf Nidrf;aysmufukef\/

þodu©myk'fÜ &[ef;awmfrsm;onf yef;ay;jcif;? opfoD;ay;jcif;ponf jyKvkyfvsuf 'g,um 'g,dumrwdkY\ o'¨gw&m;udk zsufqD;onf[l&mÜ - bk&m;&Sif\ tvdkawmftm;jzifh 'g,um 'g,dumrwdkYonf &[ef;awmfwdkY\ oDv orm"d ynm odu©m oHk;&yfESifh uHuH\ tusdK;udk ,HkMunfí vSL'gef;rIudkom vdkvm;awmfrlonf/ xdkuJhodkY ppfrSefaom ,HkMunfrIrsdK;rygbJ avmuvlom;wdkYuJhwdkY tcsif;csif; tay;t,lvkyfonfhoabmrsdK; aus;Zl;cH aus;Zl;pm; oabmrsdK; &if;ESD;cspfcifuRrf;0ifí vSL'gef;aom oabmrsdK;udk vdkvm;awmfrrlay/

&[ef;awmfwdkYonf yef;ay;jcif;? opfoD;ay;jcif;ponf jyKvkyfjcif;aMumifh 'g,umwdkY\ rlvuppfrSefaom o'¨gw&m;udk zsufqD; ypf&m a&muf\/ vlwdkYrSm xdkuJhodkY ay;urf;aom yk*¾dKvfom qnf;uyfvSL'gef;Muí udk,fusifhoDvESifh jynfhpHkaom &[ef;aumif;wdkYtm; vSL'gef;rI rjyKMuawmhay/ xdkuJhodkY ukv'loe trIjyKvkyfvQif 'kuú#ftmywf oifhonfhtjyif &&Sdvmaom ypönf;udk rnfonfh&[ef;rQ roHk;aqmifaumif;ay/ xdkukv'loe trIjyKaom &[ef;udk aus;½Gm&yfuGufjzpfygu xdkaus;½Gm&yfuGufrS ESifxkwf&rnf? NrdKUe,fwpfckvHk;&Sd 'g,um 'g,dumrrsm;tm; ypönf;ay;jcif;? aq;ukjcif;jyKygu xdkNrdKUe,frS ESifxkwfz,f&Sm;&rnf/ xGufcGmoGm;bJ oHCmudk jyefvnfuJh&JU½Iwfcsaeygu odrftwGif;odkY ac:aqmifum oHCmawmfu ur®0gpmzwfí uHjyKESifxkwf&rnf? remcHbJ oHCmawmftm; jyefvnfuJh&JU½IwfcsaevQif ur®0gpmoHk;Budrf NyD;qHk;csdefÜ oHCm'dodoftmywf oifh\/

ukv'loe (8) rsdL;

  1. yef;ay;jcif;?
  2. opfoD;ay;jcif;?
  3. qyfjymay;jcif;?
  4. t*Faw (bdvyfajr? xHk;? oJ? tkwfrIefY) ay;jcif;?
  5. 'efylay;jcif;?
  6. opf 0g;tp&Sdaom (aqmufvkyfa&;ypönf;) ay;jcif;?
  7. aq;ukjcif;? (aA'ifa[m? "mwf½dkuf "mwfqif? tif;tdkif? cg;vSJY? vufzGJUay;jcif;?)
  8. owif;pum;ydkYay;jcif; (vlwdkY\ taptyg;cHjcif;)/

opfyifyef;yif pdkufysdK;jcif;

&[ef;awmfrsm;opfyifyef;yif pdkufysdK;&mÜ 'g,um 'g,dumrwdkYtm; ay;&ef &nf½G,fcsufjzifh rpdkufysdK;aumif;acs? pdkufysdK;vQif 'kuú#ftmywf oifh\? tusifh (tmpm&) ysufonf[k qdk&\/ NcHpnf;½dk;twGuf? t&dyf&&Sd&eftwGuf? opfoD; &&Sd&eftwGuf pdkufysdK;aumif;\? aumufyJoD;ESHwdkYudkrl vHk;0 rpdkufysdK;aumif;acs/

pdkufysdK;a&; aygif;jrufokwfoifa&;ESifh pyfvsOf;í &[ef;awmfrsm;onf udk,fwdkifjyKvkyfcGifhr&SSd? vl'g,umESifh omraPwdkYudk pDrHcdkif;ap&rnf? xdkodkY pDrHcdkif;ap&mÜ rtyfaompum; toHk;tEIH; (tuyÜd,a0g[m&) rsm;udk oHk;EIef;í apcdkif;vQif 'kuú#ftmywf oifh\? tyfaompum; toHk;tEIef; (uyÜd,a0g[m&) rsm;jzifh apcdkifEdkif\? tmywfroifhacs/

tuyÜd,a0g[m& (rtyfpyfaom toHk;tEIef;rsm;)

aygif;yifjrufyifawGudk Ekwfyg? ckwfyg? &dwfjzwfyg? yef;yifpdkufyg? yef;cl;yg? a&wGifwl;yg? ajrwl;yg? ajrmif;aygifwifyg? uefoif; qnfyg? a&ajrmif;wlyg? a&avif;yg þodkYponfjzifh vlwdkYoHk;EIef;onfhtwdkif; ajymqdkoHk;EIefíapcdkif;vQif ygpdwftmywfESifh wuG 'kuú#ftmywf oifh\/

uyÜd,a0g[m& (tyfpyfaom toHk;tEIef;rsm;)

þjrufyifrsm;udk odavmh? þopfyifudk odavmh? þyef;yifudk odavmh? þyef;udk bk&m;wif&ef odavmh? a&wGif; odyg? ajrodyg? uefoif; odyg? a&ajrmif; odyg? a& odyg þuJhodkY uyÜd,a0g[m&jzifh apcdkif;jcif;rSm bk&m;yef;wif&ef yef;yifpdkufrI? aumsif;0if;NcHpnf;½dk; opfyifpdkufrI? t&dyftwGuf opfyifpdkufrI jyK&mÜom tyf\? toD;pm;&ef pdkufjcif;udkum; uyÜd, a0g[m&jzifh vnf; >rufqdkí rcdkif;aumif;acs/ y&d,m,fjzifh oG,f0dkufajymMum;jcif;? t&dyfedrdwfjyjcif;jyKí apcdkif;Edkif;\? NcHpnf;½dk;twGuf pdkufxm;aomtyifrS opfoD;jzpfxGef;vmygu oHk;aqmifcGifh&Sd\? rtyfaomenf;jzifh pdkufysdK;xm;aom opfyifrStoD;udk oHk;aqmifvQif oHk;aqmifwdkif; 'kuú#ftmywf oifh\/

y&d,m,fjzifh oG,f0dkufajymMum;í pdkufysdK;apjcif;

a&S;vlBuD;rsm;onf aemufvmaemufom;rsm;twGuf oD;yifpm;oHk;yifrsm; pdkufysdK;cJhojzifh þacwfvlwdkY pm;oHk;Mu&\? rdrdtusdK;twGufvnf;aumif;? aemifvmaemufom;rsm; pm;oHk;&eftwGufvnf;aumif;? opfyifyef;yifrsm; pdkufysdK;oifhaMuif;? a&wGif a&uef wl;jcif;jzifh tusdK;rsm;aMumif; þodkY pdkufysdK;rIrsm; vkyfudkifcsifatmif tusdK;taMumif; jyoa[mMum;jcif;jzifh pdkufysdK;ap&mÜ tmywfroifhacs/

t&dyfta&mifjyí pdkufysdK;a&;jyKvkyfapjcif;

EIwfrS wpfpHkwpf&m rajymqdkbJ &[ef;wpfyg;onf aygif;jrufxlxyf&mÜ aygufwl;udkudkifvsuf &yfaeonf? wynfhomraPu awGUjrifí jruf&Sif;apvdkaMumif; oabmaygufem;vnfí aygufwl; aygufí jruf&Sif;ay;\? tvm;wl pdkufysdK;apvdkaom opfyifysdK;yifteD;wGif wl;½Gif;udkudkifvsuf &yfaejcif;ponfjzifh 'g,umESifh omraPwdkY emvnfatmif ta&mifjyí pdkufysdK;ap&mÜ tmywfroifhacs/

opfyifudk a&avmif;cdkif;vdkaom tcg EIwfrSajymqdkjcif;rjyKbJ a&yHk;udk opfyifem;Ü csxm;\? opfyifudk "m;jzifh ckwfapvdkvQif xdkopfyifem;Ü "m;udkcsxm;\? em;vnfoabmaygufaom 'g,umESifh omraPwdkYu a&avmif;jcif; opfyifckwfvSJjcif;jyKay;onf? þodkY t&dyfedrdwfjyí apcdkif;&mÜ tmywfroifhacs? yef;yifESifh oD;yif pm;oHk;yifrsm;udk &[ef;udk,fwdkif a&ravmif;aumif;½HkrQru a&avmif;NyD; jzpfap&ef &nf½G,fí xdkopfyif yef;yif\ ajc&if;Ü rsufESmopfjcif;? a&csdK;jcif;yif jyKvkyfcGifhr&Sdacs? odkY&mwGif NcHpnf;½dk;ESifh t&dyftwGuf pdkufysdK;aom opfyifrsm;udkrl a&avmif;aumif;\? opfyif&if;Üvnf; a&csdK;aumif;\/

1ç 2/ opfoD;ay;jcif; yef;ay;jcif;

&[ef;onf rdrdydkifyef;udk yefqif&efESifh ewfwif&eftwGufray;tyf/ bk&m;wif&eftwGuf trdtzwdkYtm; ay;aumif;\/ rdrdausmif;Ü&Sdaom yef;rsm;udk ,lí apwDawmftm;ylaZmfvdku ylaZmfEdkifaMumif; 'g,umwdkYtm; ajymMum;aumif;\/ yefqif&efESifh 'g,umwdkYudk odrf;oGif;pnf;½Hk&ef &nf½G,fcsufjzifhay;vQif ukv'loe jzpfí 'kuú#ftmywf oifh\/ olwpfyg;ydkifaom yef;ESifh oHCmydkifaomyef;udk r½dk;om;aompdwf (cdk;vdkpdwf) jzifhay;vQif wefzdk;tavsmuf yg&mZdu txd tywfoifh\? ausmif;twGuf &nf½G,fowfrSwfxm;aom yef;rsm;udk ausmif;xdkifbkef;BuD;taejzifh tpdk;w& jyKvkyfí vl'g,umwdkYtm;ay;vQif xkv ’pOf;tmywf oifh\/

rdrdydkifopfoD;udkrl rdbomru aqGrsdK;rsm;tm;vnf; ay;Edkif\? olwpfyg;ydkif? oHCmydkif? ausmif;ydkif opfoD;udk ay;&mÜ wefzdk;tavQmuf (yef;ay;jcif;ESifh tvm;wl) tmywfoifh\/ rdrdydkifopfoD;rsm;udk vlrrmtm;vnf;aumif;? pm;&rJh aomuf&rJhrsm;tm; vnf;aumif; ay;&mÜ tmywfroifh? ukv'loe rjzpf/ xdkYjyif oHCmawmfrsm;tm; oHCduopfoD;a0iSaepOf 'g,umrsm; a&mufvm ygu ¤if;wdkYtm; xuf0ufaom a0pkudk or®Kwd&aom &[ef;taejzifh ay;EdkifcGifh&Sd\/ or®Kwdr&aom &[ef;taejzifhrl oHCmudkyefMum;NyD;rS ay;&rnf? oHCduausmif;Ü tapmifhta&Smuf (&u©u) &[ef;onf rdrdapmifha&SmufctwGuf tyifta&twGuf odkYr[kwf toD;ta&twGuf cGJjcm;í owfrSwfxm;&rnf? useftyifrsm; toD;rsm;udkoHCdutjzpf owfrSwfxm;&rnf/ rdrdtwGuf a0pkrS opfoD;rsm;udk ausmif;odkY vma&muf awmif;oltm; av;ig;vHk;ay;&rnf/ odkYr[kwf þtyifrS ,lEdkifaMumif;ñTefjyEdkifonf? oHCduydkifrS opfoD;rsm;udkrl oHCmtm; yefMum;NyD;rSom ay;cGifh&Sd\/

0denf; odu©myk'fawmfudk av;pm;aom &[ef;awmfrsm;taejzifh opfoD; rkefYyJ oGm;&nfpm auR;arG;vdkygu vl'g,umudk wHrsufvSJjcif;? jruf&Sif;jcif;? yef;uefaq;jcif;paom a0,sm0pötrIwpfckckudk jyKvkyf&efapcdkif;\? xdka0,sm0pö jyKvkyfoltm;auR;arG;&mÜ ukv'loe rjzpf? tmywfroifhacs/ xdkYaMumifh 'g,umrsm;taejzifh rdrdwdkYudk;uG,fonfh &[ef;tm; tmywf roifhap&ef ulnDonfhtaejzifh ausmif;twGuf a0,sm0pöwpfckckjyKNyD;rS bkef;BuD;ay;auR;arG;onf udk pm;aomufoifhMuayonf/ &[ef;awmfrsm; bkOf;ay;oHk;aqmifNyD;í ydkvQHusef&Sdaeaom qGrf;cJzG,f abmZOfwdkYudkrl tv[órysufpD;ap rlí a&mufvmaom y&dowftm; pGefY&rnf/

3/ qyfjymponfay;jcif;

&[ef;onf rdrdydkif qyfjymrIefY? qyfjymcJ? oGm;wdkufaq;ponfudk a0,s0pö jyKvkyfoltm; ay;urf;pGefYBuJEdkif\/ olwpfyg;ypönf; oHCmhypönf; ausmif;ydkif ypönf;rsm;udk ay;&mÜ a&S;enf;twl tmywfoifh\/ &[ef;onf rdrdrbkOf;ay;rD qGrf;cJzG,f abmZOfudk trdESifhtztm; ay;auR;awmif;\/ xdkYjyif rdbwdkYtm; vkyfauR;jyKpkaeol? ausmif;udpö? oHCmhudpö? a0,sm0pöaqmif½GufolESifh &Sifavmif;wdkYtm;vnf; ay;EdkifauR;Edkif\? tmywfroifhacs/

avmuGwfysLiSmjyKpkjcif;

&[ef;awmfrsm;onf rdrdausmif;odkY &yfa0;rS a&muf&Sdvmaom {nfhonftm; vnf;aumif;? vSL'gef;&ef ypönf;r&Sdonfh qif;&Jom;tm;vnf;aumif;? tEÅ&m,fjyKEdkifaom Oya'rJh vufeufudkifrsm;tm; vnf;aumif;? tpdk;&trIxrf;wdkYtm; vnf;aumif; avmuGwfysLiSm jyKpk&rnf? aomufa& oHk;a&ay;&rnf? eHeufydkif;wGif qGrf;cJzG,fabmZOfrsm; auR;&rnf? naebufwGif csufpm;vkyfu omraPESifh uyÜd,xH tyfESHxm;aom qef&SdvQif xkwfay;&rnf? tdyf&m ae&may;&rnf/ þodkYjyKpkjcif;jzifh rdrdtay:Munfñdkí ypönf;av;yg;vSL'gef;vdrfhrnf[k arQmfvifhcsuf rxm;&/ tpdk;& trIxrf;rsm;ESifh Oya'rJh vufeufudkifrsm; tEÅ&m,fjyKEdkifolrsm;tm; rdrdrbkOf;ay;rD oD;jcm;cGJí jyifqifauR;arG; &rnf/ Oya'rJh vufeufudkifrsm;tm; oHCduypönf;udkyif ay;aumif;\? taMumif;rl Oya'rJh vufeufudkifrsm;onf &[ef;\toufudk vnf;aumif;? ausmif;uef bk&m; taqmufttHkudk vnf;aumif; tEÅ&m,fjyKEdkif\/ xdktEÅ&m,frS vGwfajrmuf&m vGwfajrmufaMumif; ay;urf;auR;arG; jyKpk&rnf/

4ç 5ç 6/ t*Fawponf ay;jcif;

azsmfpyfNyD;aom t*Faw odkYr[kwf t*Fawazsmfpyf&mÜ yg0ifonfh xHk;? oJ? bdvyfajr? tkwfrIefYay;jcif;? 'efylay;jcif;? BudrfEG,f avQmf0g; opfom;paom aqmufvkyfa&;ypönf;rsm;rS udk,fydkifypönf;udk ay;vQif 'kuú#ftmywf oifh\/ oHCmydkif ausmif;ydkifypönf;rsm;udk vl'g,umtm; jzm;a,mif;odrf;oGif;&ef &nf½G,fcsufjzifh ay;vQif 'kuú#ftmywf oifh\? rax&fBuD;tjzpf tay:pD;&í ydkifpdk;ydkifeif; jyKvkyfí xdkypönf;rsm;udk vl'g,umtm; ay;vQif xkv ’pOf;tmywf oifh\? oHCmudk ryefMum;bJ cdk;aMumifcdk;0SufjyKí ay;vQif (cdk;vdkpdwfjzifhay;vQif) wefzdk;tavQmuf yg&mZdu tmywftxd oifhapEdkif\/

7/ aq;ukjcif;

&[ef;awmfrsm;onf vl'g,um 'g,dumrwdkYtm; aq;ruktyf? aq;ray;tyf? aq;ay;aq;ukvQif 'kuú#ftmywf oifh\/

aq;ukaumif;aom yk*¾dKvfrsm;

&[ef;ESifh omraPrsm;? rdrdr,fawmf crnf;awmfESifh r,fawmf crnf;awmfwdkYtm; jyKpkvkyfauR;ol? rdrdtm; a0,sm0pöjyKvkyfay;olESifh &Sifavmif;wdkYtm; aq;ukay;tyf\/ vlemtm; aq;enf;udk ajymjyjcif;? xdkvlem\ ypönf;jzifh aq;azmfpyfay;jcif;? odkYr[kwfrdrdypönf;jzifh aq;azmfpyfwdkufauR;ukojcif;jyKEdkif\/ tu,fí rdrdÜ aq;ypönf;r&Sdygu aqG;rsdK;rsm;ESifhzdwfMum;xm;aom 'g,umrsm;xHrS tvSLcHí vnf;aumif;? r&ygu aerGef;vGJtcsdefwGif tdrfpOfvSnfhvnf&yfí qGrf;cHouJhodkY aq;ypönf; tvSLcHí vnf;aumif; aq;ypönf;&SmazGazmfpyf uko&rnf/

xdkYjyif&[ef;ESifh aqGckepfquf rsdK;ckepfquf awmfpyfolrsm;tm; ¤if;wdkY\ aq;ypönf;jzifh aq;azmfpyfí ukocGifh&Sd\? tu,fí rdrdaq;ypönf;jzifh ukoay;&ygu aemifwpfcsdefwGif tpm;ay;Mu&ef ajymqdkí uko&rnf? tvdkufodí tpm;jyefay;u ,l&rnf? jyefray;u rawmif;&/

aq;ynm wwfuRrf;aom &[ef;onf rdrdtwlae q&m&[ef;? wynfh&[ef;\ rdcifzcifwdkYtm; rvGJra&Smifomí aq;ukoay;&ygu xdk&[ef;ydkif aq;0g;jzifh ukoay;&rnf? xdk&[ef;Ü aq;r&Sdygu rdrdaq;0g;rsm;udk xdk&[ef;ydkif tjzpfay;tyfNyD;rS xdkaq;jzifh ukoay;&rnf/

xdkYjyif tEÅ&m,fjyKEdkifaom Oya'rJh vufeufudkifrsm;? ppf½SH;vmaom bk&m;ESifh rif;rIxrf;rsm;? c&D;onfESifh aqGr&SdrsdK;r&SdtxD;usefolwdkYonf rusef;rmojzifh bkef;BuD;ausmif;odkY 0ifa&mufcdkvmygu aq;ukoay;Edkifonf/

o'¨gw&m;ESifh jynfhpHkí ypönf;OpömMuG,f0aom bk&m;'g,um ausmif;'g,um tvSL'g,umwdkYudk aq;ay;jcif;? aq;ukjcif;rjyK&/ xdkypönf;av;yg; 'g,umu wynfhawmf\ rdcif aeraumif;í aq;enf; ajymjyygbk&m; aq;aumif; ñTefjyygbk&m;[k avQmufxm;vQif? aq;ynmwwfaom &[ef;onf wdkuf½dkufjyefrajym&? teD;&Sd &[ef;omraPwpfyg;tm; ]]rnfonfh&[ef; rnfonfha&m*g jzpfpOfu rnfonfhaq;jzifh ukoaysmufuif;zl;}} aMumif; ajymMum;&rnf/ 'g,umjzpfolu eHab;rS Mum;emrSwfom;í ol\rdciftm; xdkaq;enf;twdkif; ukoygvQif xdk&[ef;rSm ukv'loe trI jyK&m ra&muf? tmywfroifhacs/

odkYr[kwf 'g,umjzpfol 0denf;em; vnfojzifh rnfolzsm;emonf? rnfoltwGuf[lí r&nfñTef;bJ ]]þa&m*gudk rnfonfhaq;jzifh uko&oenf;}}[k aq;ynmoabmoufouf udkom ar;&mÜ xdka&m*g aysmufuif;apEdkifonfh aq;enf;rsm;udk ajymjycGifh&Sd\/

y&dwfa&ESifh y&dwfcsnfjyKvkyfay;jcif;

y&dwfjzifh t&Htwm;jyKawmfrlyg? y&dwf½Gwfí apmifha&Smuf ay;awmfrlygbk&m;[k awmif;yef avQmufxm;&mÜ y&dwfr½Gwftyf/ ]]y&dwfw&m;awmf csD;jr§ifhawmfrlygbk&m;? odkYr[kwf y&dwf½Gwfawmfrlygbk&m;}}[k avQmufxm;ygu y&dwf½GwfcGifh&Sd\? rvdr®maom 'g,umtm; em;vnfatmif &Sif;vif;ajymjyí 0denf;ESifhnDatmif jyefvnfavQmufxm;ap&rnf/ y&dwfa&ESifh y&dwfcsnfudk &[ef;\ ypönfjzifh jyKvkyfray;&? 'g,umwdkYydkifaom a&ESifh csnfcifwdkYjzifh y&dwfa&ESifh y&dwfcsnfjyKvkyf ay;&rnf? &[ef;onf y&dwf½GwfaepOf a&udk vufjzifh arTaESmufay;jcif;? csnfudkvufjzifh udkifwG,foHk;oyfay;jcif;jzifh y&dwfa&ESiffh y&dwfcsnfudk jyKvkyfay;Edkif\/

*gxmrEÅefjzifh ref;rIwfjcif;? "mwfvHk;ESifh vufzGJYtaqmifay;jcif;

aq;ukojcif;[k qdk&mÜ pm;aq;? xdk;aq;? vdrf;aq;wdkYjzifh ukojcif;udkom qdkvdkonfr[kwf? *gxmrEÅefjzifh ref;rIwfay;jcif;? txufvrf;ESifhatmufvrf; ya,m*enf;rsm;jzifh aq;ukojzif;aysmufapenf;jzifh aq;ukojcif;udkvnf; &[ef;awmfrsm; jyKvkyfcGifhr&Sdacs/ tif;? tdkif? cg;vSJY? vufzGJU? *0HH½kyfpaom taqmifrsm;t*¾d&wf "mwfvHk;rsm;udk ay;jcif;onfvnf; 'g,umwdkY\ o'¨gw&m;tppftrSefudk ysufpD;apaomaMumifhf ukv'loe trIÜ tusHK;0if\/ "mwf½dkuf "mwfqif? aA'ifa[mjcif;udkvnf; tvm;wl ukv'loe trI[k qdktyf\/

8/ owif;pum;ydkYaqmifrIjyKjcif;

wpf&yfwpfaus;a&mufaeolxHodkY oGm;a&mufí owif;pum; ajymMum;ay;jcif;? tusdK;taMumif;pHkprf;í rlvapvTwf olxH wpfzef owif;ydkYjcif; rjyKvkyftyf/ jyKvkyfvQif ajcvSrf;wdkif; ajcvSrf;wdkif; 'kuú#ftmywfoifh\/ xdkodkY owif;pum;oGm;a&muf ajymMum;ay;jcif;aMumifh &&Sdaom qGrf;udk bkOf;ay;vQif rsdKwdkif;rsdKwdkif; 'kuú#ftmywf oifh\/ &[ef;omraP &Sifavmif;wdkY\ owif;pum;? r,fawmf crnf;awmfESifh rdrda0,s0pöjyKvkyfay;olwdkY\ owif;pum;udkrl oGm;a&mufajymMum;ay;aumif;\/ vl'g,umwdkY\ bk&m;wnf? ausmif;aqmuf? &SifjyKtvSLpaom omoema&;ukodkvfa&;ESifh pyfvsOf;onfh owif;pum;udkvnf; ajymMum;ay;aumif;\/ vlwdkY\ avmuDpD;yGm;a&;udpö? tdrfrIudpöESifh pyfaomowif;pum;udkom oGm;a&mufrajymMum;&ef wm;jrpfawmfrlcJhonf/

tusdK;taMumif;ar;ojzifh ajzMum;ajymqdk&mÜrl tmywfroifhacs? Oyr- rEÅav;NrdKUrS OD;bu &efukefNrdKU&Sd om;jzpfol OD;0xHodkYrdrdrusefrmaMumif; ajymMum;ay;yg&ef bkefBuD;OD;aombdw c&D;BuHKojzifh rSmMum;avQmufxm;vdkuf\? OD;aombdwonf aumif;NyDaumif;&JU[k 0efcHjcif;rjyKvkyfcJhbJ &efukefNrdKU&SdOD;0tdrfodkY oGm;\/ OD;0u rdrdzcifBuD;\ usef;rma&;tajctaeudk ar;ygu ajymjycGifh&Sd\? tmywfroifhacs/ OD;0u rar;yJol\ zcifBuD;rusef;rmaMumif; owif;pum; ajymMum;vQif OD;aombdwtm; 'kuú#ftmywf oifh\/

taeoe (21) rsdK; (rtyfaom &SmrSD;jcif;)

0denf;awmft& rtyfaom enf;jzifh ypönf;vmbfvmb&atmif &SmrSD;jcif;udk taeoe[kac:\/ rtyfaom &SmrSD;jcif; (taeoe) rSm ukb'loe (8)yg; tygt0if (21)yg; &Sdonf/

  1. opfoD;ay;í vmbfvmb &SmrSD;jcif; (zv'ge)
  2. yef;ay;í vmbfvmb &SmrSD;jcif; (ykyæ'ge)
  3. 'efylay;í vmbfvmb &SmrSD;jcif; (oGm;wdkufaq;? oGm;wdkufwHay;jcif;) ('EÅu|'ge)
  4. csdK;a& rsufESmopfa&ay;í vmbfvmb &SmrSD;jcif; (ESmerkacg'ge)
  5. qyfjymcJ? qyfjymrIefYay;í vmbfvmb &SmrSD;jcif; (pkPÖ'ge)
  6. ajrjzLrIefY? ajreDrIefY? bdvyfajr? xHk;rIefYponfay;í vmbfvmb &SmrSD;jcif; (rwådum'ge)
  7. 0g;? "ed? vufu,f ponfay;í vmbfvmb &SmrSD;jcif; (a0VK'ge)
  8. opfom;paom aqmufvkyfa&;ypönf;ay;í vmbfvmb &SmrSD;jcif; ('g½k'ge)
  9. rdrdudk,fudk ESdrfcsí vmbfvmb &SmrSD;jcif; (pmwkursmwm)
  10. rrSefwpfcsuf rSefwpfcsufajymí vmbfvmb &SmrSD;jcif; (rk*¾olyswm)
  11. uav;xdef;ay;í vmbfvmb &SmrSD;jcif; (yg&db#swm)
  12. vlwdkY\ trIudpöudk ulnD vkyfudkifay;í vmbfvmb &SmrSD;jcif; (ZCFayoed,wm)
  13. aq;ukay;í vmbfvmb &SmrSD;jcif; (a0ZÆur®)
  14. wreftrIvkyfay;í vmbfvmb &SmrSD;jcif; ('lwur®)
  15. vufaqmifwHkYjyefar;í vmbfvmb &SmrSD;jcif; (vmabevmbH edZd*Doe)
  16. ,mcif;t*Fgvu©Pmudk edrdwfzwfa[mí vmbfvmb &SmrSD;jcif; (0w¬K0dZÆm)
  17. v,fuGuf\ t*Fgvu©Pmudk edrdwfzwfa[mMum;í vmbfvmb &SmrSD;jcif; (acwå0dZÆm)
  18. a,mufsm;rdef;rwdkY\ Mueftifvu©Pmudk edrdwfzwfa[mMum;í vmbfvmb &SmrSD;jcif; (£w¬dyk&dovu©PH) trSwfcsuf/ þtrSwfpOf (18) Ü "mwf½dkuf"mwfqif? aA'ifa[mrItm;vHk; yg0ifonf/
  19. tNrJqGrf;rcH&ef wm;jrpfxm;aom (6)XmeÜ &if;ESD;pGmtNrJqGrf;cHjcif; (qta*gp&|me)
  20. rif;pdk;&mZm rif;rIxrf;wdkYESifh tuRrf;w0ifrdwfzGJUí ypönf;vmbfvmb &SmrSD;jcif; (&mZ0v ’b)
  21. omoemawmfÜ rMunfñdkol omoemawmf\ qefYusifbuf yk*¾dKvf wdkYESifh rdwfzGJí ypönf;vmbfvmb &SmrSD;jcif;/

þazmfjyyg rtyfaom &SmrSD;jcif;jzifh &&Sdaom ypönf;udk rSD;0JoHk;aqmifvQif 'kuú#ftmywf oifh\/ þenf;jzifh &&Sdaomypönf;udk tjcm;&[ef;rsm;vnf; roHk;aqmiftyf? oHk;aqmifvQif 'kuú#ftmywf oifh\/

qGrf;rcHtyfaom (6)Xme

&[ef;oHCmawmfrsm;onf atmufazmfjyyg (6)XmeodkY tuRrf;w0if jyKí tNrJqGrf;rcHtyf -

  1. jynfhwefqmrtdrf?
  2. rkqdk;rtdrf?
  3. tysdKBuD;tdrf?
  4. [email protected] (rdef;r&Sm) tdrf?
  5. bdu©KeDrausmif; 6. aowif;ukyf (t&ufqdkif)/

tNrJwrf; qGrf;rcHtyfaomfvnf; wpfcgwpf&H qGrf;&yfcGifh&Sd\/ ¤if;wdkYu vrf;qHk;vrf;rodkY xGufí qGrf;avmif;vQifvnf;aumif;? ausmif;odkY vma&muf qGrf;ydkYvQif vnf;aumif; cH,loHk;aqmif aumif;\/

xdkenf;twl wdw¬dq&mBuD;rsm;ESifh ¤if;wdkY\ wynfhom0ursm; &[ef;oHCmudk qJa&; apmfum;aom olrsm;\ tdrfÜ qGrf;rcH aumif;acs/

rdpämZD0 (5)yg; (rpifMu,faom toufarG;rI)

rpifMu,faomypönf;udk oHk;aqmif rSD0Jjcif;onf rdpämZD0 rnf\/ txufwGif jyqdktyfcJhNyD;aom ukv'loe trI? taeoerIjzifh &SmrSD;í &tyfaom ypönf;udk oHk;aqmifrSD0JvQif toufarG;rI rpifMu,f (rdpämZD0) [k qdktyf\/ xdkYjyif Munfñdkol aygrsm;í ypönf;vmwfvmb &&Sdap&ef [dwf[efxGwfí ta,mifaqmifjcif; (uk[e)? 'g,umwdkYtm; ajr§mufyifh ajymMum;jcif; (vye)? psmefr*fzdkvf&oa,mif 0gMuGm;jcif; (tbllwOv ’yem)? rdrdtm; vSL'gef;ap&ef apmif;yg;&dyfjcnfjcif; (aerdwådu)? rvSLç vSLatmiftMuyfudkifjcif; (edayÜodu)? trIwdkYudk jyKvkyfí &aomypönf; oHk;aqmifrSD0JvQifvnf; rdpämZD0 jzpf\/ (rdpäm=rSm;,Gif;aom+tmZD0=toufarG;rI/)

[dwf[efxkwfjcif; ta,mifaqmifjcif; (uk[e)

&[ef;aomfrsm;onf rdrdudk,fwdkif pDpOfí a&SUawmfajy;vrf;jyrsm; tcrf;tem; taqmifta,mifrsm;jzifh oGm;vmjcif; jyKvkyfygu [dwf[efxkwfjcif; (uk[e) rnf\/ 'g,umwdkYu ylaZmfvdkojzifh jyKvkyfaomtcrf;tem;rSmrl [dwf[efxkwf&mra&muf? uk[e trI jyK&mra&mufacs? olwyg;xufxl;jcm;atmif uwåDygouFef;? zJouFef;? azghouFef;ponf 0wfqifjcif;onfvnf; uk[e trIjyK&ma&muf\/

vltMunfñdkcHvdkojzifh awm&ausmif;Üaejcif;? vlwdkYtxifBuD;apjcif;iSg ]]igonf nOfhOD;,Hí þw&m;udk yGm;rsm; tm;xkwf\? rdk;aomuf,HÜ þw&m;udkyGm;rsm; tm;xkwf\? oef;acgif ,HÜom tdyf\}}[k [kwfonfhtwdkif; ajymMum;vQif aomfvnf;aumif;? r[kwfbJ ajymMum;vQif aomfvnf;aumif; [dwf[efxkwfí 0gMuGm;jcif;onf (uk[e)rnf\/ ,refaeYnoef;acgif ausmfwGifvESifhMu,fyl;onfudk jrifvdkufMuoavm? (igum; rtdyfrae w&m; tm;xkwfoljzpfí jrif&onf)/ ig\ ausmif;odkY usm;BuD;wpfaumif vmonf? wapäo&Jrsm; ighxHvmí w&m;emMuonfponfjzifh vltxifBuD;atmif ajymMum;jcif;onf uk[e rnf\/ vly&dowf tv,fÜ ykwD;udkifí EIwfoD;wvIyfvIyf jyKjcif;? vljrifuGif;Ü ur®|mef;xdkifjcif;? vljrifuGif;Ü owdy|meftrSwfjzifh vrf;avQmufjcif;? avmb tvdkqE´enf;yg;ol[k vltrsm; txifBuD;ap&ef ywåydkPf bkOf;ay;jcif;? ouFef;a[mif;udk0wfjcif;? okomefÜ w&m;usifhjcif; ponfjzifh vlxky&dowftkwfatmfaomif;wif; 0dkif;0ef;Munfh½Iatmif jyKvkyfjcif;onf [efaqmifrIjyKjcif; (uk[e) rnf\/ þodkY uk[e trIudk jyKí &aomypönf;vmbfvmbjzifh toufarG;jcif;onf rpifMu,faom toufarG;rI (rdpämZD0) rnf\/

ajr§mufyifhajymqdkí ypönf;&Smjcif; (vye)

&[ef;onf 'g,umwdkYudk omoemh'g,umBuD;? 0efrif;? ausmif;'umBuD;? bk&m;'umBuD; ponfjzifh rdrdtm; o'¨gMunfñdkydkrdk vSL'gef;csifatmif ajr§mufyifhajymqdk\/ xdkodkYajymqdkjcif;aMumifh&&Sdaom ypönf;udk oHk;aqmifrSD0JvQif rdpämZD0 jzpf\/

r*fzdkvf&oa,mif 0gMuGm;í ypönf;&Smjcif; (tblw Ov ’yem)

rdrdtm; vlwdkYtxifBuD;í Munfñdkap&ef ]]igonf aomwmyefjzpfonf? ou'g*grf? tem*grf? &[EÅmjzpfonf? igonf 'dAÁpu©Kpaom tbdnmOfudk&onf? igonf xderd'¨udk y,ftyfNyD? 'd|d0dpdudpämudk y,ftyfNyD? a'goudk y,ftyfNyD? igonf &[ef;udpöNyD;qHk;NyDjzpfí aemufxyfw&m;usifhp&mrvdkNyD? igonf qdwfjirf&m t&yfÜom arGUavsmfonf ponfjzifh 0gMuGm;ajymqdkjcif;onf (tblwOv ’yem) rnf\/ rdrdudk,fwdkifu awmausmif;Ü aeí awmausmif;bkef;BuD;onf &[EÅmyk*¾dKvf jzpfonf[lí vnf;aumif;? rdrduouFef; tñdk0wfxm;vsuf t&d,myk*¾dKvfonf ouFef;tñdkudk0wf\[lí vnf;aumif;? rdrdu OD;aumov ’\ wynfhjzpfí OD;aumov ’\ wynfh&[ef;rsm;onf wefcdk;BuD;aom psmef& yk*¾dKvfjzpfMu\ [lívnf;aumif;? oG,f0dkufí ajymMum;vQifvnf; r[kwfrrSef 0gMuGm;ajymqdkjcif; (tblwOv ’yem) rnf\/

t&dyfta,mifjy ajymqdkjcif; (edrdwåur®)

]]BuHacsmif;rsm; xrf;vmaom 'g,umudkawGUí 'g,umwdkY\ BuHcif;rS BuHonfcsdK\avm}}[k ar;jcif;? pm;aomufzG,f wpfpHkwpfck ,laqmifvmoltm; ]]bmawGo,faqmifvmovJ}}ponfjzifh ar;jcif;onf rvGJra&Smifom tm;emí vSLap&ef t&dyfta&mifjy ajymqdkjcif; edrdwåur®rnf\/ þodkYajymqdkí&aom ypönf;0wåKudk oHk;aqmifrSD0JvQif rdpämZD0jzpf\/

rvSLvSLatmif tMuyfudkifajymqdkjcif; (edayÜodu)

rdrdtm; rvSLoludk ]]o'¨gw&m; acG;vsufoxuf ajymifao;w,f? "r®uxdu yk*¾dKvf a[m&if; vQmxGufr,f? qefjzLwpfcGufrQxGufyHkray:? 'D'g,umBuD;udk o'¨gw&m;r&Sdbl;vdkY b,foluajymovJ? tNrJwrf; uefawmhqGrf;avmif;wJh 'g,umBuD;bJ}} ponfjzifh qdkí y&dowf tv,fÜ ½IwfcsuJh&JUjcif;? jyuf&,fjyKjcif;? aemufuG,fÜ o'¨gw&m;enf;ol? uyfap;ESJol[k uJh&JUjcif;? raumif;owif;jzefYjcif;onf rvSLvSLatmif tMuyfudkifjcif; (edayÜodu) rnf\/ þenf;jzifh &&Sdaomypönf;udk oHk;aqmifrDS0JvQif rdpämZD0 jzpf\/

txufÜ azmfjycJhNyD;aom ukv'loe trI? taeoe trI rdpämZD0 trIwdkYteuf ukv'loe trIjyKaom &[ef;udkom xdkNrdKU xdk½Gm xdkausmif;wdkufrS ESifxkwfjcif; (yAÁmZeD,uH) jyK&rnf? tjcm;aom taeoetrI? rdpämZD0 trI jyKvkyfaom &[ef;rsm;udkrl xdkuJhodkY ESifhxkwfjcif;trI (yAÁmZeD,uH) jyK&ef rvdkacs/ aemufxyfwpfzef tvm;wl trIrsm; rusL;vGefawmhyg[k pdwfudkqHk;jzwfvsuf&&Sdxm;aom ypönf;rsm;udk pGefYypfí oifha&mufaom tmywfudka'oemMum; ukpm;&efomvdk\/

oHCm'dodoftmywf ukpm;jcif;

tmywf ckepfyHk&Sd&mwGif yg&mZdu tmywfNyD;vQif oHCm'dodoftmywfonf tjypftBuD;av;qHk;jzpfonf/ yg&mZdu tmywf oifhaom &[ef;onf &[ef;odu©mqHk;ygoGm;NyDjzpfí vlomraPb0odkYajymif;jcif;rSwyg; tjcm;enf;jzifh ukpm;&efr&Sd[k qdk&rnfjzpfonf/ oHCm'dodoftmywf rSmrl oifha&mufaom tmywfudk jyefvnfukpm;cGifh&Sd\/ odkYaomf cufcJpGm ukpm;&ojzifh oHCm'dodoftmywfudk &[ef;awmfrsm; tav;teufxm;í xdef;odrf;Mu&ay\/

zHk;vTrf;xm;oavmuf 0wfaqmufwnf&

oHCm'dodoftmywf oifhaom &[ef;onf xdkaeYrSmyif &[ef;wpfyg;txHÜ rdrdwGif oHCm'dodoftmywf oifha&mufaMumif;udk zGifh[ajymMum;0ef;cH&onf/ zGifh[ajymMum;jcif; rjyKbJ xdkaeYnukefqHk;í t½kPfwufoGm;ygu wpf&ufzHk;vTrf;&m a&mufNyD; oHCm'dodoftmywf ukpm;&mwGif zHk;vTrf;onfh &uf? v? ESpfESifhtrQ y&d0gofaqmufwnf&onf/

oHCm'dodoftmywf oifha&mufygvsuf zHk;vTrf;&mra&mufaom cRif;csuf oHk;rsdK;&Sd\/ ,if;cRif;csufoHk;rsdK;ESifh trSeftuefBuHKawGUae&ygu zHk;vTrf;&mra&mufay/

1. oHCm'dodoftmywf oifhaomfvnf; xdktmywfoifhonfudk rodjcif;/

2. oHCm'dodoftmywf oifhonfudk odaomfvnf; xdknOfh rukefrD zGifh[ajymMum;&ef teD;ywf0ef;usifÜ &[ef;wpfyg;rQ r&Sdjcif;/

3. oHCm'dodoftmywf oifha&mufonfudk zGifh[ajymMum;&ef teD;Ü &[ef;wpfyg;&Sdaomfvnf; xdk&[ef;xH oGm;a&mufajymMum;&ef vrf;c&D;wGif trSefwu,f tEÅ&m,f&Sdaejcif;/

0wfaqmufwnfjcif;

0wfaqmufwnfjcif;rSm oHCm'dodofoifhonfudk zGifh[rajymbJ zHk;xm;rdonfudk oHCmawmfrsm;xH zGifh[ajymMum;NyD; oHCmuay;aom usifh0wfudk aqmufwnfjcif;[k qdkvdkonf/ "y&d=xuf0ef;usif=0o=(0of)usifhoHk;jcif;" xuf0ef;usif pifMu,fatmif usifhoHk;jcif;jzpfonf/ zHk;uG,fxm;onfh &ufESifhtrQ 0wfaqmufwnf&onf/

0wfaqmufwnf&mwGif tenf;qHk; oHCmawmf av;yg;jzifh odrftwGif; 0ifa&mufí a&S;OD;pGm Úwådpwkw¬ ur®0gpm ½Gwfzwfum oHCm'dodoftmywf oifhol&[ef;tm; 0wfay;&onf/ xdkYaemuf rdrdoifha&mufcJhonfh tmywftrsdK;trnfESifh zHk;vTrf;xm;cJhaom nOfhta&twGufwdkYudk xkwfazmfavQmufxm;NyD; 0wfaqmufwnf&onf/ tu,fí trsdK;trnfta&twGuf rrSwfrdygu ]]trsdK;rsdK;aom oHCm'dodoftmywf rsm; (oAÁ[kvm emem0w¬Kum tmywåda,m)}}[k ajymqdkaqmufwnf&onf/

ok'¨EÅy&d0gof

&[ef;i,fb0 arharhavsmhaecJhpOf oHCm'dodoftmywf oifha&mufcJh&m nOfhta&twGuf rrSwfrdbJvnf; &Sdwwfonf/ xdk oHCm'dodoftmywf udk ukpm;vdkygu rdrdb,fESpf0gtxd pifMu,fpGm aecJhí b,fESpf0g&NyD;onfhaemufydkif; rpifMu,f[k jyefvnf atmufarhum rpifMu,fonfhESpfv&ufESifhtrQ 0wfaqmuf wnf&onf/ xdkodkYrS rydkif;jcm;EdkifvQif aecJhNyD; 0gta&twGufESifhtrQ 0wfaqmuf wnf&onf/ ,if;odkY nOhfta&twGuf rrSwfrdí rSef;q0wfaqmufwnfjcif;udk ok'¨EÅy&d0gof[k ac:&avonf/

oarm"mey&d0gof

oHCm'dodoftmywf trsdK;rsm;pGm oifha&mufvQif jzpfap? zHk;vTrf;onfh nOfhta&twGuf rwlnDvQif jzpfap? tMumjrifhqHk;zHk;vTrf;cJhonfh tmywftrsdK;trnfESifh nOfhta&twGufudk vTrf;rdk;um wpfaygif;wnf; 0wfaqmufwnfjcif;udk oarm"mey&d0gof[k ac:qdk&avonf/ oarm"mey&d0of onf Mo"meoarm"mey&d0gof? t*¢oarm"merSm rdóuoarm"me y&d0gof[lí oHk;rsdK;uGJjym;\/ Mo"meoarm"merSm zHk;vTrf;cJhrdonfh nOfhta&twGuftwdkif; 0wfaqmufonfaepOf oHCm'dodoftmywf xyfoifh&m0,f y&d0gofusifhNyD;&ufwdkYudk y,fzsufí rlvtmywf\ &uftydkif;tjcm;Ü aemufoifhaomtmywfudk aygif;í aqmufwnf&aom y&d0gofjzpfonf/ t*¢oarm"mey&d0gofrSm oifha&mufaom oHCm'dodof tmywfudk zHk;uG,fxm;onfh &uftenf; trsm;rwlnDcJhvQif tMumjrifhqHk; zHk;vTrf;&ufudk ,lvdkufjcif;jzifh usef&ufrsm; vTrf;rdk;NyD;jzpfí ,if;odkY aygif;xnfhjcif;udk t*¢oarm"mey&d0gof[lí ac:qdk&onf/ rdóuoarm"me y&d0gofum; oHCm'dodoftmywf rsdK;uGJ trsm;tjym; oifh&mwGif tmywf tm;vHk;twGuf wpfaygif;wpfpnf;wnf; a&mfaESmí 0wfaqmufwnfjcif;rsdK; jzpfavonf/

tpujyefp (rlvm,y#duóe)

&[ef;onf oHCm'dodoftmywf udk cufcJpGm ukpm;ae&ygvsuf xdkumvtwGif; oHCm'dodoftmywf xyfroifh&efvnf; ta&;BuD;ayonf/ tu,fí tmywf xyfoifhrdyguvnf; &[ef;wpfyg;xH csufcsif;0efcHajymMum;&onf/ ,if;tmywfudk Mum;umvÜ oifhaomtmywf (tEÅ&mywåd) [kac:&onf/ wpfnOfhrQzHk;vTrf;rdygu 0wfaqmufwnfNyD;&ufrsm; ysufjy,fNyD; rlvtpu jyefp&onf/ ,if;udk ygVdvdk rlvm,y#duóe [k ac:avonf/

'Pfom;&[ef;

tmywfpifMu,fí tjypfr&Sdaom &[ef;tm;vHk;onfyuwwf&[ef;rsm;jzpfí 0wfaqmufwnf&efrvdk/ oHCm'dodoftmywf oifhí 0wfaqmufwnfaom &[ef;onf tjypfrS ajyaysmuf&ef 'PfcHjcif;jzpfojzifh 'Pfom;&[ef;jzpfoGm;NyDjzpf&m 'Pfom;&[ef; taeESifh vdkufem&ef pnf;urf;csufrsm;&Sdonf -

1. 'Pfom;&[ef;onf yuwwf&[ef;ESifh wpfrdk;wpf&Hwnf;Ü twlrtdyfpuf&? 'Pfom;&[ef;tcsif;csif;vnf;wrdk; w&Hwnf;Ü twlrtdyfpuf&? tdyfrdvQif 'kuú#f tmywf oifhonfhtjyif xdktdyfrdonfh nOfhrsm;twGufnOfhta&twGuf xyfrHwdk;í usifh&rnf/

2. 'Pfom;&[ef;onf yuwwf&[ef;ESifh wpfckwnf;aom tm&mrf (ausmif;0if;) twGif;Ü ae&rnf? ausmif;0if;jyifyjzpfygu yuwwf&[ef;ESifh 12awmifxufydkí ruGma0;ap&/ yuwwf&[ef;ESifh uif;uGmí wpfnOfhtdyfrdygu xdknOfhtwGuf wpf&ufxyfwdk;í y&d0gofrmewf usifh&rnf/

3. ajymMum;NyD;aom &[ef;tm;vnf;aumif;? jriforQMum;orQ topftopf wdk;vmaom &[ef;rsm;tm; vnf;aumif;? rdrdoHCm'dodoftmywf oifhonfhtwGuf 0wfaqmufwnfae&aMumif;udk aeYpOfzGifh[ajymMum;&rnf;/ &[ef;wpfyg;tm; wpfMudrf ajymMum;NyD;aomfvnf; aeYpOfrajymMum;rdygu 'kuú#ftmywfoifhonf/ nOfh xyfrwdk;&/ vHk;0rajymMum;&ao;aom &[ef;tm; rajymMum;rdygu w&ufxyfwdk;í y&d0gofrmewf usifh&rnf/

4. 'Pfom;&[ef;onf odu©m0gi,faom yuwwf&[ef;wdkY\ &Sdcdk;rI t½dktaojyKrI c&D;OD;BudKqdkrI ae&mz,fay;rIudk rcH,l&? odkY&mwGif 'Pfom;&[ef;tcsif;csif;rI odu©m0gBuD;pOfi,fvdkuf t½dktaocHEdkifcGifh&Sd\/

5. 'Pfom;&[ef;onf OykofjyK&m y0g&PmjyK&mÜ odu©m0g ti,fqHk;ae&mÜ ae&rnf/

6. 'Pfom;&[ef;onf qGrf;cH&mwGif oHCmtwef;xJÜ r&yf& oHCmtwef;jyify ESpfawmifxGmodkYxGufí ta0;rS vufudkqefYwef;NyD; tvSLcH&rnf? yifhzdwfonfh qGrf;auR;yGJÜ vnf; odu©m0gti,fqHk;ae&mÜ ae&rnf/

7. 'Pfom;&[ef;onf &[ef;cH&mÜ OyZÑm,fq&m? ur®0gq&m rjyKvkyf&? edó&nf;q&m rjyKvkyf&/

8. 'Pfom;&[ef;onf omraPwdkY\ vkyfauR;jyKpkrIudk rcH,l&? rjyKpk&ef wm;jrpf&rnf/ wm;jrpfygvsuf qufvufjyKpkvkyfauR;aeygu 'Pfom;&[ef;rSm tjypfr&Sdacs/

9. 'Pfom;&[ef;onf rdrdu odu©m0gBuD;onf[lí oHCmrsm;udk OD;aqmifí a&SUrSrMuG&/

10. wpfyg;wnf; awm&aqmufwnfaexdkifjcif;rjyK&/

11. rdrddxuf odu©m0gi,faom yuwwf&[ef;vmonfudk jrifvQif ae&mrSxí rdrdae&mjzifh zdwfMum;&rnf/

12. 0gwl yk*¾dKvfcsif; jzpfaomfvnf; 'Pfom;&[ef;onf yuwwf&[ef;ESifhckwif anmifapmif;wpfckwnf;Ü twlrxdkif&/

13. &[ef;cH odrforSwfpaom oHCmhtrIudpörsm;Ü yg0ifaqmif½GufcGifhr&Sd/ acwå&mxl; csxm;cH&onfh oabmjzpfonf/

0wfMum;jcif;

'Pfom;&[ef;\ azmfjyygusifh0wfrsm;teuf 0wfMum;jcif;rSm us,f0ef;cufcJvS\/ rdrdonf oHCm'dodoftmywf oifhojzifh 0wfaqmufwnfaeaMumif;udk odrftwGif; w&m;0if 0wfMum;jcif; jyKvkyfNyD;onfhwdkif teD;tyg; awGUorQ jriforQMum;orQ &[ef;wdkYtm; avQmufxm;ajymMum;&onf/ teD;ywf0ef;usifwGif yuwwf&[ef;rsm;\ pmusufoH wHk;armif;acgufoHMum;vQifyif xdk&[ef;rsm; &Sd&moGm;a&mufí 0wfMum;&onf/ vrf;ray:rS ,mOfwpfpD;ay:Ü &[ef;wpfyg;ygvmonfudkjrifvQifyif ,mOfudkwm;qD;&yfwefYapí 0wfMum; &onf/ 'Pfom;&[ef;onf 0wfMum;&ef ysufuGufygu 0wåab'u 'kuú#ftmywf oifhNyD; 0wf&ufwdk;í aqmufwnf&onf/ c&D;oGm; &[ef;aemufodkY vdkufygvsuf rrDjzpfcJhaomf 'kuú#ftmywf roifhaomfvnf; 0wf&ufwpf&uf wdk;í aqmufwnf&onf/ odkYjzpf&um; 0wfMum;jcif;wm0efrSm vs,fjyefYBuD;av; vSojzifh 'Pfwm;&[ef;tjzpf cH,lí 0wfaqmufwnfjcif;trIudk &[ef;awmfrsm; toGm;tvmenf;yg;onfh awm½Gmausmif;rsm;Ü jyKvkyfavh&SdMuonf/

0wfcsxm;jcif;

0wfcsxm;onf[k qdkjcif;rSm 'Pfom;&[ef;tzdkY 0wfMum;jcif;udpö us,f0ef;cufcJvSojzifh 0wfysufuGufrIjzpfwdkif; &ufwdk;aqmufwnfae&jcif;rS oufomap&ef 0wfudkcsxm;jcif; tpDtpOfjzpfonf/

odrftwGif;Ü 0wfawmif;cHjcif;? 0wfay;jcif;? 0wfaqmufwnfjcif;? 0wfMum;jcif;jyKNyD;aemuf 0wfudkcsxm;&efjzpfonf/ xdkodkY0wfcsxm;jcif;jzifh jrifjriforQ Mum;Mum;orQ tm*EÅK &[ef;&Sd&m oGm;a&mufí 0wfMum;&jcif;rS uif;vGwfcGifh&NyD; 0wfcsxm;pOf 'Pfom;&[ef;[kvnf; rac:&bJJ yuwwf &[ef;tjzpfom rSwf,lEdkifcGifh&Sdonf/ xdkYjyif 0wfaqmufwnfqJ oHCm'dodoftmywf oifhvQifyif nOfhzHk;vTrf;rdonfudkvnf; wpfaygif;wnf; aqmufwnf cGifhyg &&Sdavonf/

0wfaqmufwnfaom &[ef;onf 0wfaqmufwnfjcif;udk aeYpOf t½kPfrwufrD wpfem&Dapmí csxm;aom0wfudk jyefvnf aqmufwnf&onf/ t½kPfwufNyD;aemuf 0wfudkjyefvnfcsxm; &onf/ pwif0wfaqmufwnfpOfuom odrftwGif;Ü oHCmu (4)yg;vdktyfaomfvnf; aemufydkif; 0wfcsxm;jcif;jyefvnfaqmufwnfjcif;rsm;wGif oHCmwpfyg;&SdvQif vHkavmuf ojzifh oHCmtrsm;&Sd&mÜ 0wfpwifaqmufwnfNyD; &[ef;wpfyg;epfyg;&Sdonfh awm½Gmausmif;rsm;odkY ajymifa½GUí 0wfaqmufwnfrIudk qufvufaqmif½Gufjcif;u ydkrdkoifhavsmfayonf/

rmewfusifhjcif;

rdrd\ tusifhoDvtay:tjcm;&[ef;awmfrsm;u ,HkMunf pdwfcs jrwfEdk;rl&Sdapjcif;tusdK;iSm usifhoHk;jcif;udk ]]rmewf usifhonf}}[k qdk&\/ (rmewf=rmewå=rme+wå/ rme=jrwfEdk;rI\? wå=tjzpf)/

oHCm'dodoftmywf oifh a&mufonfudk zHk;vTrfrxm;bJ aeYcsif; ncsif;zGifh[0efcHxm;aom &[ef;tzdkY y&d0gofaqmufwnf&efrvdkbJ rmewfom usifh&efvdktyfayonf/ rmewfrSmrl &uftydktvdkwGufcsufp&m rvdkbJ (6)&ufusifh&ef owfrSwfxm;onf/ rmewfaqmufwnfjcif;rSmvnf; 0wfoabmjzpfí odrftwGif; tenf;qHk; (4)yg;&Sdaom oHCmxHÜ rmewfawmif;jcif;? oHCmuÚwådpwkw¬ur®0gpmzwfí rmewfay;jcif;? rmewfaqmufwnfjcif;? rmewfaqmufwnfxm;aMumif; rmewfMum;jcif;wdkYudk aqmif½Guf&\/ y&d0gofaqmufwnf ouJhodkYyif awGUjriforQ tm*EÅK&[ef;wdkYtm; rmewfMum;&rnfjzpfí rmewfcsxm;jcif; jyKEdkifonf/ rmewfcsxm;jcif;udkrl eHeuf t½kPfrwufrD ausmif;wdkuf t&H jyify (t&Hr&SdvQif tpGefYtzsm;tusqHk;ausmif;rS cJESpfypftuGm ta0;) odkY oHCm (4)yg;udk yifhaqmifoGm;a&mufí vrf;ab;NcHKykwf tumtuG,fÜ t½kPfrwufrD rmewfaqmufwnfjcif;? rmewfMum;jcif;jyKí t½kPfwufNyD;aemuf rmewfcsjcif;wdkYudk aqmif½Guf&onf/

y&d0gofaqmufwnfjcif;ESifh rmewfusifhjcif;wdkYrSm usifh0wf0wå&m; qifwlaomfvnf; y&d0gofu zHk;vTrf;onfh &ufvtwdkif;twmjzifh aqmufwnf&í rmewfrSm yHkao (6)&ufom tydktvdkr&SdusifhoHk;&onf/ y&d0gofaqmufwnf&mwGif tpueOD;wGifom tenf;qHk; oHCm (4)yg;&Sd&ef vdktyfaomfvnf; aemufydkif;&ufrsm;wGif oHCmwpfyg;&SdvQif vHkavmuf\? rmewfaqmufwnf&mwGifrl (6)&ufvHk;vHk; tenf;qHk; oHCm (4)yg;xHÜ rmewfMum;jcif; rmewfcsjcif;jyK&onf/

y&d0gofrmewfaqmufwnfaepOf odu©mcs vl0wfvJjcif;

xdkodkY y&d0gofrmewf aqmufwnfaepOf odu©mcsí vl0wfvJjcif;? odkYr[kwf odu©mcsí &SifomraP0wfjcif;rsm; jyKvkyfcJhygvQif y&d0gofrmewf aqmufwnfrIonfvnf; tvdktavsmuf &yfwHhoGm;onf/ xdk yk*¾dKvf onf wpfjyefí &[ef;cHygu rlvaqmufwnfusifhoHk;NyD;aom y&d0gwfrmewf&ufrsm;udk usifhoHk;NyD;tjzpf owfrSwfí MuGif;usefaom &uftwGufom qufvufusifhoHk;&rnf jzpfygonf/

Oyrmtm;jzifh wpfv y&d0gwf usifhoHk;aepOf &uf (20)&aom tcg odu©mcs vl0wfvJNyD; wpfzefjyefí &[ef;cHygu MuGif;usefaom (10)&uftwGufom usifhoHk;&rnf? tpujyefp&ef rvdkacs/ rmewf (6)&ufusifhaepOf (5)&uf&aomaeYÜ odu©mcsvl0wfvJNyD; wpfzefjyefí &[ef;cHygu MuGif;usefaom (1) &uftwGufom rmewfusifhoHk;&rnf/ oHCm'dodoftmywf udk rukpm;bJ odu©mcsvl0wfvJí wpfzefjyefvnf &[ef;jyKygu rlvoifhxm;aom oHCm'dodoftmywf rsm;onfjyefay:vmí xHkk;pHwdkif; ukpm;&rnf/

tAÇmefoGif;jcif;

tAÇmefoGif;jcif;um; y&d0gofrmewfusifhNyD; &[ef;\ tmywfrS pifMu,frIudk todtrSwfjyKonfhoabmjzifh oHCmhtv,fodkY a&SU½ljyefac:jcif;jzpfonf/ «tAÇme= tbd+£+aP+,k/ tjrwfwEdk; a&SU½Ia&mufapjcif;? vufcHjcif;? ac:,ljcif;? tAÇmefoGif;jcif;/»

,if;uHudk tAÇmeuH[k ac:í odrftwGif;Ü tenf;qHk; oHCmtyg; (20)pnf;a0;aqmif½Guf&onf/ oHCm'dodoftmywf pifMu,faom&[ef;u rdrdtm; yuwwf&[ef;tjzpf todtrSwfjyKay;Edkifyg&ef oHCmtm; avQmufxm;&NyD; oHCmu Úwådpwkwå ur®0gpm ½Gwfzwfí tAÇmeonf um; ur®0gpmzwfí qHk;r&m oHk;BudrfqHk;onftxd t,ludk rpGefYbJ qufvufpGJudkifxm;rSom oHCm'dodoftmywf oifhonf/ xdkYaMumifh ur®0gpm wwd,tBudrfNyD;qHk;rS tmywfoifhaomaMumifh ]],m0wwd,u}} odu©myk'f rsm;[k ac:qdk&\/

,if;oHCm'dodofq,fhoHk;yg;wdkYwGif eHygwf (10)rS (13)txd odu©myk'f rsm;t& oifh a&mufaom oHCm'dodoftmywf udk ukpm;&mÜ y&d0gofrmewfusifhoHk;½HkrQjzifh ukpm;ír&/ oHCmuGJjym;rIudktm;ay; tm;ajr§muf jyKonfhtajymtqdk t,l0g'ponfudk pGefYvGwfNyD;rSom y&d0gof rmewfaqmufwnfjcif;jzifh ukpm;&rnfjzpfonf/ azmfjyyg y&d0gof? rmewf? tAÇmeftpDtpOfrsm; tm;vHk;NyD;atmif aqmif½GufNyD;rSom oHCm'dodoftmywfrS pifMu,foefY&Sif;Edkifonf/

oHCm'dodoftmywfudk tav;xm;ukpm;oifh

oHCm'dodoftmywf oifha&mufaom &[ef;tzdkY tmywfausaysmufatmif ukpm;&onfrS vG,fulonfr[kwf/ y&d0gofaqmufwnfjcif;? rmewfusifhjcif;? tAÇmefoGif;jcif; [lí tqifhoHk;qifhNyD;ajrmufatmif aqmif½Guf&onf/ tcsdef,lí aqmif½Guf&\/ jypfrI usL;vGefxm;ol\ oifha&mufaom jypf'Pfudk ausaysmufatmif 'PfcscH&ouJhodkY 'Pfom;tjzpf cH,laexdkif&\/ odkYjzpf&m oHCm'dodoftmywf oifha&mufwwfaom &[ef;onf touf odu©m0g rBuD;&ifhrD ukpm;xm;&ef oifhavsmfonf/ odkYr[kwfygu odu©m 0g i,f½G,fonfh wynfh &[ef;oHCmrsm; tMum;wGif 0wfaqmufwnf&onfrSm ravsmufywfojzifh oifha&muf xm;aom oHCm'dodof tmywfudk rukpm;rdbJ qufvufzHk;uG,f&if; tmywfwef;vef;jzifh b0ed*Hk;csKyfwwfavonf/ xdkYaMumifh 0denf;av;pm;aom a&S;q&mawmfBuD;tcsdKUonf oHCm'dodoftmywf paom ukpm;&cufonfh tmywfwef;vef;jzifh b0tqHk;rowfvdk ojzifh ysHvGefcgeD;rS odu©myk'f csí &SifomraPb0? &aohb0jzifh ysHvGefawmfrlMuonfudk omoem0ifordkif;Ü awGU&SdMu&jcif; jzpfayonf/

0wfyGJrsm; usif;yjcif;"avh

þacwfwGif &[ef;cH&SifjyKyGJ? 0gqdkyGJ? y0g&PmyGJ? uxdefyGJ? odrforkwfyGJ ponfjzifh oHCmrsm;yg0ifonfh uHBuD; uHi,fudpörsm;udk a'owdkif; t&yfwdkif;rSmvdk bkef;awmfBuD;ausmif;rsm;Ü awGUjrifEdkifaomfvnf; 0wfyGJudkrl tvGefawGU&cJ\/ tcsdKUt&yfa'orsm;Üom tpOftquf aqmif½GufMuonfudk awGUMu&\/ pifppf0wfyGJonf oifha&mufaom oHCm'dodoftmywf udk ukpm;jcif;? tmywfpifMu,fatmifjyKjcif; jzpfí rGefjrwfvS\? omoemawmfoefY&Sif pifMu,fa&;odkY a&S;½Iojzifhvnf; omoemawmftwGufa&&SnftusdK;rsm;vSayonf/

xkv ’pöOf;tmywfrsm;

xkv ’pOf;tmywf oifhaMumif; jyqdkaom odu©myk'frSm 227-oG,f odu©myk'f xJÜ ryg&Sday? yg&mZdu odu©myk'f ESifh oHCm'dodof odu©myk'fwdkYudk a[mMum;&mÜ xkv ’pOf;tmywf ESifh pyfqdkifaom tcsufrsm;udk aemufqufwGJ xnfhoGif;a[mMum;aqmfrlcJhonf/ oD;oefY a[mMum;jcif; rjyKcJhaomaMumifh 227-oG,f odu©myk'fÜ xnfhoGif; a&wGufjcif;rjyKbJ cRif;csefxm;cJhonf? odkY&mwGif xkv ’pOf;tmywf [lí oD;jcm;tmywfwpfcktjzpf wnf&Sdaeojzifh ,if; tmywfudk þae&mÜ &Sif;vif;jyqdkygrnf/

xkv ’pOf;tmywf onf yg&mZdu trIESifh oHCm'dodoftrIudk usL;vGef&mÜ txrajrmufao;rD a&SUtzdkYÜ oifha&mufaom tjypfjzpfonf/

yg&mZdutmywf\ a&SUajy;xkv ’pOf;tmywf

1. yxryg&mZdu odu©myk'f awmft& vlaoaumif\yg;pyf? ptdkodkYr[kwf t*FgZmwfudk arxkefrSD0Jaom&[ef;tm; xkv ’pOf;tmywf oifh\/ aMumifr? MuufrwdkYxufi,fí usOf;aom tayguf&Sdonfh owå0g\ t*FgZmwfÜ arxkefrIjyKjcif;? vlwdkY\ rsufpdayguf? ESmacgif;ayguf? em;ayguf? odktdrfwdkYÜ arxkefrIjyKjcif;? owå0g\ udk,fcE¨mÜ "m;i,fjzifh taygufazmufí xdktaygufÜ arxkefrIjyKjcif;/ qif jrif; uRJ EGm;paom wd&pämef taoaumif\ ESmacgif;ayguf/ odktdrfwdkYÜ arxkefrIjyKjcif;? trowå0g\ t*FgZmwfudk rdrdt*FgZmwfjzifh roGif;yJ xd½HkrQ wdkY½HkrQxdwdkYjcif;? arxke&m*jzifh rdef;r\ t*FgZmwfudk rdrdygpyfjzifh xdwdkYjcif;? trm0 (tem\ tayguf)Ü arxkefrIjyKjcif;? EIwfcrf;jzifh rzHk;tkyfaomtjyifÜ ay:xGuf aeaom oGm; odkYr[kwf vQmÜ arxkeftrIjyKjcif; þazmfjycJhaom trIwckckudk vGefusL;vQif xkv ’pOf;tmywfoifh\/

2. 'kwd,yg&mZdu odu©myk'f t& owfrSwfxm;aom aiGwpfrwfESifh wpfrwfweftxuf cdk;,laom &[ef;tm; yg&mZdu tmywfoifh\/ wpfyJweftxufESifh wpfrwfzdk; rjynfhaom ypönf;wpfck? odkYr[kwf aiG 2-yJ 3-yJudk cdk;,lvQif xkv ’pOf;tmywf oifh\/ oHCduypönf;udk ydkifpdk;ydkifeif;jyKí olwyg;tm;ay;vQifvnf; xkv ’pOf;tmywf oifh\/

3. wwd, yg&mZdu odu©myk'f t& vludkowfvQif yg&mZdu tmywfoifh\? vlraobJ 'Pf&m temw& jzpfapcJhvQif xkv ’pOf;tmywf oifh\/

4. pwkw¬ yg&mZdu odu©myk'f t& &[ef;onf psmefr*fzdkvfw&m;udk r&bJvQuf &oa,mif vlom; wpfa,muftm; 0gMuGm;ç yvTm;ajymqdkvQif yg&mZdu tmywfoifh\? xdkodkY 0gMuGm;ajymÜ em;axmifonfhvlu em;rvnfvQif xkv ’pOf;tmywf oifh\/

oHCm'dodoftmywf\ a&SUajy;xkv ’pOf;tmywf

1. yxr oHCm'dodoftmywf odu©myk'f awmft& okufvGwfap&efvHkYvjyK&mÜ okufvTwfvQif oHCm'dodoftmywf oifh\? okufrvGwfvQif xkv ’pOf;tmywf oifh\/

2. 'kwd, oHCm'dodof odu©myk'f awmft& trsdK;orD; udk,ft*FgESifh qHyifudkudkifvQif oHCm'dodoftmywf oifh\? trsdK;orD; 0wfqifxm;aom t0wftxnfESifh yef;uHk;rsm;udk xdwdkY udkifwG,f oHk;oyfvQif xkv ’pOf;tmywf oifh\/

3. wwd, oHCm'dodof odu©myk'f awmft& trsdK;orD;\t*FgZmwfESifh pyfvsOf;aom pum;udk trsdK;orD;tm; om,mpdwfjzifh ajymqdk&mÜ oHCm'dodoftmywf oifh\/ ykcHk;atmufESifh 'l;qpftxuf&Sd t*FgZmwfrS wpfyg;aom trsdK;orD;\ cE¨mudk,f tpdwftydkif;rsm;taMumif;udk trsdK;orD;tm; om,mpdwfjzifh ajymvQif xkv ’pOf;tmywf oifh\/

4. pwkw¬ oHCm'dodof odu©myk'f awmft& &[ef;onf trsdK;orD;tm; arxkefvSL&ef ajymqdkvQif oHCm'dodoftmywf oifh\/ eyHk;[email protected]; arxkefvSL&ef ajymqdkvQif xkv ’pOf;tmywf oifh\/

5. yÍör oHCm'dodof odu©myk'f awmft& &[ef;onf trsdK;om;ESifh trsdK;orD;ESpfOD;wdkYtMum; pum;tydkYt,latmifoG,frIjyKvkyf&mwGif wpfzufvlu tajymcdkif;onfudk ajymay;ygrnf[k pefcHjcif;? tjcm;wpfzuf\tvdkqE´udk pHkprf;jcif;? rlvapcdkif;olxHodkY jyefvnfajymMum;jcif;þoHk;csufudk jyKvkyfygu oHCm'dodoftmywf oifh\/ ESpfcsufudk jyKygu xkv ’pOf;tmywf oifh\/

6. oHCm'dodof odu©myk'f trSwfpOf 10-rS 13-txd odu©myk'f awmfrsm;t& odrftwGif;Ü oHCmawmfu ur®0gpm oHk;Budrfzwfí qHk;r&mwGif ur®0gpm ESpfBudrfNyD;qHk;onfhtxd t,l0g'udk rpGefYvQif xkv ’pOf;tmywf oifh\/ ur®0gpm oHk;BudrfNyD;qHk;aom tcgÜrl xkv ’pOf;tmywf yaysmufí oHCm'dodoftmywf oifh\? oHCm'dodoftmywfu vTrf;rdk;oGm;ojzifh xkv ’pOf;tmywf onftvdktavsmuf ajyNidef;oGm;\/

jcm;aomxkv ’pOf;tmywf

xkxdkYjyif yg&mZdu oHCm'dodofwdkYESifh roufqdkifaom xkv ’pOf;tmywf oifhrI &Sdao;\/ ¤if;rSm &[ef;onf vlom;udkpm;vQif wdw¬dwdkY0wf½Hkaom ysOfcsyfouFef;? cifykyfiSufawmif ouFef;? vlYqHyifjzifh&ufaom ouFef;rsdK;udk 0wf½HkvQif rdrdt*FgZmwfudk jzwfypfvQif xkv ’pOf;tmywf oifha&muf\/


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